Mercedes gl 450

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Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class

Motor vehicle

The Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class, formerly Mercedes-Benz GL-Class, is a full-sizeluxury SUV produced by Mercedes-Benz since 2006. According to Mercedes-Benz, it is the SUV equivalent of the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. It is a three-row, seven-passenger vehicle positioned above the GLE-Class (formerly Mercedes-Benz M-Class before 2016), and is the flagship of the Mercedes-Benz SUV line.

The GLS shares the same unibody architecture with the GLE-Class. Most GLS-Class vehicles are assembled at the Mercedes plant in Alabama, except for a small number of early 2007 production vehicles which were manufactured in Germany. The first generation model (X164) was manufactured between 2006 and 2012 and was replaced in 2012 by the new generation GL-Class (X166).

From 2016 with the release of the facelifted second generation model, the GL-Class was renamed to GLS-Class as per the revised nomenclature adopted by Mercedes. Under this scheme, SUVs use the base name "GL", followed by the model's placement in Mercedes-Benz hierarchy. The "G" is for geländewagen (German for off-road vehicle) and alludes the long-running G-Class. This is followed by the letter "L" that acts as a linkage with the letter "S", the SUV equivalent to the S-Class.[1][2]

First generation (X164; 2006)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz GL-Class (X164)

The X164 GL-Class debuted at the 2006 North American International Auto Show. It was released around the same time as the similarly sized Audi Q7, and was the first full-size, 7-seater SUV produced by a German automaker. The range of engines consist of V8 petrol engines, and turbocharged V6 and V8 diesel engines. All models are available only in all-wheel drive (4MATIC) configuration. Its main competitors are the Range Rover, Cadillac Escalade, and Lincoln Navigator.

Second generation (X166; 2013)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz GL-Class (X166)

The X166 GL-Class went on sale in September 2012.[3] Models feature efficiency improvements via the addition of an engine start stop system, drive by wire steering, and new turbocharged petrol and diesel engines. The second generation model also introduced a high performance GL63 AMG variant, powered by the hand-built M157 engine.[4] Following a 2016 facelift it was renamed the GLS-Class, to correspond with the new Mercedes-Benz naming scheme. The model update also featured minor exterior and interior design changes and performance improvements.[5]

Third generation (X167; 2020)[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz GLS-Class (X167)

The third generation model debuted at the 2019 New York International Auto Show. The engine options at the launch are 3.0-litre turbo inline six (GLS 450 4MATIC) and 4.0-litre twin-turbo V8 (GLS 580 4MATIC), both petrol with EQ Boost electric motors, and 2.9-litre twin-turbo diesel inline six in two different outputs (GLS 350 d 4MATIC and GLS 400 d 4MATIC).[6][7] A first SUV version of Mercedes-Maybach, Mercedes-Maybach GLS 600 4MATIC model was released in late 2019.

The wheelbase is 2.3 inches longer and nearly an inch wider. It uses the same architecture as the latest GLE with MBUX and dual 12.3-inch screens as well as E-Active Body Control and car-to-X communication. The exterior has also been redesigned with sleeker headlamps and taillamps.[8]

Sales figures[edit]

The following are the sales figures for the GL-Class since 2006:[9][10]

Year EU sales US sales
2006 3,007 18,776
2007 8,027 26,396
2008 4,227 23,328
2009 2,871 15,012
2010 2,249 19,943
2011 2,508 25,139
2012 1,573 26,042
2013 4,829 29,912
2014 4,187 26,597
2015 3,753 27,707
2016 5,361 30,442
2017 4,537 32,248
2018 3,534 21,973


External links[edit]


Mercedes-Benz GL-Class (X164)

Motor vehicle

Mercedes-Benz GL-Class (X164)
Mercedes GL 450 CDI 4MATIC (X164) Facelift front 20100926.jpg
Production29 January 2006 – 15 July 2012
AssemblyUnited States: Tuscaloosa, Alabama
DesignerSteve Mattin [1]
ClassFull-sizeluxury SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive (4matic)
RelatedMercedes-Benz ML-Class
Transmission7-speed 7G-Tronicautomatic
Wheelbase3,075 mm (121.1 in)
  • 5,088 mm (200.3 in)
  • 5,099 mm (200.7 in) (facelift)
Width1,920 mm (75.6 in)
Height1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Kerb weight2,355–2,475 kg (5,192–5,456 lb)
SuccessorMercedes-Benz GL-Class (X166)

The X164GL-Class is a full-sizedluxury SUV produced by Mercedes-Benz, from 2006 to 2012.

Development and launch[edit]

The X164 GL-Class debuted at the 2006 North American International Auto Show,[2] and deliveries commenced on September in Europe.[3] Around US$600,000,000 was invested in the Mercedes Alabama plant in preparation for the production of vehicles including the X164 GL-Class.[4]

Unlike most three-row luxury SUVs at the time, the GL-Class is based on an elongated and widened version of the M-Class platform, instead of the body-on-frame construction found on vehicles such as the Lexus LX and Cadillac Escalade.[5]

GL500 models are badged as GL550 in the United States.


