Intenet movie database

Intenet movie database DEFAULT

IMDb

For the database system, see In-memory database. For the Malaysian sovereign wealth fund, see 1MDB.

Online database for movies, television, and video games

IMDB Logo 2016.svg

Screenshot

IMDb homepage.png

IMDb homepage as of March 2021

Type of site

Online database for movies, television, and video games
Available inEnglish
OwnerAmazon
SubsidiariesBox Office Mojo
URLwww.imdb.com
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional registration; registered members can write reviews, edit the site, vote on ratings
LaunchedOctober 17, 1990; 30 years ago (1990-10-17)
Current statusActive

IMDb (an acronym for Internet Movie Database)[1] is an online database of information related to films, television programs, home videos, video games, and streaming content online – including cast, production crew and personal biographies, plot summaries, trivia, ratings, and fan and critical reviews. An additional fan feature, message boards, was abandoned in February 2017. Originally a fan-operated website, the database is now owned and operated by IMDb.com, Inc., a subsidiary of Amazon.

As of June 2021[update], IMDb has approximately 8 million titles (including episodes) and 10.4 million personalities in its database,[2] as well as 83 million registered users.

IMDb began as a movie database on the Usenet group "rec.arts.movies" in 1990 and moved to the web in 1993.

Features[edit]

The movie and talent pages of IMDb are accessible to all internet users, but a registration process is necessary to contribute information to the site.

Most data in the database is provided by volunteer contributors. The site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Users with a proven track record of submitting data are given instant approval for additions or corrections to cast, credits, and other demographics of media product and personalities. However, image, name, character name, plot summaries, and title changes are supposedly screened before publication, and usually take between 24 and 72 hours to appear.

All registered users can choose their own site name, and most operate anonymously. They have a profile page which shows how long a registered user has been a member, as well as personal movie ratings (should the user decide to display them) and, since 2015, "badges" are added representing how many contributions a particular registered user has submitted. These badges range from total contributions made to independent categories such as photos, trivia, bios, etc. If a registered user or visitor is in the entertainment industry and has an IMDb page, then that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.[3] There is no single index of contributors, no index on each profile page of the items contributed, and (except for plot synopses and biographies) no identification of contributors to each product's or person's data pages.

Users are also invited to rate any film or TV series on a scale of 1 to 10, and the totals are converted into a weighted mean-rating that is displayed beside each title, with online filters employed to deter ballot-stuffing.

In January 2019, IMDb launched a free movie streaming platform called Freedive, an ad-supported service offering Hollywood movie titles and TV shows. Many Freedive titles are licensed from Sony Pictures.[4] Subsequently, in June 2019, Freedive was rebranded as IMDbTV, during the launch of which, the amount of content contained on the platform was tripled.[5]

History[edit]

History before website[edit]

IMDb originated in 1990 with a Usenet posting entitled "Those Eyes", by the British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham,[6] about actresses with beautiful eyes. Others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own. Needham subsequently started an "Actors List", while Dave Knight began a "Directors List", and Andy Krieg took over "THE LIST" from Hank Driskill, which would later be renamed the "Actress List". Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, but soon retired people were added, so Needham started what was then (but did not remain) a separate "Dead Actors/Actresses List". Steve Hammond started collecting and merging character names for both the actors and actresses lists. When these achieved popularity, they were merged back into the lists themselves. The goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible.

By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 films and television series, correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17, 1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unixshell scripts that could be used to search the four lists, and thus the database that would become the IMDb was born.[7] At the time, it was known as the "rec.arts.movies movie database".

