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Ram pickup

This article is about the full-size truck since Ram's separation from Dodge. For vehicles named Dodge Ram, see List of vehicles named Dodge Ram.

American full-size pickup built by Stellantis

Motor vehicle

The Ram pickup (marketed as the Dodge Ram until 2010) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by Stellantis North America (formerly Chrysler Group LLC and FCA US LLC) and marketed from 2010 onwards under the Ram Trucks brand. The current fifth-generation Ram debuted at the 2018 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan, in January of that year.

Previously, Ram was part of the Dodge line of light trucks. The name Ram was first used in 1981 model year Dodge Trucks in October 1980, following the retiring and rebadging of the Dodge D series pickup trucks as well as B-series vans, though the company had used a ram's-head hood ornament on some trucks as early as 1933.[2]

Ram trucks have been named Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year eight times; the second-generation Ram won the award in 1994, the third-generation Ram heavy-duty won the award in 2003, the fourth-generation Ram Heavy Duty won in 2010 and the fourth-generation Ram 1500 won in 2013 and 2014, and the current fifth-generation Ram pickup became the first truck in history to three-peat the award, winning in 2019, 2020, and 2021.

First generation (1981; D/W)[edit]

Motor vehicle

First generation
89DodgeRam F34.jpg

1989 Ram D100

Production1980[3]–1993
Body style2-door pickup truck
2-door extended cab pickup truck
4-door crew cab pickup truck
PlatformChrysler AD platform
RelatedDodge Ramcharger
Engine225 cu in (3.69 L) slant-6I6
239 cu in (3.92 L) LA V6
318 cu in (5.21 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8
5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6
Transmission3- or 4-speed Torqueflite automatic
4- or 5-speed manual
WheelbaseRegular cab/6.5' bed:
115 in (2,921 mm)
Regular cab/8' bed:
131 in (3,327 mm)
Club Cab/6.5' bed:
133 in (3,378 mm)
Club Cab/8' bed:
149 in (3,785 mm)
Crew cab/8' bed:
165 in (4,191 mm)[2]
Length190.8 in (4,846 mm)
210.8 in (5,354 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
Height76 in (1,930 mm)
73 in (1,854 mm)

The first-generation Ram trucks and vans introduced in October 1980 feature a Ram hood ornament first used on Dodge vehicles from 1932 to 1954.[2] Not all of the first-generation trucks have this ornament and is most commonly seen on four-wheel-drive models. Dodge kept the previous generation's model designations: D or Ram indicate two-wheel drive while W or Power Ram indicate four-wheel drive. Just like Ford, Dodge used 150 to indicate a half-ton truck, 250 for a three-quarter-ton truck, and 350 for a one-ton truck. The truck models were offered in standard cab, "club" extended cab, and crew cab configurations. They also were offered along with 6.5 ft (2.0 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) bed lengths and "Utiline" and "Sweptline" styled boxes along with standard boxes. Externally, the first-generation Rams were facelifted versions of the previous generation Dodge D-Series pickups introduced in 1972. The new model introduced larger wraparound tail lamps, dual rectangular headlamps, and squared-off body lines. Engine choices were pared down to the 225 slant-6 and 318 and 360 V8s. The interior was updated and included a new bench seat and a completely new dashboard and an instrument cluster with an optional three-pod design - a speedometer in the center, with the two side pods containing an ammeter on the top left, a temperature gauge bottom left, a fuel gauge on the top right and an oil pressure gauge bottom right. Models without the full gauge package had only indicator lights in the place of the temperature and oil pressure gauges. Among the options offered on the Ram were front bumper guards, a sliding rear cab window, air-conditioning, cruise control, tilt steering column, power door locks and windows, AM/FM stereo with a cassette tape player, styled road wheels, aluminum turbine-style mag wheels, special paint and stripe packages, two-tone paint, and a plow package for four-wheel-drive models (referred to as the Sno Commander).

The "Club Cab" was dropped from the lineup after 1982, but Dodge kept the tooling and re-introduced it nearly a decade later in the 1991 models. The four-door crew cab and Utiline beds were dropped after the 1985 model year, to make room on the assembly line for the upcoming 1987 Dodge Dakota, and were never reintroduced in this generation.

Basic Ram 100 models were reintroduced for 1984, replacing the previous "Miser" trim level available on the Ram 150. A "Ram-Trac" shift-on-the-fly transfer case was added for the 1985 Power Rams, and both the crew cab and Utiline flared bed were dropped for 1986, the latter never to return on any Chrysler-built pickup. In 1988 the slant-6 engine was replaced by a 3.9 L (240 cu in) fuel-injectedV6 engine. The 5.2 L (318 cu in) engine also received electronic fuel injection in 1988. Because of the new computer-controlled fuel injection, ignition, and ABS system, more vehicle information needed to be displayed through any warning or notification lights; so inside the cab where a small compartment was once located on the dash, a new "message center" with four small rectangular light spots, contained the check engine light and other tell-tales including one for the parking brake and the ABS if the truck was so equipped. The message center later included "wait to start" and "water in fuel" lights on diesel models. Diagnostic fault codes were stored in the computer's memory, and cycling the ignition key three times allowed the computer to flash the trouble codes through the check-engine light for diagnosis of some problems.[4] Rear ABS became standard equipment in 1989.

The Ram 100 model designation was dropped and these models folded back into the 150 range for 1990, due to the introduction and sales success of the Dodge Dakota pickup. Additionally, the instrument cluster was slightly revised; the ammeter was replaced by a voltmeter while maintaining the 3-pod arrangement of the speedometer and gauges. Also in 1990, Dodge reintroduced the Club Cab, equipped with fold-out jump seats for the 1991-1993 models. Entry was made through the passenger or driver's doors because there were no rear doors for this configuration. For 1991 the Club Cab returned, and all versions received standard anti-lock brakes on the rear wheels only.[5]

These trucks, though popular with fleets, sold poorly compared to the Ford F-Series and the General Motors C/K trucks, with just under 100,000 units sold most years of their production. Part of this was due to the dated cab and chassis design which had been in production since 1972, there was no powerful diesel option until 1989, and there was no big-block gas V8 option. Additionally, the interior had been given few updates since October 1980 market launch.

Engines and transmissions[edit]

For 1989, the 5.9 L V8 received throttle-body fuel injection for a 20 hp (15 kW) gain. Additionally, Dodge introduced a new overdrive automatic transmission for reduced fuel consumption. This light-duty transmission was designated the A500, and was offered with the 3.9 L V6 and 5.2 L V8. An "O/D off" pushbutton switch to lock out the overdrive 4th gear was added to the message center. The A727 automatic saw continued use for some 5.2 L engines, all 5.9 L engines, and heavy-duty applications.

The grille was redesigned for 1991 but kept the large rectangular headlamps and crossbar appearance. The engines were substantially upgraded for 1992 (3.9 L and 5.2 L) 1993 and 1994 (5.9 L) with multi-port fuel injection, new manifolds, and higher-compression cylinder heads for noticeably higher output. These newly-revised engines were marketed under the "Magnum" name. A heavy-duty automatic transmission with overdrive called the A518 was offered with the 5.2 L and 5.9 L engines. As part of Chrysler's overhaul of corporate transmission nomenclature, the A500 and A518 were redesignated 42RH and 46RH, respectively, in 1992. The initial 4 signified a 4-speed transmission, the second digit identified the transmission's relative torque capacity, the letter R in the third position denoted a rear-wheel-drive transmission, and the final letter H signified hydraulic shift control. The 3-speed automatic remained available; the A727 was redesignated 36RH, and the A904, A998, and A999 became the 30RH, 31RH, and 32RH, respectively.

5.9 Cummins[edit]

A Cummins B Series engine was also added to the engine lineup in 1989.[6] For the first time, Dodge saw sales increase. The Cummins was coupled with a heavier-duty version of the A727 automatic or a 5-speed manual transmission and is available on 250 and 350 pickups and pickup-based chassis-cab trucks. This diesel engine option was different from the optional types of diesel engines in Ford and GM trucks. The Cummins features direct injection, whereas the Ford and GM diesels feature indirect injection; this also means that the Cummins does not have to rely on glowplugs. The Cummins is a straight-six engine, whereas the GM and Ford diesel engines are V8 engines. Additionally, the Cummins is turbocharged, while the 6.2 L GM/DDC and 7.3 IDI Ford/IH are naturally aspirated.[6]

This was not the first engine to appear in Dodge pickup trucks as a diesel option. The 1978 and 1979 D-Series models were available with a Mitsubishi naturally-aspirated diesel, but it was seldom ordered.[6] The Cummins diesel was in short supply the first two years, but for 1991 Dodge managed to ramp up production.[5]

Partway through the 1991 model year, Dodge started using 350 (one-ton) frames in Ram 250 Cummins and Club Cab models.[7]

Engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque
1981–1987225 cu in (3.69 L) Slant-6I695 hp (71 kW; 96 PS)[2]170 lb⋅ft (230 N⋅m)[2]
1988–1991239 cu in (3.92 L) LAV6125 hp (93 kW; 127 PS)[2]195 lb⋅ft (264 N⋅m)
1992–1993239 cu in (3.92 L) Magnum V6175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS)[2]225 lb⋅ft (305 N⋅m)
1981–1987318 cu in (5.21 L) LAV8140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS)[2]240 lb⋅ft (325 N⋅m)[2]
1988–1991318 cu in (5.21 L) LA V8170 hp (127 kW; 172 PS)[2]260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m)[2]
1992–1993318 cu in (5.21 L) Magnum V8230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS)[2]280 lb⋅ft (380 N⋅m)[2]
1981–1988360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS)[2]260 lb⋅ft (353 N⋅m)[2]
1989–1992360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS)[2]292 lb⋅ft (396 N⋅m)
1993360 cu in (5.9 L) Magnum V8230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS)[2]325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m)[2]
1989–1993359 cu in (5.88 L) Cummins diesel I6160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS)[2]400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m)[2]
Gallery
  • 1996 Dodge Ram 1500 Front Drivers side

  • 1991–1993 Dodge Ram 150, showing facelifted grille

  • 1991-1993 Dodge Ram 250 Club Cab

Special editions[edit]

  • Prospector - Prospector was a package available throughout the 1980s that usually included a different fuel tank, cloth seat, and carpeting. In the late 1980s, a light package, as well as the large 6x9 mirrors, were added to the list of options. This trim package was carried on until the 1994MY redesign in 1993.[citation needed]

Second generation (1994; BR/BE)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Second generation
Truck09.jpg

Ram 1500 Extended Cab

ProductionJuly 1993-2001 (Ram 1500)
1993–2002 (Ram 2500 and 3500)
AssemblyWarren, Michigan
St. Louis, Missouri
Saltillo, Mexico
Lago Alberto Assembly, Mexico City
DesignerPhillip E. Payne (1989)
Body style2-door regular cab
2-door Club Cab
4-door Quad Cab
RelatedDodge Ramcharger (Mexico)
Engine3.9 L MagnumV6
5.2 L MagnumV8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L Cumminsturbo-dieselI6
8.0 L MagnumV10
Transmission4-speed 42RH-RE automatic
4-speed 46RH-RE automatic
4-speed 47RH-RE automatic
5-speed NV3500 manual
5-speed NV4500 manual
6-speed NV5600 manual
Wheelbase118.7 in (3,015 mm) (2-door, short bed)[2]
134.7 in (3,421 mm) (2-door, long bed)[2]
154.7 in (3,929 mm)
Length204.1 in (5,184 mm)
224.2 in (5,695 mm)
244.1 in (6,200 mm)
Width79.3 in (2,014 mm)
93.5 in (2,375 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height72.2 in (1,834 mm)

The second-generation Ram began development in 1986. The original concept, dubbed the "Louisville Slugger" by Chrysler's Advanced Packaging Studio, was to be a modular platform that would accommodate a full-size truck and full-size van, which would have provided a roomy cab and cargo bed.[8] The modular design was scrapped in 1987 and was replaced with a more conventional truck design when the design was moved to the AMC design studio.[8] The more conventional design, dubbed "Phoenix", was originally scheduled for a 1991 production; when Bob Lutz showed it to the new styling designers, chief designer Phillip E. Payne told him, "It looks like nothing more than a rehash of everybody else's truck." At that, Lutz told him he had six months to come up with something better.[9] The exterior styling of the truck that was eventually released was the result of design concepts by Payne during 1988-1990. A review by the Dodge pick-up truck studio designers felt that modern pick-ups looked "too flat and sedan-like", while the early 1950s Studebaker pick-up and the semi-trailer trucks had just the right "macho" look to them.[10] The design featured a big-rig-looking front end and a large grille that was deemed risky at its introduction, but ultimately proved popular with consumers.[11]

Debuted on January 5, 1993, at the North American International Auto Show and going on sale on October 1, 1993, the redesigned 1994 Ram was a sales success and was named "Truck of the Year" by Motor Trend in 1994.[12][11] Sales increased from 95,542 units in 1993 to 232,092 in 1994, 410,000 in 1995, and 411,000 by 1996. That year, it was prominently featured as the hero vehicle in the film Twister.[13][14] Sales of this generation peaked at just over 400,000 in 1999 before declining against the redesigned Ford and GM trucks. By 2001, Ram sales figures were below those of Ford and Chevy trucks.

Engine offerings continued over from the first-generation Ram and were the 3.9 L V6, 5.2 L V8, 5.9 L V8, and 5.9 L I6 Cummins turbo diesel. Added to the lineup was a new 8.0 L V10 engine designed as an alternative for those who wanted superior pulling power but did not want a diesel. The new V10 and Cummins turbodiesel could only be had in the 2500 and higher designation models. Models were now the 1500 half-ton, 2500 three-quarter-ton, and 3500 dual-rear-wheel one-ton in both 2- and 4-wheel drive. Ram 1500s offered both short 6.5-foot (2.0 m) and long 8-foot (2.4 m) cargo beds on both regular and extended Club Cabs, Ram 2500s offered only long bed with regular cabs or a choice of beds on extended cabs, and Ram 3500s only offered long beds on both cabs.

Dodge offered the 2500 series in two different gross-vehicle-weight ratings for the first few years, but this was later dropped. The purpose of the difference between the light-duty and heavy-duty 2500 trucks was for the heavy-duty 2500 to take the place of the discontinued one-ton single-rear-wheel trucks. Rear axles for the light-duty 2500 trucks were semi-floating, while the heavy-duty 2500 rear axles were full-floating. Light-duty 2500 trucks were not available with the diesel or V10 engines.

On the inside, special attention was paid to in-cab storage features, with a large glovebox, a center armrest storage area, and extra storage space behind the seat.

  • 1996 Dodge Ram 1500 Side view

  • 2001 Dodge Ram Regency Package Front Drivers side

  • 1996 Dodge Ram 1500 Front Drivers side

1998 updates[edit]

In 1998, Dodge introduced the 4-door Quad Cab, which used smaller clamshell doors directly behind the main doors. This was the first extended cab pickup to have four doors. (The 2-door Club Cab remained available through 2002.) Other changes for 1998 included new rounded black plastic sideview mirrors, new plastic fold-out towing mirrors, a revised interior, dual airbags, a chime replacing the buzzer for seat belts/door ajar/headlights, and a digital odometer. The OBD-II system was also standard, with a computer port near the driver's-side footwell and a code-checking system via the new digital odometer readout.

In late 1998, Dodge introduced a revised front end for the 1999 model year Sport models with a restyled bumper, quad-beam clear-lens headlamps, and body-color grille. A 6-speed manual transmission was made optional for diesel models in late 2000 for the 2001 model year. A small percentage of the diesel engines for the 1999 and 2000 model years were subject to problems within the water jackets and fuel injectors. The most problematic was the "53" stamped engine block which had a defect that would cause fracturing in the structure of the block itself.

The 2000 models offered the option of heated leather seats. The braking system was upgraded to dual-piston calipers in the front. An Offroad Edition was offered as a package with a 2-inch lift, accomplished with stiffer front springs and rear lift blocks, unique 17x8 wheels, 275/70/17 all-terrain tires, 4.10 rear axle, trussed Dana 44 front axle, limited-slip differential, and skid plates.[15] The Offroad Edition models are also distinguishable with an additional "Offroad" decal on the tailgate under the 4x4 decal.

Although Dodge introduced a new Ram 1500 for 2002, the old second-generation style Ram was carried over for the 2002 model year heavy-duty 2500 and 3500 trucks. The new third-generation Ram would not appear in the 2500/3500 variants until 2003. Part of this delay was due to the then-new 5.7 L Hemi engine not being ready for production.

Mexico[edit]

Main article: Dodge Ramcharger

Unencumbered by CAFE (Corporate average fuel economy) restrictions, DaimlerChrysler's Mexican subsidiary developed a three-door wagon version of the Ram, called the Ram Charger as was its predecessor. It first appeared in 1998, but was never available in the United States.[16]

Drivetrain[edit]

Transmissions[edit]

Ram transmissions are labeled such that the first number indicates the number of gears (including overdrive), the second number is the capacity rating, and the last letter is either E for electronic or H for hydraulic.[17]

  • A500/42RH-RE lower geared light-duty applications found behind the 3.9 L V6. The 42RE + RH are both 4-speed automatic transmissions with identical gear ratios. This transmission came available in 1989 and it is paired with a 10.75-inch diameter torque converter. The RH is an electronic governor system that is rated as a medium-duty transmission. The RE is a mechanical Hydraulic system that is considered for heavy-duty use. Both transmissions are also used in the Dodge Dakota and Jeep Cherokee among other Chrysler models. Gear ratios in both transmissions are 2.74 to 1 for first gear, 1.54 to 1 for second gear, 1.00 to 1 for third gear, and .69 to 1 for fourth gear.[18]
  • A518/46RH-RE for more heavy-duty applications found behind the 5.2 L and 5.9 L V8 engines. The 46RH and RE are 4-speed automatics that were born from the A518 family. The A727 was replaced by the A518 family in the early 1990s. The 46RH was the first to replace the A727 and was preceded by the 46RE. The improvement with both models included the overdrive being added. The difference in the two transmissions was the RH had a hydraulically controlled governor versus the computer-controlled on the RE.
  • A618/47RH-RE for heavy-duty use behind the V10 gasoline and Cummins diesel engines. The 47RH was used in the 1994 and 1995 model years, while the 47RE was used from 1996 through 2002. The 47RH was released first and was only used in the Ram 2500 and 35oo series trucks. The transmission was able to produce 450 lb-ft of torque and was able to tow trailers up to 19,000 pounds. This transmission was rated to be the highest capacity in the one-ton series of trucks produced by any manufacturer. The RH was a hydraulically operated 3-speed transmission with a hydraulically controlled overdrive gear. The RH was later replaced by the RE however it was by name only since they are both hydraulically controlled.[17]

NV3500 was offered in 1500 Rams and light-duty 2500 Rams. NV4500 was standard in 2500 and 3500 trucks; the NV4500HD for V10 and diesel models. An NV5600 was offered in 1999 and 2000 Rams and was the only transmission offered behind the High Output diesel in 2001 and 2002.

Transfer cases[edit]

There were a total of five transfer cases available for the four-wheel-drive Ram. All are part-time and have a low range of 2.72:1. The 1500 featured an NP231 and NP231HD. The NP241 was standard on V8 2500 Rams. The 2500 and 3500 V10 and diesel featured an NP241DLD from 1993 to 1997. In 1997 the NP241DHD became an option for 2500 Rams and was standard on 3500 Rams from 1998 to 2002.

Axles[edit]

The Dodge Ram features a wide variety of axles. For the front axle of 4x4 Rams, a Dana 44 was used on all 1500 Rams and the early (light-duty) 2500 Rams. However, most of the 2500 and all 3500 Rams use Dana 60 front axles. The 1500 Rams and some early light duty 2500 Rams used a 9.25 Chrysler (Spicer) axle in the rear. A Dana 60 rear axle was used on heavy-duty 2500 V8 Rams. A Dana 70 rear axle was used in 2500 Rams with a V10 or a Diesel/Automatic transmission combination. A Dana 80 rear axle was used on 2500 Rams with a manual transmission and V10/diesel engine combination. Every 3500 Ram was made with a Dana 80. The front-drive axles in these Rams were unique in the fact they did not have locking hubs, but featured a center axle disconnect. The 2002 2500 and 3500 Rams saw the eventual phase-out of the Center axle disconnect, in favor of front axles that were permanently locked in. Dodge continued to include front axles like this for their 2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500 trucks until 2013 models.

Engines[edit]

A natural-gas-powered engine debuted for 1995, but was not popular and was only used in fleet vehicles on a very limited production run. The Cummins B Series engine was switched from the 12-valve to the 24-valve (ISB) version in the middle of the 1998 model-year Dodge Rams due to emissions regulations. The ISB featured a new computer-controlled electronic injection pump and a 24-valve head design.[19]

Model Years Engine Power Torque 8th VIN
1994–20013.9 L (239 cu in) MagnumV6175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS)[2]225 lb⋅ft (305 N⋅m)X
1994–20015.2 L (318 cu in) MagnumV8230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS)[2]295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m)[2]Y
1995–19975.2 L (318 cu in) Natural Gas V8200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS)[2]430 lb⋅ft (583 N⋅m)[2]
1994–19975.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS)[2]325 lb⋅ft (441 N⋅m)[2]Z (5 for the heavy-duty version)
1998–20025.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS)[2]335 lb⋅ft (454 N⋅m)[2]Z (5 for the heavy-duty version)
1994–20028.0 L (488 cu in)[20]MagnumV10 engine300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS)[2]450 lb⋅ft (610 N⋅m)[2]W
1994–19955.9 L; 359.0 cu in (5,883 cc)[21]Cummins 12-valve dieselI6175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS) (manual), 160 hp (119 kW; 162 PS) (auto)[2]420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m) (manual), 400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m) (auto)[2]C
1996–19985.9 L; 359.0 cu in (5,883 cc)[21]Cummins 12-valve diesel I6215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) (manual), 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) (auto)[2]440 lb⋅ft (597 N⋅m) (manual), 420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m) (auto)[2]D
1998–20005.9 L; 359.0 cu in (5,883 cc)[21]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6235 hp (175 kW; 238 PS) (manual), 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) (auto)[2]460 lb⋅ft (624 N⋅m) (manual), 420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m) (auto)[2]6
2001–20025.9 L; 359.0 cu in (5,883 cc)[21]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6235 hp (175 kW; 238 PS) (5-speed manual or automatic)[2]460 lb⋅ft (624 N⋅m) (5-speed manual or automatic),[2]6
2001–20025.9 L; 359.0 cu in (5,883 cc)[21]Cummins ISB 24-valve diesel I6245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS) (High Output)[2]505 lb⋅ft (685 N⋅m) (High Output)[2]C or 7

Special editions[edit]

  • Limited Edition Indy Pace and SS/T Package - The Dodge Ram Indy Pace Truck was available in 1996. It included longitudinal stripes similar to those on the Dodge Viper along with an optional door sticker stating "Official Truck of the 80th Indianapolis 500". These trucks had a 5.9 L (360 cu in) engine with upgraded exhaust and 15 hp (11 kW) more power. These also included 17-inch (432 mm) wheels with Goodyear Eagle II 275/60R-17 tires. The SS/T (Super Sport Truck) version was available from 1997 to 1998 and included all the same upgrades except the door sticker. The SS/T also had "SS/T" designed into the stripe on both the hood and tailgate. The Indy Trucks were available only in blue with white stripes. The SS/Ts were available in white/blue, red/silver, black/silver, and green/silver. All include a specialty sticker on the inner door stating, "Built with pride in the U.S.A." A real Pace truck is a metal plate on the driver's side frame rail, with a raised number 19 on it. However, the SS/Ts do not have this.[citation needed]
  • High Output - The Ram trucks started offering a diesel High Output package for 2001 models. 2001/2002 H.O. engines were rated 10 horsepower higher than the standard engine.
  • Off-Road Edition - The Dodge Ram 1500 SLT Off-Road "Edition" (package)[22] was available in the latter portion of the second generation. It included 17-inch alloy wheels (standard were 16-inch), added 4X4 transfer case skid plate, 4.10 rear axle gear ratio, limited-slip rear differential, heated dual-power side mirrors, fog lamps, and tow hooks in the front-mounted to the frame.
  • 1999 Dodge Ram 1500 Pickup

  • 1994–2001 Dodge Ram Regular Cab

  • 1996 Dodge Ram 1500 Front Drivers side

  • 2001 Dodge Ram Regency Package Front Drivers side

Third generation (2002; DR/DH/D1/DC/DM)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Third generation
2002-2005 Dodge Ram regular cab -- 12-14-2011.jpg

Ram 1500 Regular Cab

ProductionJuly 24, 2001[23]–2008 (1500)
2003–2009 (2500 & 3500)
DesignerCliff Wilkins (1998)
Body style2-door regular cab
4-door Quad Cab
4-door Mega Cab
RelatedSterling Bullet
Engine3.7 L MagnumV6
4.7 L MagnumV8
5.7 L Hemi V8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L CumminsdieselI6
6.7 L Cummins diesel I6
8.0 L MagnumV10
8.3 L Viper V10
Transmission4-speed 42RLEautomatic
4-speed 45RFEautomatic
4-speed 48REautomatic
5-speed 545RFE automatic
6-speed 68RFEautomatic
6-speed AS68RC
6-speed NV5600manual
5-speed NV4500manual
6-speed G56 manual
6-speed Getrag 238 manual
Wheelbase120.5 in (3,061 mm)
140.5 in (3,569 mm)
160.5 in (4,077 mm)
Length295.1 in (7,496 mm)
283.1 in (7,191 mm)
279.1 in (7,089 mm)
259.1 in (6,581 mm)
255.1 in (6,480 mm)
235.1 in (5,972 mm)
207.7 in (5,276 mm)
229.7 in (5,834 mm)
249.7 in (6,342 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
96 in (2,438 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height75.7-80.8 in (1923–2052 mm)

In development from 1996 (styling by Cliff Wilkins finalized in 1998), the third-generation Ram was unveiled on February 7, 2001 at the 2001 Chicago Auto Show,[24] and debuted for 2002 model year on 1500 models and 2003 on 2500 and 3500 models. This was a major update including an all-new frame, suspension, powertrains, interiors, and sheet metal. The crew cab models for this generation were actually Quad Cab trucks that had conventional-opening rear doors. The four-wheel-drive light trucks (1500 series) lost their live axles in favor of an independent front suspension, but the 2500 and 3500 series retained the live axles for maximum longevity and durability; rear-wheel-drive 2500 & 3500 had class-exclusive rack and pinion steering for their independent front suspension (the 1500 also received rack and pinion steering for the first time). This body style drew heavily from the previous generation.

The redesigned trucks bolstered sales, with 400,000 sold during 2001-2002 and nearly 450,000 sold during 2002-2003, a new high point for the Ram name. At the same time, both Ford and GM trucks were increasing in sales from a 2001 peak of over 850,000 to the 900,000 range. However, with 400,543 Rams sold that year, the Ram's sales did not keep up with the eleventh-generation F-150 in 2004.

2006 Facelift[edit]

2006–2008 Dodge Ram 1500 Quad Cab

The Dodge Ram was updated for the 2006 model year. One notable addition was the "Mega Cab", featuring a 6.25-foot (2 m) cargo box and 22 inches (559 mm) of extra cab space, allowing seating for six with rear recliners, a full screen mapping in-dash navigation system became an option, and the headlamps were redesigned to a more modern design.

