1910 census familysearch

1910 census familysearch DEFAULT

The United States census was the 13th federal census taken by the United States since There was a late question added—so late, in fact, that census forms had already been printed. Read ahead to learn what the mysterious new question was and other fascinating facts about the US census records.

Enter a name below to search for your ancestors in the United States census.

What Made the United States Census Records Notable?

A Late Question Added

As mentioned above, the most notable difference in the census was the late addition of a question regarding the native language of persons born outside the United States. Since the census schedule had already been printed, the enumerators were instructed to write the mother tongue of people born outside the United States, their father, and their mother in the columns for their birthplaces. You will notice in the example below from Norton, Summit County, Ohio, that the Vaminsky family recorded their nativity as Russia and their mother tongue as Polish. Additionally, the man at the bottom was born in France, and his mother tongue was listed as French.

 us census records, new question

In some cases, you will note that the birth country of family members are the same, but their native languages are different. For example, you may find a community of families from Hungary, but their mother tongue may be listed as Magyar, Slovak, Ruthenian, or something else. This difference is a clue about where in Hungary each family is from.

Questionnaires Distributed in Advance

For the census, some enumerators in large cities distributed the census questionnaire in advance. This early distribution was the first time something like that had ever been done. It gave people time to prepare their answers. Because some of the enumerated population was given time to prepare, the information may be a bit more accurate in the census—but don’t necessarily count on it!

Two Population Schedules

As with the census, the census included two population schedules—a general population schedule and a special Indian schedule.

The additional population schedule was titled “Special Inquiries Relating to Indians,” but it is most commonly known as the Indian Population Schedule of The Indian Population Schedule of asked the same questions that were asked in the general population schedule, but additional questions were added to the bottom of the census page to gather information about the following:

Native American in
  • Tribe of the person
  • Tribe of the person’s father
  • Tribe of the person’s mother
  • Proportion of American Indian and other lineage
  • Number of times the person was married
  • Whether the person was living in polygamy
  • The educational institution the person graduated from
  • Whether the person was taxed
  • If the person received an allotment, the year of the allotment
  • Whether the person resided on his or her own lands
  • Whether the person lived in a “civilized” or “aboriginal” dwelling

Survivors of the Civil War

A new question, question 30, was asked of all males over age 50 who were born in the United States and all foreign-born males who immigrated to the United States before The question was if the person was a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. The enumerator was instructed to write “UA” for a survivor of the Union Army, “UN” for a survivor of the Union Navy, “CA” for a survivor of the Confederate Army, and “CN” for a survivor of the Confederate Navy.

How Many Marriages

For the first time in any United States census, the census asked specifically which marriage a married person was in. The answer was noted in the Single, Married, Widowed, or Divorce column. If a person was in his or her first marriage, the enumerator often wrote “M1.” If a person was in a second marriage, the abbreviation would be “M2.” Subsequent marriages would be “M3,” “M4,” and so on.

marriages census

Life Leading Up to the Census

Henry Ford introduced the Model T, humans took flight at Kitty Hawk, a great San Francisco earthquake rocked the West, and a raging fire consumed Baltimore. These were just a few of the significant happenings of the decade.

See your ancestors in a different light by learning about the country and its people leading up to the census.

Search US census records for your ancestor’s story today!

Amie Tennant

Amie Bowser Tennant is a genealogy researcher, writer and presenter.She writes blog articles and other content for many top companies and societies in the genealogy field. Her most treasured experience is working as a consultant for family history. Amie lives with her husband and three children in Ohio, surrounded by many of her extended family.

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Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/blog/en/us-census-records-research/

Does your family tree have any generations that lived in the United States? If so, FamilySearch’s U.S. census records may help you discover more about your ancestors. Census records are an integral source for family history research; they contain valuable information that can connect generations.

Every 10 years, the United States Census Bureau conducts a national census. Since the first U.S. census was taken in , 23 censuses have been recorded in the United States. Of those 23 census collections, 16 are now available to the public. A census record can tell you not only where and when your ancestor lived, but may also describe their occupation, other members of their household, and even small details about their life, such as previous military service or whether they owned a radio set.

Why Is a Census Taken?

One reason a census is conducted is for taxation purposes. However, the impact of a census can be felt at all levels of a community. When a country takes a census, it allows officials to see the growth and change impacting the nation. With this information, a government can see where to allocate federal and state funds. The United States also uses census information to determine the number of representatives each state receives in state and federal legislatures.

