Learn to Weave: 3 Basic Weaving Patterns for Beginners
If you read my last post then you'll know I'm absolutely OBSESSED with weaving. The history is absolutely amazing and I knew I wanted to be a part of this ancient art. I know I said this before but did you know other cultures have their way of weaving??
This ancient art was done for so long and was their primary source of textiles!! Go ahead and google it if you're interested but I won't go into depth about this amazing history in this blog post :) . Let's get to weaving!
Ok, ok, I know I said let's start BUT I do have a question for you: Have you signed up for my email list? Get DIY goodness in your inbox and be the first to know when a post goes live! Sign up by clicking here!
Ok, now let's get started. For real this time :)
Materials You'll need for this Project:
Crochet Thread (I used white but you can use whatever color you like!)
Yarn (again, the colors are up to you)
Roving (if you choose to make the pile weave pattern)
Shed Stick (wooden dowel would do fine)
Ruler or 1-inch thick cardboard the same size as the loom
Needle for the yarn
Long Stick or thin, long paint brush
Branch or wooden dowel for hanging
I'm going to be breaking this project down into 3 techniques. There are SO many more techniques you can do but I feel if you get these techniques down, you'll be able to create so many different types of wall hangings!
Before we get into the techniques, we have to prep our loom.
I tied thread to the top left nail of the loom and looped the thread across two nails (remember I said I like the look of the loose weave? I did this to achieve that look!). Notice that I’m skipping a nail in between the loops. This is done to make sure the thread is straight and not on a weird angle.
You want to make sure the thread is nice and tight since it’s basically holding the wall hanging together. Tie off the end and grab your stick.. aka shed stick
I actually used a dowel here and it broke off on an angle which turned out to be perfect.. I took that shed stick and went over, and under each thread like you see here.
I went ahead and prepped my yarn.. here you’re seeing me wrap the yarn around .. I did this about a hundred times and bam you have long strands for the fringe later on.
I added a ruler for the base of the weaving loom and strung the yarn through the needle.
Alright now moving onto the weaving techniques!
WEAVING PATTERNS: TABBY WEAVE
I took the end of the yarn and put it through the thread toward the bottom of the loom. I went back to the top and began the weaving process. Similar to the shed stick, you’ll want to go over every other thread.
Once you get to the end, you’ll want to form an arch and use a fork to divide it in three then press the rest of the yarn down. The first few lines will be really loose but don’t worry about it.. doing this arch technique will help you not to pull the yarn too tight.
Move onto the next row by going over and under on the opposite strands of the row underneath. This is where the shed stick comes into play. It pretty much divides the thread for you so you can just go right through.
Keep weaving until you have about 12 rows. This section is called a heading and serves as an anchor point for the rest of the weave (images above isn't necessarily the beginning but it serves the same purpose).
To end the tabby weave, just string the yarn through the back of the loom. If you happen to run out of yarn, end the weave and pick up right where you left off.
Once you've got the tabby weave down, let's move onto next technique.
WEAVING PATTERNS: RAYA KNOTS
Next up Is the raya knot. This is ridiculously easy to do. I grabbed 3 strands of the yarn I prepped earlier and found the center. I laid it above two strands of thread and fed the strands underneath on either side
Pull the yarn out, slide it toward the top and back down to tighten.
At the very end you’ll most likely have an uneven amount of thread.. that’s okay just add a knot on the last two then again in between each raya knot. You won’t notice this gap once you start weaving again. I added two rows of white raya knots then moved onto tabby weaving again.
WEAVING PATTERNS: PILE
Once I was done with the tabby weave, I moved onto the cloud like weave called piles.
These cloud like texture is made with a special material called roving. It doesn’t tear apart under a lot of strain but will when there’s a bit of separation.
I got this pack and I have length slightly longer than the loom and separated the roving in half.
I weaved a little and pulled the roving through the bottom then began the first row the same way I did with the tabby weave.
Once I strung the roving through the rows, I grabbed a long paint brush and started twirling the roving along itself. Notice how I have a loop of extra roving on the side to allow for the pull of the loops.
I added some raya knots, and tabby weave in gray and black then moved onto some more piles.
I decided to do a little pattern so I did 2 rows of piles then a third but stopped midway through and added a tabby weave at the top. Just like the tabby, to stop the roving just pull the material through toward the bottom of the loom.