On the web[edit]

The database had been expanded to include additional categories of filmmakers and other demographic material as well as trivia, biographies, and plot summaries. The movie ratings had been properly integrated with the list data, and a centralized email interface for querying the database had been created by Alan Jay. Later, in 1993, it moved onto the fledgling World Wide Web under the name of Cardiff Internet Movie Database.[8] The database resided on the servers of the computer science department of Cardiff University in Wales. Rob Hartill was the original web interface author. In 1994, the email interface was revised to accept the submission of all information, which enabled people to email the specific list maintainer with their updates. However, the structure remained so that information received on a single film was divided among multiple section managers, the sections being defined and determined by categories of film personnel and the individual filmographies contained therein. Over the next few years, the database was run on a network of mirrors across the world with donated bandwidth.[9]

As an independent company[edit]

In 1996 IMDb was incorporated in the United Kingdom, becoming the Internet Movie Database Ltd. Founder Col Needham became the primary owner. General revenue for site operations was generated through advertising, licensing and partnerships.[10]

As Amazon.com subsidiary (1998–present)[edit]

In 1998, Jeff Bezos, founder, owner, and CEO of Amazon.com, struck a deal with Needham and other principal shareholders to buy IMDb outright; Amazon paid $55 million for IMDb and two other companies.[11] Bezos attached it to Amazon as a subsidiary, private company.[12] This gave IMDb the ability to pay the shareholders salaries for their work. In the process of expanding its product line, Amazon.com intended to use IMDb as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes.

IMDb continued to expand its functionality. On January 15, 2002, it added a subscription service known as IMDbPro, aimed at entertainment professionals. IMDbPro was announced and launched at the 2002 Sundance Film Festival. It provides a variety of services including film production and box office details, a company directory, and the ability of subscribers to add personal information pages with details at variance.

As an additional incentive for users, as of 2003[update], users identified as one of "the top 100 contributors" of hard data received complimentary free access to IMDbPro for the following calendar year; for 2006 this was increased to the top 150 contributors, and for 2010 to the top 250.[13] In 2008, IMDb launched their first official foreign-language version with the German IMDb.de. Also in 2008, IMDb acquired two other companies: Withoutabox[14] and Box Office Mojo.[15]

The website was originally Perl-based, but IMDb no longer discloses what software it uses for reasons of security.[16] In 2010, the site was filtered in China.[17]

In 2016, The IMDb Studio at Sundance was launched, a talk show that is presented on IMDb and YouTube.[18][19]

In April 2017, IMDb celebrated its 25th anniversary. As of that year, Needham was still managing IMDb from its main office in Bristol in the Castlemead office tower.[20]

IMDbPro[edit]

Actors, crew, and industry executives can post their own resume and upload photos of themselves for a yearly membership fee to IMDbPro. IMDbPro can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is US$19.99 per month, or if paid annually, US$149.99. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, producer, director etc. that has an IMDb page. IMDbPro also allows existing actors to claim their name page. Enrolling in IMDbPro enables members who are industry personnel to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as an IMDb user and contribute to the site as well as view its content; however, those users enrolled in IMDbPro have greater access and privileges.[21]

Characters' filmography[edit]

On October 2, 2007,[citation needed] the characters' filmography was added. Character entries are created from character listings in the main filmography database, and as such do not need any additional verification by IMDb staff. They have already been verified when they are added to the main filmography.

IMDb TV[edit]

Main article: IMDb TV

On January 10, 2019, IMDb launched Freedive, a streaming service that offers certain films free with advertisements. Due to international licensing restrictions, the service currently is only available in the United States as of 2019[update].[22]

Freedive was the company's second attempt at a streaming service. IMDb had previously launched a similar feature in 2008[23][24] that was later discontinued.[citation needed]

In June 2019, IMDb announced that its streaming service would be renamed IMDb TV, with a planned launch in Europe later that year. The service has licensed films and TV series from Warner Bros., Sony Pictures Entertainment and MGM.[25] In February 2020, the service licensed 21 television series from Disney–ABC Domestic Television.[26]

IMDb TV has also bought the streaming rights to the Alex Rider TV series in the U.S that has been streaming on Amazon Prime Video in the UK, Latin America, Germany and Austria.[27]

Content and format[edit]

Data provided by subjects[edit]

In 2006, IMDb introduced its "Résumé Subscription Service", where actors and crew can post their own résumé and upload photos of themselves[28] for a yearly fee.[29] The base annual charge for including a photo with an account was US$39.95 until 2010, when it was increased to US$54.95. IMDb résumé pages are kept on a sub-page of the regular entry about that person, with a regular entry automatically created for each résumé subscriber who does not already have one.[30]

As of 2012[update], Resume Services is now included as part of an IMDbPro subscription and is no longer offered as a separate subscription service.