For 2006, the steering wheel design was changed to one from the Dodge Dakota and Dodge Durango. BluetoothU Connect was now available as an option, and a front facelift was given to all Ram models. SIRIUS Satellite Radio was available, as well as a rear seat DVD entertainment system with wireless headphones. The SRT model, with the 8.3 L V10 engine from the Dodge Viper SRT/10, was discontinued after the 2006 model year.

For 2007, Dodge changed the taillights.

Chassis Cab[edit]

In 2007, a 3500 Chassis Cab model was introduced with industry-standard rear frame width and wiring to accommodate outfitters. In addition to the 5.7 L (345 cu in), a Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel rated at 350 hp (261 kW) and 650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m) was also available. Automatic transmissions used were the 545RFE with the 5.7 L (345 cu in) and the AS68RC with the 6.7 L (408 cu in). The G56 transmission was the only manual transmission offered.

For 2008, Dodge introduced two more Chassis Cab models, the 4500 and 5500. These were Class-4 and Class-5 trucks with a gross weight of 16,500 lb (7,484 kg) and 19,500 lb (8,845 kg), respectively. Both trucks came equipped with the same version of the Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel as the 3500 chassis-cab model. Sterling, who worked with Dodge in development, had their own version, called the Sterling Bullet with a unique grille. Sterling is a division of Freightliner LLC which, like Dodge, was owned by the former DaimlerChrysler. Sterling Trucks was licensed to sell Dodge Ram 4500 series trucks as the Sterling Bullet. When the Sterling brand was phased out by Chrysler Corporation, the Bullet was discontinued.

Engines[edit]

Model Model Years Engine Power Torque
15002002-20083.7 L (226 cu in) MagnumV6215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS)[2]235 lb⋅ft (319 N⋅m)[2]
2002-20074.7 L (287 cu in) Magnum V8235 hp (175 kW; 238 PS)[2]295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m)[2]
2008-20134.7 L (287 cu in) Magnum V8310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS)[25]330 lb⋅ft (447 N⋅m)[25]
2002-20035.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW; 248 PS)[2]335 lb⋅ft (454 N⋅m)[2]
2003-20085.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8345 hp (257 kW; 350 PS)[2]375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m)[2]
2500/3500 20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8390 hp (291 kW; 395 PS)[2]410 lb⋅ft (556 N⋅m)
2002-2003 SO "6" Vin Designation5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6250 hp (186 kW; 253 PS)460 lb⋅ft (624 N⋅m)
2002–2003 SO California Emissions5.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6235 hp (175 kW; 238 PS)460 lb⋅ft (624 N⋅m)
2002-2004 HO "C" Vin Designation5.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS)555 lb⋅ft (752 N⋅m)
2004.5-2007 HO5.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS)610 lb⋅ft (827 N⋅m)
2007-20096.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS)650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m)
2002-20038.0 L (488 cu in) MagnumV10310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS)450 lb⋅ft (610 N⋅m)
Chassis Cab 2008–20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 (3500 Only)345 hp (257 kW; 350 PS)375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m)
20095.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 (3500 Only)388 hp (289 kW; 393 PS)[2]404 lb⋅ft (548 N⋅m)
2008–20096.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS)610 lb⋅ft (827 N⋅m)
SRT-102004-20068.3 L (505 cu in) ViperV10510 hp (380 kW; 517 PS)535 lb⋅ft (725 N⋅m)

Models built after January 1, 2007 offered a new 6.7 L Cummins turbo diesel introduced as an option in 2500/3500 models replacing the 5.9 L. It produced 350 hp (261 kW) and 650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m). Unlike the 5.9 L which was backed by the 4-speed 48RE Transmission, the 6.7 L was equipped with the new 6-speed 68RFE transmission.

2005 was the last year for the first version of the 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8. 2006 half-ton models offered the Multi-Displacement System Hemi V8 engine that also became available in Chrysler and Dodge sedans. This engine featured the same performance but had a cylinder-deactivating feature enabled under light loads to increase fuel economy by 3 MPG city and 4 MPG hwy. This new Hemi still delivered 345 hp (257 kW) and 375 lb⋅ft (508 N⋅m).

Axles[edit]

For the 2003 model year, AAM axles replaced the Dana Corp axles. In the front, all 2500 and 3500 trucks were 9.25-inch with 33 spline axles. The rear options for the 2500 and 3500 were the AAM (often referred to as "corporate") 10.5" and 11.5". Rear-axle shafts are 30 spline. The rear 11.5" has a gear ratio "carrier split" at 3.73 and numerically higher, but the General Motors AAM axles used a different carrier spacing preventing the installation of a Chrysler carrier into some GM axles, but the GM carrier can be installed in the Chrysler axle if a ring gear spacer is installed. Strength is similar to their earlier Dana 70 and 80 counterparts. Direct comparisons are difficult as the axles are made with completely different metallurgy.

  • 2003 Dodge Ram diesel dually quad cab 2wd with the 5.9 L Cummins Turbodiesel I6

  • 2005 Dodge Ram 1500 quad cab with the 5.7 L Hemi V8

  • 2005 Dodge Ram Front view

  • Sterling Bullet, a version of the Ram sold by Sterling Trucks with the 6.7 L Cummins Diesel I6

Special editions[edit]

  • HemiSport - The Hemi Sport Edition was the Quad Cab version of the Rumble Bee, and was introduced in 2004. It was available in black, red, or silver, and with either rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. It was equipped similarly to the Rumble Bee, but without the number plaque. The HemiSport was discontinued for 2006.[citation needed]
  • Dodge Ram VTS Concept - This concept from Dodge was meant to be a design study highly inspired by Viper GTS-inspired bumpers, mirrors, 17-inch wheels, Blue Paint, dual white stripes and Viper GTS sourced 415 bhp V10. VTS was vital in the development of 500 bhp Ram SRT-10 that were built from 2004 to 2006.[26]
  • Dodge Ram SRT-10 - This is a regular or quad-cab body with the Dodge Viper's V10 engine 8.3 L, 22" wheels and Pirelli tires, lowered suspension, bucket seats, body modifications, and a spoiler. The 2004 version was available only in a single cab with a 6-speed manual transmission and a Hurst shifter. For 2005, Dodge released a Quad Cab version of the Viper-V10-powered truck with a modified 48RE four-speed automatic transmission from the Ram with the Cummins turbodiesel engine. In 2004, the truck held the Guinness World Record for "World's Fastest Production Pickup Truck" with a speed of 154.587 mph (247.3 km/h).[27] This record stood until overtaken by the Australian HSV Maloo R8, a sport utility coupe, in May 2006.[28] SRT-10 production ended on June 30, 2006.
  • Power Wagon - This model, introduced for 2005, is an off-road-focused version of the Ram. The name is drawn from Dodge's line of 4-wheel-drive trucks made from the early 1940s through the 1980s. It comes with the 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi engine, (changed to the 6.4 L Hemi model year 2014 to present) electronic locking differentials, electronic disconnecting front sway bar, 285/70R17 off-road tires mounted on power wagon specific 17" wheels with dual safety beads, factory lift springs with power wagon specific spring rates, fender flares, full underbody skid plates, "Power Wagon" nameplates instead of the standard Ram badging, and a 12,000-pound winch.[29] This truck was built on the 2500 platform.
2005 Dodge Ram Rumble Bee
  • Rumble Bee - The Rumble Bee package is a limited sport-truck version of the Ram. It was available only on regular-cab/short-box pickups; however, some other versions of the Ram were modified to look like Rumble Bees. It includes lower body cladding, 20" wheels, a hood scoop, and an SLT interior specially trimmed with yellow dashboard and door panel inserts and a serialized number plate. On the rear of the box is a stripe with a "Rumble Bee" emblem, similar to that of the Super Bee. All Rumble Bees are either black with "solar yellow" trim or yellow with black trim.[citation needed] 4,858 were produced in 2004, and 5,174 in 2005.[citation needed]
  • HemiGTX - The Hemi GTX package is a limited sport-truck version of the Ram. Introduced in 2004 and only made in 2004 and 2005, these were customized by LA West of Indiana as ordered from dealers, adding an additional $8,300.50 in the sticker price. It was available on regular-cab/short-box and quad-cab/short-box pickups and include a custom overall paint from Mopar's Impact colors from the 1970s (this includes Hemi Orange, Plum Crazy Purple, Sublime Green, and Banana Yellow). 20" American Racing Motto chrome wheels, a new cowl "blacked-out" hood, and a specially trimmed leather 2-tone interior including a serialized number plate on the driver's-side doorjamb were offered. On the sides is a "hockey-stick" stripe with "HEMI GTX" that extended from the hood to the rear of the box. The airbox was also painted to match the body color, and a color-matched steering wheel was added as well. There were only 433 produced in 2004 and roughly the same number in 2005. A certificate of authenticity was given to all original owners.[citation needed]
  • Daytona - Introduced for 2005, the Ram Daytona was a new sport-truck edition of the Ram. It was available as a 5.7-liter Hemi V8 in Regular or Quad-Cab styles and featured lower-body cladding, 20-inch chrome wheels, SRT-10 hood, Borla dual exhaust, serialized number plate, and a tall rear spoiler reminiscent of the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona. The Daytonas had a black body stripe to match the rear spoiler and came in silver or "Go Mango" paint (a metallic orange color reminiscent of the Dodge's "high impact" colors from the 1960s and 1970s) with matching interior trim. The Dodge Ram Daytona had a 3.92 ratio rear end, the same rear end as the Dodge Ram Rumble Bee. Several exterior items were unique to the Daytona package (such as the gas door and dual side-exit exhaust tips) which made it different from other equipment packages. It was equipped with 20-inch (510 mm) chrome wheels and performance tires. Replacing the standard hood is one with a non-functional hood scoop. The most noticeable feature is the large spoiler which is attached at the rear of the cargo box. The 11-inch (280 mm) spoiler lined up with the flat black stripe that ran along the back of the bed side with the word 'Daytona' written in the middle. This spoiler is reminiscent of the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona.[citation needed]
  • Contractor's Special hybrid - Dodge announced a hybrid version of the Ram, dubbed the Contractor's Special, in 2003. However, the schedule for delivery slipped as Dodge backed away from the vehicle. The hybrid Ram was available only for fleet purchasers (if at all) and did not enter mass production. It offered an AC electrical outlet panel for running an entire job site worth of power tools, but the through-the-road method of balancing the gas engine and electric motor reportedly did not work as desired. Dodge has announced that it would use a hybrid transmission developed jointly with General Motors and BMW.[30]
  • NightRunner - 400 of these were assembled from January 2006 to December 2006 (200 Single-cab and 200 Quad-cab). The Limited Edition NightRunner trim includes Brilliant Black Paint, 22-inch (510 mm) black chrome wheels, black chrome grille, the 8.3 L Viper engine, dark shaded headlamps, NightRunner graphics on the sides of the rear bed, Piano black dash, and a numbered plate below the climate controls.[citation needed]

Fourth generation (2009; DS/DJ/D2)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fourth generation
RAM 1500 Classic Crew Cab.jpg

2019 Ram 1500 Classic Crew Cab

Also calledRam 1500 (2010–2018)
Ram 1500 Classic (2019–present)
Ram 2500/3500 (2010–2019)
Ram 4000 (Mexico, chassis cab)
Dodge Ram (South America)
ASV Ram (Australia)
ProductionSeptember 12, 2008-present
Model years2009–present[32]
AssemblyWarren, Michigan (Warren Truck Assembly)
Saltillo, Mexico (Saltillo Truck Assembly)
Melbourne, Australia
DesignerRyan Nagode, Scott Krugger (2006)[33]
Body style2-door regular cab
4-door Quad Cab (1500-only)
4-door crew cab
4-door Mega Cab (HD-only)
Engine3.7 L (226 cu in) PowerTechV6
3.6 L (220 cu in) Chrysler Pentastar V6
4.7 L (287 cu in) V8
3.0 L (183 cu in) Eco-Diesel V6
5.7 L (345 cu in) HEMI V8
6.4 L (392 cu in) HEMI V8
6.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins Turbo-DieselI6
Transmission4-speed 45RFEautomatic[34]
5-speed 545RFE automatic
6-speed 66RFE automatic
6-speed 68RFE automatic
6-speed G56 manual
8-speed 845RE automatic (2013–)[35]
6-speed Aisin AS68RC automatic
Wheelbase4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 197.2 in (5,010 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 204.3 in (5,190 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 192.3 in (4,880 mm)
Reg. Cab Short Bed: 120 in (3048 mm)
Reg. Cab Long Bed & Quad Cab: 140 in (3556 mm)
2WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 149.4 in (3,790 mm)
4WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 148.9 in (3,780 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 2WD: 169.4 in (4,300 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 4WD: 168.9 in (4,290 mm)
Regular Cab 2500 : 140.5 in (3,570 mm)
3500 Regular Chassis Cab: 143.4 in (3,640 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 167.4 in (4,250 mm)
3500 Crew Cab: 172.3 in (4,380 mm)
4500 & 5500 Regular Cab LWB: 144.3 in (3,670 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab MWB: 168.3 in (4,270 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 173.3 in (4,400 mm)
Length4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 287.0 in (7,290 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 263.0 in (6,680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 294.1 in (7,470 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 282.1 in (7,170 mm)
Crew Cab 3500: 259.4 in (6,590 mm)
2500 LWB Crew Cab: Regular Cab: 209.0 in (5,310 mm)
Extended Cab: 226.9 in (5,760 mm)
Quad Cab: 229.0 in (5,820 mm)
Crew Cab: 227.5 in (5,780 mm)
2500 Crew Cab SWB: 237.4 in (6,030 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB: 259.4 in (6,590 mm)
Regular Cab 2500: 231.0 in (5,870 mm)
3500 Chassis Cab: 234.1 in (5,950 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 258.1 in (6,560 mm)
3500 Crew Cab & 4500/5500 Regular Cabs: 263.0 in (6,680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab: 234.1 in (5,950 mm)
Width2,017 mm (79.4 in)
Heavy Duty Crew Cab, 4500, 5500 & 3500: 79.1 in (2,010 mm)
Heavy Duty Regular Cab: 78.9 in (2,000 mm)
Height73,3-80,6 (1862-2047)
73.3-73.9 (1500 4x2)
74.1-74.8 (1500 4x4)
73.3-73.7 (2500 4x2)
75.7-77.7 (2500 4x4)
78.0-78.8 (3500)
79.8-80.6 in (4500/5500)

The fourth generation Dodge Ram was introduced at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.[36] This latest generation was sold as the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 starting in Fall 2008. The 2500, 3500, 4500 and 5500 models were later added to the lineup. In 2010, the Ram Trucks brand was separated from Dodge.

Chrysler LLC attempted to keep the Ram competitive in the market through various developments for the 2009 model, including a new four-door cab style offering, new suspension, a new hemi engine option, and the Rambox, a new storage system that allows secure storage inside the truck's bed walls. Later models have the Rambox system tied in with the remote keyless system[37]

Since 2011, Ram 2500/3500 models were marketed as having a "class-exclusive" manual transmission option, as General Motors and Ford discontinued manual transmissions for North American models in 2006 and 2010 respectively. The manual transmission was available until the end of this generation's production in 2018.

The Ram 1500, Ram Mega Cab, Ram 2500/3500, DX Chassis Cab (Mexico Market), Ram 4500/5500 are assembled at FCA's Saltillo Assembly Plant in Coahuila, Mexico; the Ram 1500 (DT) is assembled at Sterling Heights Assembly (SHAP) in Sterling Heights, Michigan.[38] The Ram 1500 (DS) was previously assembled at Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan.

Cab options[edit]

2012 Ram 1500 Big Horn Quad Cab (rear)

The Mega Cab option was deleted on the 1500 model, replaced by a true four-door crew cab.[39] Other cab options are regular cab and Quad Cab. The Mega Cab option remains on the heavy-duty models, along with crew cab. Improvements made from the previous generation mean the rear seats are now able to recline.[40]

Handling[edit]

A coil spring five-link rear suspension replaces the leaf-springs for the 1500.

Payload capacities[edit]

The 2009 model's towing capacity was originally rated at 9,100 lb (4,128 kg) for 2WD Ram 1500 with regular cab, long-bed, 5.7 L Hemi engine, 3.92 differential and 17-inch wheels, but the rating increased to 10,450 lb (4,740 kg) without changing the setup.[41] For the 2010 model, payload was increased by 50 lb (23 kg) to 1,900 lb (862 kg) for the regular cab 2WD model with the 3.7-liter V6 engine.[42]

Towing capacity for the regular cab Ram 1500 with 3.21 differential is rated at 6,100 lb (2,767 kg) with 17-inch wheels and 5,900 lb (2,676 kg) with 19-inch wheels. Crew Cab and Quad Cab models are rated at 5,700 lb (2,585 kg) and 5,800 lb (2,631 kg) respectively.

Gross Combined Weight Ratings is 11,000 lb (4,990 kg) for all Ram 1500s with 3.21 axles; max 15,500 lb (7,000 kg) for 2WD Ram 1500 with long bed, 5.7 L hemi engine, and a 3.92 differential.

Heavy Duty Chassis Cabs
2011 Ram 3500 chassis cab
A late-model, 2011 Ram 5500 truck

Chassis Cab versions were made for the Ram 3500, 4500, and 5500 models. The 3500 Heavy Duty model was unveiled at the 2009 Chicago Auto Show.

Engine choices include 5.7 L Hemi V8 rated at 383 bhp (286 kW) at 5,600 rpm and 542 N⋅m (400 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm for Ram 3500, 6.7 L Cummins turbo diesel rated at 350 bhp (261 kW) at 3,013 rpm and 880 N⋅m (649 lb⋅ft) at 1,500 rpm for Ram 3500 (optional), 4500, 5500. Late-model 2011 diesel trucks were up-rated to 800 lb⋅ft (1,085 N⋅m) of torque.

Transmission choices included a standard 6-speed manual or optional 6-speed Aisin automatic. Both transmissions support the Power Takeoff option.

The 3500 model has regular or crew cab, single-rear-wheel or dual-rear-wheel. Four cab-axle lengths (60, 84, 108 and 120 inches) for 4500/5500 or two cab-axle lengths (60 and 84 inches) for 3500, and three trim levels (ST, SLT and Laramie).

The Ram 3500 has three axle ratios (3.42, 3.73, and 4.10) and 17-inch wheels. Ram 4500/5500 has three axle ratios (4.10, 4.44, and 4.88) and 19.5-inch wheels. The 4500/5500 Rams rear axle is a Dana S 110. The front axle on 4x4 models is manufactured by Magna, while 2-wheel-drive models just have a solid, non-drive axle.

Concept truck[edit]

The Ram concept truck "Long Hauler" from 2012 is based mostly on existing Ram truck parts. The powertrain, frame and wheels are all components of the Ram 5500 Chassis Cab. It is a "Mega Cab" optional on the lighter Rams. The GCWR for this truck is 37,500 lb and the weight of the truck is 9,300 lb.[43]

Model Year changes[edit]

2013 changes[edit]

The 1500 gets a minor restyling. It features a new front fascia, optional projector-beam halogen headlamps with LED turn signals/parking lamps, wheels and interior, where the "DODGE" name was removed from the dashboard and replaced with "RAM".

All models offered for 2012 continue to be available for 2013 with the addition of a new high-end trim, the Laramie Longhorn Limited. (Tradesman, Express, SLT, Big Horn, Lone Star, Sport, R/T, Laramie, and Laramie Longhorn). The Rambox cargo management system continues to be available on most models for 2013. For 2013, the base ST model becomes the Tradesman model.

2013 models have revised engine and transmission options. The 3.7 L V6 is discontinued, and the 4.7 L V8 equipped with the 6-speed 65RFE Automatic takes its place as the new base engine, still producing 310 bhp (231 kW; 314 PS) and 330 lb⋅ft (447 N⋅m). New to the lineup is Chrysler's corporate 3.6 L Pentastar V6, coupled to the new ZF 8-speed Torqueflite8 Automatic. It achieves best-in-class fuel efficiency and makes 305 bhp (227 kW; 309 PS) and 269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m). The Pentastar/ZF 8-speed is optional. Due to a new electric power steering system, the 5.7 L Hemi V8 no longer has a power steering pump, and gains 5 horsepower, now making 395 bhp (295 kW; 400 PS) and 410 lb⋅ft (556 N⋅m). It is still available with the 65RFE 6-speed Automatic, with the new 8-speed Torqueflite8 Automatic optional.

Air suspension is optional for 2013 models, offering four ride height settings. Electronic stability control becomes standard on 2500 and 3500 models. For 2013, the Ram is also the first North American pickup truck to offer keyless ignition.

New infotainment systems are available for the RAM 1500 for 2013:

The base Uconnect 3.0 (RA1) radio includes an AM/FM radio, Radio Data System (RDS), a monochrome LCD display screen, a 3.5-millimeter auxiliary audio input jack, and a single USB port for charging purposes only.

The "up-level" Uconnect 5.0BT (RA2) radio adds a full-color, 5.0-inch color touch-screen display, voice control for the phone, a micro SD card slot, Bluetooth for phone, and A2DP wireless stereo audio streaming capabilities, and vehicle customization options on-screen.

The "top-of-the-line" radios are the Uconnect ACCESS 8.4A (RA3) and Uconnect ACCESS 8.4AN (RA4). These radios add a full-color, 8.4-inch color touch-screen display, full voice control, SiriusXM satellite radio, the Uconnect ACCESS System, featuring roadside assistance and 9-1-1 emergency call buttons on the rear-view mirror, mobile app compatibility, remote USB ports for the integration of compatible devices, enhanced in-vehicle customization options, automatic notification of airbag deployment, concierge services, remote control via an app installed on a compatible smartphone, and the ability to add GPS navigation from Garmin for vehicles not equipped with the option from the factory (it is activated by a dealership for a fee, however, does not include SiriusXM Travel Link or 3D mapping). The Uconnect ACCESS 8.4AN (RA4) adds GPS navigation from Garmin, HD Radio SiriusXM Travel Link, 3D mapping, and enhanced mobile app compatibility. The system also includes a built-in 3G internet router, allowing for wireless connection to the internet while the vehicle is parked with a monthly service subscription. The system can also be updated to add additional features that will be available in the future via a USB stick inserted into one of the remote USB ports. Remote steering wheel-mounted controls are also included with this system.

Options such as a CD Player (mounted in the center console of the vehicle), SiriusXM satellite radio and a Rearview Backup Camera can be added to any radio.

3500[edit]

The 2013 models move up to an 18-inch standard wheel, with 18-inch forgedAlcoa wheels as an option. 3500 models offer a High Output package for the diesel. The rear differential ring gear is increased from 11.5-inches, to 11.8-inches on H.O. trucks. The 11.8 axle cover doubles as a heat sink.

4x4[edit]

Ram installed the Center axle disconnect into the 3500 4x4 models. 2500 Ram trucks did not have a CAD system until 2014 models. Ram states this technology improves fuel efficiency by 1 MPG, although EPA tests do not include class 2 and class 3 trucks in the MPG/fuel efficiency tests. The 4x4 saw additional changes with the transfer case now being made by BorgWarner instead of New Venture Gear.

High Fuel Efficiency[edit]

A new model offered for the 2013 Ram is the HFE (High Fuel Efficiency). Based on the SLT model, the HFE offers 18/25 MPG out of its Pentastar V6 engine and eight-speed TorqueFlitetransmission. It is available only on the two-wheel-drive regular cab model with a 6.33-foot bed. Standard features include a 220-amp alternator and an 800-amp battery to assist with the start-stop system. 3.21:1 axle gearing is also standard.

2014 changes[edit]

2014 Ram 3500 crew cab, 4×4, DRW

The option of air suspension became available on the rear of the 2014 model year 2500 and 3500 pick-up trucks. 1500 models added the option of an Eco-Diesel V6. 2500 models now feature coil spring suspension, instead of leaf spring. The cast iron, flex-fuel, 4.7 V8 Chrysler PowerTech engine was discontinued, ending Corsair engine production, leaving the Ram 1500 with two engine choices. The aluminum, flex fuel 3.6 V6 Pentastar is now the base engine, along with the 8-speed Torque-Flitetransmission. The 3.6 L Pentastar V6 was available on Laramie and Longhorn trims.[44] The Ram heavy-duty series of trucks (2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500) received a new interior design and revised exterior styling from the Ram 1500, which was restyled in 2013. Also for 2014, the new Outdoorsman trim became available particularly for buyers who hunt, fish, and camp. The Mossy Oak special edition (originally made in 2012) also returned as well for 2014.

2016 changes[edit]

For 2016, the all-new Ram 1500 Rebel debuted, offering off-road suspension with a 1.0 inch (2.5 cm) higher ride height, larger tires, and a unique interior to add to the Ram 1500 Big Horn and Lone Star trim levels. It features a unique blacked-out grille with powder coated front bumper and exclusive aluminum hood, skid plates, and tow hooks.[45] It is available with either a 305 hp (227 kW) and 269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m) 3.6 L Pentastar VVT FlexFuel-Capable V6 engine or a 395 hp (295 kW) and 410 lb⋅ft (556 N⋅m) 5.7 L HEMI V8 engine.[46] Four-wheel drive is available with either powertrain, but the two-wheel drive model is V8-only. The sole body configuration offered is a crew cab with a short pickup bed.[45]

SLT models of all Ram trucks now receive the U Connect 5.0BT (RA2) touch-screen radio as standard equipment, adding steering wheel-mounted remote phone controls, Bluetooth hands-free calling and wireless audio streaming, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, a USB port, and 3.5 mm auxiliary input jack, Radio Data System (RDS), voice control, in-radio vehicle customization, and a full-color five-inch LCD touch-screen display. This was previously a $495.00 option on the Ram SLT.

2017 changes[edit]

For 2017, the Ram 1500 Laramie Longhorn and Limited trims received the new RAM front grille and "RAM" emblem across the rear tailgate that debuted on the 2016 RAM 1500 Rebel.

In mid-2017, the RAM 1500's 3.0 L EcoDiesel V6 turbodiesel engine, produced by VM Motori, was dropped in mid-2017 in response to emissions cheating allegations. The engine will be re-introduced in early 2018, as re-certification by the EPA has been obtained.

The 1500 SLT model loses the U Connect ACCESS 8.4 infotainment system (RA3) option, leaving the U Connect 5.0BT (RA2) radio as the only radio option. However. all Ram heavy-duty (2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500) SLT models will still offer the U Connect ACCESS 8.4 infotainment system (RA3) as an option.

The Rebel trim level of the Ram 1500 gains the previously optional U Connect ACCESS 8.4A infotainment system as standard equipment, as do the Big Horn and Lone Star trim levels. A Rebel Black Edition Package is available that adds black accents to the Rebel.

The Laramie trim level of the Ram 1500, 2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500 gets a standard nine-speaker, 506-watt Alpine 7.1-channel surround-sound premium audio system as standard equipment.

Three new special edition trim levels debut for 2017 for the Ram 1500 model:

  • The Lone Star Silver Edition, available exclusively at Ram dealerships in Texas and based on the Texas-only Lone Star trim level, adds additional chrome trim pieces to the trim level. It debuted at the 2016 Texas State Fair.
  • The Lone Star Yellow Rose Edition, also available exclusively at Ram dealerships in Texas and also based on the Texas-only Lone Star trim level, is available only in a model-exclusive Stinger Yellow Clear Coat exterior paint color. It debuted at the 2016 Texas State Fair.
  • The Night Edition, available at Ram dealerships nationwide, is based on the Sport trim level, and adds black-finished emblems, twenty-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, front grille, door handles, and emblems.