US Census Records and population growth

Since its first years as a declared nation, the United States has grown significantly in population. If you’re a student of American history, you’re probably familiar with many of the historical and political changes that have contributed to this staggering growth.

In , the U.S. consisted of only 13 states, and the population was already around 3,, Eighty years later, 37 states were considered part of the United States, and the population had risen by over percent. In , when the population was over million, the U.S. was almost at it its current state count (missing only Alaska and Hawaii). By , despite the addition of only two states, the population had increased by more than million from the figure. This increase means that in , the United States population was nearly 8, percent higher than the population estimated in the first census!

Federal and State Census Records

Historically, two main types of censuses have been taken in the United States: the federal census and state censuses. These two types of censuses were often taken five years apart from each other. However, not every state conducted a state census, and no state has conducted a census since the Massachusetts state census in These state census records can be especially useful in family history research, however, as some states or territories may not have been completely covered in a federal census, or the federal census may have missing information. By searching both federal and state censuses, you can gather an understanding of where your ancestors lived and who they were.

Find Your Ancestors in Census Records and FamilySearch Collections

Search Federal U.S. Census Records by Year

Find U.S. state census records.

How Does the United States Census Change?

Questions and recorded information change with each census. These changes most often reflect current events in the country. They can also reflect socioeconomic changes or political changes the country is going through during a decade.

Typically, census records have become more detailed each year. The first United States Census recorded information only about the heads of households; other household members were counted according to gender. Census records since then have added increasingly detailed information on every individual as the country has grown and society has changed.

How censuses are taken has also changed over the years. If you lived in the United States in , you may have been asked to fill out a longer census form than your neighbor. The census takers (enumerators) used a more detailed questionnaire for only a portion of the population. was the first year the U.S. census was processed almost entirely by computers after it had been gathered.

US Census Records Changes and Time Line

When you are searching through census records, it can be useful to consider how each year’s records were different and what information might be available in the census records you are viewing.

The Year Rule and Other U.S. Census Facts

A unique rule prevents census records from becoming available to the public until 72 years after the census was taken. This rule helps protect the identity of people enumerated in past censuses who are still living. Currently, all census records are available up to the year ; the census will become available in April

You can learn other interesting facts about the census as you dig into its history. The United States Census Bureau wasn’t a permanent government agency until (The secretary of state was in charge of the first censuses.) Many employees and volunteers for various organizations have worked behind the scenes to gather the census record collections and make them searchable. Each census offers a wealth of genealogical information that can connect generations.

US Census Records facts

United States census records up to are available for free on FamilySearch.org, and the collections are fully indexed. Every time you do a general records search for one of your ancestors, FamilySearch will search through all the federal censuses from to , many of the indexed state collections, and other helpful records as well!

United States Census Records by Decade

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United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records

United States

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Index to the population census schedules from National Archive microfilm publication T, Thirteenth Census of the United States, The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. The census returns comprise 48 states, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), Puerto Rico, and Military and Naval (in Philippines, Hospitals, Ships, and Stations). The collection is arranged alphabetically by state, then by county, and by enumeration district (ED). Enumeration districts may not always be arranged in numerical order within each state. The index created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com. The census will identify the place of residence on April 15, for each person counted.

Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was April 15 for the census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in , to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Related State Census Collections

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for United States Census,

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

  • State, county, township and enumeration district
  • Street address and house number
  • Name of head of household
  • Names of all members of household
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Race
  • Gender
  • Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
  • Marital status (single, married, widowed or divorced)
  • Number of years married (can be used to approximate marriage year)
  • Number of children born to mother
  • Number of children still living
  • Birthplace of each member of household
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace
  • What language was spoken
  • Occupation
  • Name of workplace
  • Survivor: Union or Confederate Army or Navy: UA Union Army; UN Union Navy; CA Confederate Army; CN Confederate Navy

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Image[edit | edit source]

  • United States Census

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The approximate age and birth place of your ancestor
  • The state and county where your ancestor lived
  • The names of other family members

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name on the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select State
  2. Select County
  3. Select Township
  4. Select District to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses
  • Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur
  • Check for variant spellings of the names
  • Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records
  • Search neighboring localities or states

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the United States.

Related Family History Library Holdings[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]

Related State Census Collections

Related Digital Books[edit | edit source]

Known Issues[edit | edit source]

Click here for a list of known issues with this collection.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Census,__-_FamilySearch_Historical_Records


Records of United States Census, are available online, click here.