Copyright, vandalism and error issues[edit]

All volunteers who contribute content to the database technically retain copyright on their contributions, but the compilation of the content becomes the exclusive property of IMDb with the full right to copy, modify, and sublicense it, and they are verified before posting.[31] Credit is not given on specific title or filmography pages to the contributor(s) who have provided information. Conversely, a credited text entry, such as a plot summary, may be corrected for content, grammar, sentence structure, perceived omission or error, by other contributors without having to add their names as co-authors. Due to the time required for processing submitted data or text before it is displayed, IMDb is different from user-contributed projects like Discogs, or OpenStreetMap, or Wikipedia, in that contributors cannot add, delete, or modify the data or text on impulse, and the manipulation of data is controlled by IMDb technology and salaried staff.[32]

IMDb has been subject to deliberate additions of false information; in 2012 a spokesperson said: "We make it easy for users and professionals to update much of our content, which is why we have an 'edit page.' The data that is submitted goes through a series of consistency checks before it goes live. Given the sheer volume of the information, occasional mistakes are inevitable, and, when reported, they are promptly fixed. We always welcome corrections."[33]

The Java Movie Database (JMDB)[34] is reportedly creating an IMDb_Error.log file that lists all the errors found while processing the IMDb plain text files. A Wiki alternative to IMDb is Open Media Database[35] whose content is also contributed by users but licensed under CC-by and the GFDL. Since 2007, IMDb has been experimenting with wiki-programmed sections for complete film synopses, parental guides, and FAQs about titles as determined by (and answered by) individual contributors.

Data format and access[edit]

IMDb does not provide an API for automated queries. However, most of the data can be downloaded as compressed plain text files and the information can be extracted using the command-line interface tools provided.[36] There is also a Java-based graphical user interface (GUI) application available that is able to process the compressed plain text files, which allows a search and a display of the information.[34] This GUI application supports different languages, but the movie related data are in English, as made available by IMDb. A Python package called IMDbPY can also be used to process the compressed plain text files into a number of different SQL databases, enabling easier access to the entire dataset for searching or data mining.[37]

Film titles[edit]

The IMDb has sites in English as well as versions translated completely or in part into other languages (Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Romanian). The non-English language sites display film titles in the specified language. Originally, IMDb's English language sites displayed titles according to their original country-of-origin language, however, in 2010 IMDb began allowing individual users in the UK and USA to choose primary title display by either the original-language titles, or the US or UK release title (normally, in English).

Ancillary features[edit]

User ratings of films[edit]

As one adjunct to data, the IMDb offers a rating scale that allows users to rate films on a scale of one to ten.

IMDb indicates that submitted ratings are filtered and weighted in various ways to produce a weighted mean that is displayed for each film, series, and so on. It states that filters are used to avoid ballot stuffing; the method is not described in detail to avoid attempts to circumvent it. In fact, it sometimes produces an extreme difference between the weighted average and the arithmetic mean.

Rankings[edit]

The IMDb Top 250 is a list of the top rated 250 films, based on ratings by the registered users of the website using the methods described. As of 8 June 2021[update], The Shawshank Redemption is No. 1 on the list.[38] The "Top 250" rating is based on only the ratings of "regular voters". The number of votes a registered user would have to make to be considered as a user who votes regularly has been kept secret. IMDb has stated that to maintain the effectiveness of the Top 250 list they "deliberately do not disclose the criteria used for a person to be counted as a regular voter".[39] In addition to other weightings, the Top 250 films are also based on a weighted rating formula referred to in actuarial science as a credibility formula.[40] This label arises because a statistic is taken to be more credible the greater the number of individual pieces of information; in this case from eligible users who submit ratings. Although the current formula is not disclosed, IMDb originally used the following formula to calculate their weighted rating:[41]

{\displaystyle W={\frac {\ R\cdot v+C\cdot m\ }{v+m}}}
where:

The W\ in this formula is equivalent to a Bayesian posterior mean (see Bayesian statistics).

The IMDb also has a Bottom 100 feature which is assembled through a similar process although only 10,000 votes must be received to qualify for the list.[42]

The Top 250 list comprises a wide range of feature films, including major releases, cult films, independent films, critically acclaimed films, silent films, and non-English-language films. Documentaries, short films and TV episodes are not currently included.