There is also a new Off-Road Package available for all Ram 2500 models (aside from the Power Wagon trim level, which includes the package as standard equipment), and includes unique pickup bedside graphics, off-road suspension, front tow hooks, and the protection package.

The mid-level SLT trim level of the RAM 1500 is no longer available to retail customers, as it is now a lesser-equipped model reserved exclusively for fleet customers. However, the SLT trim level still remains for the Ram 2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500 models, and are still available to retail customers. However, retail customers wanting SLT features such as chrome front and rear bumpers and front grille, seventeen-inch aluminum-alloy wheels, power windows and door locks with keyless entry, the U Connect 5.0BT (RA2) touch-screen radio, cloth seating surfaces, SiriusXMSatellite Radio, a rear-view backup camera system, and floor carpeting, can still opt for the Chrome Appearance and Popular Equipment Packages on the Tradesman model.

For customers wanting a less expensive Bluetooth option for the Ram truck, a new U Connect 3.0BT (RA2) radio is available for an additional $200.00, which includes an A/M-F/M radio and SiriusXM Satellite Radio tuner, Radio Data System (RDS), U Connect Bluetooth hands-free phone system with audio streaming and voice command, steering wheel-mounted remote voice command controls, a USB port, and 3.5 mm auxiliary audio input jack, and a three-inch (3.0") monochrome LCD display screen. This radio option is available for the Tradesman trim level of all Ram trucks, and the Express trim level of the Ram 1500, and is included as part of a Popular Equipment Package on the latter model. Previously, customers wanting Bluetooth on a Ram Tradesman or Ram 1500 Express would have to upgrade to the U Connect 5.0BT (RA2) touch-screen radio, which would add the same features as described above, as well as onscreen vehicle customization via the radio, and a full five-inch (5.0") color touch-screen display, and cost an additional $495.00. In order to do this, the customer would also have to select the Popular Equipment Package on both models.

The RAM 2500 Power Wagon returned with a 6.4 L HEMI gasoline V8 engine, a unique graphics package (delete option), black front grille, door handles, larger tires, and black aluminum-alloy wheels as well as the Off-Road Package. The Power Wagon Package is also available for the Ram 2500 Tradesman trim level, and also adds the 6.4 L HEMI gasoline V8 engine.

2018 changes[edit]

Changes to the Ram for 2018 included the addition of HD Radio to all U Connect 8.4 infotainment systems, as well as a new 4GLTE wireless hot-spot provided by AT&T Wireless, an AT&T Wireless 4G LTE in-vehicle modem (both the AT&T Wireless 4G LTE modem and 4G LTE mobile hot-spot replace the Sprint3GCDMA modem and 3G CDMA mobile hot-spot offered on previous Ram models), Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone integration for the U Connect 8.4 infotainment systems, and the SiriusXM Guardian service replacing the U Connect ACCESS service offered on previous RAM models for the U Connect 8.4 infotainment systems. In addition, all U Connect 8.4 infotainment systems get a new User Interface design for easier navigation of menus and applications.

The VM Motori-produced 3.0 L EcoDiesel V6 turbodiesel engine returned in early 2018 for the RAM 1500, as it has been re-certified by the EPA after allegations of emissions cheating in 2017.

Most upper trim levels of the RAM 1500 (Sport, Rebel, Laramie Longhorn, and Limited) get the new RAM front grille introduced for 2016, as well as a large 'RAM' emblem on the rear tailgate. Lower to mid-trim levels of the RAM 1500 (Tradesman, Express, Big Horn, Lone Star, and Laramie) retain the standard RAM "Cross-Hair" front grille.

The Night Edition and Lone Star Silver Edition trim levels were continued.

For 2018, there are two new special editions:

  • The Harvest Edition (also available on the Ram 2500 and 3500), are based on the Big Horn and Lone Star models. Available in only four paint colors, two of which are unique to the Harvest Edition (Case IH Red, New Holland Blue, two-tone Black Clear Coat and Bright Silver Metallic, or Bright White Clear Coat). Aimed at farmers, the Harvest Edition adds features that are otherwise optional on the Big Horn and Lone Star, such as seventeen-inch chrome-clad aluminum-alloy wheels with all-terrain tires on 4X4 models, the U Connect 8.4 infotainment system with GPS navigation, SiriusXM Travel Link with five years of service included and one year of SiriusXM Guardian service, a trailer tow package with integrated trailer brake control, rear-mounted tow hitch, and trailer tow side mirrors. Also included are front bucket seats with power front driver's seat trimmed in premium cloth, chrome side steps, chrome side mirror covers, chrome door handles, and chrome front tow hooks. It is available as either a Quad Cab or a Crew Cab.
  • The Laramie Longhorn Southfork Edition Package, available on 1500, 2500, and 3500 Laramie Longhorn models, adds even more luxury features to the already luxurious truck, such as unique twenty-inch polished aluminum-alloy wheels, unique real wood interior trim, and a unique two-tone blue-and-beige interior color scheme.

2019 changes[edit]

For 2019, the current fourth-generation Ram 1500 will be sold alongside its successor, the fifth-generation Ram 1500. Virtually identical to 2018 models, 2019 trucks will be given a new name, Ram 1500 Classic, to distinguish them from their all-new fifth-generation successors. The Ram 1500 Classic will offer a 2-Door Regular Cab model, whereas the fifth-generation Ram 1500 will not. In addition, Quad and Crew Cab models are also expected to be offered.[32]

In addition, the current-generation Ram 2500, Ram 3500, and Ram 3500/4500/5500 Chassis Cab models will be redesigned for the 2019 model year.[47]

Engines[edit]

Model Model Years Engine Power Torque
15002013–20183.6 L (220 cu in) PentastarV6305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS)269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m)
2009–20123.7 L (226 cu in) 3.7 V6215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS)235 lb⋅ft (319 N⋅m)
2009–20134.7 L (287 cu in) 4.7 V8310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS)330 lb⋅ft (447 N⋅m)
2009–20125.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8390 hp (291 kW; 395 PS)407 lb⋅ft (552 N⋅m)
2013–2018395 hp (295 kW; 400 PS)410 lb⋅ft (556 N⋅m)
2014–20183.0 L (182 cu in) EcoDiesel V6 diesel240 hp (179 kW; 243 PS)420 lb⋅ft (569 N⋅m)
2500/3500 2010–20185.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8383 hp (286 kW; 388 PS)400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m)
2014–20186.4 L (392 cu in) Hemi V8410 hp (306 kW; 416 PS)429 lb⋅ft (582 N⋅m)
2010–20126.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (6-Speed Manual/Automatic)350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS)650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m)
2013–20186.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (6-Speed Manual)350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS)660 lb⋅ft (895 N⋅m)
2013–20186.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (68RFE 6-Speed Automatic)370 hp (276 kW; 375 PS)800 lb⋅ft (1,085 N⋅m)
2019850 lb⋅ft (1,152 N⋅m)
2011.5–20126.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (High Output 6-Speed Automatic)350 hp (261 kW; 355 PS)800 lb⋅ft (1,085 N⋅m)
2013–20146.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (Aisin ASC69RC Automatic)385 hp (287 kW; 390 PS)850 lb⋅ft (1,152 N⋅m)
2015865 lb⋅ft (1,173 N⋅m)
2016–2017900 lb⋅ft (1,220 N⋅m)
2018930 lb⋅ft (1,261 N⋅m)
2019400 hp (298 kW; 406 PS)1,000 lb⋅ft (1,356 N⋅m)
Chassis Cab 2010–2015
(2010–present in Mexico)
5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8383 hp (286 kW; 388 PS)400 lb⋅ft (542 N⋅m)
2010–20126.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS)610 lb⋅ft (827 N⋅m)
2013–20186.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (6-Speed Manual)320 hp (239 kW; 324 PS)650 lb⋅ft (881 N⋅m)
2013–20186.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins diesel I6 (Aisin AS69RC Automatic)325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS)750 lb⋅ft (1,017 N⋅m)

Plug-in hybrid[edit]

A two-mode hybrid version was planned to begin production in 2010, but Chrysler decided to cancel it in favor of a smaller test fleet of 140 plug-in hybrid (PHEV) Rams developed with support from a US$48 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy financed through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. The Chrysler PHEV pickup project has an estimated total cost of US$97.4 million.[48][49] The RAM 1500 pickup PHEV was introduced at the January 2011 Washington Auto Show. The vehicle is part of a three-year demonstration program intended to field test and evaluate battery performance across a wide range of drive cycles and temperature ambients, and also to evaluate customer acceptance.[50] The PHEV demonstrator pick-up trucks are assembled at the Warren Truck Assembly plant in Michigan and the plug-in hybrid conversion takes place at the Chrysler Technology Center in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The demonstrators are being allocated for field testing among local and state governments, utility companies, and a US Army base.[51] Chrysler has no plans for a production version.[52]

The Ram 1500 PHEV demonstrator has a 345 hp 5.7 L Hemi V8 gasoline engine mated to a two-mode hybrid transmission and a 12.9 kWh 355V lithium-ion battery from Electrovaya. This setup allows an all-electric range of more than 20 mi (32 km), but as a blended plug-in hybrid, the RAM PHEV does not run exclusively all-electric during EV mode. The fully charged plug-in starts off with charge depletion with limited regeneration at the high end of the state of charge (SoC). That ramps up to a full regenerative capability somewhere in the 70 to 95% range and depletes down to about 20%. Once depleted, it comes into a narrow charge-sustaining range.[48][50][51] The plug-in pick-up meets AT-PZEV emissions standards, making it the only full-size V8 pickup with an AT-PZEV rating. Its fuel economy in charge-depleting mode is more than 32 mpg‑US (7.4 L/100 km; 38 mpg‑imp) in city driving.[48][51] The Ram 1500 PHEV is capable of towing up to 6,000 lb (2,722 kg).[51]

The first 20 Ram PHEV demonstrators were delivered in May 2011 to Clark County, Nevada and Yuma, Arizona, with 10 units each city.[48] Other cities that received the demonstration PHEVs are San Francisco and Sacramento, California, Albany, New York, and Charlotte, North Carolina. In September 2011, another 10 units were delivered to the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). Another 5 units will be delivered to Central Hudson Gas & Electric and National Grid.[52]DTE Energy in Detroit is scheduled to receive 10 Ram PHEVs.[53]

Special editions[edit]

  • Dodge Ram R/T - A concept truck with a blue body, 22-inch forged wheels, SRT stripes, and a new front bumper with chin spoiler. It was unveiled in 2008 at the SEMA Show.[54] Production of the Dodge Ram R/T began for the 2009 model year.[55] It is a regular cab, short bed, 2WD 1500 Ram with 22" wheels, a 4.10 final drive gear ratio (the only way to get a 4.10 rear in a 1500), an R/T badge in the lower-right corner of the grille, and a Hemi. It also has the performance hood from the Sport Appearance Package on other Ram Sport models, but does not have the striping package that the concept had.
  • 2014 Ram 1500 Urban Concept - The 2014 Ram 1500 Urban Concept features a 6.4 L Hemi V8 producing 470 hp (350 kW) and 470 lb⋅ft (637 N⋅m) of torque. The engine comes from the Dodge Challenger SRT8 which is paired with a 5-speed automatic W5A580 transmission or a 6-speed manual Tremec TR6060 transmission. The concept features a regular cab painted in dark blue clear coat with an off-center light blue stripe. It sits on 22-inch wheels painted hyperblack. No word on if this engine will be available on either the 2500 or 3500.[56]
  • 2015 Ram Rebel - The Ram Rebel is the Ram 1500's off-road trim. It is available with the 5.7 L Hemi and 3.6 L Pentastar. The Rebel will be available in the third quarter of 2015.[57]
  • 2019 Ram Warlock - The Ram 1500 Classic Warlock is making a comeback from the 1970s, Dodge Warlock was the first in 1976 (production ceased in 1979). It is available with the 5.7 L Hemi and 3.6 L Pentastar. The Warlock will be available in the first quarter of 2019.

Issues[edit]

Fire incident, Hybrid, 2012[edit]

See also: Plug-in electric vehicle fire incidents

In September 2012, Chrysler temporarily suspended the demonstration program. All 109 Ram 1500 Plug-in Hybrids and 23 Chrysler Town & Country plug-in hybrids deployed by the program were recalled due to damage sustained by three separate pickup trucks when their 12.9 kWh battery packs overheated. The carmaker plans to upgrade the battery packs with cells that use a different lithium-ion chemistry before the vehicles go back into service. Chrysler explained that no one was injured from any of the incidents, and the vehicles were not occupied at the time, nor any of the minivans were involved in any incident, but they were withdrawn as a precaution. The demonstration is a program jointly funded by Chrysler and the U.S. Department of Energy that includes the first-ever factory-produced vehicles capable of reverse power flow. The experimental system would allow fleet operators to use their plug-in hybrids to supply electricity for a building during a power outage, reduce power usage when electric rates are high or even sell electricity back to their utility company.[58][59] The company reported that the demonstration fleet had collectively accumulated 1.3 million miles (2.1 million km) before the vehicles were recalled. Chrysler also reported that the plug-in pickups delivered peak average fuel economy of 37.4 mpg‑US (6.29 L/100 km; 44.9 mpg‑imp), while the plug-in hybrid minivans delivered 55.0 mpg‑US (4.28 L/100 km; 66.1 mpg‑imp).[58]

Remote Control, Software, Uconnect Entertainment System, 2015[edit]

Charlie Miller, security researcher for Twitter and former NSA hacker, and Chris Valasek, director of vehicle security research at the consultancy IOActive, showed how a Jeep Cherokee can be remote controlled. FCA recalled 1.4 Mio vehicles with the Uconnect entertainment system onboard.[60]

Safety[edit]

The Ram comes standard with four-wheel anti-lock disc brakes, side curtain airbags, and an electronic stability program or ESP. In Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) crash tests, the 2009 Ram received a Good overall score in the frontal crash test, and a Marginal score in the side impact test,[61] as well as the roof strength test.[62]

CategoryRating
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset (2009–14) Not tested
Small overlap frontal offset (2015*-) Marginal
Side impact (2009–14) Not tested
Side impact (2015*-) Good
Roof strength Marginal1
1strength-to-weight ratio: 2.97
CategoryRating
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset (2009–14) Not tested
Small overlap frontal offset (2015*-) Marginal
Side impact (2009–11) Not tested
Side impact (2012*-) Good
Roof strength Marginal2
2strength-to-weight ratio: 3.17

It received a 5-star frontal crash test rating from the NHTSA,[65] however under later testing methods it received an overall 3-star rating.[66] In the side-pole test it was given a single star rating, because of excessive forces to the thoracic region. While the Ram 1500 features standard side-curtain airbags it does not include side torso airbags. The vehicle was redesigned and retested, and received a 5-star rating.

  1. ^Model Year of car crash-tested, not year of Overall Rating. Older crash tests usually carry over to newer car models.
  2. ^Number of cars produced of this model.
  3. ^Also known as Moving Deformable Barrier.
  4. ^Head Injury Criteria (HIC38) has a threshold of 1000.
  5. ^Largest deformation of vehicle part after impact.
  6. ^Side Barrier Rating, combines front and rear seats.
  7. ^RLSA=Resultant Lower Spine Acceleration, measured in g-force. Threshold is 82g.

Gallery[edit]

  • 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 ST Quad Cab

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_pickup

Dodge Ram Pickup

Car classification

Full-size pickup truck

Body style

Regular Cab
Extended Cab (Club Cab)

Transmission

5-speed manual
4-speed automatic

Engine size

3.9 liters
5.2 liters
5.9 liters
8.0 liters

Drive

Rear-wheel drive
4-wheel drive

MPG

17/21 (4x2 Regular Cab)
14/19 (4x2 Club Cab)
13/16 (4x4)

Positioned in the heart of the full-size pickup truck market, the Dodge Ramwas designed for buyers who needed a big, durable pickup for work or play, but also in a modern aerodynamic package with styling flair. Prime competition came from the Ford F-Series, Chevrolet C/Kand GMC Sierrafull-size trucks.

Year-to-year changes[]

1991[]

There were four trim levels for the Dodge Ram 50: Short and Long Bed versions of both each the base and SE pickup trucks. In addition, there was also a 2-door SUV called the Ramcharger 150. Accompanying this car was a 150S.

1994[]

In 1994, the all-new Dodge Ram made an impressive debut, breaking styling rules left and right. The new design clearly set the Ram apart from the rest of the pack in the full-size pickup truck market.

The Dodge Ram was available in regular cab and extended cab (Club Cab) models in three series, 1/2-ton (1500), 3/4-ton (2500) and 1-ton (3500), in 2-wheel-drive and 4-wheel-drive versions. There were four trim levels: LT, Work Special, ST and Laramie SLT.

1995[]

In October 1994 for the 1995 model year, Dodge introduced a full line of Club Cab models, which added 20 inches to the Ram cab and held six passengers in a split 40/20/40 front bench seat and a full rear bench.

Other significant option changes this year included a V8 engine powered by compressed natural gas (CNG), 4-wheel antilock brakes for 1-ton models (late availability), revised sport package (also later in the year), and an upgraded sound system. Also new this year was an illuminated overdrive lockout switch.

The base engine was a 3.9-liter ohv V6. Optional engines included a 5.2-liter ohv V8 (gas and CNG), a 5.9-liter ohv V8, a 5.9-liter inline 6-cylinder turbodiesel, and for the heavy-duty pickups, the super-hot 8.0-liter V10.

A 5-speed manual transmission was standard. Light-duty and heavy-duty 4-speed automatics were optional.

1998[]

A 4-door Crew Cab was introduced this model year.

Retail prices[]

  • $12,834 (1994 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $14,389 (1994 Dodge Ram 1500 LT 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $17,376 (1994 Dodge Ram 1500 LT 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $15,916 (1994 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $17,102 (1994 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 Heavy Duty Pickup)
  • $18,194 (1994 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $19,683 (1994 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 Heavy Duty Pickup)
  • $18,417 (1994 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $20,867 (1994 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)

As of June 20, 1994:

  • $12,938 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Regular Cab)
  • $14,683 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Regular Cab)
  • $17,716 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Club Cab)
  • $17,769 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Regular Cab)
  • $20,194 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Club Cab)
  • $16,527 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $17,751 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 Heavy Duty Pickup)
  • $19,722 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 Club Cab Pickup)
  • $18,904 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $20,394 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 Heavy Duty Pickup)
  • $22,340 (1995 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 Club Cab Pickup)
  • $19,144 (1995 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $21,343 (1995 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Club Cab Pickup)
  • $21,789 (1995 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $23,960 (1995 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Club Cab Pickup)

As of mid-1995:

  • $13,188 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Short Bed Regular Cab)
  • $13,460 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Long Bed Regular Cab)
  • $14,967 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 LT 4x2 Long Bed Regular Cab)
  • $17,997 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Long Bed Club Cab)
  • $18,109 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Long Bed Regular Cab)
  • $20,525 (1995 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Long Bed Club Cab)

As of August 7, 1995:

  • $13,741 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Short Bed Pickup)
  • $14,013 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 WS 4x2 Long Bed Pickup)
  • $15,106 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Short Bed Regular Cab)
  • $15,390 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Long Bed Regular Cab)
  • $17,851 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Short Bed Club Cab)
  • $18,132 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Long Bed Club Cab)
  • $18,492 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Short Bed Regular Cab)
  • $18,832 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Long Bed Regular Cab)
  • $20,319 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Short Bed Club Cab)
  • $20,650 (1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Long Bed Club Cab)
  • $17,230 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 LD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $18,654 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 HD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $20,619 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 LD Club Cab Pickup)
  • $20,825 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 HD Club Cab Pickup)
  • $20,007 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 LD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $21,697 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 HD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $23,536 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 LD Club Cab Pickup)
  • $23,743 (1996 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 HD Club Cab Pickup)
  • $19,947 (1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $22,346 (1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Club Cab Pickup)
  • $22,792 (1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $24,963 (1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Club Cab Pickup)

As of July 27, 1997:

  • $14,075 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 WS 6.5' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $14,345 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 WS 8' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $15,880 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 6.5' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $16,165 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 8' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $18,770 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 HD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $20,255 (1997 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $18,550 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 6.5' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $18,830 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 8' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $20,775 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 6.5' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $20,980 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x2 8' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $22,600 (1997 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Club Cab Pickup)
  • $19,005 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 6.5' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $19,345 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 8' Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $21,855 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 HD Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $22,770 (1997 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup)
  • $21,645 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 6.5' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $21,975 (1997 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 8' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $23,785 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 6.5' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $23,990 (1997 Dodge Ram 2500 4x4 8' Club Cab Pickup)
  • $25,120 (1997 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Club Cab Pickup)

Shipping prices[]

  • $600 (1994-1995 models)
  • $640 (1997 models)

Gallery[]

95dodgeram1500regularcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x2 Regular Cab Pickup

95dodgeram1500regularcab2

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 1500 4x4 Regular Cab Pickup

95dodgeram2500regularcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 2500 Regular Cab Pickup

95dodgeram3500regularcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 3500 Regular Cab Pickup

95dodgeram1500clubcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 1500 Club Cab Pickup

95dodgeram2500clubcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 2500 Club Cab Pickup

95dodgeram3500clubcab

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x2 Club Cab Pickup

95dodgeram3500clubcab2

1995-1996 Dodge Ram 3500 4x4 Club Cab Pickup

95dodgeram interior

Interior of the Dodge Ram Pickup

95dodgeram backseat

The back seat of the Club Cab

Video Clips[]

Dodge_Ram_1500_Regular_Cab_Pickup
Sours: https://retrocars.fandom.com/wiki/Dodge_Ram_Pickup
  1. Gods of destruction
  2. Fortune axe minecraft
  3. Mexican soccer channel
  4. Master cheif halo
  5. Pillsbury sugar cookies

Dodge Ram

2009 Dodge Ram 1500 SLT Big Horn Crew Cab
ManufacturerChrysler (1981-98)
DaimlerChrysler (1998-2007)
Chrysler LLC (2008-present)
Production1981-present
AssemblySaltillo, Coahuila, Mexico
Fenton, Missouri, United States
Warren, Michigan United States
PredecessorDodge D Series
ClassFull-size pickup truck
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
ManualsService Manual
This article is about the full-size truck. For other uses, such as the full-size van, see Dodge Ram (disambiguation).

The Dodge Ram is a full-size pickup truck from Chrysler LLC's Dodge brand. The name was first used in 1981 on the redesigned Ram and Power Ram, though it came from the hood ornament used on 1930s and '40s Dodge vehicles.

Dodge Ram trucks have been named Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year twice: the second-generation Ram won the award in 1994, and the third-generation Ram Heavy Duty won the award in 2003. The truck is in its fourth generation as of the 2009 model year.

The Ram is built at Saltillo Truck Assembly in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico; Saint Louis Assembly North in Fenton, Missouri, United States; and Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan, United States.

1981 to 1993: The D/W trucks

1989 Dodge Ram D100
Production1981-1993
Body style(s)2-door
2-door extended cab
4-door crew cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler AD platform
Engine(s)225 cu in (3.7 L) Slant-6

239 cu in (3.9 L) LA V6
318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8

5.9 L (≈360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6
Transmission(s)3- or 4-speed Torqueflite automatic
4- or 5-speed manual
Wheelbase2-door short bed:
115 inches (2,921 mm)
2-door long bed:
131 inches (3,327 mm)
4-door long bed:
165 inches (4,191 mm)[1]
Length190.8 inches (4,846 mm)
210.8 inches (5,354 mm)
Width79.5 inches (2,019 mm)
Height76 inches (1,930 mm)
73 inches (1,854 mm)
Fuel capacityTemplate:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
Template:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
RelatedDodge Ramcharger

The first-generation Ram trucks, named for the Ram hood ornament that first graced Dodge cars in the 1930s, was introduced in 1981[1]. Dodge kept the previous generation's model designations: "D" or Ram meant two wheel drive while the "W" or Power Ram meant four wheel drive. Like Ford, Dodge used 150 to indicate a half-ton truck, 250 for a three quarter-ton, and 350 for one-tons. Standard cab, "Club" extended cab, and crew cab versions were offered along with 6.5 ft (2.0 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) bed lengths and "Utiline" and "Sweptline" styled boxes. Externally, the first-generation Rams were facelifted versions of the previous generation Dodge D-Series pickups introduced in 1972. The new model introduced larger wraparound tail lamps, single rectangular headlamps, and squared-off body lines. The interior was updated and included a newer style bench seat, and a completely new dashboard and instrument cluster. Available engines for these trucks were the 225 cu in (3.7 L) slant six, the 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8, and the 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8 with a variety of carburetors available for each engine. Among the other options offered on the Ram were front bumper guards, a sliding rear cab window, power locks & windows, and a plowing package for the 4-wheel drive version (referred to as the Sno Commander).

Base D100 models were added for 1984, replacing the previous "Miser" trim level available on the D150. A "Ram-Trac" shift-on-the-fly transfer case was added for 1985's Power Rams, and both the crew cab and Utiline flared bed were dropped for 1986, also the first year for a new crossbar grille and slight front end styling changes. Engines were updated for the 1988 model year. The Slant-6 was dropped in favor of a 3.9 L (≈238 cu in) fuel injected V6 with 25% more power. The 5.2 L (318 cu in) engine also received electronic fuel injection in 1988. Because EFI was added, a computer was used to control ignition, fuel, and manage other areas of the engine and in some cases, the automatic transmission lockup function depending on the model. Inside the cab where a small compartment was once located on the dash, a new "message center" contained the check-engine light, brake warning light, and the warning light for the ABS if the truck was so equipped. Diagnostic fault codes were stored in the computer's memory, and cycling the ignition key three times would allow the computer to flash the trouble codes through the check-engine light for diagnosis of some problems[2].

For 1989, the 5.9 L V8 also received throttle body fuel injection for 20 hp (15 kW) more power. Rear ABS also became standard equipment. Additionally, Dodge introduced a new overdrive automatic transmission for reduced fuel consumption. This light-duty transmission was designated the A500, and was offered with the 3.9 L V6 and 5.2 L V8. An "O/D Off" pushbutton switch to lock out the overdrive 4th gear was added to the message center. The A727 automatic saw continued use for heavy duty applications. The Cummins Turbo Diesel was also added to the engine lineup and for the first time, Dodge saw sales go up. The Cummins could be had with a heavier-duty version of the A727 automatic or a 5 speed manual transmission and was available on 250 and 350 pickups and chassis cabs.

The Ram 100 model designation was dropped and these models folded back into the "150" range for 1990 due to the introduction and sales success of the Dodge Dakota pickup. Additionally, the instrument cluster was slightly revised; the ammeter was replaced by a voltmeter while maintaining the 3-pod arrangement of the speedometer and gauges.