All models feature leather electric seats, an automatic climate control system, 19-inch alloy wheels, 4MATICall-wheel drive, air suspension (adjustable by up to 307 mm), and a 7-speed 7G-Tronic automatic transmission.[6] GL-Class models are also optionally available with a tyre pressure monitoring system, DAB digital radio, reversing camera, and rear seat infotainment screens.[7] Grand Edition models were also offered from 2011, and feature a redesigned front bumper, taller grille with three slats, 20-inch AMG alloy wheels, bi-xenon headlamps, and a two-tone interior.[8]


Petrol engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque 0-100 km/h (0-62 mph)
GL450 2006–2012 M273 E47
4.7 L V8
250 kW (335 hp)
@ 6,000 rpm
460 N⋅m (339 lb⋅ft)
@ 2,700–5,000 rpm
7.2 s
GL500 2006–2012 M273 E55
5.5 L V8
285 kW (382 hp)
@ 6,000 rpm
530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft)
@ 2,800–4,800 rpm
6.6 s

Diesel engines[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque 0-100 km/h (0-62 mph)
GL320 CDI 2006–2009 OM642 DE30
3.0 L V6turbo
165 kW (221 hp)
@ 3,800 rpm
510 N⋅m (376 lb⋅ft)
@ 1,600–2,800 rpm
9.5 s
GL350 CDI 2009 135 kW (181 hp)
@ 5,000–6,250 rpm
320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)
@ 1,750–2,000 rpm
2010–2012 OM642 LS DE30
3.0 L V6turbo
195 kW (261 hp)
@ 3,800 rpm
620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft)
@ 1,600–2,400 rpm
7.9 s
GL350 BlueTEC 2009–2012 OM642 DE30
3.0 L V6turbo
155 kW (208 hp)
@ 3,400 rpm
540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)
@ 1,600–2,400 rpm
10.7 s
GL420 CDI 2006–2009 OM629 DE40
4.0 L V8twin-turbo
225 kW (302 hp)
@ 3,600 rpm
700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)
@ 2,000–2,600 rpm
7.6 s
GL450 CDI 2009–2010

Model year changes[edit]

Pre-facelift GL320 CDI

Facelift GL350 CDI

2009 facelift[edit]

The following changes apply for models produced since June 2009:[9]

  • Exterior design changes including: redesigned radiator grille, foglights, bumpers, wing-mirrors, and LED headlights and tail-lights[10]
  • Interior design changes including: redesigned seats and steering wheel[11]
  • Addition of Tenorite Grey and Palladium Silver exterior colour options[12]
  • All diesel models now receive urea-injection in exhaust system (BlueTEC), to meet 50-state emissions requirement[13]
  • Introduction of GL350 CDI BlueTec, GL320 CDI model rebadged as GL350 CDI, and GL420 CDI rebadged as GL450 CDI[14]


  • GL350 CDI engine updated and GL450 CDI ends production


  • Introduction of Grand Edition model for GL450 and GL350 CDI BlueTec[15]

Sales figures[edit]

The following are the sales figures for the X164 GL-Class:[16][17] Note: 2012 sales figures include the next generation model.

Year EU sales US sales
2006 3,007 18,776
2007 8,027 26,396
2008 4,227 23,328
2009 2,871 15,012
2010 2,249 19,943
2011 2,508 25,139
2012 1,573 26,042



  1. ^"Interview with Steve Mattin, Senior Designer, Mercedes – Benz".
  2. ^"2006 Detroit Auto Show | New Debuts and Future Cars | Car and Driver". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  3. ^"Mercedes-Benz GL 450 review | Autocar". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  4. ^"Alabama factory at the center of Daimler, Chrysler cooperation". Automotive News. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  5. ^rayadmin (2015-07-27). "2011 Mercedes-Benz GL-Class". J.D. Power Cars. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  6. ^"2011 Mercedes-Benz GL Class Review, Ratings, Specs, Prices, and Photos". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  7. ^"Mercedes-Benz GL-Class Estate (2006 - 2012) Features, Equipment and Accessories | Parkers". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  8. ^"2011 Mercedes-Benz GL-Class Grand Edition @ Top Speed". Top Speed. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  9. ^"2009 Mercedes-Benz GL-Class Review". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  10. ^"Mercedes GL-Class Soft Facelift Released". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  11. ^"2010 Mercedes-Benz GL-Class Price, Trims, Options, Specs, Photos, Reviews |". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  12. ^rayadmin (2009-12-31). "New for 2010-Mercedes-Benz". J.D. Power Cars. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  13. ^"How Mercedes' BlueTec works, and the 2009 clean-diesel SUVs to come". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  14. ^"2011 Mercedes-Benz GL350 BlueTec 4MATIC". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  15. ^"Mercedes-Benz Creates Crushingly Expensive Grand Edition GL-class SUV For Wealthy Rock Crushers". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  16. ^"Mercedes-Benz GL / GLS European sales figures". Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  17. ^"Mercedes-Benz GL / GLS US car sales figures". Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  18. ^"Motor Trend Names Names 2007 Sport/Utility Of The Year - Motor Trend". Motor Trend. 2006-10-24. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  19. ^"2008 Mercedes-Benz GL-class". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  20. ^Motorcars, Fields. "Fields Motorcars | GL-Class and GLK-Class SUVs honored at Motorist Choice Awards". Retrieved 2018-09-29.
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