Originals housed at the National Archives and Records Service, Washington, D.C.

Index to the population census schedules. Indexing is currently in progress and will include the entire census comprising 48 states, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), Puerto Rico, and Military and Naval (in Philippines, Hospitals, Ships, and Stations). The index is being created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.



Call Number

Call Number



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About this record

This screen shows the complete catalog entry of the title you selected.

The Film/Digital Notes contain a description of the microfilm or microfiche numbers. Some family history centers and libraries maintain collections of previously loaned microfilms or microfiche. A camera icon indicates items that are digitally available online.

Generally, catalog entries are written in the same language as the original record they describe.

Reasons why microfilms may not yet be available digitally on FamilySearch.org include:

  • The microfilm may be scheduled for future scanning.
  • The microfilm may have been scanned, but have a contractual, data privacy, or other restriction preventing access. FamilySearch makes every effort to enable access dependent on decisions of record custodians and applicable laws.
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Familysearch 1910 census

United States Census

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Indexes and Images[edit | edit source]

For an article about census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the United States Census Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all federal censuses.

A Soundex index is also available on microfilm for each of the following selected states and cities: Alabama (cities separate), Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia (cities separate), Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana (cities separate), Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County separate), South Carolina, Tennessee (cities separate), Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content[edit | edit source]

Census was taken beginning 15 April , thirty days or two weeks for populations 5,+.

The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Sex
  • Color or race
  • Age at last birthday
  • Marital status
  • Length of present marriage
  • For mothers--# of children & # living
  • Birthplace
  • Birthplace of parents
  • If foreign born, year of immigration and citizenship status
  • Language spoken
  • Occupation
  • Type of industry employed in
  • Employer, employee or self-emp
  • Number of weeks unemployed in
  • Read and write
  • Attended daytime school since 1 Sep
  • Home rented or owned
  • If owned, mortgage free?
  • Home a house or farm?
  • If Veteran of the Union or Confederate army or navy
  • Blind in both eyes
  • If deaf and dumb
  • Indian schedule recorded tribe/band

Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/pubs/cffpdf

Census Questions: Hosted at CensusFinder.com

Value[edit | edit source]

The census can be used to:1

  • Verify Civil War service
  • Document ethnic origins
  • Locate military/naval personnel in hospitals, ships, and stations & those stations in Philippines

Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/html

Unique Features and Problems[edit | edit source]

  1. Listed whether the individual was an employer, employee, or self-employed
  2. Included territories, military & naval personnel
  3. Indian schedules at the end of county population schedules
  4. Good naturalization information
  5. The quality of filming of the censuses was very poor. Many censuses are hard to read.
  6. The Soundex has many omissions (rate higher than other censuses) (need to check the actual census)
  7. Miracode and Soundex indexes are available for 21 states (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia).
  8. Some cities and counties are indexed separately from the state in the Soundex and Miracode indexes:
Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery
Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Savannah
New Orleans, Shreveport
Philadelphia County
Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville

States and Territories Covered[edit | edit source]

  • All states, District of Columbia, and the Territories listed below:

Missing Records[edit | edit source]

Where to Find the Records[edit | edit source]

The Federal Census is available online.


United States Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to selected city streets and enumeration districts, Census FHL fiche

Websites[edit | edit source]

Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/pubs/cffpdf

Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/html

References[edit | edit source]

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, )

Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Census_
U.S. Census Maps and Other Unindex Records on whisky-castle.com

United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records/Known Issues

Information icon.png
This article lists issues previously reported for this collection and
may provide solutions or workarounds to those issues.

Note[edit | edit source]

NOTE: If the census record is for Puerto Rico (both a Spanish and English speaking country), the possibility exists that the race designator "B" could have been for Blanco (white) and not Black.

Known Issues[edit | edit source]

Question 1[edit | edit source]

Question 1: Why am I not able to view the image when I login, but am directed to Ancestry.com where I have to pay for the image? Are there other options for viewing the images?
Answer 1:

  • FamilySearch has rights to publish images online to users from the supporting organization only (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints). Patrons logging in with a church account will be able to view the images at FamilySearch.org. You may also view the images without cost at the Family History Library and some FamilySearch Centers. Call ahead to check if the film is available at your local center.
  • U.S. Censuses can also be viewed free of charge through Heritage Quest at local libraries.