The grille was redesigned for 1991 but kept the large rectangular headlamps and crossbar appearance. The engines were substantially upgraded for 1992 (3.9L and 5.2L) and 1993 (5.9) with multi-port fuel injection, new manifolds and higher compression cylinder heads for noticeably higher output. These newly-revised engines were marketed under the "Magnum" name. A heavier-duty overdrive automatic transmission called the A518 was offered with the 5.2 L and 5.9 L engines. As part of Chrysler's overhaul of corporate transmission nomenclature, the A500 and A518 were redesignated 42RH and 46RH, respectively, in 1992. The initial "4" signified a 4-speed transmission, the second digit identified the transmission's relative torque capacity, the letter "R" in the third position denoted a rear-wheel drive transmission, and the final letter "H" signified hydraulic shift control. The 3-speed automatic remained available; the A727 was redesignated 36RH, and the A904, A998, and A999 became the 30RH, 31RH, and 32RH. During this time, Dodge reintroduced the Club Cab, which was equipped with fold-out jump seats. Although this added cab space, the jump seats were not very comfortable. Entry was made through the passenger or drivers doors as there were no rear doors for this configuration.

These trucks, though popular with fleets, sold poorly compared to the Ford F-Series and the General Motors C/K Trucks, with just under 100,000 units sold most years of their production. Part of this was due to the dated cab and chassis design which had been in production since 1972. Additionally, the interior had been given few updates since 1981.

Engines

Years Engine Power Torque
1981-1987225 cu in (3.7 L) Slant-695 hp (71 kW)[1]
1988-1991239 cu in (3.9 L) LA V6125 hp (93 kW)[1]
1992-19913.9 L (239 cu in) Magnum V6180 hp (130 kW)[1]
1981-1987318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8140 hp (100 kW)[1]
1988-1991318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8[1]
1992-19935.2 L (318 cu in) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]280 lb·ft (380 N·m)[1]
1981-1988360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8170 hp (130 kW)[1]
1989-1992360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8190 hp (140 kW)[1]
19935.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]325 lb·ft (441 N·m)[1]
1989-19935.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins diesel I6160 hp (120 kW)[1]400 lb·ft (542 N·m)[1]

1994-2001: BR/BE Trucks

Second generation Dodge Ram
Production1994-2001 (Ram 1500)
1994-2002 (Ram 2500 and 3500)
Body style(s)2-door
3-door extended cab
4-door extended cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler BR/BE platform
Engine(s)3.9 L Magnum V6

5.2 L Magnum V8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L B5.9 diesel I6
8.0 L Magnum V10

5.9 L ISB diesel I6
Transmission(s)4-speed automatic

5-speed manual

6-speed manual
Wheelbase118.7 in (3,015 mm) (2-door, short bed)[1]

134.7 in (3,421 mm) (2-door, long bed)[1]

154.7 in (3,929 mm)
Length204.1 in (5,184 mm)
224.1 in (5,692 mm)
244.1 in (6,200 mm)
Width79.4 in (2,017 mm)
93.5 in (2,375 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height77.1 in (1,958 mm)
Fuel capacityTemplate:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
Template:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
1994 Dodge Ram 1500 SWB 4x4

The Ram line was redesigned for 1994. The exterior styling was the result of design concepts by chief designer Phillip E. Payne, plus extensive customer research that revealed that full-sized pickup buyers were enamored of a strong exterior design that suggested the "look of a big rig truck"[3]. Dodge Truck Product Planners recognized that while some customers would not identify with the unique design, it would mandate instant recognition for the new Dodge full-sized pickup. It featured a big rig-looking front end and a large grille and was nothing like Ford or Chevy in design. Engine offerings continued over from the first-generation ram and were the 3.9 L V6, 5.2 L V8, 5.9 L V8, and 5.9 L I6 Cummins Turbo diesel. Added to the line up was a new 488 cubic inch 8.0L V10 engine designed as an alternative to those who wanted superior pulling power but didn't want a diesel. The new V10 and Cummins Turbo diesel could only be had in the 2500 and up trucks. Models were now the 1500 half-ton, 2500 three quarter-ton, and 3500 dual rear wheel one-ton in both 2 and 4 wheel drive in 6 and 8-foot (1.8 x 2.4 m) boxes.

Dodge offered the 2500 series in two different gross-vehicle weight ratings for the first few years but this was dropped in the late 90s. The purpose of the light duty and heavy duty 2500 trucks were for the heavy duty 2500 to take the place of the discontinued one ton single rear wheel trucks.

Transmissions for the Ram were the lower geared A500/42RH-RE for light duty applications found behind the 3.9 L V6, the A518/46RH-RE for more heavy duty applications found behind the 5.2 L and 5.9 L V8 engines, and the A618/47RH-RE for heavy duty use behind the V10 and Cummins engines.

On the inside, special attention was paid to in-cab storage features, with a large glovebox, a center armrest storage area, and extra storage space behind the seat. The dash and gauge cluster were a far cry from the previous model Ram and was far more modern as well. A redesign of the dashboard and instrument cluster was made in 1998 along with the introduction of the quad cab, and rounded black plastic side-view mirrors replaced the previous rectangular design.

A natural gas engine debuted for 1995 but was not popular and was only used in fleet vehicles on a very limited production run. In 1998, Dodge introduced the "Quad Cab", which used smaller suicide doors in the back for a door opening. This was offered as an option on the extended cab for the model year. In mid year 1998, the redesigned Cummins Turbo Diesel was released, a 24 valve version, now controlled electronically and producing more power and torque.

In 1999 Dodge revised the front end for the Sport models with a restyled bumper, quad-beam clear-lens headlamps, and body-color grille.

The redesigned 1994 Ram was a sales success, with sales rocketing from 100,000 units in 1993 to 240,000 in 1994, 280,000 in 1995, and nearly 400,000 in 1996. Sales of this generation peaked at just over 400,000 in 1999 before declining against the redesigned Ford and GM trucks. By 2001 however, the Ram was below Ford and Chevy's sales.

While Dodge introduced a new Ram 1500 for 2002, the old second generation style Ram was still produced for the 2002 model year 2500 and 3500 trucks. It would be another year until the new third generation Ram took over Dodge's heavy duty truck market. Part of this delay was because of the new 5.7 L Hemi engine not being ready. The 5.9 L V8 was offered until the Hemi was ready for mass production.

Engines

Years Engine Power Torque
1994-20013.9 L (239 cu in) Magnum V6175 hp (130 kW)[1]
1994-20015.2 L (318 cu in) Magnum V8220 hp (160 kW)[1]
1995-19975.2 L (318 cu in) Natural Gas V8200 hp (150 kW)[1]430 lb·ft (583 N·m)[1]
1994-19975.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8230 hp (170 kW)[1]
1998-20015.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW) (standard), 250 hp (190 kW) (Sport package)[1]
1994-20018 L (488 cu in) [4]LA V10300 hp (220 kW) hp[1]450 lb·ft (610 N·m)[1]
1994-19955.9 L (5883 cc, 359 cu in)[5]Cummins 12-valve Diesel I6175 hp (130 kW) (manual), 160 hp (120 kW) (auto)[1]420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (manual), 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) (auto)[1]
1996-19985.9 L (5883 cc, 359 cu in)[5]Cummins 12-valve Diesel I6215 hp (160 kW) (manual), 180 hp (130 kW) (auto)[1]440 lb·ft (597 N·m) (manual), 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (auto)[1]
1999-20015.9 L (5883 cc, 359 cu in)[5]Cummins ISB 24-valve Diesel I6230 hp (170 kW) (manual), 215 hp (160 kW) (auto)[1]450 lb·ft (610 N·m) (manual), 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (auto)[1]
  • 94-01 Dodge Ram Regular Cab

2002-2008: The DR/DH Trucks

2007 Dodge Ram 1500
Production2002-2008 (1500)
2003-present (2500 & 3500)
Body style(s)2-door
4-door quad cab
4-door Mega Cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler DR/DH/D1 platform
Engine(s)3.7 L V6

4.7 L V8
5.7 L Hemi V8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L Cummins diesel I6
6.7 L Cummins diesel I6
8.0 L Magnum V10

8.3 L Viper V10
Transmission(s)4-speed 45RFE automatic

5-speed 545RFE automatic

6-speed manual
Wheelbase120.5 in (3,061 mm)
140.5 in (3,569 mm)
160.5 in (4,077 mm)
Length207.7 in (5,276 mm)

229.7 in (5,834 mm)

249.7 in (6,342 mm)
Width79.5 in (2,019 mm)
96 in (2,438 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height75.7 in (1,923 mm)
78.6 in (1,996 mm)
Fuel capacityTemplate:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
Template:Convert/LoffAonDbSoffUSer
File:2002-05 Dodge Ram.jpg

2002-2004 Dodge Ram 1500 crew cab

The third-generation Ram debuted for 2002 on half-ton models and 2003 on the larger trucks. This was a major update including an all new frame, suspension, power trains, interiors, and sheet metal. It included a larger grille, and special models kept interest up as most competitors had adopted the Ram's separate-fender look. The four wheel drive light trucks (1500 series) lost their live axles in favor of an independent front suspension, but the 2500 and 3500 series retained the live axles for maximum longevity and durability. This body style draws heavily from the previous generation.

2005 Dodge Ram 1500 Quad Cab

The redesigned trucks bolstered sales, with 400,000 sold in 2002 and nearly 450,000 sold in 2003, a new high point for the Ram name. At the same time, both Ford and GM trucks were increasing in sales from a 2001 peak over 850,000 to the 900,000 range. But the Ram's sales could not keep up with the eleventh-generation F-150 and the new Nissan Titan in 2004 and 2005, with 400,543 Rams sold that year. With the introduction of the new 2007 Tundra, styled and engineered similarly to the Ram, Dodge was forced to significantly increase the incentives to keep demand up for their vehicle.

2006 to 2008: Facelift

The 2006 Dodge Ram is an updated version of the previous generation. One notable addition is the Mega Cab, featuring a 6-foot (2 m) cargo box and 20 inches (510 mm) of extra cab space, allowing seating for six with rear recliners. Also, a full screen mapping in-dash navigation system is now an option. The headlamps have been redesigned for better performance.

Another change for the 2006 model year was the replacement of the first version 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 in half-ton models with the newer Multi-Displacement System Hemi V8 engine that is available in Chrysler and Dodge sedans. This engine features the same performance but has a cylinder-deactivating feature enabled under light loads to increase fuel economy by 3 MPG city and 4 MPG hwy. This new Hemi still delivers 345 hp (257 kW) and 375 lb·ft (508 N·m).

In 2007 a 3500 Chassis Cab model was introduced, with industry standard rear frame width and wiring to accommodate outfitters. In addition to the 5.7 L (345 cu in) HEMI V8, a Cummins ISB 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel rated at 305 hp (227 kW) and 610 lb·ft (827 N·m) was also available.

For 2008, Dodge introduced two more Chassis Cab models, the 4500 and 5500. These are class 4 and 5 trucks with a Gross Weight of 16,500 lb (7,500 kg) and 19,500 lb (8,800 kg), respectively. Both trucks come equipped with a version of the Cummins ISB 6.7 L (6690 cc, 408 cu in) diesel rated at 350 hp (260 kW) and 650 lb·ft (881 N·m). Sterling, who worked with Dodge in development, has their own version called the Sterling Bullet with a unique grille. Sterling is a division of Freightliner LLC which, like Dodge, was owned by the former DaimlerChrysler.

Engines

Model Years Engine Power Torque
15002002-20083.7 L (226 cu in) Magnum/PowerTech V6215 hp (160 kW)[1]235 lb·ft (319 N·m)[1]
2002-20074.7 L (287 cu in) PowerTech V8235 hp (175 kW)[1]295 lb·ft (400 N·m)[1]
20084.7 L (287 cu in) PowerTech V8310 hp (230 kW)330 lb·ft (447 N·m)
2002-20035.9 L (360 cu in) Magnum V8245 hp (183 kW)[1]335 lb·ft (454 N·m)[1]
2003-20085.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8345 hp (257 kW)[1]375 lb·ft (508 N·m)[1]
2500/3500 2003-20085.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8345 hp (257 kW) @ 5400 RPM375 lb·ft (508 N·m) @ 4200 rpm
20038 L (488 cu in) Magnum V10310 hp (230 kW)450 lb·ft (610 N·m)
SRT-102004-20068.3 L (505 cu in) Viper V10510 hp (380 kW)535 lb·ft (725 N·m)

2009-Present: The DS/DJ Trucks

2009 Dodge Ram Quad Cab
Production2009-
Body style(s)2-Door Regular Cab
4-Door Quad-Cab
4-Door Crew-Cab
4-Door Mega-Cab
Dually
Engine(s)3.7 L (226 cu in) Powertech V6
4.7 L (287 cu in) Powertech V8
5.7 L (345 cu in) HEMI V8
6.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins Turbo-Diesel
Transmission(s)6-speed manual
5-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
WheelbaseReg. Cab Short Bed: 120 in (3048 mm)
Reg. Cab Long Bed & Quad Cab: 140 in (3556 mm)
LengthRegular Cab: 209.0 in (5309 mm)
Extended Cab: 226.9 in (5763 mm)
Quad Cab: 229.0 in (5817 mm)
Crew Cab: 227.5 in (5779 mm)
Width2017 mm (79.4 in)
Height4WD Regular & Crew Cabs: 74.3 in (1887 mm)
4WD Extended Cab: 74.1 in (1882 mm)
4WD Quad Cab: 74.8 in (1900 mm)
2WD ST Regular Cab & 2WD SLT Extended Cab & Quad Cab 2WD: 73.4 in (1864 mm)
ST 2WD Extended Cab & ST Quad Cab 2WD: 73.3 in (1862 mm)
SLT Regular Cab 2WD & 2WD Crew Cab: 73.9 in (1877 mm)
DesignerRyan Nagode

The fourth generation Dodge Ram was introduced at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.[6] This latest generation will be sold as the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 starting in Fall 2008. A light-duty diesel version will be released after 2009 and a two-mode hybrid version will be released in the 2010 model year.[7]

This latest version of the Ram features a number of major innovations and improvements as the timing of this full redesign puts Dodge against fresh versions of its main competitors in the Ford F-150, Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, and Toyota Tundra.[6] As such, Chrysler LLC is attempting to keep the Ram competitive in the market through various developments 2009 model, developing a new four-door cab style offering, new suspension, a new hemi engine option, and a new storage system that allows secure storage inside the truck’s bed walls.[8]

The 5.7 L HEMI V8's output has been increased by 45 hp (34 kW) to 390 hp (291 kW) and 407 lb·ft (552 N·m), and fuel efficiency has been slightly increased by 4%. The 4.7 L (287 cu in) H.O. PowerTech V8 produces 310 hp (231 kW) and 330 lb·ft (447 N·m), and the 3.7 L (226 cu in) PowerTech V6 continues with 215 hp (160 kW) and 235 lb·ft (319 N·m).[9] A coil spring rear suspension replaces the leaf-springs, a move to improve ride quality and handling. The payload capacities have not been negatively affected despite the massive change in suspension. The Mega Cab option will be deleted, at least on the 1500 series, replaced by a true four door cab.[10] The 2009 Dodge Ram has also received a 5-star U.S government crash test rating, the highest rating in the program.[citation needed]

Special Rams

In addition to factory equipment and appearance packages, the Ram pickup has also been offered at times with dealer-installed packages.

  • SRT-10 - This is a regular or quad-cab body with the Dodge Viper's V10 engine, 22" wheels and Pirelli tires, lowered suspension, bucket seats, body modifications, and a spoiler. The 2004 version was available only in a single cab with a 6 speed manual transmission with a Hurst shifter. For 2005, Dodge released a Quad Cab version of the Viper V10 powered truck with the 48RE four speed automatic transmission from the 3500 Ram with the Cummins turbodiesel engine. In 2004, the truck won the Guinness record of "World's Fastest Production Pickup Truck" of 154.587 mph (247.3 km/h)[11] This record stood until bettered by the Australian Holden Special Vehicles Maloo R8 in May 2006. SRT-10 production ended on June 30, 2006.
  • Power Wagon - This model, introduced for 2005, is an off-road focused version of the Ram. The name is drawn from Dodge's line of 4-wheel-drive trucks made from the early 1940s through the 1980s. It comes with the 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi engine, electronic locking differentials, electronic solenoid disconnecting sway bars, 33" off-road tires, handlebar, fender flares, "Hemi" nameplates instead of the standard Ram badging, and a 12,000 pound winch[12]. This truck is built on the 2500 platform.
2005 Dodge Ram Rumble Bee
  • Rumble Bee - The Rumble Bee package was a limited sport-truck version of the Ram. It was available only on regular cab/short-box pickups and included lower body cladding, 20" wheels, a hood scoop, and a specially-trimmed interior including a serialized number plate. On the rear of the box was a stripe with a "Rumble Bee" emblem, similar to that of the Super Bee. All Rumble Bees were either black with yellow trim or yellow with black trim.
  • HemiGTX - The Hemi GTX package was a limited sport-truck version of the Ram. Introduced in 2004 and only made in 2004 and 2005 these were customized by LA West of Indiana as ordered from dealers. It was available on regular cab/short-box and quad cab/short-box and 2x4 and 4x4 model pickups and included a custom overall paint from Mopars Impact colors from the 1970's (this included Hemi Orange, Plum Crazy, Sublime Green,and Banana Yellow), 20" American Racing Motto chrome wheels, a new cowl "blacked out" hood, and a specially-trimmed leather 2-tone interior including a serialized number plate on the drivers side door jamb. On the sides was a "hockey stick" stripe with "HEMI GTX" and extended from the hood to the rear of the box. The air box was also painted to match the body color and a color matched steering wheel was added. They only made 433 in 2004 and roughly the same amount in 2005. A certificate of Authencity was given to all original owners.
  • HemiSport - The HemiSport Edition was the Quad Cab version of the Rumble Bee, and was introduced in 2004. It was available in black, red or silver, and with either rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. It was equipped similarly to the Rumble Bee, but without the number plaque. The HemiSport was discontinued for 2006.
  • Daytona - Introduced for 2005, the Ram Daytona is a new sport-truck edition of the Ram. It is available in Regular or Quad-Cab styles and features lower body cladding, 20" chrome wheels, SRT-10 hood, Borla dual exhaust, serialized number plate, and a tall rear spoiler reminiscent of the 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona. The Daytonas have a black body stripe to match the rear spoiler and come in Silver or "Go Mango" paint with matching interior trim.
  • Prospector - Throughout the 80s, this package was available for the Ram pickup. In the early 80s a special badge was affixed to the box side of the truck, but this was dropped in the mid 80s. Prospector was a package that usually included a different fuel tank, cloth seat and carpeting. In the later 1980s, a light package as well as the large 6x9 mirrors were added to the list of options. This trim package was carried on until the redesign in 1994.
  • Sno Commander - known as the Sno-Fighter in the older D series trucks, the Sno-Commander came with 4-wheel-drive and the V8 engine as standard equipment. It included a snow plow, heavy duty cooling, a larger battery, and provisions on the engine to hook up hydraulics to work the plow as well as a cab controller. Early model Rams also had a badge on the box side. This package was discontinued after the redesign in 1994, but a similar package is offered through Chrysler called the Snow-Plow Prep package.
  • Spirit Of '76 - A special package available in 1976 to celebrate America's Bicentennial. It came with a special decal that ran down the side of the truck and cloth or vinyl interior.
  • NightRunner - 2000 of these were assembled from January 2006 to December 2006. The NightRunner trim includes 20-inch (510 mm) black chrome rims, the 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi engine, dark shaded headlamps, NightRunner graphics, and the NightRunner logo on the speedometer.
  • Limited Edition Indy Pace and SS/T pkg - The Dodge Ram Indy Pace Truck was available in 1996. It included longitudinal stripes similar to those on the Dodge Viper along with an optional door sticker stating "Official Truck of the 80th Indianapolis 500." These trucks had a 5.9 L (360 cu in) engine with upgraded exhaust and 15 hp (11 kW) more power. These also included 17-inch (430 mm) wheels with Goodyear Eagle II tires, size 275/60R-17. The SS/T (Super Sport Truck) version was available from 1997-1998 and included all the same upgrades except the door sticker. The SS/T also had "SS/T" designed into the stripe on both the hood and tailgate. The Indy Trucks were available only in blue with white stripes. The SS/Ts were available in white/blue, red/silver, black/silver, and green/silver. All include a specialty sticker on the inner door stating, "Built with pride in the U.S.A." as well as no tie downs on the tops of the bed sides.
  • Dodge Ram R/T - It is a concept with blue body, 22-inch forged wheels, SRT stripes, new front bumper with chin spoiler. It was unveiled in 2008 SEMA show.[13]

Dodge announced a hybrid version of the Ram, dubbed the Contractor's Special, in 2003. However, the schedule for delivery slipped as Dodge backed away from the vehicle. The hybrid Ram was available only for fleet purchasers (if at all) and did not enter mass production. It offered an AC electrical outlet panel for running an entire job site worth of power tools, but the through-the-road method of balancing the gas engine and electric motor reportedly did not work as desired. Dodge has announced that it will use a hybrid transmission developed jointly with General Motors and BMW.[14]

Total American Sales

Calendar Year Sales
1999[15]428,930
2000 380,874
2001[16]344,538
2002[17]396,934
2003 449,371
2004[18]426,289
2005 400,543
2006[19]364,177
2007 358,295
2008[20]245,840

References

External links

Sours: https://www.dodge-wiki.com/wiki/Dodge_Ram

Dodge

American-based brand of automobiles, minivans, and sport utility vehicles, a division of Stellantis

This article is about the automobile brand. For the cyclecar, see Dodge (cyclecar). For other uses, see Dodge (disambiguation).

Dodge black logo.svg
TypePrivate (1900–28)
Division (1928–present)
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1900; 121 years ago (1900) (as Dodge Brothers Company)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Founders
Fateacquired as a division of Chrysler Corporation in 1928
Headquarters

Auburn Hills, Michigan, U.S.

Area served

Worldwide (except South Asia, Nigeria, and Japan)

Key people

Timothy Kuniskis, president and CEO of Dodge brand[1]
ProductsCars, SUVs, vans/minivans
ParentStellantis
Websitewww.dodge.com

Dodge is an Americanbrand of automobiles and a division of Stellantis, based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. Dodge vehicles have historically included performance cars, and for much of its existence Dodge was Chrysler's mid-priced brand above Plymouth.

Founded as the Dodge Brothers Company machine shop by brothers Horace Elgin Dodge and John Francis Dodge in the early 1900s,[2] Dodge was originally a supplier of parts and assemblies to Detroit-based automakers like Ford. They began building complete automobiles under the "Dodge Brothers" brand in 1914, predating the founding of Chrysler Corporation. The factory located in Hamtramck, Michigan was the Dodge main factory from 1910 until it closed in January 1980. John Dodge died from the Spanish flu in January 1920, having lungs weakened by tuberculosis 20 years earlier.[3] Horace died in December of the same year, perhaps weakened by the Spanish flu, though the cause of death was cirrhosis of the liver. Their company was sold by their families to Dillon, Read & Co. in 1925 before being sold to Chrysler in 1928.

Dodge mainstay vehicles were trucks and full-sized passenger cars through the 1970s, though it also built compact cars such as the 1963–76 Dart and midsize cars such as the "B-Body" Coronet and Charger from 1965–78.

The 1973 oil embargo caused American "gas guzzler" sales to slump, prompting Chrysler to develop the Dodge AriesK platform compact and midsize cars for the 1981 model year. The K platform and its derivatives are credited with reviving Chrysler's business in the 1980s. One example was the Dodge Caravan. During the 1990s the Dodge Stratus found many buyers along with the larger Dodge Intrepid.

The Dodge brand endured multiple ownership changes at Chrysler from 1998 to 2009, including its merger with Daimler-Benz AG from 1998 to 2007,[4] its subsequent sale to Cerberus Capital Management, its 2009 bailout by the United States government, and its subsequent Chapter 11 bankruptcy and acquisition by Fiat.

In 2011, Dodge and its sub-brands, Dodge Ram and Dodge Viper, were separated. Dodge announced that the Viper was to be an SRT product, and Ram a standalone marque. In 2014, SRT was merged back into Dodge. Later that year, the Chrysler Group was renamed FCA US LLC, coinciding with the merger of Fiat S.p.A. and the Chrysler Group into the corporate structure of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Subsequently, another merger occurred on January 16, 2021 between FCA and the PSA Group (Stellantis), making the Dutch-domiciled automaker the second largest in Europe, after Volkswagen.

History[edit]

Founding and early years[edit]

John Francis Dodge

Horace Elgin Dodge

Horace and John Dodge founded the Dodge Brothers Company in Detroit in 1900, and quickly found work manufacturing precision engine and chassis components for the city's growing number of automobile firms. Chief among them were the established Olds Motor Vehicle Company and the new Ford Motor Company. Henry Ford selected the Dodge brothers to supply a wide range of components for his original Model A (1903–04) comprising the entire chassis: Ford needed to add only the body and wheels to finish the cars.[5] Henry offered the Dodge brothers a 10% share in his new company in return for $10,000 worth of goods ($311,080 in 2020 dollars [6]). In 1902, the brothers won a contract to produce transmissions for Ransom E. Olds' company, Oldsmobile upon which they built a solid reputation for quality and service. They rejected a second contract from Oldsmobile in 1903, to retool their plant to manufacture engines for the Ford Motor Company, which would be in debt to the brothers.

The first machine shop where the brothers worked as parts suppliers for Olds and Ford was located at the Boydell Building on Beaubien Street at Lafayette. This location was replaced by a larger facility at Hastings Street and Monroe Avenue, which is now a parking garage for the Greektown Casino Hotel (Hastings Street at this location has been renamed Chrysler Service Drive).[7] By 1910 the Dodge Main factory was built in Hamtramck, where it remained until 1979.

1915 Model 30-35 touring car

The Dodge Brothers Motor Company was established in 1913 and by 1914, John and Horace designed and introduced the first car of their own – the four-cylinder Dodge Model 30-35 touring car.[8] Marketed as a slightly more upscale competitor to the ubiquitous Ford Model T, it pioneered or made standard many features later taken for granted, such as all-steel bodies. The vast majority of cars worldwide still used wood-framing under steel panels,[nb 1][9] Other innovations were 12-volt electrical systems (6-volt systems would remain the norm until the 1950s), 35 horsepower[10] engines versus the Model T's 20 horsepower, and sliding-gear transmission (the best-selling Model T retained an antiquated planetary design until its demise in 1927). John Dodge was once quoted as saying, "Someday, people who own a Ford are going to want an automobile".[11] The brothers garnered a well-earned reputation for the highest quality truck, transmission and motor parts they made for other successful vehicles, and Dodge Brothers cars were ranked second in U.S. sales as early as 1916.

That same year, Henry Ford stopped paying stock dividends in order to finance the construction of his new River Rouge complex, and the Dodges filed a suit to protect their annual dividends of approximately one million dollars,[12] leading Ford to buy out his shareholders. The Dodges were paid some US$25 million.($594,571,865 in 2020 dollars [6])[9] They had already earned $9,871,500 ($234,772,647 in 2020 dollars [6]) in dividends making a total return of $34,871,500 ($829,344,512 in 2020 dollars [6]) on their original $10,000 ($237,829 in 2020 dollars [6]) investment. The Ford contract set them up for life, but they never got to spend it.

Also in 1916, the Dodge Brothers vehicles won acclaim for their durability in military service. First with the U.S. Army's Pancho Villa Expedition, during the 1910s U.S. Mexico Border War—the U.S. military's first operation to use truck convoys.[13] General "Blackjack" Pershing procured a fleet of 150 to 250 Dodge Brothers vehicles for the Mexico campaign.[14][15] Touring cars were used as staff and reconnaissance vehicles. Pershing himself used a Dodge touring car to keep abreast of army columns and control their movements.