Since 2015, there has been a Top 250 list devoted to ranking television shows.[43]

Message boards[edit]

Beginning in 2001, the Internet Movie Database also maintained message boards for every title (excepting, as of 2013[update], TV episodes[44]) and name entry, along with over 140 main boards. To post on the message boards a user needed to "authenticate" their account via cell phone, credit card, or by having been a recent customer of the parent company Amazon.com. Message boards expanded in recent years. The Soapbox started in 1999 as a general message board meant for debates on any subjects. The Politics board started in 2007 was a message board to discuss politics, news events, and current affairs, as well as history and economics.[citation needed]

By February 20, 2017, all the message boards and their content were permanently removed. According to the website, the decision was made because the boards were "no longer providing a positive, useful experience for the vast majority of our more than 250 million monthly users worldwide",[45] and others have mentioned its susceptibility to trolling and disagreeable behavior.[46][47][48] Col Needham also mentioned in a post some months earlier that the boards received less income from ads, and that their members only made up a very small part of the website's visitors. The boards were costly to run due to the system's age and dated design, which did not make business sense.[49] The decision to remove the message boards was met with outspoken backlash from some of its users, and sparked an online petition garnering over 8,000 signatures.[50] In the days leading up to February 20, 2017, both Archive.org[51] and MovieChat.org[52] preserved the entire contents of the IMDb message boards using web scraping. Archive.org and MovieChat.org have published IMDb message board archives, which is legal under the fair use doctrine, because it has no effect on IMDb's potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.[53][54]

Statistics[edit]

As of June 2021[update], IMDb has the following statistics:[2]

TypeTitles
Feature film 580,890
Short film 818,520
TV series 209,880
TV episode 5,884,536
TV movie 132,040
TV special 33,183
TV mini-series 38,108
TV short 9,949
Video 312,751
Video game 28,467

Litigation[edit]

In 2011, in the case of Hoang v. Amazon.com, Inc., IMDb was sued by an anonymous actress for more than US$1,000,000 due to IMDb's revealing her age (40, at the time).[55] The actress claimed that revealing her age could cause her to lose acting opportunities.[56] Judge Marsha J. Pechman, a U.S. district judge in Seattle, dismissed the lawsuit, saying the actress had no grounds to proceed with an anonymous complaint. The actress re-filed and so revealed that she was Huong Hoang of Texas, who uses the stage name Junie Hoang.[57] In 2013, Pechman dismissed all causes of action except for a breach of contract claim against IMDb; a jury then sided with IMDb on that claim.[58] The Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court judgment in March 2015.[59]

Also in 2011, in the case of United Video Properties Inc., et al. v. Amazon.Com Inc. et al.,[60] IMDb and Amazon were sued by Rovi Corporation and others for patent infringement over their various program listing offerings.[61] The patent claims were ultimately construed in a way favorable to IMDb, and Rovi / United Video Properties lost the case.[62] In April 2014, the decision was affirmed by the U.S. Court of Appeals.[63]

On January 1, 2017, the State of California implemented state bill AB-1687, a SAG-AFTRA-backed anti-ageism statute which requires "commercial online entertainment employment services" to honor requests by their subscribers for their ages and birthdays to be hidden.[64] By the beginning of 2017, IMDb had received more than 2,300 requests from individuals to remove their date of birth from the site. Included in this group were 10 Academy Award winners and another 71 nominated for Oscars, Emmys, or Golden Globes.[65] On February 23, 2017, Judge Vince Girdhari Chhabria issued a stay on the bill pending a further trial, claiming that it possibly violated the First Amendment because it inhibited the public consumption of information. He also questioned the intent of the bill, as it was ostensibly meant to target IMDb.[66]

Birth names publication policy[edit]