Question 2[edit | edit source]

Question 2: The images I have been looking for are out of focus. What can I do to help me read the images?
Answer 2: The problems with the images occurred because exposures varied on the original films. Rescanning will not improve the quality.

Question 3[edit | edit source]

Question 3: I am not able to find my ancestors through searching, but I was able to find them on an image through browsing. Can you help me with this?
Answer 3: The record description on the homepage of the Collection tells us in part “Indexing is currently in progress and will include the entire census comprising 48 states, two territories (Arizona and New Mexico), Puerto Rico, and Military and Naval (in Philippines, Hospitals, Ships, and Stations).” The indexed records will be added as they become available. Images can be searched through the browse function. Ancestry.com also provides an index of the records. Ancestry can be accessed free of charge at a FamilySearch Center near you. See Answer 1.

Question 4[edit | edit source]

Question 4: On the indexed information page there are times when two unrelated families appear to be linked together as one family or a family member appears to be missing. Is there a way to verify this?
Answer 4: There were times when the census taker did not number families separately or when he/she numbered the family separately beginning with the wife, instead of the husband. There are also times when the enumerator may have recorded pages out of sequence which caused confusion when the records were indexed. The best solution when you see inconsistencies is to look at the surrounding images to find your connections. Indexers do their best, but the original image is your best source.

Question 5[edit | edit source]

Question 5: I am looking for an ancestor in Provo, Utah. Are there missing pages in that area?
Answer 5: Ward 4, Provo, Utah, Utah, Enumeration District , sheet 22A is missing from the online collection. The missing sheet may be viewed in Frame of the FHL microfilm For other options refer to Question and Answer 1.

Question 6[edit | edit source]

Question 6: I am looking for the records from Ravenswood in Jackson County, West Virginia. Are these records available?
Answer 6: The images for Ravenswood, Ripley and Union, E.D.s appear to have been missed when these images were digitized. We do not have records available online for them. They are located on Film which can be ordered and viewed at a FamilySearch Center near you. The records are also available at Ancestry.com which can be accessed free of charge at a FamilySearch Center near you. See Answer 1 above.

Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Census,__(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)/Known_Issues

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United States Federal Census

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]

*Additional Online Links

Background[edit | edit source]

Census records give valuable information about your ancestors including: names of family members, residence, year and sometimes month of birth, birthplace (state), and occupation. Some censuses reveal even the parents' birthplace (state). Finding ancestors in all the available censuses during their lifetime is an important step to building a more complete picture of their lives. It greatly enhances a researcher's ability to identify other likely sources of information.

The first U.S. federal census was in and there has been one every ten years since. The censuses through are available to the public. These counted the population as of the following dates:

First Monday in August
June 1 (June 2 in )
April 15
January 1
April 1
April 1

The following types of schedules were taken in various years:

  • Population--(residents in an area) in all years. A census is a count and description of the population of a country, colony, territory, state, county, or city. Census lists are also called “schedules." The federal population schedules are especially valuable because they list such a large proportion of the population, most are well-indexed, and they are readily available at many repositories.
The National Archives and the Family History Library have complete sets of the existing to censuses on over 18, microfilms. These are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under [STATE] - CENSUS - [YEAR]. Most state archives and university libraries also have copies of the census microfilms, particularly for their own states. (See the state Wiki pages for more information about each state.) If you can provide the specific pages, the National Archives and the Family History Library will make photocopies.

Other federal schedules usually taken at the same time as the population schedules may include:

  • Mortality--Persons who died during the 12 months prior to the census, from to
  • Veterans--Mostly Union veterans and their widows in and
  • Slaves--Slave owners and the number of slaves they owned, in and
  • Agricultural--Data on farms and the names of the farmers, from to
  • Manufacturing--Data on businesses and industries, (fragments only), , and to
  • Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent--handicapped, paupers, or criminals in
  • Indian Schedules--Special questions after the county population schedules
  • Institutions--jail, hospital, poor house, or asylum usually after county population schedules
  • Merchant seamen--on U.S. flag merchant vessels in
  • Military and Naval Forces--forts, bases, and Navy ships after population schedules, or from to on separate films for overseas
  • Social Statistics--real estate, annual taxes, cemeteries, school statistics, libraries, newspapers, churches

Content[edit | edit source]

You will find the following types of information in the population censuses:

through --These records are not generally available until 72 years after the enumeration. (The census was released on April 2, ) However, it is possible to obtain individual records for legal purposes. To do this, go to the U.S. Census Bureau Genealogy site, click on the Age Search Service, and follow their instructions. There is a $ fee for this service.