One incident in May, the 6th Infantry reported a sighting of Julio Cárdenas, one of Villa's most trusted subordinates. Lt. George S. Patton led ten soldiers and two civilian guides in three Dodge Model 30 touring cars to conduct America's first motorized military raid at a ranch house in San Miguelito, Sonora. During the ensuing firefight, the party killed three men, with one identified as Cárdenas. Patton's men tied the bodies to the hoods of the Dodges, returning to headquarters in Dublán and an excited reception from US newspapermen.

Subsequently, some 12,800 Dodge cars and light trucks were used in World War I[16]—over 8,000 touring cars, as well as 2,600 commercial vehicles, such as screen-side trucks and panel vans—serving primarily as ambulances and repair trucks.[14]

Dodge remained the United States military's primary supplier of light wheeled vehicles until the U.S. joined the Second World War.[16]

Dodge brothers death and sale to Chrysler[edit]

1927 Dodge Brothers Series 124 sedan
Store front of Dodge Brothers Motor Cars & Graham Brothers Trucks dealer, ca. 1920–1935

Dodge Brothers cars continued to rank second place in American sales in 1920. However, the same year John Dodge died of pneumonia in January.[17] His brother Horace then died of cirrhosis in December of the same year (reportedly still grieved over the loss of his brother, to whom he was very close).[18] With the loss of both founders, the Dodge Brothers Company was left in the hands of their widows, who promoted long-time employee Frederick Haynes to the presidency. During this time, the Model 30 was evolved to become the Series 116 (though it retained the same basic construction and engineering features). As the 1920s progressed, Dodge gradually lost its ranking from the third best-selling automobile manufacturer, to seventh in the U.S. market.

Dodge Brothers expanded its truck line and became a leading builder of light trucks. After expanding production capacity, Haynes signed a contract in 1921 for Dodge's large dealer network to exclusively market trucks with bodies built by Graham Brothers of Evansville, Indiana. The Graham truck line from then on used only Dodge-built chassis, from 1-ton to 3-ton capacity, and Dodge kept making light-duty trucks.[19]

Development was stagnating, and sales dropped Dodge Brothers to fifth place in the industry by 1925. That year, the Dodge Brothers company was sold by the widows to the investment group Dillon, Read & Co. for no less than US$146 million which at the time was the largest cash transaction in history ($2,154,538,899 in 2020 dollars [6]).[20]

Dillon, Read & Co. offered non-voting stock on the market in the new Dodge Brothers firm, and along with the sale of bonds was able to raise $160 million ($2,361,138,520 in 2020 dollars [6]), reaping a $14 million (net) profit ($206,599,620 in 2020 dollars [6]). All voting stock was retained by Dillon, Read. Frederick Haynes remained as company head until E.G. Wilmer was named board chairman in November 1926. Wilmer was a banker with no auto experience and Haynes remained as president. Changes to the car, save for superficial things like trim levels and colors, remained minimal until 1927, when the new Senior six-cylinder line was introduced. The four-cylinder line was renamed the Fast Four line until it was dropped in favor of two lighter six-cylinder models (the Standard Six and Victory Six) for 1928.

On October 1, 1925, Dodge Brothers, Inc., acquired a 51% interest in Graham Brothers, Inc., for $13 million ($191,842,505 in 2020 dollars [6]) and the remaining 49% on May 1, 1926. Haynes purchased all of Graham's truck production, and in 1926, the Graham branch took charge of all of Dodge's truck manufacturing. Briefly – until the purchase by Chrysler – all trucks were Graham badged.[19] A total of 60,000 such trucks were built in 1927.[21] The three Graham brothers, Robert, Joseph and Ray, assumed management positions in Dodge Brothers before departing early in 1927. The brothers established the Graham-Paige company to build a new line of Graham passenger cars.

Despite this, Dodge Brothers' sales had dropped to thirteenth place in the industry by 1927 selling the Dodge Fast Four, and Dillon, Read began looking for someone to buy the company. Dodge was sold to the new Chrysler Corporation in 1928 in a stock transfer instead of cash for $170 million ($2,562,189,922 in 2020 dollars [6]) who had attempted to purchase Dodge two years earlier.[22][23] Chrysler successfully purchased Dodge to gain the Dodge Factory and dealership network so as to better compete in the low-priced car field against Ford and Chevrolet, and in one year Dodge progressed from thirteenth place in sales to seventh place by 1928.[22] On January 2, 1929, Chrysler announced that the Graham Badge was dropped, and Chrysler was now building Dodge Brothers trucks.[19]

Pre-war years[edit]

Dodge aimed for the luxury market in this advertisement for the 1933 model Eight

To fit better the Chrysler Corporation lineup, alongside low-priced Plymouth and medium-priced DeSoto, Dodge's lineup for early 1930 was trimmed down to a core group of two lines and thirteen models (from three lines and nineteen models just over a year previous). Prices started out just above DeSoto but were somewhat less than top-of-the-line Chrysler, in a small-scale recreation of General Motors' "step-up" marketing concept. (DeSoto and Dodge would swap places in the market for the 1933 model year, Dodge dropping down between Plymouth and DeSoto.) As Plymouth cars were sold at Chrysler dealerships, Dodge branded vehicles were sold as a lower-cost alternative to DeSoto.

For 1930, Dodge took another step up by adding a new eight-cylinder line to replace the existing Senior six-cylinder. This basic format of a dual line with Six and Eight models continued through 1933, and the cars were gradually streamlined and lengthened in step with prevailing trends of the day. The Dodge Eight was replaced by a larger Dodge DeLuxe Six for 1934, which was dropped for 1935. A long-wheelbase edition of the remaining Six was added for 1936 and would remain a part of the lineup for many years. To enhance production, in 1932 Chrysler built a factory in Los Angeles, California where Chrysler, DeSoto, Dodge, and Plymouth vehicles were built until the factory closed in 1971.

1939 Dodge Airflow Texaco tanker truck
Dodge D11 Luxury Liner 4-Door Sedan 1939

The Dodge line, along with most of the corporation's output, was restyled in the so-called "Wind Stream" look for 1935. This was a mild form of streamlining, which saw sales jump remarkably over the previous year (even though Dodge as a whole still dropped to fifth place for the year after two years of holding down fourth). Dodge never got the radical Airflow styling that was the cause of depressed sales of Chryslers and DeSotos from 1934 to 1937, as a passenger sedan, but it was used on the commercial trucks for a short time. Dodge (along with the rest of Chrysler) added safety features such as a smooth, flat dashboard with no protruding knobs, curved in door handles, and padded front-seat backs for the benefit of the rear-seat occupants.[24]

Another major restyle arrived for the 25th-anniversary 1939 models, which Dodge dubbed the Luxury Liner series. These were once again completely redesigned, with new bodies for 1940, again in 1941, and a refreshing for 1942. However, just after the 1942 models were introduced, Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor forced the shutdown of Dodge's passenger car assembly lines in favor of war production in February 1942. 1941 saw the introduction of Fluid Drive for Dodge cars, which eliminated stalling or bucking if the clutch were released too quickly. This feature put a fluid coupling in between the engine and the clutch, although the driver still had to shift gears manually.

World War II[edit]

Chrysler was prolific in its production of war materiel, especially from 1942 to 1945. Dodge in particular was well known to both average citizens and thankful soldiers for their tough military-spec light trucks and WC54 ambulances. Dodge America – on paper under the Fargo Trucks name (in U.S. government contracts) [nb 2] – built over 400,000 trucks for the war,[26] in its nearly new (1938) Warren truck plant at Mound Road, near Detroit, Michigan.[27][28] Starting with the quickly converted VC and VF-series of 1940, Dodge built mostly light 4x4, but also light-medium 6x6 WC-series trucks, that evolved out of the VC-series. Smaller numbers of other models were built for China and Russia under Lend-Lease.[26] Additionally, Chrysler Canada was enlisted to crank out another 180,000 Dodge trucks for the British and the Commonwealth militaries, over three quarters of which were 3-ton trucks to be used in the CMP role.[29]

Dodge readily built upon the reputation of the WC-series for itself, by carrying it over into civilian models after the war, beginning with the successful Power Wagon, introduced with minimal modification almost immediately after the war, in 1945, for the 1946 model year.

Post-war years[edit]

1946 Dodge Custom 4-door sedan

Civilian production at Dodge was restarted by late 1945, in time for the 1946 model year. The "seller's market" of the early postwar years, brought on by the lack of any new cars throughout the war, meant that every automaker found it easy to sell vehicles regardless of any drawbacks they might have. Like almost every other automaker, Dodge sold lightly facelifted revisions of its 1942 design through the 1948 season. As before, these were a single series of six-cylinder models with two trim levels (basic Deluxe or plusher Custom). From 1949 until 1954, Fluid Drive could be combined with "Gyro-Matic," a semi-automatic transmission that reduced (but did not eliminate) the need to shift gears.

Styling was not initially Dodge's strong point during this period, though that began to change by 1953 under the direction of corporate design chief Virgil Exner. However, the deluxe Coronet series, introduced for 1949, offered extra luxury as the top of the line. The Coronet Diplomat, Dodge's first pillarless hardtop coupe, was new for 1950, at least one year before Ford, Plymouth, and other popular car makes offered it. At the same time, Dodge also introduced its first V8 engine – the Red Ram Hemi, a smaller version of the original design of the famed Chrysler Hemi. The new 1953 bodies were smaller and based on the Plymouth. For 1954, sales dropped, the stubby styling not going over well with the public. 1954 also saw the introduction of the fully automatic PowerFlite transmission.

Chrysler borrowed $250 million from Prudential in 1954 to finance expansion, acquisition, and updating the outdated styling of their car lines that was contributed to Chrysler failing to benefit from the postwar boom as GM and Ford were.[30][31][32]

Exner led the development of the new corporate "Forward Look" styling of 1955, beginning a new era for Dodge. With steadily upgraded styling and ever-stronger engines every year through 1960, Dodge found a ready market for its products as America discovered the joys of freeway travel. This situation improved when Dodge introduced a new line of Dodges called the Dart to do battle against Ford, Chevrolet, and Plymouth. The result was that Dodge sales in the middle price class collapsed. Special and regional models were sold as well, including the LaFemme (a white and orchid-trimmed hardtop marketed toward women) and the Texan, a gold-accented Dodge sold in the Lone Star State. 1957 saw the introduction of a new automatic transmission, three-speed TorqueFlite. Both PowerFlite and TorqueFlite were controlled by mechanical push-buttons until 1965. 1956 saw the introduction of the 4-door pillarless hardtop (the same year most other makes offered this body style) in all three Dodge series, Custom Royal, Royal, and Coronet. Dodge's pillarless models were all badged "Lancer."

1958 Dodge Coronet Lancer hardtop coupe

Dodge entered the compact car field for 1961 with their new Lancer, a variation on Plymouth's Valiant. Though it was not initially successful, the Dart range that succeeded the Lancer in 1963 would prove to be one of the division's top sellers for many years.

Chrysler made an ill-advised move to downsize the Dodge and Plymouth full-size lines for 1962, which resulted in a loss of sales. However, they turned this around in 1965 by turning those former full-sizes into "new" mid-size models; Dodge revived the Coronet nameplate in this way and later added a sporty fastback version called the Charger that became both a sales leader and a winner on the NASCAR circuit. Not only did this style dominate the racetrack for 4 full years, its aerodynamic improvements forever changed the face of NASCAR racing.

Full-size models evolved gradually during this time. After Dodge dealers complained about not having a true full-size car in the fall of 1961, the Custom 880 was hurried into production. The Custom 880 used the 1962 Chrysler Newport body with the 1961 Dodge front end and interior. The 880 continued into 1965, the year a completely new full-size body was put into production, the Polara entered the medium price class and the Monaco was added as the top series. The Polara and Monaco were changed mostly in appearance for the next ten years or so. Unique "fuselage" styling was employed for 1969 through 1973 and then was toned down again for the 1974 to 1977 models.

1967 Dodge Coronet 440 sedan

Dodge targeted the muscle car market of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Along with the Charger, models like the Coronet R/T and Super Bee were popular with buyers seeking performance. The pinnacle of this effort was the introduction of the Challenger sports coupe and convertible (Dodge's entry into the "pony car" class ) in 1970, which offered everything from mild economy engines up to the race-ready Hemi V8 in the same package.

In an effort to reach every segment of the market, Dodge even reached a hand across the Pacific to its partner, Mitsubishi Motors, and marketed their subcompact as the Colt to compete with the AMC Gremlin, Chevrolet Vega, and Ford Pinto. Chrysler would over the years come to rely heavily on their relationship with Mitsubishi. At the same time, Dodge got a version of the Plymouth Duster, marketed as the Dodge Demon. It was inexpensive, but with its slant-six engine (or V8), the Demon could not achieve the fuel economy of the four-cylinder Colt. The Demon sold in much fewer numbers than the Duster, so it is considered more collectible today, especially the V8 versions.

1973–1980[edit]

The 1973 oil crisis caused significant changes at Dodge, as well as Chrysler as a whole. Except for the Colt and Slant Six models of the Dart, Dodge's lineup was quickly seen as extremely inefficient. In fairness, this was true of most American automakers at the time, but Chrysler was also not in the best financial shape to do anything about it. Consequently, while General Motors and Ford were quick to begin downsizing their largest cars, Chrysler (and Dodge) moved more slowly out of necessity.

At the very least, Chrysler was able to use some of its other resources. Borrowing the recently introduced Chrysler Horizon from their European division, Dodge was able to get its new Omni subcompact on the market fairly quickly. At the same time, they increased the number of models imported from Japanese partner Mitsubishi starting in 1971: first was a smaller Colt (based on Mitsubishi's Galant line), then a revival of the Challenger (Dodge Challenger) in 1976 as a compact hardtop coupe with nothing more than a four-cylinder under the hood, rather than the booming V8s of yore.

The 1975 model year had the Dodge Charger and Chrysler Cordoba share the same new body based on the B platform. The Chrysler Cordoba had replaced the Plymouth Satellite Sebring. The Charger SE (Special Edition) was the only model offered. It came with a wide variety engines from the 318 cu in (5.2 L) "LA" series small block V8 to three versions of 400 cu in (6.6 L) big block V8. The standard engine was the 360 cu in (5.9 L) 2-bbl small block, along with the code E58 4-bbl and dual exhaust high-performance version (225 hp) being available as an option.[33] Sales in 1975 amounted to 30,812.

1976 was the Dart's final year in the North American market. The rear-view mirror was mounted on the windshield rather than from the roof. Front disc brakes became standard equipment on 1 January 1976 in accord with more stringent U.S. federal brake performance requirements, and a new foot-operated parking brake replaced the under-dash T-handle used since the Dart's 1963 introduction as a compact car. The grille's parking lamps were cast in amber, whereas the previous years had clear lenses with amber-colored bulbs. The Dart Sport 360 was dropped as a separate model in 1976, but the 360 cu in (5.9 L) four-barrel, dual exhaust (without catalytic converters) V8 was a $376 option (except in California) for the $3,370 Dart Sport V8 models with automatic transmission.[34]Car & Driver magazine tested the Dart Sport 360 in the April 1976 issue, pitting it against the Chevrolet Corvette and Pontiac Trans Am, and found its top speed of 121.6 mph (195.7 km/h) to be second to the Corvette's 124.5 mph (200.4 km/h).[35]

Dodge's replacement for the Dart was the Aspen, introduced in mid-1975 as a 1976 model. This new design featured lighter weight resulting in slightly improved fuel economy; it also had more interior and trunk room than the Dart. Front suspension was a new design; it featured transverse-mounted torsion bars which not only improved ride, but cornering as well. Its boxy styling gave the impression of a larger car. However, sales had to be shared with the virtually identical Plymouth Volare. Both cars were available in coupe, sedan, and station wagon body styles, and in both base and deluxe trim. Despite its virtues, customers soon found out about the Aspen's rush to market when they saw their cars experience severe body rust within a couple of years on the road; engine and drive train problems plagued the Aspen/Volare twins, and although the problems were largely worked out within a few years, the final Aspens were the 1980 models. This car was available with either a 225 cubic-inch Slant Six or a small block V8 displacing 318 or 360 cubic inches.

1976 was the final model year for the Dodge Coronet, at least so far as the name Coronet went, also its body style choices were relegated to just only two four-door models, the four-door wagon and the four-door sedan. The former Dodge Coronet 2-door model, which appeared for just the previous model year only was replaced by the Dodge Charger Sport 2-door model, which, itself, appeared for only one model year. During the next model year (1977), the mid-size Dodge Coronet would be renamed Monaco, which would be given stacked rectangular headlights and other minor cosmetic changes, that would provide a prompt sales boost. The Coronet and Charger were effectively replaced by the Diplomat for 1977, which was actually a fancier Aspen.

Also, during that same model year, the full-size Dodge Monaco would be renamed Dodge Royal Monaco, which would appear for just one model year only and after that, both Dodge and Plymouth (which would include Dodge Royal Monaco's entire Plymouth Gran Fury counterpart line up as well) would discontinue all production of any more full-size models. It lost sales every year, until finally being replaced by the St. Regis for 1979 following a one-year absence from the big car market. In a reversal of what happened for 1965, the St. Regis was an upsized Coronet. During the following model year (1978), the mid-size Dodge Monaco (which would include its entire Plymouth Fury counterpart lineup as well) would make its final appearance (for all during the remainder of the 1970s).

While the Aspen got accolades for styling and handling, build quality was problematic, sullying the car's reputation at the time when sales were desperately needed. It was noted for having problems with its carburetors which resulted in frequent stalling.[citation needed] The Aspen also had difficulty in starting, even after leaving the engine off for several minutes.[citation needed] This resulted in several recalls.

The Dodge Magnum was introduced for 1978 to supplement the Dodge Charger. It was sold in two forms, the "XE" and the "GT" and was the last vehicle to use the long-running Chrysler B platform. The appearance was somewhat of a rounded-off Charger and was in response to getting a car that would be eligible for NASCAR that would be more aerodynamic, something that the 1975–1978 Charger was not. Styling features included four rectangular headlights behind retractable clear covers, with narrow opera windows, and an optional T-bar or power sunroof. The Magnum was well-featured with power steering, brakes, and seats; the suspension included Chrysler's standard adjustable, longitudinal torsion bars, lower trailing links, and front and rear anti-sway bars. The base engine was the 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8 with Lean-Burn, while two and four-barrel carbureted 360 cu in (5.9 L) and 400 cu in (6.6 L) V8s were optional; weight was nearly 3,900 lb (1,800 kg).

The Omni and Horizon appeared at a critical time for Chrysler, when the company was on the brink of bankruptcy and sought government support to survive. In 1978, Chrysler had beaten out Ford and General Motors to the market with a domestically-produced front-wheel drive car to challenge the VW Rabbit.[36] However, the L-bodies miscarried at first, since 1978 was a year of strong sales for larger cars and demand for compacts and subcompacts noticeably shrank. These initial poor sales of the cars contributed to Chrysler's financial woes at the time, but when the company requested federal assistance, the Omni was an important piece of evidence that they were attempting to compete with imports and build small, fuel-efficient cars and might be worth saving. For the three years leading up to the introduction of Chrysler's K-cars, the Omni/Horizon was Chrysler's best-selling model line.[37]

Everything came to a head in 1979 when Chrysler's new chairman, Lee Iacocca, requested and received federal loan guarantees from the United States Congress in an effort to save the company from having to file bankruptcy. With a Federal Loan in hand, Chrysler quickly set to work on new models that would leave the past behind, while reorganizing to pay the government loan which stood at 29%.

The Dodge Mirada was a mid-sized, rear-wheel drivecoupe manufactured and marketed by Dodge for model years 1980 to 1983 sharing the Chrysler J platform along with its badge engineered variants, the second generation Chrysler Cordoba and the Imperial. Production of the Mirada reached just under 53,000 units, staying relatively unchanged during its 4-year run, with the exception of paint colors and engines. The Mirada was marketed as a sporty personal luxury car with limited advertising and marketing during a period when Chrysler was in deep financial difficulty.

1981–1990[edit]

1981–82 Aries Special Edition

The first fruit of Chrysler's crash development program was the "K-Car", the Dodge version of which was the Dodge Aries. This basic and durable front-wheel drive platform spawned a whole range of new models at Dodge during the 1980s, including the groundbreaking Dodge Caravan. Lee Iacocca and Hal Sperlich had conceived their idea for this type of vehicle during their earlier tenure at Ford Motor Company. Henry Ford II rejected the idea (and a prototype) of a minivan in 1974. Iaccoca followed Sperlich to Chrysler, and together they created what was internally designated the T-115 minivan – a prototype that was to become the Caravan and Voyager, known in initial marketing as the Magic-wagons.[38] Chrysler introduced the Dodge Caravan and the Plymouth Voyager in November 1983 for the 1984 model year, using the Chrysler S platform, an extended derivative of the Chrysler K platform. The Caravan not only helped save Chrysler as a serious high-volume American automaker, but also spawned an entirely new market segment that supplanted the role of the station wagon: the minivan.

By 1981, Chrysler was switching to smaller front-wheel drive designs. However, its older and larger rear-wheel drive Dodge Diplomat (as well as the Chrysler LeBaron and Fifth Avenue) continued to sell. Chrysler's then executive vice president for manufacturing, Steve Sharf, met with officials at American Motors (AMC) to use the extra capacity at an assembly plant in Kenosha, Wisconsin to build the cars.[39] Chrysler's tooling was moved from St. Louis to Kenosha, and from 1987 until 1989 about 250,000 Chrysler and Dodge models were built by AMC at a lower cost than Chrysler could.[39] This relationship evolved into Chrysler's purchase of AMC in 1987.[39] Following the demise of the Dodge St. Regis R-body in 1981, the Diplomat remained, becoming the largest sedan in the Dodge lineup, despite technically being a mid-size car. Dodge would not market another truly full-size car (at least based upon United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) passenger volume statistics) until the Monaco debuted as a 1990 model.

1981 Dodge Diplomat coupe
1985–1989 Dodge Aries coupe

As the 1980s progressed, fewer private customers purchased the Diplomat, and the M-body was eventually dropped during the 1989 model year. Although sales were strong, Chrysler CEO Lee Iaccoca held a low opinion of the M-body line as a relic of the pre-K car era and declined to invest any money in them. Despite lower gas prices in the mid- to late-1980s and a 2.26:1 rear-end gear ratio, the Diplomat's carbureted engine and lack of an overdrive gear on its TorqueFlite automatic transmission resulted in poor fuel economy compared with its larger competitors from Ford and General Motors, as evidenced by comparing the EPA estimates for 1986 models:

  • Dodge Diplomat (5.2 L V8, 3-speed automatic): 16 city, 21 highway, 18 combined
  • Chevrolet Caprice (5.0 L V8, 4-speed automatic with overdrive): 17 city, 25 highway, 20 combined
  • Ford LTD Crown Victoria (5.0 L V8, 4-speed automatic with overdrive): 18 city, 26 highway, 21 combined

The Daytona originally used the 2.2 L Chrysler K engine in normally aspirated (93 hp) or turbocharged (142 hp) form. The 100 hp 2.5 L K engine was added for 1986. In 1985, the 2.2 L Turbo I engine's horsepower was increased to 146 hp (109 kW). The 1984 Daytona was available in three trim lines: standard, Turbo and Turbo Z. Total production was 49,347. The Daytona Turbo was on Car and Driver magazine's 10Best list for 1984. Both the Daytona and Chrysler Laser were available with the Chrysler electronic voice alert system through 1987. A performance-oriented "Shelby" version of the Daytona was introduced in 1987. For 1987, the Daytona was restyled externally and featured pop-up headlights. New in 1987 was a Shelby Z trim level with an available Chrysler developed Turbo II (174 hp (130 kW) – 200 lb⋅ft (271 N⋅m)) intercooled version of the 2.2 L Chrysler K engine, as well as a heavy-duty A555 transaxle with Getrag gears. The Shelby Z also featured numerous suspension upgrades, including a larger diameter front sway bar and disc brakes on all four wheels. This version was sold in Europe under the name Chrysler GS Turbo II. A more luxury-oriented Pacifica trim line was also added to replace the Chrysler Laser, which was dropped in mid-year 1986. Among the optional equipment included a leather interior, eight-way power enthusiast driver's seat (with mechanical thigh and lumbar controls), digital instrument cluster, and a 12-button trip computer (with instant fuel ratings as well as trip averages and estimated travel times).

1987 Dodge Daytona Shelby Z

Diplomats built from mid-1988 until the end of production were among the first Chrysler-built products to have a driver's side airbag as standard equipment, some two model years before the remainder of Chrysler's lineup (they were also among the only cars at the time to offer a tilt steering column with an airbag). Diplomats with airbags differed from earlier models in that they were also equipped with a padded, color-keyed knee blocker that extended out from beneath the instrument panel in front of the driver.

The Dodge Dynasty is related to the Chrysler New Yorker; both car lines were built on the Chrysler C platform in Belvidere, Illinois. It is also similar to the Chrysler New Yorker Fifth Avenue and Chrysler Imperial, which were available from 1990 to 1993 on an extended wheelbase platform of the Chrysler New Yorker. The Lee Iacocca-dictated styling was boxy and conservative compared to more aerodynamically styled competitors such as the Ford Taurus. Dynasty trim levels included base and LE. Additionally, a "Brougham" package was offered on 1992–93 LE models that added a padded "landau" vinyl roof. When the new front-wheel-drive Chrysler Corporation C-body cars (Dynasty and New Yorker) debuted for the 1988 model year, they were the first mass-produced cars in the world to have a fully multiplexed, fiber-optic wiring buss connecting all electronic accessories and controllers. This greatly reduced the amount and weight of wiring harnesses in the car. All models (1988–1993) featured power locks that automatically locked when the car's speed exceeded 15 miles per hour.

The 1989–1990 Ultradrive equipped models came with a 2.36:1 axle ratio, which was revised to 2.52:1 for 1991–1993. EPA mileage ratings were 21 city/25 highway MPG with the 4-cylinder and 3-speed TorqueFlite transmission. The 1988 3.0 L V6 models with TorqueFlight transmission were rated at 18 city / 24 highway MPG. In 1989 the EPA rating for the 3.0/Ultradrive power-train changed to 18 city / 26 highway MPG. The new 3.3 L V6 engine for 1990, with Ultradrive transmission, was rated at 19 city/ 26 highway MPG. A 2.5-litre inline-4 Chrysler engine (base model only), a Mitsubishi-sourced 3.0 L V6, the 6G72 engine, and a Chrysler-built 3.3 L V6 were available, although the 3.3 L V6 was not available until 1990. The four-cylinder came equipped with a TorqueFlite three-speed automatic transmission (the A413), as did the 3.0 L in 1988. The new electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission, known as the Ultradrive or A604 (List of Chrysler transmissions), debuted in 1989, and became the sole transmission for V6 models through the 1993 final production year of the Dynasty. The vast majority of Dynastys sold to private customers had V6 engines; four-cylinder models mostly went to the fleet market.