IMDb had long maintained that it would keep all valid information, but changed that policy related to birth names on August 12, 2019. IMDb will now remove birth names that are not widely and publicly known, of persons who no longer use their birth names.[67] This was done in response to pressure from LGBTQ groups against the publication of transgender birth names without their consent, which is called "dead-naming". Any name a person had previously been credited under, however, continues to be maintained in the credits section.[67]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"IMDb | History, Features, & Facts". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
  2. ^ ab"Press Room". IMDb. Retrieved August 1, 2021.
  3. ^"Submission guide for users". Help Center. IMDb.
  4. ^Mehta, Ivan (January 11, 2019). "Amazon's new IMDb Freedive service streams ad-supported movies and TV shows in the US". The Next Web. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  5. ^"Amazon Rebrands IMDb Freedive as IMDb TV, Triples Content". PC Magazine.
  6. ^Dalton, Jeff (March 1, 1990). "Re: Frequently Asked Questions List (2/28/90)". Newsgroup: rec.arts.movies. Usenet: [email protected] Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  7. ^Chmielewski, Dawn C. (January 19, 2013). "Col Needham created IMDb". Los Angeles Times.
  8. ^"Historical Internet Movie Database Site". Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Archived from the original on March 24, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  9. ^"IMDB History". IMDb.
  10. ^"IMDb | Help". IMDb.
  11. ^"Amazon Com Inc – '8-K' for 4/27/98 – EX-99.2". SEC Info. April 27, 1998. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  12. ^"Internet bookseller Amazon.com announces acquisition of United Kingdom company The Internet Movie Database Ltd" (Press release). IMDb. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2020 – via PR Newswire Europe.
  13. ^Needham, Col (January 1, 2011). "Top 250 contributors for 2010". IMD; announcement. IMDb. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  14. ^Ng, David (October 19, 2018). "Amazon-owned IMDb ending film festival submission platform Withoutabox". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  15. ^"Amazon's IMDB Acquires Box Office Mojo; Will Add Box Office Data To Service". CBS News. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  16. ^"What software are you using to run IMDb?". IMDb. 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  17. ^Chacksfield, Marc (January 14, 2010). "China blocks number-one movie site IMDb". TechRadar. 2012 Future US, Inc.
  18. ^"The IMDb Studio at Sundance". IMDb. Retrieved December 25, 2020.
  19. ^Sundance 2020(video). IMDb (YouTube).
  20. ^Jones, Craig (April 13, 2017). "The story behind Bristol-based IMDb as they celebrate their 25th anniversary". The Bristol Post. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  21. ^"IMDbPro signup". IMDb.
  22. ^"Amazon's IMDb launches Freedive, a free movie and TV streaming service — with ads". GeekWire. January 10, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  23. ^Hoffman, Harrison (September 15, 2008). "IMDb now serves full-length videos". CNET. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  24. ^Modine, Austin (September 16, 2008). "IMDb adds full-length streaming movies (Show your US ID card at the door)". The Register. UK. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  25. ^Spangler, Todd (June 17, 2019). "IMDb Scraps Freedive Name, Will Triple 'IMDb TV' Free Streaming Lineup With Movies From Warner Bros., Sony, MGM". Variety. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  26. ^Spangler, Todd (February 5, 2020). "Amazon's IMDb TV Inks Disney Pact for Free Streaming of 'Lost,' 'Desperate Housewives,' More". Variety. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  27. ^Kanter, Jake (July 14, 2020). "'Alex Rider': Amazon Streamer IMDb TV Takes U.S. Rights To Sony Spy Series". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  28. ^"Lycos Europe and IMDb sign sales agreement for 9 European markets". Lycos Europe. press release. July 10, 2006. Archived from the original on October 23, 2006.
  29. ^"Can I subscribe only for one month or one year?". Resume FAQ. IMDb. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  30. ^"Is there any difference between a regular IMDb name page and an IMDb name page created via IMDb Resume?". Resume FAQ. IMDb. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  31. ^"Copyright and Conditions of Use". IMDb.