--The Census asks questions on census.&#; It also asks location of residence 5 years ago, if at work, whether in private or government work, weeks worked last year, along with wage and salary income last year.

The census asks questions on the census, and also asks for marital status and if married, age at first marriage. If you are Indian it asks whether you are full blooded or mixed blood and for your tribal affiliation.

The census asks questions on the census. It gives ages but not the month and year of birth. It also lists the year of naturalization, the only census to do so.

The and censuses ask questions on the census, but also include the age of each individual, how many years he had been married, his year of immigration, and his citizenship status. The census also gives the month and year of birth. For mothers it lists the number of children born and surviving. The census identifies Civil War veterans.

and later--The and later censuses add the birthplaces (country or state only) of each person's parents to the questions. They also identify relationships to the head-of-house.

The census adds an indication if the individual's parents were foreign born to the and questions.

and later--The and later censuses list the names, ages, occupations, and birthplaces (country or state only) of each member of a household.

to The population schedules for the to censuses give the name of the head of each household, and the number of others in the house grouped by ages and sex.

Information in Censuses to also lists the questions answered in each censuses year.

Questions about Race in the US Censuses[edit | edit source]

Availability[edit | edit source]

United States Censuses —Free Internet census indexes and images to the , , , (index only),&#; , &#;, , , &#;and &#;can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census and except for and are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Ancestry, a subscription Internet site, has online images and indexes for all available population schedules, and slave schedules, most to mortality schedules, surviving veteran's schedules (except Ohio and Pennsylvania), and the merchant seamen schedules.&#;

Heritage Quest, a subscription Internet site, has online images for all available to federal population schedules, and and slave schedules. They also have indexes for some years.

See United States Census Online Genealogy Records for further details.

Surviving schedules--The population schedule was destroyed by fire except for 6, names. The following population schedules have survived for the federal census:

  • Alabama--Perry County, Perryville beat number 11 and Severe beat number 8.
    District of Columbia-- Q. Thirteenth, Fourteenth, R.Q. Corcoran, Fifteenth,S.R., Riggs Streets, Johnson&#; Avenue, S Street
  • Georgia--Muscogee County, Columbus Township
  • Illinois--McDonough County, Mound Township.
  • Minnesota--Wright County, Rockford Township.
  • New Jersey--Hudson County, Jersey City
  • &#;New York--Suffolk County, Brookhaven Township, Westchester County, Eastchester Township.
  • North Carolina--Gaston County, South Point, River Bend Townships, Cleveland County,Township No. 2
  • Ohio--Hamilton County, Cincinnati, Clinton County, Wayne Township
  • South Dakota--Union County, Jefferson Township
  • Texas--Ellis County, J.P. No. 6, Mountain Peak, Ovilla Precinct, Hood County, Precinct No. 5, Rusk County, No. 6, J.P. No. 7, Trinity County, Trinity Town, Precinct No. 2, Kaufman County, Kaufman

Census--In the federal government helped five states or territories conduct a special census with population and mortality schedules. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the census for Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Dakota Territory.

Censuses and other records that were microfilmed by the National Archives can be rented through them at: National Archives microfilm rental.

Enumeration Districts[edit | edit source]

Federal census records are arranged by census year, by state, and then usually alphabetically by the name of the county. The term subdivision was used in early censuses to refer to part of a supervisor's or marshall's district. Beginning in , these geographical areas were called enumeration districts. If there is no index to a census and you know the address in a large city or county where an individual lived, you can use the descriptions of the geographical areas or enumeration districts to more quickly search the census. These are listed in the&#;Place Search of the Family History Library under UNITED STATES - CENSUS - YEAR:

enumeration district descriptions (FHL )
enumeration district descriptions (FHL )
enumeration district descriptions (FHL )
enumeration district descriptions (FHL )

For the census there is an index on 51 fiche that can help you identify the enumeration districts by address in 39 cities. (If you need to learn an individual's address, see the “Directories” page of the United States Wiki pages.) This index is the:

  • United States. Bureau of the Census. Cross Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts. (Washington, DC: National Archives, []). (FHL [set of 51].)