Through the late 1980s and 1990s, Dodge's designation as the sporty-car division was backed by a succession of high-performance and/or aggressively styled models including the:

1990s[edit]

1990–1992 Dodge Monaco LE

The Omni and the Horizon ended production in 1990, and were replaced by the Dodge Shadow/Plymouth Sundance, which were both introduced for 1987. Both the Monaco and Premier were discontinued during the 1992 model year. However, its state of the art manufacturing plant and the key executive from American Motors behind the Premier/Monaco design, Francois Castaing, would lead to the successful and highly rated "cab-forward" LHDodge Intrepid, Chrysler Concorde, and Eagle Vision versions in late 1992 when production resumed at Brampton Assembly.[40][41]

The Dodge Spirit sedan is comparable to its contemporaneous Ford Tempo, and was also compared with the Ford Taurus, Honda Accord, and Toyota Camry by Consumer Reports[citation needed]. The Spirit sold well and had higher consumer acceptance than the Stratus that replaced it.[citation needed] Dodge-branded Mitsubishi vehicles were phased out by 1993 except for the Dodge Stealth running through 1996, though Mitsubishi-made engines and electrical components were still widely used in American domestic Chrysler products.

In 1992, Dodge moved their performance orientation forward substantially with the Viper, which featured an aluminum V10 engine and composite sports roadster body. This was the first step in what was marketed as "The New Dodge", which was an aggressive advertising campaign with a litany of new models, with television ads narrated by Edward Herrmann that pointed out the innovations in the vehicles and challenged their competitors. Also, he would go on to serve as the brand's spokesperson for the rest of the decade.

Later that year was the introduction of the new Intrepid sedan, substantially different from its boxy Dynasty predecessor. The Intrepid used what Chrysler called "cab forward" styling, with the wheels pushed out to the corners of the chassis for maximum passenger space. The Intrepid was available in two trim levels: base and the sportier, better-equipped ES, which added four-wheel disc brakes, 16-inch wheels with better tires, and stiffer "touring" suspension damping. All Intrepids received driver and front passenger airbags, a rarity at the time, as well as air conditioning and the four-speed automatic transmission. Anti-lock brakes were optional, as was traction control and the more powerful 3.5 L SOHC engine rated at (214 hp).

In 1994, the new second-generation Dodge Ram pickup was introduced with bold styling that departed radically from the boxy designs of trucks made by the Big Three for two decades prior. The second-generation Ram began development in 1986. The original concept, dubbed the "Louisville Slugger" by Chrysler's Advanced Packaging Studio, was to be a modular platform that would accommodate a full-size truck and full-size van, which would have provided a roomy cab and cargo bed.[42] The design featured a big-rig-looking front end and a large grille that was deemed risky at its introduction, but ultimately proved popular with consumers.[43] The redesigned 1994 Ram was a sales success and was named "Truck of the Year" by Motor Trend in 1994.[43] Sales increased from 95,542 units in 1993 to 232,092 in 1994, 410,000 in 1995, and 411,000 by 1996. That year, it was prominently featured as the hero vehicle in the film Twister. Sales of this generation peaked at just over 400,000 in 1999 before declining against the redesigned Ford and GM trucks.

They followed up on this idea in a smaller scale with the Neon and Stratus. The Dodge Stratus was the middle entry of the Chrysler JA platform (with the Cirrus being the higher-end model and the Breeze being the lower-end model). The three cars differed only in the front fascia, rear bumper, taillights, and wheels. The interiors also had little variation between the three models; being almost identical, save for the name on the steering wheel, and a few available options. The Stratus directly replaced the high-volume Spirit (United States only). The Stratus, Plymouth Breeze, and Chrysler Cirrus were all on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1996 and 1997. It received critical acclaim at launch, but ratings fell over time.

The car was badged and sold as both a Dodge and a Plymouth in the United States and Canada; in Mexico was sold as Dodge and Chrysler, and in Europe, Australia and other export markets it was sold as the Chrysler Neon. At the Neon's release, then president of Chrysler CorporationBob Lutz said, "There's an old saying in Detroit: 'Good, fast, or cheap. Pick any two.' We refuse to accept that."[44] The Japanese press touted the Neon as the "Japanese car killer", due to a spiralling Yen and the lower production cost of the Neon.[45] The Neon received praise for its appearance, price, and power when compared to competing cars such as the Honda Civic DX at 102 hp (76 kW), the Civic EX at 127 hp (95 kW), the Nissan Sentra at 115 hp (86 kW), the Ford Escort ZX2 at 130 hp (97 kW), the Toyota Corolla at 115 hp (86 kW), the Saturn S-Series at 100 hp (75 kW) for SOHC variants and 124 hp (92 kW) for DOHC variants, and the Chevrolet Cavalier Base and LS models at 120 hp (89 kW), among others.

The Dodge Durango is a mid-sizesport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by Dodge. The first two generations were very similar in that both were based on the Dodge Dakota, both featured a body-on-frame construction and both were produced at the Newark Assembly Plant in Newark, Delaware. The Durango was marketed as a sturdy truck-based SUV designed to hold up to seven passengers and tow up to 7,500 lb (3,400 kg) when properly equipped.[46] The Durango shared a front end, instrument panel, and front seats with the Dakota pickup on which it was based. Original designs of the eight-passenger Durango featured a rear-facing third-row similar to many older station wagons. To make room for a more practical forward-facing third row, Dodge shortened the length of the front doors and raised the roof two inches (5 cm) beyond the front seats, allowing for stadium seating. The Durango's roof rack was designed to mask the appearance of the raised roof.[47]

The modern era: 1998–present[edit]

DaimlerChrysler and private ownership[edit]

2006 Dodge Charger SRT8 sedan

In a move that never lived up to the expectations of its driving forces, Chrysler Corporation merged with Daimler-Benz AG in 1998 to form DaimlerChrysler. Rationalizing Chrysler's broad lineup was a priority, Dodge's sister brand Plymouth was withdrawn from the market. With this move, Dodge became DaimlerChrysler's low-price division as well as its performance division.

The Intrepid, Stratus, and Neon updates of the 1998 to 2000 timeframe were largely complete before Daimler's presence, and Dodge's first experience of any platform sharing with the German side of the company was the 2005 Magnumstation wagon, introduced as a replacement for the Intrepid. Featuring Chrysler's first mainstream rear-wheel drive platform since the 1980s and a revival of the Hemi V8 engine. The Charger was launched in 2006 on the same platform.

In 2000, the Stratus became the last of the surviving Cloud Cars, with the Cirrus renamed as the Sebring,[48] and the Breeze discontinued (along with the Plymouth brand).[49]

This generation of the Dodge Stratus was not sold in Canada, although 1999 was the last year for Dodge Stratus sales in Canada. 2002 models dropped the "DODGE" badges from the doors. During this time, sales declined as its ratings from consumer and auto magazines fell below average among mid-size cars,[50] while the sedan market had shifted and pushed the larger Intrepid and later Charger to record sales. 2004 brought styling revisions, which did not reverse this trend. The Stratus was discontinued in May 2006 (the Sebring name was continued).

2004–2006 Dodge Stratus sedan

The Dodge Avenger name returned in February 2007 as a 2008 model year[51] sedan to replace the Dodge Stratus, whose coupe version had replaced the original Avenger in 2001. According to some reports, the Avenger, along with the redesigned Chrysler Sebring, shares a DaimlerChrysler/Mitsubishi Motors platform called JS which used the Mitsubishi GS as a starting point. The base engine in the SE and SXT trim levels was the 2.4 L GEMA I4 naturally aspirated "World Engine", a joint venture between DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi, and Hyundai. Additional engines included an optional 2.7 L V6 in the SXT and a standard 3.5 L V6 in the R/T trim level. In addition to the 2.4 L "World Engine" and the V6s, export vehicles were offered with the 2.0 L naturally aspirated "World Engine", as well as a 2.0 L turbocharged diesel (Pumpe-Düse) made by Volkswagen.[52] As a 2008 model, the Dodge Avenger came to showrooms in February 2007.

Further cost savings were explored in the form of an extensive platform-sharing arrangement with Mitsubishi, which spawned the Caliber subcompact as a replacement for the Neon, and the Avenger sedan. The rear-drive chassis was then used in early 2008 to build a new Challenger, with styling reminiscent of the original 1970 Challenger. Like its predecessor, the new Challenger coupe was available with a V8 engine (base models featured a V6). In Spring 2007, DaimlerChrysler reached an agreement with Cerberus Capital Management to sell its Chrysler Group subsidiary, of which the Dodge division was a part. Soon after, the housing bubble began to collapse the American market, and on May 1, 2009, Chrysler and GM filed for bankruptcy on the same day.

Fiat ownership[edit]

On June 10, 2009, Italian automaker Fiat formed a partnership with Chrysler under Sergio Marchionne, with the UAW, and the US Government to form Chrysler Group LLC, of which Dodge remained fully integrated. For its part, the US Government provided more than $6 billion in loans at 21%, called a "bridge loan" or "bailout". The newly formed company went on to fully repay that loan, remortgaging to reduce the interest rate several times down to 6%. They fully paid back the loan with interest to the U.S. Government on May 24, 2011, a full five years early. The UAW, being partners throughout the process, were paid well and above $3.9 billion in 2013 as Sergio's plan for full consolidation has continued on schedule. This has allowed Chrysler LLC to fully merge with Fiat to form FCA, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, in 2014. The combined company will be based in London.[53]

In 2013, Dodge reintroduced a compact car based on an Alfa Romeo design called the Dart. It was the first new Dodge model produced under FCA.

On May 6, 2014, FCA announced a major restructuring, in which Dodge would focus solely on performance vehicles and will be positioned between Chrysler (which is moving downmarket into mainstream vehicles) and a relaunched Alfa Romeo (making its return to North America after a 20-year absence) in the FCA lineup. This is a set up similar to PSA Peugeot Citroën, which positions Peugeot as its mainstream brand while Citroën is more performance-based, as well as Hyundai Motor Group having its two mainstream brands, Kia Motors and Hyundai Motor Company focusing on performance and mid-luxury, respectively.[citation needed] (Among the American press, it has drawn comparisons to the decades-long set up of Chevrolet and Pontiac at General Motors before the phase-out of Pontiac in 2010.) As part of the restructuring, Dodge will discontinue the Dodge Grand Caravan (after 32 years) and Dodge Avenger without replacements, while launching a sporty subcompact below the Dart in 2018. Additionally, while the Ram Trucks division will remain separate (although the Dodge Durango will remain in production as a Dodge), the SRT division was merged back into Dodge.[54]

On July 8, 2020, FCA announced that Dodge will shift its focus to a performance marquee offering three core brands, Charger, Challenger, and Durango, starting with the 2021 model year. Both the Journey and Grand Caravan were discontinued with the 2020 model year models.[55]

Dodge trucks[edit]

Ram hood ornaments adorned every Dodge car and truck from 1932 to 1954.[56] Right: current Ram logo.

Over the decades, Dodge has become well known for its passenger car output, along with its many truck models, but after almost a century of manufacturing these vehicles, a decision was made to spin off Dodge's trucks into a separate Ram brand, based on the popularity of their top-selling truck, the Dodge Ram. Although the Ram trucks are marketed separately from Dodge cars, Ram President Fred Diaz has said:

Ram trucks will always and forever be Dodges. Ram will always have the Dodge emblem inside and outside and they will be 'vinned' (from the acronym VIN, or Vehicle Identification Number) as a Dodge. We need to continue to market as Ram so Dodge can have a different brand identity: hip, cool, young, energetic. That will not fit the campaign for truck buyers. The two should have distinct themes.[57]

Pickups and medium to heavy trucks[edit]

1934 Dodge K-34 stake bed truck

Ever since Dodge began building their own cars in 1914, the company also offered light truck models. Initially, these were largely based on the existing passenger cars, but eventually gained their own chassis and body designs as the market matured. During the 1930s and 1940s, light- and medium-duty models were offered at first, then a heavy-duty range was added. The very large, new Warren Truck Assembly plant was built in Michigan, just north of Detroit, and opened in 1938, producing Dodge trucks ever since.

In 1936, Dodge's light, car-based trucks were crucially redesigned—not only receiving a new "Fore-Point" (similar to Cab Forward) design of the front side and cab—but especially, the old car frames were dropped and for the first time replaced by modern, truck-style chassis, with side rails welded to the cross members.[58] These welded frames were from here on introduced on half-ton to one-ton rated trucks, expanding Dodge into a heavier truck market segment than before.

In 1939 again, Dodge presented a completely redesigned line of pickups and trucks, with streamlined new, 'art-deco' front sheetmetal styling. Introducing the concept of "Job-Rated", Dodge tried to offer customers the truck that fit every job they were buying it for.[58] From the 1939 'Job-Rated' trucks onwards, Dodge's light and medium trucks were built in its 'Mound Road" plant in Warren, Michigan.

Following World War II and the successful application of four-wheel drive to the truck line, Dodge introduced a civilian version that it called the Power Wagon. At first, based almost exactly on the military-type design, variants of the standard truck line were eventually given 4WD and the same "Power Wagon" name.

Dodge was among the first to introduce car-like features to its trucks, adding the plush Adventurer package during the 1960s and offering sedan-like space in its Club Cab bodies of the 1970s. Declining sales and increased competition during the 1970s eventually forced the company to drop its medium- and heavy-duty models, an arena the company has only recently begun to reenter.

Dodge introduced what they called the "Adult Toys" line to boost its truck sales in the late 1970s, starting off with the limited edition Lil' Red Express pickup (featuring, a 360 c.i. police interceptor engine and visible big rig-style exhaust stacks). Later came the more widely available Warlock. Other "Adult Toys" from Dodge included the "Macho Power Wagon" and "Street Van".

As part of a general decline in the commercial vehicle field during the 1970s, Dodge eliminated their LCF Series heavy-duty trucks in 1975, along with the Bighorn and medium-duty D-Series trucks, and affiliated S Series school buses were dropped in 1978. On the other hand, Dodge produced several thousand pickups for the United States Military under the CUCV program from the late 1970s into the early 1980s.

Continuing financial problems meant that even Dodge's light-duty models – renamed as the Ram Pickup line for 1981 – were carried over with the most minimal of updates until 1993. Two things helped to revitalize Dodge's fortunes during this time. One was the introduction of Cummins' powerful and reliable B Series turbo-diesel engine as an option for 1989. This innovation raised Dodge's profile among consumers who needed power for towing or large loads. The second was a class-exclusive V8 engine option for the mid-sized Dakota pickup.

Dodge introduced the Ram's all-new "big-rig" styling treatment for 1994. Besides its instantly polarizing looks, exposure was also gained by usage of the new truck on the hit TV show Walker, Texas Ranger starring Chuck Norris. The new Ram also featured a totally new interior with a console box big enough to hold a laptop computer, and ventilation and radio controls that were designed to be easily used even with gloves on. A V10 engine derived from that used in the Viper sports car was also new, and the previously offered Cummins turbodiesel remained available. The smaller Dakota was redesigned for 1997 using the big-rig styling, thus giving Dodge trucks a definitive "face" that set them apart from the competition.

The Ram was redesigned again for 2002, and the Dakota in 2005, and was basically an evolution of the original, but adding the Hemi V8 engine to the list of available options, due to the revival of the legendary Chrysler Hemi V8 engine. New medium-duty chassis-cab models were introduced for 2007 with standard Cummins turbodiesel power as a way of gradually getting Dodge back into the business truck market again.

For a time during the 1980s, Dodge imported a line of small pickups from Mitsubishi, known as the D50, or later the Ram 50 and were carried on as a stopgap until the Dakota's sales eventually made the imported trucks irrelevant. Reversing the role, Mitsubishi has more recently purchased Dakota pickups from Dodge and restyled them into their own Raider line for sale in North America.

Vans[edit]

Dodge had offered panel delivery models for many years since its founding, but their first purpose-built van model arrived for 1964 with the compact A Series. Based on the Dodge Dart platform and using its proven six-cylinder or V8 engines, the A-series was a strong competitor for both its domestic rivals (from Ford and Chevrolet/GMC) and the diminutive Volkswagen Transporter line.

As the market evolved, Dodge realized that a bigger and stronger van line would be needed in the future. The B Series was introduced for 1971 offering both car-like comfort in its Sportsman passenger line or expansive room for gear and materials in its Tradesman cargo line. A chassis cab version was also offered for use with bigger cargo boxes or flatbeds. Like the trucks, Chrysler's dire financial straits of the late 1970s precluded any major updates for the vans for many years. Rebadged as the Ram Van and Ram Wagon for 1981, this old design carried on for 33 years with little more than cosmetic and safety updates all the way to 2003.

The DaimlerChrysler merger of 1998 made it possible for Dodge to explore new ideas; hence the European-styled Mercedes-Benz Sprinter line of vans was brought over and given a Dodge styling treatment. Redesigned for 2006 as a 2007 model, the economical diesel-powered Sprinters have become very popular for city usage among delivery companies like FedEx and UPS in recent years. Because of their fuel efficiency major motorhome manufacturer Thor Motor Coach made several Class C and Class A Motorhomes available on the Dodge Sprinter Chassis including their popular Four Winds Siesta & Chateau Citation product lines.

Dodge also offered a cargo version of its best-selling Caravan for many years, at first calling it the Mini Ram Van, which was a name originally applied to the short-wheelbase B Series Ram Vans, and later naming it the Caravan C/V, the C/V stood for Cargo Van. For model year 2012, the Caravan C/V was rebranded as a Ram and was renamed the Ram C/V.

The Grand Caravan became Dodge’s last minivan, as it was discontinued after the 2020 model year in order to introduce the Chrysler Voyager for the 2021 model year.

Sport utility vehicles[edit]

Dodge's first experiments with anything like a sport utility vehicle appeared in the late 1950s with a windowed version of their standard panel-truck – known as the Town Wagon. These were built in the same style through the mid-1960s.

But the division did not enter the SUV arena in earnest until 1974, with the purpose-built Ramcharger. Offering the then-popular open body style and Dodge's powerful V8 engines, the Ramcharger was a strong competitor for trucks like the Ford Bronco, Chevrolet Blazer and International Harvester Scout II.

Once again, though, Dodge was left with outdated products during the 1980s as the market evolved. The Ramcharger hung on through 1993 with only minor updates. When the Ram truck was redesigned for the 1994 model year, the Ramcharger was discontinued in the American and Canadian markets. A version using the updated styling was made for the Mexican Market but was never imported to the U.S. or Canada.

Instead, Dodge tried something new in 1997. Using the mid-sized Dakota pickup's chassis as a base, they built the four-door Durango SUV with seating for eight people and created a new niche. Sized between smaller SUVs (like the Chevrolet Blazer and Ford Explorer) and larger models (like the Chevrolet Tahoe and Ford Expedition), Durango was both a bit more and bit less[original research?] of everything. The redesigned version for 2004 grew a little bit in every dimension, becoming a full-size SUV (and thus somewhat less efficient), but was still sized between most of its competitors on either side of the aisle. For 2011 a new unibody Durango based on the Jeep Grand Cherokee was released. The 2011 Durango shrank slightly to size comparable to the original model. With the Journey being discontinued in 2020, the Durango became the only SUV offering in the Dodge lineup.

Dodge also imported a version of Mitsubishi's popular Montero (Pajero in Japan) as the Raider from 1987 to 1989.

High performance vehicles[edit]

From the late 20th century onwards, Dodge's highest performing vehicles fell under the category SRT. These models often came equipped with high-performance V8s under the hood. These models included the Dodge Challenger SRT (2008–current), Dodge Charger SRT (2006–current), Dodge Magnum SRT (2006–2008) and Dodge Durango SRT (2018-current-). They also produced the Dodge Neon SRT-4 (2003–2005), Dodge Caliber SRT-4 (2008–2009), Dodge Viper (1991–2010; 2012–2017), and Dodge Ram SRT-10 (2004–2006). In 2015, FCA introduced the Hellcat, a 707 HP, supercharged 6.2 L HEMIV8. In 2017, Dodge released the Dodge Challenger SRT Demon. It is powered by an 840 HP supercharged 6.2 L HEMI V8, and comes from the factory with a toolbox known as the "Demon Toolbox" that has everything a buyer will need to drag race, including the skinny front drag tires. However, buyers will only get 840 HP on race fuel. On regular pump gas, it produces 808 HP, a 101 HP increase over the Hellcat.

International markets[edit]

Argentina[edit]

An Argentine Dodge Polara, produced from 1968 to 1980

Dodge came to Argentina in the early 20th century with imported cars and trucks. In 1960, it partnered with Fevre-Basset as a local manufacturer. The first vehicle made in Argentina was the D-100 "Sweptline" pickup.[59] Between 1961 and 1980, a variety of trucks were produced, including the D-400/DP-400,[60] D-500[61]/DP-500,[62] DP600,[63] DD900[64] and DD1000 (the last two with one curiosity: the air-cooled Deutz engine rather Perkins or Chrysler[65]). Passenger cars were also produced, namely the Valiant I and II, and the local versions of the 1966 Dodge Dart (called Valiant III and IV). In 1971, the Dodge 1500, a rebadged Hillman Avenger from the United Kingdom was introduced. In 1982, production of Dodge vehicles ceased when German company Volkswagen bought the Fevre plant and the shares.

In Argentina, the name "Polara" was used to refer to a series of vehicles developed on the basis of the fourth generation North American Dodge Dart. These cars were manufactured between 1968 and 1980, by the subsidiary Chrysler-Fevre Argentina S.A.[66]

In 1993, Dodge began marketing cars and pick-ups directly in Argentina. Currently, both the Journey and the Ram are available to Argentine customers.

Asia[edit]

Dodge entered the Japanese market in mid-2007 and re-entered the Chinese market in late 2007. Soueast Motors of China assembled the Caravan for the Chinese market. Dodge marketed its vehicles in South Korea in 2004, starting with the Dakota. Dodge vehicles are no longer marketed in Japan and South Korea. In the Philippines, Dodge vehicles are distributed by Auto Nation Group Inc. (Formerly known as CATS Motors Inc.) since the 2000s.

Australia[edit]

Vehicles were produced in Australia under the Dodge name by Chrysler Australia from the 1950s through to the 1970s.

Dodge re-entered the Australian market in 2006 with the Caliber, their first offering since the AT4/D5N trucks in 1979 and the first Dodge passenger car to be marketed in Australia since the Phoenix sedan was discontinued in 1973. The second model to be introduced was the Nitro, with the Avenger and Journey followed. Dodge chose not to use the full model lines and engines available to them, the 2.7 L V6 being available in the Journey and Avenger instead of the 3.2 L in the North American versions. However, diesel engines were introduced in all their cars. Following the Global Financial Crisis, Chrysler introduced the facelifted model of the Caliber and discontinued the Avenger imports. From early 2012 on, model year 2010 cars were available. By early 2012 no new cars were being brought into Australia aside from the new facelifted 2012 Journey.

There were rumors that Dodge cars will be re-badged as Fiats in the Australian market as was the case in Europe. The Dodge nameplate continued due to consistent sales of the Journey.[67] However, the brand was discontinued in the Australian market after 2016.[68]

Brazil[edit]

In Brazil, Dodge cars were produced between 1969 and 1981 with the models Dart, Charger, Magnum, LeBaron (all powered by the same 318 cid V8 engine), and the compact 1800/Polara, based on the British Hillman Avenger. The manufacturer was acquired by Volkswagen in 1981. In 1998, the Dakota pickup started production in a new plant in Campo Largo, Paraná by Mercedes-Benz, which belongs to its former partner Daimler AG. It was built there until 2001 with petrol and diesel engines and regular, extended and crew cabs. In 2010, Dodge started sales of the imported pickup Ram 2500. The model portfolio is being expanded, starting with the Journey crossover for the 2009 model year. Nowadays the marque has ended the sales of its last products, the Journey in 2019, remaining only as to serve the old customers.

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the Dodge lineup of cars started down the road to elimination along with the Plymouth line when in 1988 the Dodge Dynasty was sold in Canada as the Chrysler Dynasty and sold at both Plymouth and Dodge dealers. Similarly, the new Dodge Intrepid, the Dynasty's replacement, was sold as the Chrysler Intrepid.

For 2000, the new Neon became the Chrysler Neon. The Chrysler Cirrus and Mitsubishi-built Dodge Avenger were dropped. Dodge trucks, which have been sold at Canadian Plymouth dealers since 1973, continued without change. All Plymouth-Chrysler and Dodge-Chrysler dealers became Chrysler-Dodge-Jeep dealers.

The diluting of the Chrysler name did not go well in Canada, especially as the nameplate had been pushed as a luxury line since the 1930s. For 2003, the revamped Neon appeared in Canada as the Dodge SX 2.0. Since then, all new Dodge models have been sold in Canada under the Dodge name.

Europe[edit]

Dodge started assembling lorries (trucks) in the United Kingdom from imported parts in 1922. In 1933 it began to manufacture a British chassis at its works in Kew, using American engines and gearboxes.[69]

Right-hand drive Dodge trucks
  • 1952 Kew-built Dodge D100

During the Second World War, Dodge Kew was part of the London Aircraft Production Group, building fuselage sections for Handley Page Halifax bombers. The pre-war and wartime truck range was replaced by the Dodge 100 "Kew" truck (1949–1957), nicknamed the "parrot nose" due to the sculpted lines of its bonnet. Subsequent normal-control Dodges built at Kew were the 200 series (1957–1963) and the 400 series (1963–1965). The 400 series was a version of the American D series medium-duty models. Also built at Kew were the cab-over300 series (1957–1965) and its successor the 500 series/K-series (1964–1978) tilt-cab. In 1964 Chrysler acquired its first stake in the British Rootes Group and it was decided to consolidate all truck production at Rootes' factory in Dunstable. British assembly of the 400 series was discontinued due to declining sales of normal-control trucks, and production of the 500 series was transferred to Dunstable in 1967.

In some export markets, British-built Dodge trucks used the Fargo or DeSoto marques, and the situation was further complicated after the takeover of the Rootes Group whose commercial vehicles were sold under the Commer and Karrier marques. Some Dodge 500s were given Commer badges, whilst the 100 series "Commando" light truck (1970–1989) developed by Rootes was initially marketed under all five marques. In the UK market Commers were usually lighter than Dodges, whereas the Karrier marque tended to be used on vehicles sold to public sector operators such as local authorities. Some of the smaller Commer/Karrier vans were also sold as Fargos in export markets. In 1976 Chrysler Europe rationalized its marques and thereafter all the British-built commercial vehicles were sold as Dodges or (increasingly rarely) Karriers. This included the smaller Commer SpaceVan (1960–1983) and Commer Walk-Thru (1961–1979), which became Dodges for their final years. The van and pick-up versions of Chrysler Europe's French-built Simca 1100 were also branded as Dodges in Britain from 1976, although they remained Simcas elsewhere (and became Talbots in Britain after 1979).

American Chrysler Corporation cars, including some Dodge models, were assembled from CKD kits at various locations in Europe until the 1970s, including Kew (1920s-30s), Antwerp (1926–1958), and Rotterdam (1958–1970), but sales volumes were low as even 'compact' American cars like the Dodge Dart were enormous gas-guzzlers by European standards. However, protectionist policies in some countries encouraged small local manufacturers to license-build CKD models, including AMAG in Switzerland (building Chryslers and Dodges 1948–1972) and Barreiros in Spain (building Dodge Darts from 1965 as the Barreiros Dart). By 1969 Chrysler had acquired full control of Barreiros, and Darts were being exported to other European countries under the Dodge name (precipitating closure of the Rotterdam plant). From 1970 the Spanish-built Dart was replaced by the Barreiros/Dodge 3700 which remained in production until 1977. The Dodge cars were a relatively small part of the Madrid factory's output, which was dominated by smaller Simca-designed cars and Barreiros-designed heavy-duty trucks. From 1972 such trucks were sold as the Dodge 300 (though unrelated to the earlier British 300 series), which was available as 4×2, 6×4, 8×2, and 8×4 rigids, as well as 4×2 semi-trailer tractors.