  32. ^"The plain text data files". Alternate Interfaces. IMDb.
  33. ^"Which A-list star is hacking IMDb pages?". The Hollywood Reporter. November 14, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  34. ^ ab"Java Movie Database (JMDB)". Jmdb.de. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
  35. ^"Open Media Database". omdb.org. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
  36. ^"Alternate Interfaces". IMDb. Retrieved January 15, 2007.
  37. ^"IMDbPY". IMDbPY. sourceforge.net. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
  38. ^"Top 250 movies as voted by our users". IMDb. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  39. ^"The user votes average on film or show X is 9.4, so it should appear in your Top 250 Movies or TV list, yet it doesn't. Why?". IMDb.
  40. ^Norberg, Ragnar (2006). "Credibility Theory"(PDF). Encyclopedia of Actuarial Science. doi:10.1002/9780470012505.tac068. ISBN . Archived from the original(PDF) on May 15, 2004.
  41. ^"IMDB Vote FAQ". IMDb. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  42. ^"Bottom 100". IMDb. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  43. ^"Top 250 TV". IMDb. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  44. ^Each TV episode uses the same message board for the whole series
  45. ^"IMDb is closing its message boards". February 3, 2017.
  46. ^"One of the worst comment sections on the Internet is shutting down".
  47. ^"Should IMDB have preserved its comment boards – flame wars and all?".
  48. ^"Not Even IMDB Is Safe From Trolls". February 21, 2017.
  49. ^"Can someone on the inside explain to me". IMDb.com Customer Community. July 26, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  50. ^"How some users are trying to save IMDB's message board". Vice.com. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  51. ^"The Archiveteam IMDb message board archive (raw data)". Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  52. ^"The MovieChat IMDb Message Board Archive (web-based)". MovieChat.org. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  53. ^"17 U.S. Code § 107 – Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use". Cornell Law School. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  54. ^"Movie & TV Forums: IMDb Message Board Archives: Are They Legal?". MovieTVForums.com. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  55. ^Bahr, Lindsey (October 18, 2011). "Lawsuit against IMDb revealing private information". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  56. ^"Acting unions criticise IMDb in age row". BBC News. BBC. October 29, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  57. ^"Actress sued Amazon for revealing age 40 identified as Huong (Junie) Hoang". Sky News. January 7, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  58. ^"Actress age claim against IMDb rejected". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  59. ^Gardner, Eriq (March 27, 2015). "IMDb preserves legal win over revelation of actress' age". The Hollywood Reporter.
  60. ^"Case Docket: United Video Properties Inc., et al v. Amazon.Com Inc. et al.". gov.uscourts.ded.45528. RECAP. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  61. ^Masnick, Mike (January 12, 2011). "Rovi sues Amazon for not licensing its Electronic TV Guide patent". Techdirt. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  62. ^Mullin, Joe (November 4, 2013). "Netflix roasts Rovi's 'Interactive TV guide' patents at ITC". Ars Technica. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  63. ^United Video Properties v. Amazon.com. law.justia.com. April 8, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  64. ^"California enacts law requiring IMDb to remove actor ages on request". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  65. ^Bray, Hiawatha (March 23, 2017). "Internet censorship, Hollywood style". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  66. ^"Judge pauses enforcement of IMDb Age Censorship law". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  67. ^ abMcNary, Dave (August 13, 2019). "IMDb Alters Policy on Publication of Birth Names". Variety. Retrieved March 7, 2020.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMDb

IMDb Logo

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information related to films, television programs, actors, production crew personnel, video games and fictional characters featured in visual entertainment media. It is one of the most popular online entertainment destinations, with over 100 million unique users each month and a solid and rapidly growing mobile presence.[1] IMDb was launched on October 17, 1990, and in 1998 was acquired by Amazon.com. As of October 12, 2012, IMDb had 2,425,902 titles and 5,315,404 personalities in its database.[2]

History[]

History before website[]

IMDb originated from an on-paper list started as a hobby by an English film fan Col Needham in early 1987. Although many fans maintained such lists, IMDb began with a usenet posting that Needham had entitled "Those Eyes", about actresses with beautiful eyes. Others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own. On October 17, 1990, Needham, a professional computer programmer not affiliated with the visual media except by avocation, posted a simple software package to the USENET newsgroup rec.arts.movies, which allowed others of that group to create and search a basic movie and TV database. The original database was built from the lists of credits that Needham and two other readers had begun to publish on the rec.arts.movies group. Other film fans began to participate in the collection of data on the Usenetnewsgroup rec.arts.movies.

Needham soon started a (male) "Actors List", while Dave Knight began a "Directors List", and Andy Krieg took over "THE LIST", which would later be renamed the "Actress List". Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, but soon retired people were added, so Needham started what was then (but did not remain) a separate "Dead Actors/Actresses List". The goal now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein.

On October 17, 1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unixshell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, and the database that would become the IMDb was born. At the time, it was known as the "rec.arts.movies movie database", but by 1993 had been moved out of the usenet group as an independent website underwritten by Needham and his colleagues. Users were invited to contribute data which they may have collected and verified, on a volunteer basis, which greatly increased the amount and types of data to be stored. Entire new sections were added. As the site grew exponentially, full production crews, uncredited performers and other demographic data were added. Needham's group allowed some advertising to support ongoing operations of the site, including the hiring of full-time paid data managers. All the primary staff came (and still come) from the burgeoning computer industry and/or training schools and not extensive expertise in the visual media. In 1998, unable to secure sufficient funding from limited advertising, contributions and unable to raise support from the visual media industries or academia, Needham sold the IMDb to Amazon.com, on condition that its operation would remain in the hands of Needham and his small cadre of managers, who soon were able to move into full-time paid staff positions.

On the web[]

The database had been expanded to include additional categories of filmmakers and other demographic material, as well as trivia, biographies, and plot summaries; the movie ratings had been properly integrated with the list data; and a centralized email interface for querying the database had been created by Alan Jay. Later in the year it moved onto the World Wide Web (a network in its infancy at that time) under the name of Cardiff Internet Movie Database. The database resided on the servers of the computer science department of Cardiff University in the UK. Rob Hartill was the original web interface author. In 1994 the email interface was revised to accept the submission of all information, meaning that people no longer had to email the specific list maintainer with their updates. However, the structure remained that information received on a single film was divided among multiple section managers, the sections being defined and determined by categories of film personnel and the individual filmographies contained therein. Over the next few years, the database was run on a network of mirrors across the world with donated bandwidth.

The website is Perl-based.[3] As of May 2011, the site has been filtered in China for more than one year, although many users address it through proxy server or by VPN.[4]

On October 17, 2010 IMDb launched original video (www.imdb.com/20) in celebration of its 20th anniversary.[5]

As an independent company[]

In 1996 IMDb was incorporated in the United Kingdom, becoming the Internet Movie Database Ltd.[6] Founder Col Needham became the primary owner as well as the identified figurehead. General revenue for site operations was generated through advertising, licensing and partnerships.

As Amazon.com subsidiary[]

In 1998, Jeff Bezos, founder, owner and CEO of Amazon.com, struck a deal with Col Needham and other principal shareholders to buy IMDb outright and attach it to Amazon as a subsidiary, private company.[7] This gave IMDb the ability to pay the shareholders salaries for their work, while Amazon.com would be able to use the IMDb as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes.

IMDb continued to expand its functionality. On January 15, 2002 it added a subscription service known as IMDbPro, aimed at entertainment professionals. IMDbPro was announced and launched at the 2002 Sundance Film Festival. It provides a variety of services including film production and box office details, as well as a company directory.

As an additional incentive for users, as of 2003, if users are identified as being one of "the top 100 contributors" of hard data submitted, they receive complimentary free access to IMDbPro for the following calendar year; for 2006 this was increased to the top 150 contributors, and for 2010 to the top 250.[8] In 2008 IMDb launched their first official foreign language version with the German IMDb.de. Additionally in 2008 IMDb acquired two other companies. Withoutabox and Box Office Mojo.

In 2011 IMDb was sued by an unknown actress for more than Template:Currency due to IMDb revealing her age (40). The actress claims that revealing her age could cause her to lose acting opportunities.[9] A federal judge in Seattle dismissed the lawsuit, saying the actress had no grounds to proceed with an anonymous complaint. She re-filed and so revealed that the complainant is a Huong Hoang of Texas, who uses the stage name Junie Hoang.[10]

Television episodes[]

On January 26, 2006 "Full Episode Support" came online, allowing the database to support separate cast and crew listings for each episode of every television series. This was described by Col Needham as "the largest change we've ever made to our data model"Template:Citation needed, and increased the number of titles in the database from 485,000 to nearly 755,000.