After I made a pile pattern I was happy with, I filled in the gaps with tabby weave. This isn’t hard to do just weave in the empty areas.
Confused? Check out the video below!
FINISHING UP THE WALL HANGING
Continue making whatever pattern you like then stop weaving when you’re about 2 inches from the top of the loom.
Start taking the weaving off from the bottom. I cut the knot I made on the end and used a fork to gently pry off the loops from the nails.
After everything was loose, I tied a knot on each of the loops and repeated the same for the top. I did combine the single thread and a loop for a secure hold.
The back of the wall hanging will look messy like this so I just cleaned it up by tying the roving together and using the needle to string some yarn through the loops and cut off the excess. I did the same with the top loops that were hanging and attached this branch to it and that’s it!
I couldn't end this blog post with this photo! I had my little helper with me the entire time I was styling this shoot. I love this little guy (and his brother, of course!)
I hope you enjoy this and I hope it gets you inspired to get out and create! This wall decor is so beautiful and I'm loving this "trend".
Diamond twill weaving sequence
Here’s another variation of twill, making up a lovely diamond pattern. The pattern repeat for the threading is 6 ends. That means for this one you have to prepare a warp multiplied by 6 ends. A single pattern block here consists of 6 warp threads and 6 weft passes. The sequence (left to right):
1. UNDER 1, OVER 3, UNDER 3, OVER 3… etc.
2. OVER 2, UNDER 1, OVER 2, UNDER 1… etc.
3. OVER 1, UNDER 3, OVER 3, UNDER 3… etc.
4. UNDER 2, OVER 1, UNDER 2, OVER 1… etc.
5. Repeat STEP 3
6. Repeat STEP 2
Repeat the full pattern sequence.
Houndstooth weaving sequence
The houndstooth pattern is basically a twill pattern with two alternating colors (from left to right):
1. OVER 2, UNDER 2, OVER 2, UNDER 2… etc.
2. UNDER 1, OVER 2, UNDER 2, OVER 2… etc.
3. UNDER 2, OVER 2, UNDER 2, OVER 2… etc.
4. OVER 1, UNDER 2, OVER 2, UNDER 2… etc.
Weave steps using the first color. Then repeat steps using the second color.
Repeat the full pattern sequence.
If you are a beginner weaver, then you are probably already thinking about how you can add all those lovely textures to your weavings. Aside from all the colours you can choose from and the lovely patterns you can create, texture is one of the most lovely but perhaps a little intimidating aspects of creating a wall weaving. So today, I thought I would share with you 5 simple ways to add texture to your weaving to get you started. You will be surprised at how easy it can be!
(If you are brand new to weaving, I suggest you start by reading An Introduction To Weaving to learn all the basics first).
Are you ready to add some texture? Lets get started!
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One of the most common ways to add texture to a weaving is by adding fringe or tassels along the bottom edge. Youve also probably seen them added to interior portions of a weaving. But for this particular tutorial, Ill show you how to add lovely long fringe along the bottom.
First, taking your yarn of choice, determine the length of your fringe, double it, and snip off. You can either use a single strand or a group of strands to create a nice full tassel. Fold the full length of the snipped yarn(s) in half.
To create your first tassel, you will be using 2 warp strands, beginning from left to right. Feed the looped end of your yarn over the first strand and under the second. (In this case, you will be treating the loop knot along the bottom as if it were 2 warp strands).
Taking the end(s) of the tassel, feed through the loop.
Pull through until youve created a knot.
Gently pull the knot down and under the first peg. (If you are using a DIY loom, this may be a nail instead of a peg).
Continue creating your fringe, one peg at a time until you reach the end.
The soumak technique resembles a braid in that it creates a lovely raised and slanted look.
The trick to this technique is to remember that unlike a plain weave in which you are feeding your yarn over and under the warp strands, as pictured below
you will actually be looping around the strand instead. (Again, for more on the plain or tabby weave see An Introduction To Weaving).
Okay, now lets take a closer look at making soumak loops.
First, taking the end of your yarn feed it under the first 2 warp strands (the loop knot is here treated as a single strand).
Then, taking the other end, feed it under the 2 warp strands to the right starting from the right side and pulling toward the left. Continue pulling towards the left to create your first loop.