Following Chrysler Europe's collapse in 1977 and the sale of their assets to Peugeot, the van and truck range and the associated factories in Dunstable and Madrid were quickly passed on to Renault Véhicules Industriels. Chrysler licensed the Dodge name to be used on Renault trucks sold in certain European markets – most notably the United Kingdom. However, the only subsequent new model to carry the Dodge name was the Dodge 50 series (1979–1992), which replaced the earlier Walk-Thru and was widely used in Britain by utility companies, the military, and as a minibus, but was rarely seen outside the UK. Thereafter all-new models were Renaults, and in 1987 the Dodge name was dropped from the remaining inherited models (50 and Commando), which became Renaults for their last few years of production.

Dodge vehicles would not return to Europe until the introduction of the Neon, badged as a Chrysler, in the mid-1990s.

Chrysler reintroduced the Dodge marque to Europe on a broad scale in 2006, with a lineup consisting of North American-built Caliber, Avenger, Viper SRT-10, Nitro and Dodge Journey cars and SUVs, but this proved to be a short-lived return due to the onset of the Great Recession and the takeover of Chrysler by Fiat. In 2010 the Dodge marque was pulled from the UK due to poor sales[70] and on June 1, 2011 it was dropped from the rest of Europe. All of the Dodge models were discontinued in Europe except the Dodge Journey, which became the Fiat Freemont (and which was not available in the right-hand-drive Ireland or UK markets).[71] The Dodge marque was reintroduced to many European markets in 2019.

Mexico[edit]

In Mexico, the Hyundai Accent, Hyundai Atos, and Hyundai H100 were branded as "Dodge", Dodge Attitude, "Verna by Dodge", "Atos by Dodge" and "Dodge H100" respectively, and sold at Chrysler/Dodge dealers in the 2000s and early 2010s. Dodge and Hyundai ended the venture and Dodge began to sell rebadged and reworked Fiats and Mitsubishi.

Logos[edit]

  • Star: The original Dodge was a circle, with two Greek deltas intertwined representing the letter "D",[11] forming a six-pointed star in the middle; an interlocked "DB" was at the center of the star, and the words "Dodge Brothers Motor Vehicles" encircled the outside edge. Although similar to the Star of David, the Dodge brothers were not Jewish; they were Methodists. Although the "Brothers" was dropped from the name for trucks in 1929 and cars in 1930, the DB star remained in the cars until the 1939 models were introduced.
  • Ram: For 1932 Dodge cars adopted a leaping ram as the car's hood ornament. Starting with the 1940 models the leaping ram became more streamlined and by 1951 only the head, complete with curving horns, remained. The 1954 model cars were the last to use the ram's head before the reintroduction in the 1980s. Dodge trucks adopted the ram as the hood ornament for the 1940 model year with the 1950 models as the last.
  • Crest: For 1941 Dodge introduced a crest, supposedly the Dodge family crest. The design had four horizontal bars broken in the middle by one vertical bar with an "O" in the center. A knight's head appeared at the top of the emblem. Although the head would be dropped for 1955, the emblem would survive through 1957 and reappear on the 1976 Aspen. The crest would be used through to 1981 on its second time around, being replaced by the Pentastar for 1982. The knight's head without the crest would be used for 1959.
  • Forward Look: Virgil Exner's radical Forward Look redesign of Chrysler's vehicles for the 1955 model year was emphasized by the adoption of a logo by the same name, applied to all Chrysler Corporation vehicles. The Forward Look logo consisted of two overlapped boomerang shapes, suggesting space age rocket-propelled motion. This logo was incorporated into Dodge advertising, decorative trim, ignition and door key heads, and accessories through September 1962.
  • Fratzog: Dodge's logo from September 1962 through 1981 was a fractured deltoid composed of three arrowhead shapes forming a three-pointed star. The logo first appeared on the 1962 Polara 500 and the mid-year 1962 Custom 880. One of its designers came up with the meaningless name Fratzog for the logo, which ultimately stuck.[72][73] As the Dodge Division's logo, Fratzog was incorporated in various badges and emblems on Dodge vehicles. It was also integrated into the design of such parts as steering wheel center hubs and road wheel covers.
  • Pentastar: From 1982 to 1995, Dodge used Chrysler's Pentastar logo on its cars and trucks to replace the Dodge crest, although it had been used for corporate recognition since late 1962. In advertisements and on dealer signage, Dodge's Pentastar was red, while Chrysler-Plymouth's was blue.
  • Ram's head: Dodge reintroduced the ram's head hood ornament on the new 1973 Dodge Bighorn heavy duty tractor units. Gradually the ram's head began appearing on the pickup trucks as Dodge began to refer to their trucks as Ram. The present iteration of the Ram's-head logo appeared in late 1992 on the 1993 Intrepid, standardizing on that logo in 1996 for all vehicles except the Viper, which uses the Viper's Head.
  • New logo: In 2010, with the separation of the Ram brand, two new Dodge logos were unveiled. The first logo features the word "DODGE" with two red inclined stripes. It was originally used strictly for marketing purposes, however Dodge introduced the logo onto the grilles of the 2012 lineup.

A second emblem was revealed during the unveiling of the 2011 Durango, which used the same five-point shield-shaped outline of the old emblem, but with the ram's head replaced with a chrome cross reminiscent of the brand's signature cross-haired grille.[74] This was only used on the steering wheel. In 2014, the cross logo was replaced by the word "DODGE" on the Durango steering wheel. A modified version of the Ram's head logo is still used for the Ram brand, with "RAM" written across the bottom in bold white or black lettering.

Dodge logo evolution

  • Dodge Brothers emblem c. 1910, removed from the gate of the "Dodge Main" before its 1981 demolition

  • Red Chrysler Pentastar logo, 1966–1996

  • Cross-haired grille logo which replaced the ram's head starting 2011

  • Current Dodge logo, from 2016 onward

Slogans[edit]

  • Dependability, The Dependables (1920s–1967)
  • Join the Dodge Rebellion (1966-1967) Dodge Performance Cars[76]
  • Dodge Fever (1968–1969)
  • You Could be Dodge Material (1970–1971)
  • An American revolution (1982–1989) (slogan recycled by Chevrolet, a GM brand in 2005)
  • The new Dodge (1992–2000)
  • Dodge. Different. (2000–2001)
  • Grab life by the horns (2001–2007, mainly for Dodge truck market)
  • Grab life (2007 – mid-June 2010, in Ram pickup truck ads)
  • Never neutral (2010–present)
  • Born Dodge (2014–present)
  • Domestic. Not Domesticated (2016–present)
  • Excess drives success (2021–present)[77]
  • Tear up the streets… not the planet (2021–present)[78]

List of Dodge automobiles[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of Dodge vehicles.

See also: List of Dodge concept vehicles

Current models[edit]

Model Year
Challenger1970–74; 1978–83; 2008–present
Charger1966–1978; 1983–87; 2006–present
Durango1998–2009; 2011–present
Notes

Past models[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Brinkley, Douglas (2004). Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, his Company, and a Century of Progress, 1903–2003.ISBN 0-14-200439-1.
  • Burness, Tad (2001). Ultimate Truck & Van Spotter's Guide 1925–1990.ISBN 0-87341-969-3.
  • Gunnell, John A., ed. (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946–1975. Krause Publications. ISBN .
  • Gunnell, John A., ed. (1993). Standard Catalog of American Light-Duty Trucks, Second Edition.ISBN 0-87341-238-9.
  • Lenzke, James T., ed. (2000) Standard Catalog of Chrysler 1914–2000.ISBN 0-87341-882-4.
  • Ruiz, Marco (1986). Japanese Car.ISBN 0-517-61777-3.
  • Vlasic, Bill and Stertz, Bradley A. (2000). Taken for a Ride: How Daimler-Benz Drove Off with Chrysler.ISBN 0-688-17305-5.

[edit]

  1. ^though Stoneleigh and BSA used steel bodies as early as 1911.
  2. ^ Within the Chrysler Corporation, the Fargo Division handled government contracts,[25] but the trucks were all built by Dodge.

Reference notes[edit]

  1. ^"Timothy Kuniskis, President and Chief Executive Officer – Dodge Brand, SRT Brand and Head of Fleet Operations, Chrysler Group LLC". media.chrysler.com. May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  2. ^Hyde, Charles K. (2005). The Dodge Brothers: The Men, the Motor Cars, and the Legacy. Wayne State University Press. p. 29. ISBN . Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  3. ^"Coronavirus Florida: How flu took down the Dodge brothers ... And changed local health care".
  4. ^"Company History - "World Corp." vision: the merger between Daimler-Benz and Chrysler (1995 - 2007)". Daimler. 2019. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
  5. ^DeLorenzo, Matt (2014). Dodge 100 Years. Motorbooks. pp. 8–9. ISBN . Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  6. ^ abcdefghij1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodge

Ram wiki dodge

This article is about the full-size truck. For other uses such as the full-size van, see Dodge Ram (disambiguation).

The Dodge Ram (currently known as the Ram in the United States and Canada) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by the Chrysler Group LLC. As of late 2010, it has been sold under the Ram Trucks brand. Previously, Ram was part of the Dodge lineup of light trucks. The name Ram was first used in 1981 on the redesigned Ram and Power Ram following the retiring and rebadging of the Dodge D Series pickup trucks. The truck is named for the Ram hood ornament that first adorned Dodge cars in the 1930s. The Ram Truck is in its fourth generation as of the 2009 model year.

Dodge Ram trucks have been named Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year three times; the second-generation Ram won the award in 1994, the third-generation Ram Heavy Duty won the award in 2003, and the fourth-generation Dodge Ram Heavy Duty won in 2010. The Ram is currently built at the Saltillo Truck Assembly in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico and at the Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan, United States.

1981–1993 (D/W)


1989 Dodge Ram D100
Production 1981–1993
Body style(s) 2-door
2-door extended cab
4-door crew cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler AD platform
Engine(s) 225 cu in (3.7 L) Slant-6I6
239 cu in (3.9 L) LA V6
318 cu in (5.2 L) LA V8
360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8
5.9 L (~360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6
Transmission(s) 3- or 4-speed Torqueflite automatic
4- or 5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2-door short bed:
115 in (2,921 mm)
2-door long bed:
131 in (3,327 mm)
4-door long bed:
165 in (4,191 mm)[1]
Length 190.8 in (4,846 mm)
210.8 in (5,354 mm)
Width 79.5 in (2,019 mm)
Height 76 in (1,930 mm)
73 in (1,854 mm)
Fuel capacity 22 U.S. gal (18 imp gal/83 L)
30 U.S. gal (25 imp gal/110 L)
RelatedDodge Ramcharger

The first-generation Ram trucks, named for the Ram hood ornament that first graced Dodge cars in the 1930s, was introduced in 1981.[1] Dodge kept the previous generation's model designations: "D" or Ram meant two wheel drive while the "W" or Power Ram meant four wheel drive. Similar to Ford, Dodge used 150 to indicate a half-ton truck, 250 for a three-quarter-ton, and 350 for one-tons. Standard cab, "Club" extended cab, and crew cab versions were offered along with 6.5 ft (2.0 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) bed lengths and "Utiline" and "Sweptline" styled boxes. Externally, the first-generation Rams were facelifted versions of the previous generation Dodge D-Series pickups introduced in 1972. The new model introduced larger wraparound tail lamps, single rectangular headlamps, and squared-off body lines. The interior was updated and included a newer style bench seat, and a completely new dashboard and instrument cluster. Available engines for these trucks were the 225 cu in (3.7 L) slant six, the 318 cu in (5.2 L) V8, and the 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8 with a variety of carburetors available for each engine. Among the other options offered on the Ram were front bumper guards, a sliding rear cab window, power door locks and windows, and a plowing package for the 4-wheel drive version (referred to as the Sno Commander).

Base D100 models were added for 1984, replacing the previous "Miser" trim level available on the D150. A "Ram-Trac" shift-on-the-fly transfer case was added for the 1985's Power Rams, and both the crew cab and Utiline flared bed were dropped for 1986. Also for 1986 was the first year for a new crossbar grille and slight front end styling changes. Engines were updated for the 1988 model year. The Slant-6 was dropped in favor of a 3.9 L (~238 cu in) fuel injectedV6 with 25% more power. The 5.2 L (318 cu in) engine also received electronic fuel injection in 1988. Because electronic fuel injection was added, a computer was used to control ignition, fuel, and manage other areas of the engine and in some cases, the automatic transmission lockup function depending on the model. Inside the cab where a small compartment was once located on the dash, a new "message center" contained the check-engine light, brake warning light, and the warning light for the ABS if the truck was so equipped. Diagnostic fault codes were stored in the computer's memory, and cycling the ignition key three times would allow the computer to flash the trouble codes through the check-engine light for diagnosis of some problems.[2]

For 1989, the 5.9 L V8 also received throttle body fuel injection for a 20 hp (15 kW) gain. Rear ABS also became standard equipment. Additionally, Dodge introduced a new overdrive automatic transmission for reduced fuel consumption. This light-duty transmission was designated the A500, and was offered with the 3.9 L V6 and 5.2 L V8. An "O/D Off" pushbutton switch to lock out the overdrive 4th gear was added to the message center. The A727 automatic saw continued use for heavy duty applications.

A Cummins B Series engine was also added to the engine lineup and for the first time, Dodge saw sales go up. The Cummins could be manufactured with a heavier-duty version of the A727 automatic or a 5 speed manual transmission and was available on 250 and 350 pickups and chassis cabs. This diesel engine option was drastically different from Ford and GM diesel engines optioned at the time. The Cummins featured direct injection, where the Ford and GM diesels featured Indirect injection; this also meant the Cummins didn't have to rely on Glowplugs. The Cummins was a Straight-six engine where the GM and Ford Diesel engines were a V8 engine. Many owners considered these unique properties an advantage to the Cummins B Series engine.[3]

The Ram 100 model designation was dropped and these models folded back into the "150" range for 1990 due to the introduction and sales success of the Dodge Dakota pickup. Additionally, the instrument cluster was slightly revised; the ammeter was replaced by a voltmeter while maintaining the 3-pod arrangement of the speedometer and gauges.

The grille was redesigned for 1991 but kept the large rectangular headlamps and crossbar appearance. The engines were substantially upgraded for 1992 (3.9L and 5.2L) and 1993 (5.9) with multi-port fuel injection, new manifolds and higher compression cylinder heads for noticeably higher output. These newly-revised engines were marketed under the "Magnum" name. A heavy-duty overdrive Torquefliteautomatic transmission called the A518 was offered with the 5.2 L and 5.9 L engines. As part of Chrysler's overhaul of corporate transmission nomenclature, the A500 and A518 were redesignated 42RH and 46RH, respectively, in 1992. The initial "4" signified a 4-speed transmission, the second digit identified the transmission's relative torque capacity, the letter "R" in the third position denoted a rear-wheel drive transmission, and the final letter "H" signified hydraulic shift control. The 3-speed automatic remained available; the A727 was redesignated 36RH, and the A904, A998, and A999 became the 30RH, 31RH, and 32RH. During this time, Dodge reintroduced the Club Cab, which was equipped with fold-out jump seats. Entry was made through the passenger or drivers doors as there were no rear doors for this configuration.

These trucks, though popular with fleets, sold poorly compared to the Ford F-Series and the General Motors C/K Trucks, with just under 100,000 units sold most years of their production. Part of this was due to the dated cab and chassis design which had been in production since 1972. Additionally, the interior had been given few updates since 1981.

Engines

Years Engine Power Torque
1981–1987225 cu in (3.7 L) Slant-695 hp (71 kW)[1]
1988–1991239 cu in (3.9 L) LAV6125 hp (93 kW)[1]
1992–19933.9 L (239 cu in) MagnumV6180 hp (130 kW)[1]
1981–1987318 cu in (5.2 L) LAV8140 hp (100 kW)[1]
1988–1991318 cu in (5.2 L) LAV8170 hp (130 kW)[1]260 lb·ft (353 N·m)[1]
1992–19935.2 L (318 cu in) MagnumV8230 hp (170 kW)[1]280 lb·ft (380 N·m)[1]
1981–1988360 cu in (5.9 L) LAV8170 hp (130 kW)[1]
1989–1992360 cu in (5.9 L) LAV8190 hp (140 kW)[1]
19935.9 L (360 cu in) MagnumV8230 hp (170 kW)[1]325 lb·ft (441 N·m)[1]
1989–19935.9 L (360 cu in) Cummins dieselI6160 hp (120 kW)[1]400 lb·ft (542 N·m)[1]
1983 D150 with SLANT6

1983 Dodge Ram D150

89RamIP

1989 Dodge Ram interior

Tuned '91-'93 Dodge Ram Extended Cab (Les chauds vendredis '10)

1991-1993 Dodge Ram extended cab with aftermarket modifications

1994–2002 (BR/BE)


Second generation Dodge Ram
Production 1994–2001 (Ram 1500)
1994–2002 (Ram 2500 and 3500)
Body style(s) 2-door regular cab
2-door extended cab
4-door extended cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler BR/BE platform
Engine(s) 3.9 L MagnumV6
5.2 L MagnumV8
5.9 L MagnumV8
5.9 L B5.9dieselI6
8.0 L MagnumV10
5.9 L ISBdieselI6
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 118.7 in (3,015 mm) (2-door, short bed)[1]
134.7 in (3,421 mm) (2-door, long bed)[1]
154.7 in (3,929 mm)
Length 204.1 in (5,184 mm)
224.1 in (5,692 mm)
244.1 in (6,200 mm)
Width 79.4 in (2,017 mm)
93.5 in (2,375 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height 77.1 in (1,958 mm)
Fuel capacity

26 U.S. gal (22 imp gal/98 L)

35 U.S. gal (29 imp gal/130 L)
Designer Phillip E. Payne

The Ram line was redesigned for 1994. The exterior styling was the result of design concepts by chief designer Phillip E. Payne, plus extensive customer research that revealed that full-sized pickup buyers were enamored of a strong exterior design that suggested the "look of a big rig truck".[4] Dodge Truck Product Planners recognized that while some customers would not identify with the unique design, it would mandate instant recognition for the new Dodge full-sized pickup. It featured a big rig-looking front end and a large grille and was nothing like Ford, or Chevy/GMC pickup in design. Engine offerings continued over from the first-generation ram and were the 3.9 L V6, 5.2 L V8, 5.9 L V8, and 5.9 L I6 Cummins Turbo diesel. Added to the line up was a new 488 cubic inch 8.0L V10 engine designed as an alternative for those who wanted superior pulling power but didn't want a diesel. The new V10 and Cummins Turbo diesel could only be had in the 2500 and higher designation models. Models were now the 1500 half-ton, 2500 three quarter-ton, and 3500 dual rear wheel one-ton in both 2 and 4 wheel drive. 1500 Rams offered both 6 and 8-foot (1.8 x 2.4 m) boxes. 2500 Rams offered 6-foot (1.8 m) boxes only with quad cabs. 3500 Rams were only made with 8-foot (2.4 m) boxes.

Dodge offered the 2500 series in two different gross-vehicle weight ratings for the first few years but this was dropped in the late 1990s. The purpose of the light duty and heavy duty 2500 trucks were for the heavy duty 2500 to take the place of the discontinued one ton single rear wheel trucks.

On the inside, special attention was paid to in-cab storage features, with a large glovebox, a center armrest storage area, and extra storage space behind the seat. The dash and gauge cluster were a far cry from the previous model Ram and was far more modern as well. A redesign of the dashboard and instrument cluster was made in 1998 along with the introduction of the quad cab, and rounded black plastic side-view mirrors replaced the previous rectangular design. The 2000 models saw the introduction of heated leather seats.

In 1998, Dodge introduced the "Quad Cab", which used smaller suicide doors in the back for a door opening. This was offered as an option on the "Club Cab" for the model year. Other changes for 1998 included rounded mirrors replacing the classic square ones, a revised interior, dual depowered airbags, and a chime replacing the buzzer for seat belts/door ajar/headlights.

In 1999, Dodge revised the front end for the Sport models with a restyled bumper, quad-beam clear-lens headlamps, and body-color grille.

The redesigned 1994 Ram was a sales success, with sales rocketing from 100,000 units in 1993 to 240,000 in 1994, 280,000 in 1995, and nearly 400,000 in 1996. That year, it was prominently featured as the hero vehicle in the film Twister. Sales of this generation peaked at just over 400,000 in 1999 before declining against the redesigned Ford and GM trucks. By 2001, Ram sales figures were below those of Ford and Chevy trucks.

Although Dodge introduced a new Ram 1500 for 2002, the old second generation style Ram was carried over for the 2002 model year heavy-duty 2500 and 3500 trucks. The new third generation Ram would not appear in the 2500/3500 variants until 2003. Part of this delay was due to the then new 5.7 L Hemi engine not being ready for production.

Safety

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety gave the 1994-2001 models a "poor" rating, for poor structural performance, poor dummy control, and high head and neck forces caused by a late-deploying airbag. No full-sized pickup from an American automaker earned better than a "marginal" during this time period.

Drive-train

Transmissions

Transmissions for the Ram were the lower geared A500/42RH-RE for light duty applications found behind the 3.9 L V6, the A518/46RH-RE for more heavy duty applications found behind the 5.2 L and 5.9 L V8 engines, and the A618/47RH-RE for heavy duty use behind the V10 gasoline and Cummins diesel engines. The 47RH was used in 1994 and 1995 model years, while the 47RE was used from 1996 through 2002. A NV3500 was offered in 1500 Rams and light duty 2500 Rams. A NV4500 was standard in 2500 and 3500 trucks (except the uncommon, light duty 2500 rams). A NV5600 was offered in 1999 and 2000 Rams and was the only transmission offered behind the High Output diesel in 2001 and 2002.

Transfer cases

There were a total of 5 transfer cases for the four wheel drive Ram. All were part time and had a low range of 2.72:1. The 1500 featured a NP231 and NP231HD. The NP241 was standard on V8 2500 Rams. The 2500 and 3500 V10 and Diesel featured a NP241DLD from 1994-1997. In 1997 the NP241DHD became a option for 2500 Rams and was standard on 3500 Rams from 1998-2002.

Axles

The Dodge Ram featured a wide variety of axles. For the front axle of 4x4 Rams, a Dana 44 was used on all 1500 Rams and some, early, light duty 2500 Rams. However, most of the 2500 and all 3500 Rams used Dana 60 front axles. The 1500 Rams and some early light duty 2500 Rams used a 9.25 Chrysler axle in the rear. A Dana 60 rear axle was used on heavy duty 2500 V8 Rams. A Dana 70 rear axle was used in 2500 Rams with a V10 or a Diesel/Automatic transmission combination. A Dana 80 rear axle was used on 2500 Rams with a manual transmission and diesel engine combination and all 3500 Rams. The front solid axles in these rams were unique in the fact they didn't feature Locking hubs, but featured a Center axle disconnect. The 2002 2500 and 3500 Rams saw the eventual phase out of the Center axle disconnect, in favor of front axles that were permanently locked in. Dodge continues to feature front axles like this for their 2500, 3500, 4500, and 5500 trucks.

Engines

A natural gas engine debuted for 1995 but was not popular and was only used in fleet vehicles on a very limited production run. The Cummins B Series engine was switched from the 12-Valve to the 24-Valve (ISB) in the middle of the 1998 model year Dodge Rams due to emissions regulations. The ISB featured a new computer controlled injection pump, 24 valve head design and a electric fuel transfer pump.

Years Engine Power Torque
1994-20013.9 L (239 cu in) MagnumV6175 hp (130 kW)[1]
1994–20015.2 L (318 cu in) MagnumV8220 hp (160 kW)[1]295 lb·ft (400 N·m)[1]
1995–19975.2 L (318 cu in) Natural Gas V8200 hp (150 kW)[1]430 lb·ft (583 N·m)[1]
1994–19975.9 L (360 cu in) MagnumV8230 hp (170 kW)[1]325 lb·ft (441 N·m)[1]
1998–20025.9 L (360 cu in) MagnumV8245 hp (183 kW)[1]335 lb·ft (454 N·m)[1]
1994–20028 L (488 cu in) [5]Magnumv10 engine300 hp (220 kW) [1]450 lb·ft (610 N·m)[1]
1994–19955,883 cc (5.883 L/359.0 cu in)[6]Cummins 12-valve DieselI6175 hp (130 kW) (manual), 160 hp (120 kW) (auto)[1]420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (manual), 400 lb·ft (542 N·m) (auto)[1]
1996–19985,883 cc (5.883 L/359.0 cu in)[6]Cummins 12-valve DieselI6215 hp (160 kW) (manual), 180 hp (130 kW) (auto)[1]440 lb·ft (597 N·m) (manual), 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (auto)[1]
1998–20005,883 cc (5.883 L/359.0 cu in)[6]Cummins ISB 24-valve DieselI6235 hp (175 kW) (manual), 215 hp (160 kW) (auto)[1]460 lb·ft (624 N·m) (manual), 420 lb·ft (569 N·m) (auto)[1]
2001–20025,883 cc (5.883 L/359.0 cu in)[6]Cummins ISB 24-valve DieselI6235 hp (175 kW) (Standard), 245 hp (183 kW) (High Output)[1]460 lb·ft (624 N·m) (Standard), 505 lb·ft (685 N·m) (High Output)[1]
94-01 Dodge Ram regularcab

94-01 Dodge Ram Regular Cab

Dodge Ram 3500

Dodge Ram 3500

1994 Dodge Ram 1500 SWB 4x4

1994 Dodge Ram 1500 4X4

2002–2008 (DR/DH/D1/DC/DM)


2007 Dodge Ram 1500
Production 2002–2008 (1500)
2003–2009 (2500 & 3500)
Body style(s) 2-door Regular cab
4-door Quad cab
4-door Mega Cab
Dually
PlatformChrysler DR/DH/D1/DC/DM platform
Engine(s)

3.7 LV6
4.7 LV8
5.7 L Hemi V8
5.9 L Magnum V8
5.9 L CumminsdieselI6
6.7 L Cummins diesel I6
8.0 L Magnum
V10

8.3 L Viper V10
Transmission(s) 4-speed 45RFEautomatic
5-speed 545RFE automatic
6-speed 68RFEautomatic
6-speed AS68RC
6-speed manual
5-speed NV3500 manual
Wheelbase 204.3 in (5,189 mm)
192.3 in (4,884 mm)
188.3 in (4,783 mm)
168.3 in (4,275 mm)
144.3 in (3,665 mm)
164.3 in (4,173 mm)
120.5 in (3,061 mm)
140.5 in (3,569 mm)
160.5 in (4,077 mm)
Length 295.1 in (7,496 mm)
283.1 in (7,191 mm)
279.1 in (7,089 mm)
259.1 in (6,581 mm)
255.1 in (6,480 mm)
235.1 in (5,972 mm)
207.7 in (5,276 mm)
229.7 in (5,834 mm)
249.7 in (6,342 mm)
Width 79.5 in (2,019 mm)
96 in (2,438 mm) (Towing mirrors)
Height 75.7-80.8 in (1923-2052 mm)
Fuel capacity

26 U.S. gal (22 imp gal/98 L)

35 U.S. gal (29 imp gal/130 L)

The third-generation Ram debuted for 2002 on 1500 models and 2003 on 2500 & 3500 models. This was a major update including an all new frame, suspension, powertrains, interiors, and sheet metal. It included a larger grille, and special models kept interest up as most competitors had adopted the Ram's separate-fender look. The crew cab models for this generation were actually extended cab trucks that utilized conventional-opening rear doors. The four wheel drive light trucks (1500 series) lost their live axles in favor of an independent front suspension, but the 2500 and 3500 series retained the live axles for maximum longevity and durability. This body style draws heavily from the previous generation.