Ward Maps--The Library of Congress has detailed ward maps of major cities. These show the census districts and political divisions of large cities. The Family History Library has:

  • Ward Maps of United States Cities: Microfilm Reproduction of Maps Described in Ward Maps of United States Cities. (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, [?]). (Film FHL ; Fiche FHL )

A description of each map and a chart that shows which maps to use with each U.S. census is in:

  • Michael H. Shelley, Ward Maps of United States Cities: A Selective Checklist of Pre Maps in the Library of Congress. (Washington, D.C.: no publisher listed, ). (Book FHL A1 no. 99; Film FHL item )

County boundary maps--These mapsare available for each census year, to

  • William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide. Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, . (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., ). (FHL X2th.) WorldCat entry. This source also includes helpful information about the availability of census records.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

On the Internet[edit | edit source]

United States Censuses —Free Internet census indexes and images to the , , , ,&#; ,&#; , , and&#; ; can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census and include information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Ancestry has online images and indexes for all available population schedules, and slave schedules, most to mortality schedules, surviving veteran's schedules (except Ohio and Pennsylvania), and the merchant seamen schedules.

See United States Census Online Genealogy Records for further details.

to All of the existing to censuses and most of the census have statewide indexes. These have usually been printed and may also be on microfilm, microfiche, or compact disc. There are also many indexes of individual counties, often published by local genealogical societies. Many of these are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under one of the following:


Soundex[edit | edit source]

Census--For the census, the federal government created statewide indexes to households with children who were born between and These are “soundex” (phonetic) indexes that group names together by how they sound rather than how they are spelled. For example, the name Smith and all similar spellings (such as Smythe or Schmidt) would be listed together under the soundex code S These indexes are on microfilm and are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under [STATE] - CENSUS - - INDEXES. Instructions on how to use the soundex are provided in the catalog.

Census--For the census, there are statewide soundex indexes on microfilm for every household. The indexes are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under [STATE] - CENSUS - - INDEXES.

Census--There are soundex and miracode (similar to soundex) indexes for 21 states in the census. These states are Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Some cities and counties are indexed separately from the state in the indexes:

Alabama: Birmingham, Mobile, Montgomery
Georgia: Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Savannah
Louisiana: New Orleans, Shreveport
Pennsylvania: Philadelphia County
Tennessee: Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville

Before the availability of indexes on the Internet, some states lacked microfilm indexes for Find instructions for locating ancestors in those formerly unindexed states of the census&#;in:

  • G. Eileen Buckway, U.S. Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages. (Salt Lake City: Family History Library, ). (Book FHL X2bu ; Fiche FHL ) Lists towns (or wards) with their census enumeration district numbers and Family History Library film numbers. Major cities each have special instructions which often mention a city directory with Family History Library book or film numbers.

Soundex--There is a complete soundex to the census. The state by state soundex and population schedules are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under [STATE] - CENSUS - . Unlike other census years, the soundex and schedules are listed in the catalog together.

Other Indexes[edit | edit source]

AIS Microfiche. This index includes indexes of federal to censuses, a few censuses, and scattered slave schedules, state tax lists, and non-federal censuses.

  • Ronald Vern Jackson, AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records. (Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems. International, ). (No Family History Library fiche number, but available at manyFamily History Centers.) A composite federal mortality schedule index is on Search 8. For more information see the AIS Microfiche Census Indexes Wiki page.&#;

Census. The 6, remaining names listed in the population schedule fragments are indexed in:

  • Nelson, Ken. U.S. Census Index to Surviving Population Schedules and Register of Film Numbers to the Special Census of Union Veterans, rev. ed. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, ). Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library. (Book FHL X2na ; edition on film FHL Another index is FHL ) All surviving veterans schedules are indexed except for Ohio and Pennsylvania. Veterans schedules for states in alphabetical order from Alabama through Kansas and half of Kentucky were destroyed.

FamilySearch Historical Record Collections[edit | edit source]

Online collections containing these records are located in FamilySearch.org.

Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:

  • United States Census Population Schedule, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census Population Schedule, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records
  • United States Census, - FamilySearch Historical Records

Other External Links[edit | edit source]

  • Census Finder free census records, mostly county-by-county images and transcripts.
  • Census Online links to USGenWeb and other short transcript sites, mostly at the county or E.D. level.
  • USGenWeb county-by-county transcripts.
  • Internet Archive. Free Internet U.S. Federal census images. The record of the population census from to Scanned from microfilm from the collections of the Allen County Public Library.
Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/United_States_Federal_Census

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