Repeat these steps to create the second loop.
Note: You can also create a soumak weave looping 1 strand at a time.
Continue creating your loops until you reach the end.
Here is a view of the first row from the side.
When you create your last loop (I had only 1 strand left, so I treated it as if it were 2 strands), you are ready to create the upper half of the braided look.
To head in the other direction, loop around the last strand(s) a second time.
Now you can create the upper half simply by recreating the loops in the opposite direction.
The soumak technique creates a lovely braided look and adds a beautiful line of texture in any weaving.
For more on soumak weaving, watch this great instructional video: Soumak Weaving.
Another way to add texture to your weaving is to create a bubbling effect, called pile weaving.
The bubbling can be any size, but does require something you can wrap your yarn around. This can be a weaving needle, knitting needle, skewer or dowel, for example. For this weaving, I used dowels to create the effect.
First, choose the yarn with which you want to create your pile weave. Take this yarn and weave one row of plain weave across the warp.
Next, taking one of the dowels, feed it down the second available space from the end.
Going beneath the yarn, gently pull upwards to create your first bubble.
Gently turn the dowel towards the left. Then feed the dowel end down the second space available to the left.
Gently pull up to create a second bubble.
Continue in this way looping the yarn around the dowel going underneath the yarn at every second space to the left.
When you reach the end (I did not loop the final space, but if you are using thin yarn, go ahead and loop edge to edge), push the loops downwards using your dowel to align your row.
Tip: If you decide to create a second row of pile weaving, do not remove this dowel just yet. You dont want to inadvertently pull on the yarn and thus eliminate the lovely bubbling effect youve created.
To create a second row, pull out your other dowel and repeat the process going in the opposite direction.
Once you have two rows, push the dowels together and gently slide out the first dowel.
The same steps should be taken when creating a third or fourth row (as I did here).
For an easy to follow video tutorial, I recommend watching How To Weave Loops (Pile Weave).
4. VARY MATERIALS
When it comes to adding texture to your weaving, perhaps one of the simplest ways is to vary your materials. Not only should you vary the thickness of your yarns as I do for this weaving but experiment with non-yarn materials, including ribbon, leather, jute, twine, and lace, for example. Anything long and flexible can work. Varying your materials will add to your weavings visual interest, making it uniquely your own.
For this weaving, I chose lace to add some textural variation (there are so many inexpensive lace varieties to choose from).
To make it ready for weaving, I twisted it between my fingers and wove it across the warp.
So simple, yet effective!
As you make your way up your weaving, dont be afraid to continue varying the materials as well as the techniques youve just learned.
Tip: Dont forget to weave between each of your textured portions with some plain weave not only to emphasize the textures, but to make sure your weaving holds together well.
5. GROUPING STRANDS
When creating a weaving, whether you are creating a plain weave, soumak weave, pile weave or fringe, you can always create even more texture by grouping multiple strands together.
I did this when creating the fringe along the bottom, using two differing colours (white and tan) to emphasize the textural variation.
I also grouped strands along the soumak finish at the top end for added depth.
When you are ready to remove your weaving, simply slide a dowel or branch through the loops along the top and pull off the loom (the fringes pop off easily along the bottom).
Can you identify each of the techniques used in this weaving? Here is the breakdown:
Now you are ready to hang up your masterpiece!
I hope these 5 simple ways to add texture have sparked some ideas to get you started with added variation to your weaving.
Like the look of textured, creamy yarn wall hangings, but dont have the time to make your own? Try my favourite affordable options on Amazon like these Yarn Wall Hangings.
Experiment and have fun 🙂
Whether you have a store-bought, antique handcrafted, or DIY recycled weaving loom, it’s time to make something wonderful on it!
Don’t know where to begin? Need some new ideas? Check out my list of my favorite weaving patterns and get inspired to make yourself something wonderful.
1. Plain Weave
If you’re just learning how to weave, start here! The plain weave is the easiest, most basic weaving pattern, and it’s an especially good one for kids to start with.
2. Five-Skill Weaving Sampler
This tutorial includes five different weaving patterns to learn and applies them all to a single project. Using a single color of yarn throughout the project allows you to focus on the beautiful patterns and textures that each different pattern brings out in the yarn.
3. Braid Weave On A Basket
Have you thought about using your weaving skills and applying them to basket weaving? The concept–and sometimes even the materials!–are very similar.