The redesigned trucks bolstered sales, with 400,000 sold in 2002 and nearly 450,000 sold in 2003, a new high point for the Ram name. At the same time, both Ford and GM trucks were increasing in sales from a 2001 peak over 850,000 to the 900,000 range. But the Ram's sales could not keep up with the eleventh-generation F-150 and the new Nissan Titan in 2004 and 2005, with 400,543 Rams sold that year. The primary reason was that Dodge did not manufacture a crew cab to compete with Ford and other manufacturers. With the introduction of the new 2007 Tundra, styled and engineered similarly to the Ram, Dodge was forced to significantly increase the incentives to keep demand up for their vehicle.

2006 Face-lift

The 2006 Dodge Ram was an updated version of the previous generation. One notable addition was the "Mega Cab", featuring a 6.5-foot (2 m) cargo box and 22 inches (560 mm) of extra cab space, allowing seating for six with rear recliners. Also, a full screen mapping in-dash navigation system became an option. The headlamps have been redesigned for better performance.

Another change for the 2006 model year was the replacement of the first version 5.7 L (345 cu in) Hemi V8 in half-ton models with the newer Multi-Displacement System Hemi V8 engine that became available in Chrysler and Dodge sedans. This engine featured the same performance but had a cylinder-deactivating feature enabled under light loads to increase fuel economy by 3 MPG city and 4 MPG hwy. This new Hemi still delivered 345 hp (257 kW) and 375 lb·ft (508 N·m).

Models built after January 1, 2007 offered a new 6.7L Cummins Turbo Diesel introduced as an option in 2500/3500 models replacing the 5.9L. It produced 350 hp (260 kW)||650 lb·ft (881 N·m). Unlike the 5.9L which was backed by the 4-speed 48RE Transmission, the 6.7L was equipped with the new 6-speed 68RFE transmission.

Chassis Cab

In 2007, a 3500 Chassis Cab model was introduced with industry standard rear frame width and wiring to accommodate outfitters. In addition to the 5.7 L (345 cu in) , a Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel rated at 350 hp (260 kW) and 650 lb·ft (881 N·m) was also available. Automatic Transmissions used were the 545RFE with the 5.7 L (345 cu in) the AS68RC with the 6.7 L (408 cu in) . The G56 transmission was the only manual transmission offered.

For 2008, Dodge introduced two more Chassis Cab models, the 4500 and 5500. These were class 4 and 5 trucks with a Gross Weight of 16,500 lb (7,500 kg) and 19,500 lb (8,800 kg), respectively. Both trucks came equipped with the same version of the Cummins 6.7 L (408 cu in) diesel as the 3500 chassis cab model. Sterling, who worked with Dodge in development, had their own version called the Sterling Bullet with a unique grille. Sterling is a division of Freightliner LLC which, like Dodge, was owned by the former Daimler Chrysler. Sterling Trucks was licensed to sell Dodge Ram 4500 series trucks as the Sterling Bullet.

Engines

Model Years Engine Power Torque
15002002–20083.7 L (226 cu in) MagnumV6215 hp (160 kW)[1]235 lb·ft (319 N·m)[1]
2002–20074.7 L (287 cu in) MagnumV8235 hp (175 kW)[1]295 lb·ft (400 N·m)[1]
20084.7 L (287 cu in) MagnumV8310 hp (230 kW)330 lb·ft (447 N·m)
2002–20035.9 L (360 cu in) MagnumV8245 hp (183 kW)[1]335 lb·ft (454 N·m)[1]
2004–20085.7 L (345 cu in) HemiV8345 hp (257 kW)[1]375 lb·ft (508 N·m)[1]
2500/3500 2003–20085.7 L (345 cu in) HemiV8345 hp (257 kW)375 lb·ft (508 N·m)
20095.7 L (345 cu in) HemiV8388 hp (289 kW)[1]404 lb·ft (548 N·m)
2003–2004 SO5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6250 hp (190 kW)460 lb·ft (624 N·m)
2003–2004 SO California Emissions5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6235 hp (175 kW)460 lb·ft (624 N·m)
2003–2004 HO5.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6305 hp (227 kW)555 lb·ft (752 N·m)
2004.5–20075.9 L (360 cu in) CumminsdieselI6325 hp (242 kW)610 lb·ft (827 N·m)
2007.5–20096.7 L (408 cu in) CumminsdieselI6350 hp (260 kW)650 lb·ft (881 N·m)
20038 L (488 cu in) MagnumV10310 hp (230 kW)450 lb·ft (610 N·m)
Chassis Cab 2007–20085.7 L (345 cu in) HemiV8(3500 Only)345 hp (257 kW)375 lb·ft (508 N·m)
20095.7 L (345 cu in) HemiV8(3500 Only)388 hp (289 kW)[1]404 lb·ft (548 N·m)
2007–20096.7 L (408 cu in) CumminsdieselI6350 hp (260 kW)650 lb·ft (881 N·m)
SRT-102004–20068.3 L (505 cu in) ViperV10510 hp (380 kW)535 lb·ft (725 N·m)
2002-05 Dodge Ram Quad Cab

2002-2005 Dodge Ram 1500 quab cab

2002-05 Dodge Ram

2005 Dodge Ram 1500 quab cab

Dodge-Ram-Mega-Cab

Dodge Ram 2500 Mega Cab

2009–present (DS/DJ)

[[File:2009 Dodge Ram 1500 SLT Big Horn Crew Cab|frameless|upright=1.25|alt=]]
Also called Ram 1500/2500/3500 (2009–present)
Production start September 12, 2008
Model year(s) 2009–present
Body style(s) 2-Door Regular Cab
4-Door Quad-Cab
4-Door Crew-Cab
4-Door Mega-Cab
Dually
Engine(s) 3.7 L (226 cu in) PowerTech V6
4.7 L (287 cu in) PowerTech V8
5.7 L (345 cu in) HEMI V8
6.7 L (408 cu in) Cummins Turbo-DieselI6
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase

4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 197.2 in (5009 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 204.3 in (5189 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 192.3 in (4884 mm)
Reg. Cab Short Bed: 120 in (3048 mm)

Reg. Cab Long Bed & Quad Cab: 140 in (3556 mm)
2WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 149.4 in (3795 mm)
4WD 2500 Crew Cab SWB: 148.9 in (3782 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 2WD: 169.4 in (4303 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB 4WD: 168.9 in (4290 mm)
Regular Cab 2500 : 140.5 in (3569 mm)
3500 Regular Chassis Cab: 143.4 in (3642 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 167.4 in (4252 mm)
3500 Crew Cab: 172.3 in (4376 mm)
4500 & 5500 Regular Cab LWB: 144.3 in (3665 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab MWB: 168.3 in (4275 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 173.3 in (4402 mm)
Length 4500/5500 Crew Cab MWB: 287.0 in (7290 mm)
4500/5500 Crew Cab SWB: 263.0 in (6680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab Ext. LWB: 294.1 in (7470 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab LWB: 282.1 in (7165 mm)
Crew Cab 3500: 263.0 in (6680 mm)
2500 LWB Crew Cab: Regular Cab: 209.0 in (5309 mm)
Extended Cab: 226.9 in (5763 mm)
Quad Cab: 229.0 in (5817 mm)
Crew Cab: 227.5 in (5779 mm)
2500 Crew Cab SWB: 237.4 in (6030 mm)
2500 Crew Cab LWB: 259.4 in (6589 mm)
Regular Cab 2500: 231.0 in (5867 mm)
3500 Chassis Cab: 234.1 in (5946 mm)
3500 Regular Cab LWB: 258.1 in (6556 mm)
3500 Crew Cab & 4500/5500 Regular Cab: 263.0 in (6680 mm)
4500/5500 Regular Cab: 234.1 in (5946 mm)
Width 2,017 mm (79.4 in)
Heavy Duty Crew Cab, 4500, 5500 & 3500: 79.1 in (2009 mm)
Heavy Duty Regular Cab: 78.9 in (2004 mm)
Height 73.3-73.9 (1500 4x2)
74.1-74.8 (1500 4x4)
73.3-73.7 (2500 4x2)
75.7-77.7 (2500 4x4)
78.0-78.8 (3500)
79.8-80.6 in (4500/5500)
Designer Ryan Nagode, Scott Krugger

The fourth generation Dodge Ram was introduced at the 2008 North American International Auto Show in Detroit.[8] This latest generation was sold as the 2009 Dodge Ram 1500 starting in Fall 2008. A two-mode hybrid version was planned for production, but has since been cancelled in favor of a smaller test fleet of plug-in hybrid Rams.[9]

Chrysler LLC attempted to keep the Ram competitive in the market through various developments for the 2009 model, including a new four-door cab style offering, new suspension, a new hemi engine option, and the Rambox, a new storage system that allows secure storage inside the truck’s bed walls.[10]

The 5.7 L HEMI V8's output has been increased by 45 hp (34 kW) to 390 bhp (290 kW) and 407 lb·ft (552 N·m), and fuel efficiency has been slightly increased by 4%. The 4.7 L (287 cu in) PowerTech V8 produces 310 bhp (230 kW) and 330 lb·ft (447 N·m), and the 3.7 L (226 cu in) PowerTech V6 continues with 215 bhp (160 kW) and 235 lb·ft (319 N·m).[11]

Cab options

The Mega Cab option will be deleted, at least on the 1500 series, replaced by a true four door crew cab.[12] Other cab options are regular cab and quad cab. The mega cab option remains on the 2500/3500 models.

Handling

A coil spring rear suspension replaces the leaf-springs for the 1500 model, a move to improve ride quality and handling. The payload capacities have not been negatively affected despite the massive change in suspension, but still trail those of the newer Ford F-150, Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500.

Payload capacities

The 2009 model's towing capacity was originally rated 9,100 lb (4,100 kg) for 2WD Ram 1500 with regular cab, long-bed, 5.7L HEMI engine, 3.92 differential and 17-inch wheels; but the rating increased to 10,450 lb (4,740 kg) without changing the setup, via the new SAE testing standard.[13] For the 2010 model, payload was increased by 50 lb (23 kg) to 1,900 lb (860 kg) for the regular cab 2WD model with the 3.7L V-6 engine.[14]

Towing capacity for the regular cab Ram 1500 with 3.21 differential is rated at 6,100 lb (2,800 kg) with 17-inch wheels and 5,900 lb (2,700 kg) with 19-inch wheels. Crew Cab and Quad Cab models are rated at 5,700 lb (2,600 kg) and 5,800 lb (2,600 kg) respectively.

Gross Combined Weight Ratings is 11,000 lb (5,000 kg) for all Ram 1500s with 3.21 axles; max 15,500 lb (7,000 kg) for 2WD Ram 1500 with long bed, 5.7L HEMI engine, and a 3.92 differential.

Heavy Duty Chassis Cabs

Chassis Cab versions were made for the Ram 3500, 4500, and 5500 models. The 3500 Heavy Duty model was unveiled at the 2009 Chicago Auto Show.[15]

Engine choices include 5.7L HEMI V-8 rated 383 bhp (286 kW)@5600 rpm and 542 N·m (400 lb·ft)@4000 rpm for Ram 3500, 6.7L Cummins turbo diesel rated 350 bhp (260 kW)@3013 rpm and 880 N·m (650 lb·ft)@1500 rpm for Ram 3500 (optional), 4500, 5500.

Transmission choices include a standard 6-speed manual or optional 6-speed Aisin automatic. Both transmissions support the Power Take Off option.

Each model has regular or crew cab, single-rear-wheel or dual-rear-wheel (3500 and up only), 4 cab-axle lengths (60, 84, 108 and 120 inches) for 4500/5500 or 2 cab-axle lengths (60 and 84 inches) for 3500, and three trim levels (ST, SLT and Laramie).

The Ram 3500 includes 2 axles with 3 axle ratios (3.42, 3.73 and 4.10) and 17-inch wheels, while Ram 4500/5500 have 1 axle with 3 axle ratios (4.10, 4.44 and 4.88) and 19.5-inch wheels. The 4500/5500 Rams rear axle is a Dana S 110. The front axle on 4x4 models is manufactured by Magna, while 2 wheel drives models just have a solid, non-drive axle.

Safety

The Ram comes standard with four-wheel anti-lock disc brakes, side curtain airbags, and an electronic stability program or ESP. In IIHS crash tests, the Ram received a Good overall score in the frontal crash test, and a Marginal score in the side impact test.[16] It received a 5-star frontal crash test rating from the NHTSA.[17]

Production

The Ram 2500 and 3500 are built in Chrysler's Saltillo Assembly Plant in Coahuila, Mexico, and the Ram 1500 is built at the Warren Truck Assembly Plant in Warren, Michigan. The Ram 1500 was also assembled at the Saint Louis Assembly plant in Fenton, Missouri before the plant was permanently closed in July 2009.[18]

2009 Dodge RAM 1500 ST 4-door pickup -- NHTSA 01

2009 Dodge Ram 1500 ST Quad Cab

Ram 1500 1 -- 03-13-2010

Ram 1500 Crew Cab

2011 Ram Pickup -- 2011 DC

2011 Ram Pickup HD

Special Rams

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2010)

In addition to factory equipment and appearance packages, the Ram pickup has also been offered at times with dealer-installed packages.

Sours: https://tractors.fandom.com/wiki/Dodge_Ram
I like big [vans] and I cannot lie

List of vehicles named Dodge Ram

Dodge Ram, now simply referred to as the Ram, is a collective nameplate for light trucks made by Dodge, which now Ram Trucks is its own separate make spun off from Dodge.

Pickup trucks:

  • Ram pickup (now known as just the Ram pickup since 2010); AKA Ram 1500 (best-known trim), Ram 2500, Ram 3500
    • Dodge D series - Ram's predecessor, page includes first Ram body style (This model itself even overlapped with the first generation "Ram pickup")
  • Dodge Ram 50 - Dodge version of the Mitsubishi Mighty Max, predecessor to the Dakota, formerly called Dodge D50 prior to "Ram" branding.
    • Dodge Dakota, Ram 50's successor, called "Dodge Baby Ram" between 1996 and 2004 model years, became a Ram product since 2009 to its discontinuation.
  • Dodge Rampage - car-based pickup truck

Ram Van can refer to:

Other:

  • Dodge Ramcharger, or (Ram Charger later on) - full-size SUV based on the Ram chassis (first vehicle to use the Ram name)
    • Dodge Durango, successor to Ramcharger, but without "Dodge Ram" marketing.

See also[edit]

  • Dodge, used the "Ram" logo for non-truck models too between 1992 and 2011
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_vehicles_named_Dodge_Ram

You will also be interested:

Ram Trucks

American brand of light to mid-weight commercial vehicles

This article is about the marque spun off from Dodge in 2010. For historic Dodge trucks, see List of vehicles named Dodge Ram.

Ramchryslerlogo.png
TypeDivision
IndustryAutomobile
PredecessorHistorical: Graham Brothers Trucks, Fargo Trucks, Plymouth Trucks[1] and Dodge Truck division
Founded2010; 11 years ago (2010)
Headquarters

Auburn Hills, Michigan, U.S. Administration, Research, Engineering & Design

Area served

North America, Middle East, Latin America, Europe, Southeast Asia, Oceania, and Angola

Key people

  • Reid Bigland (CEO of Global Ram Brand)
  • James C. Morrison (Head of Ram North America)
ProductsTrucks and vans
ParentStellantis
Websitewww.ramtrucks.com

Ram Trucks, stylized as RAM and formally known as the Ram Truck Division (of Chrysler), is an American brand of light to mid-weight commercial vehicles, and a division of Stellantis (previously Fiat Chrysler Automobiles). It was established in a spin-off from Dodge in 2010 using the name of the Ram Pickup line of trucks. Ram Trucks' logo was originally used as Dodge's logo. Ram "Classic" trucks are made at the Warren Truck Plant in Warren, Michigan and at the Saltillo plant in Saltillo, Mexico. New series Ram pickups are made at Sterling Heights Assembly in Sterling Heights, Michigan. Since its inception, the brand has used the slogan "Guts. Glory. Ram."

Background[edit]

Prior to the 1970s, Dodge had maintained a separate marque for trucks, Fargo Trucks, primarily for use outside the United States. After that point, all trucks made by Chrysler were distributed under the Dodge marque.

Ram Trucks was established as a division of Chrysler in 2010, as a spin-off from Dodge, and using the name of the Dodge Ram line of pickups that is now sold under the Ram banner.[2] According to Chrysler, the Ram Trucks brand will concentrate on "real truck customers", rather than casual truck buyers who buy trucks for image or style.[3]

The Ram brand was created following Chrysler's acquisition by Italian automaker Fiat, and the plans called for Dodge switching to an exclusively car-based lineup with all pickup and future heavy-duty trucks by Chrysler being sold under the Ram brand. This started in the 2009 calendar year. The Fiat Ducato cargo van design has been adopted and is sold as the Ram ProMaster in North American markets, filling the gap created when Daimler ended production of the Dodge Sprinter in 2008. The goal was to increase truck sales "from today's 280,000 to 415,000 by 2014".[4]

Executives at Chrysler have stated their intention to compete in the semi-trailer truck category with Ram, a possibility that is aided by Fiat's ownership of Iveco and an already available network of Dodge dealers. Ram trucks are marketed separately from Dodge cars; former Ram Division President Fred Diaz stated, "Ram trucks are not a Dodge model. Ram will always be 'vinned' (Vehicle Identification Number) as a Ram. We need to continue to market as Ram so Dodge can have a different brand identity: hip, cool, young, energetic. That will not fit the campaign for truck buyers. The two should have distinct themes."[5]

In April 2013, Diaz left RAM to serve as vice president of Nissan's divisional sales and marketing. He was replaced by Reid Bigland.[6]

In August 2014, Ram Trucks CEO Reid Bigland was tapped to lead the Alfa Romeo brand in North America. It was announced that the new head of the Ram Trucks brand would be longtime Chrysler employee Robert Hegbloom, who joined Chrysler in 1986 and had been a director for Dodge.[7] In October 2018, Bigland was promoted to CEO of Ram Trucks. Shortly thereafter, he discovered that the division had been misreporting sales figures and turned over that information to the US government for investigation. Allegedly, FCA cut his bonuses in retaliation, which resulted in Bigland filing a whistleblower lawsuit against FCA. In March 2020, Bigland announced his resignation.[8]

The Ram brand logo features the head of a ram, formerly the logo used by Dodge.

Trucks[edit]

For specifically foreign-market models (designed by Chrysler Europe, etc.), see below.

From 1927 to 1928, all trucks built by Dodge were actually sold under the Graham name, as that company held the marketing rights at that time.

Current[edit]

  • Ram 700 (2014–present): The Fiat Strada, a coupé utility sold in Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil and Peru, is sold as the Ram 700 in Mexico and South America (formerly known as Ram V700 Express in Chile).
  • Ram 1000 (2018–present): The Fiat Toro, a compact pickup manufactured in Brazil, is sold in Latin America as the Ram 1000.[9]
  • Ram pickup (1981–present): The flagship product line, it includes models 1500, 2500, 3500, 4000, 4500, and 5500.
  • Ram ProMaster Van (2013–present): The line of Fiat Ducato full-size vans are sold as Ram ProMaster vans in North America. The line includes models 1500, 2500, and 3500, with cut-away cab chassis versions available.
  • Ram ProMaster City/Ram V1000 (2014–present): The Fiat Doblò van is sold as the Ram ProMaster City in North America and the Ram V1000 in Chile.
  • Ram ProMaster Rapid/Ram V700 Rapid (2014–present): The Latin America-spec Fiat Fiorino van is sold as the Ram ProMaster Rapid in Mexico and the Ram V700 Rapid in Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru.
  • Ram V700 City (2018–present): The European-spec Fiat Fiorino van is sold as the Ram V700 City in Chile.
  • 2014 Ram 1500 ProMaster Tradesman SWB std roof

  • 2015 Ram ProMaster City Tradesman cargo van

Former[edit]

  • Dodge Dakota (1987–2011): A midsize pickup, it was moved to the Ram marque with the full-size pickup lineup, although the vehicle retained its physical Dodge branding. It was also rebadged as the Mitsubishi Raider.
  • Ram H100: The Hyundai Starex was sold as a Ram in Mexico, although the Hyundai badges were kept.[10]
  • Ram C/V Tradesman (2012–2015): Cargo versions of the then-current Chrysler minivan platform were sold under the Ram marque until replaced by the ProMaster City.
  • Ram 1200 (2016–2019): The Fiat Fullback / Mitsubishi Triton, a midsize pickup built by a Fiat–Mitsubishi joint venture, was sold as the Ram 1200 in the United Arab Emirates.[11]

Production[edit]

Ram vehicles are manufactured at four facilities, two in North America, one in Europe, and one in South America.

  • Warren Truck Assembly, Warren, Michigan, United States. First opened in 1938, the facility has produced trucks for Dodge and Ram for over 70 years. Near the plant are also the Warren metal stamping plant, Mount Elliot tool and die plant which contribute parts and components to the manufacture of the Dakota and 1500 series. The following models are currently assembled at the plant: Ram 1500 series, all crew cab and double cab models for the global market are assembled here except for the Ram 1500 Laramie, which is built at both the Warren facility and Ram's Saltillo Assembly for the Mexican market.
  • Saltillo Truck Assembly, Saltillo, Mexico. The plant manufactures the full range of the Ram truck series as well as the DX Chassis cab and ProMaster van. The plant has won numerous awards and has been recognized as the Chrysler groups best truck facility in terms of build quality.[12] The Saltillo stamping plant is also attached to the facility.

The following models are built at the plant:

  • Ram 1500 all regular cab models of various trim levels sold globally are manufactured at the facility as is the crew cab Ram 1500 Laramie for the Mexican market.
  • Ram 2500 all models of various trim levels, cab type, and bed length. Vehicles built here are sold globally.
  • Ram 3500 all models of various trim levels, cab type, and bed length. Vehicles built here are sold globally.
  • Ram 4500 all models of various trim levels, cab type, and bed length. Vehicles built here are sold globally.
  • Ram 5500 all models of various trim levels, cab type, and bed length. Vehicles built here are sold globally.
  • DX Chassis Cab manufactured for the Mexican and Canadian markets only.
  • Ram ProMaster

Tofaş, Bursa, Turkey. The plant produces vehicles primarily for the European market; however, the Ram ProMaster City is produced at Tofaş and imported into North America.

Stellantis manufactures some trucks (Ram 1000, for example) in Brazil for the South American markets.

In popular culture[edit]

A 1995 red Dodge Ram 2500 pickup truck featured prominently throughout the 1996 film Twister as the storm-chasing vehicle used by the two lead characters, played by Bill Paxton and Helen Hunt.[13][14]

Ram Trucks entered popular culture in an unintentional way on February 4, 2018, during Super Bowl LII.[15] Their commercial's use of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s sermon "The Drum Major Instinct" was quickly and widely panned by audiences, academics, news outlets and social media alike.[16][17][18][19] Of particular concern was its usage of a speech in which King condemned advertising ("we are so often taken by advertisers... those gentlemen of massive verbal persuasion") to sell more Ram Trucks.[20][21] Within hours, content creators on YouTube had made spin-offs ("What Martin Luther King Actually Thought About Car Commercials", "The MLK Super Bowl Ad Dodge Didn't Show You", "What Dodge LEFT OUT Of Their MLK Commercial In Super Bowl", etc.) that showed a more accurate perspective of King's sermon and opinions about advertising.[22] The ad was also parodied on late-night television shows. However the ad was referenced on many occasions as being a Dodge commercial, or for the Dodge Ram, thus also bringing into question whether consumers even recognized the commercial they were panning as being from a spin-off brand.

See also[edit]

Fiat Professional: This was FCA's global light commercial vehicle brand marketed outside North America, marketing the same vans marketed as Ram in the Americas. In the other part of Stellantis, PSA, all brands except DS Automobiles sell vans in three sizes under their respective brands.

References[edit]

  1. ^http://www.autos.ca/classic-cars/motoring-memories-plymouth-trucks-1937-1941-and-1974-1983/
  2. ^"Ram brand created, Gilles to lead Dodge cars and Fong leaves in Chrysler shakeup". AutoWeek. 2009-10-05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  3. ^Hoffman, Bryce G. (2009-11-05). "Chrysler brands to aim appeal at specific lifestyles". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
  4. ^Kilcarr, Sean (2009-11-05). "Chrysler to get Fiat commercial vans". Fleet Owner. Archived from the original on 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  5. ^McElroy, John (2009-11-06). "Chrysler Considers Getting Back Into Big Rigs". Autoline on Autoblog. Archived from the original on 2011-04-17. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
  6. ^"Reid Bigland Gets Top Spot at Ram". pickuptrucks.com. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-08-28. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
  7. ^"Robert Hegbloom named head of Ram truck brand". trucktrend.com. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  8. ^"Ram truck chief who filed whistleblower suit against FCA to leave company". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  9. ^"Fiat Toro é apresentada como RAM 1000 na Colômbia". Motor1.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  10. ^"What's Wrong with This Picture: New Lows in Brand Engineering Edition". 26 May 2011.
  11. ^"Ram 1200". Ram Trucks Middle East. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  12. ^Dodge in Mexico: a history by Jaime Hale. "Chrysler, Jeep, and Dodge in Mexico". Allpar.com. Archived from the original on 2014-06-23. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
  13. ^Warren Brown (June 1, 1996). "Reels and Reels of Wheels". The Washington Post.
  14. ^Chris Flynn (May 30, 2020). "From Humble Beginnings: Here's How Ram Trucks Evolved Into Today's Best-Sellers".
  15. ^"People hate Dodge Ram's Super Bowl ad, which uses a Martin Luther King speech to sell trucks". nordic.businessinsider.com. Archived from the original on 2018-02-20.
  16. ^"When U.S. Needs MLK's Voice More Than Ever, Automaker Dodge Waters Down His Message to Peddle Trucks". democracynow.org. Archived from the original on 2018-02-20.
  17. ^"CNN on Twitter". twitter.com. Archived from the original on 2018-05-14.
  18. ^Maheshwari, Sapna (5 February 2018). "Ram Trucks Commercial With Martin Luther King Jr. Sermon Is Criticized". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018.
  19. ^"Twitter Roasts Dodge Ram For Using MLK Speech to Hawk Trucks in Super Bowl Ad". www.mediaite.com. 5 February 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-02-20.
  20. ^""The Drum Major Instinct," Sermon Delivered at Ebenezer Baptist Church". King Encyclopedia. Stanford University | Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  21. ^nicholasflyer (24 April 2013). "Martin Luther King Jr., "The Drum Major Instinct" FINAL Sermon --- COMPLETE". Archived from the original on 14 February 2018 – via YouTube.
  22. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2018-02-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ram trucks.

Links to related articles

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Trucks


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