4. Circular Twill
For you round loom aficionados, especially those of you who’ve made embroidery hoops into looms, here’s a beautiful circular twill weaving pattern to show off your skills.
5. Circle Weaving On A Frame Loom
You don’t have to use a circular loom to weave a circle–here’s how to do it on a frame loom.
6. Clipboard Loom Mini Weaving
Here’s a tutorial that starts by teaching you how to DIY a loom from a clipboard, then walks you through a complete weaving project using that loom.
7. Color Ratios
This is an advanced tutorial, but it offers a mathematical way to create interesting and complementary color combinations in your weaving.
8. Gradient Throw Pillow
Want to make a complete project? Here’s a free downloadable pattern and tutorial to make a gradient throw pillow cover.
9. Honeycomb On A Flip Loom
Here’s a fun and useful pattern that looks more complicated than it is.
The houndstooth is one of my favorite weaving patterns. I love that it’s distinctive no matter the colorway!
Interactive Band Weaving
These patterns are fun because you can use the free online editor to play with colorways.
Monk’s Cloth On A Lap Loom
The monk’s cloth weaving pattern is historically interesting–AND fun to make!
Off-Center Circle Weave
Once you’ve mastered using a round loom, you can start to play around with symmetry, especially by thwarting it to make your project more interesting!
The pile weave leaves lovely, soft loops in your project. It’s fun to play around with because you’ll get a different look depending on the size of the dowel that you use.
Want to make something beautiful AND practical? Here’s a free downloadable pattern and tutorial for making a poncho.
Want to make a nice fringe at the bottom of a weaving project? This is a great method!
If you prefer a neat hem to fringe, then Italian hemstitch is a pattern that you’re going to love.
Plaid Weaving On The Rigid Heddle Loom
Once you know how to weave a plaid pattern, there are so many further possibilities!
This is a very pretty weaving pattern that relies a lot on the texture of the yarn. Try it with a chunky yarn and with a narrow yarn, and see for yourself how different it looks!
Tumbling Blocks With Bias Tape
It would NEVER have occurred to me to weave with bias tape, but of course, you can! This is a fun way for an avid sewer to start weaving because people who sew tend to have a lot of bias tape on hand…
The twill weave is how you make diagonal stripes in your project. It’s a LOT simpler than it looks.
Master the twill weave, then advance your skills with the chevron weave!
After you know both the twill weave and the chevron weave, it’s time for the herringbone weave.
Shawl On A Rigid Heddle
As you might have gathered from reading the other weaving pattern tutorials in this round-up, the rigid heddle loom is often the choice for large-scale weaving projects, such as this shawl!
Speed Weaving On A Square Pin Loom
This is a great weaving pattern for making something patchwork that you can later piece together, and for using up scraps of yarn.
Waffle Weave Towels On A Rigid Heddle Loom
You can make loads of useful things on a rigid heddle loom–including towels!
Waves look so pretty in a weaving. Here’s how to make them!
Weaving Techniques Chart
If you’re a lover of diagrams, you’ll want this vintage diagram of weaving techniques to serve as your handy reference.
Here’s a beginner project that also results in a complete, useful finished product. This would be a great activity for a group, club meeting, or children’s class since you can start by making your own looms together before weaving the bookmarks.
Woven Felt Pillow Cover
This is one of the most interesting weaving projects that I’ve ever come across! The weaving pattern is beautiful, but I’m fascinated by the way that the artist created it with felt strips and then sewed it into a pillow cover.
Do you have a favorite weaving pattern? Share it with me in the comments below!
Patterns easy weaving
The girls drank. Tanya took Anya by the hand and led her out into the middle of the kitchen. She took off her robe. Tanya said Anya, through the window we will be visible.Twining : Weaving Techniques for Beginners
Fuck you, he said, watching me drink. You havent been fucked for so long or what. Well, at work youll have enough of it. Ill have to wait long. The deputy undressed and rubbed a long, even member with a beautiful, elongated head.
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To begin with, I ran my tongue between the large and small lips, then gently, along the very edge of the labia. Minora, with the tip of my tongue, barely touching, I began to drive them from the bottom up, without touching the clitoris. She began to make movements towards me.
Then I juicy kissed the clitoris, from which she jerked sharply.