Characters filmography[]

On October 2, 2007 the characters filmography feature was launched. The feature is similar to the existing title, name and company feature, except now a biography about each character and the actors who played him are available along with memorable quotes. All data in the characters filmography is submitted by regular users and is largely not verified by the IMDb staff, in contrast to most other data submitted to the site, which is verified and by the staff. This lack of oversight is deemed acceptable, however, because very little new data is sent in; the majority of submissions consist of existing data being connected together.[11]

Instant viewing[]

On September 15, 2008 a feature was added that enables instant viewing of over 6,000 movies and television shows from CBS, Sony and a number of independent film makers, with direct links from their profiles.[12] Due to licensing restrictions, this feature is only available to viewers in the United States.[13]

Ancillary features[]

User ratings of films[]

As one adjunct to data, the IMDb offers a rating scale that allows users to rate films on a scale of one to ten.

Filters and weights[]

IMDb indicates that submitted ratings are filtered and weighted in various ways in order to produce a weighted mean that is displayed for each film, series, and so on. It states that filters are used to avoid ballot stuffing; the method is not described in detail to avoid attempts to circumvent it. In fact, it sometimes produces an extreme difference between the weighted average and the arithmetic mean. For example, Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience is considered to be the worst film with a weighted average of 1.3 as of March 2009, but has a rather ordinary arithmetic mean of 4.1.[14][15]

Ranking (IMDb Top 250)[]

The IMDb Top 250 is intended to be a listing of the top 'rated' 250 films, based on ratings by the registered users of the website using the methods described.[16] Only non-documentary theatrical releases running at least forty-five minutes with over 25,000 ratings are considered; all other products are ineligible.[17] Also, the 'top 250' rating is based on only the ratings of "regular voters". The exact number of votes a registered user would have to make to be considered to be a user who votes regularly has been kept secret. IMDb has stated that to maintain the effectiveness of the top 250 list they "deliberately do not disclose the criteria used for a person to be counted as a regular voter".[18] In addition to other weightings, the top 250 films are also based on a weighted rating formula referred to in actuarial science as a credibility formula.[19] This label arises because a statistic is taken to be more credible the greater the number of individual pieces of information; in this case from eligible users who submit ratings. IMDb uses the following formula to calculate the weighted rating:

{\displaystyle W={\frac {Rv+Cm}{v+m}}}

where:

{\displaystyle W\ } = Weighted Rating
{\displaystyle R\ } = average for the movie as a number from 0 to 10 (mean) = (Rating)
{\displaystyle v\ } = number of votes for the movie = (votes)
{\displaystyle m\ } = minimum votes required to be listed in the Top 250 (currently 25,000)
{\displaystyle C\ } = the mean vote across the whole report (currently 7.1)

The {\displaystyle W\ } in this formula is equivalent to a Bayesian posterior mean (See Bayesian statistics).

The IMDb also has a Bottom 100 feature which is assembled through a similar process although only 1500 votes must be received to qualify for the list.[20]

The top 250 list comprises a wide range of films, including major releases, cult films, independent films, critically acclaimed films, silent films and non-English language films.

Top 20 of the 250[]

Rank Film Year
1. The Shawshank Redemption1994
2. The Godfather1972
3. The Godfather: Part Two1974
4. Pulp Fiction1994
5. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly1966
6. 12 Angry Men (1957 film)1957
7. Schindler's List1993
8. The Dark Knight2008
9. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King2003
10. Fight Club1999
11. Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back1980
12. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest1975
13. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring2001
14. Inception2010
15. Goodfellas1990
16. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope1977
17. Seven Samurai1954
18. The Matrix1999
19. Forrest Gump1994
20. City of God2002

Message boards[]

One of the most used features of the Internet Movie Database is the message boards that coincide with every title (excepting, as of 2006, TV episodes[21]) and name entry, along with over 140 main boards. This section is one of the more recent features of IMDb, having its beginnings in 2001. In order to post on the message boards a user needs to "authenticate" their account via cell phone, credit card, or by having been a recent customer of the parent company Amazon.com.

Content and format[]

Data provided by subjects[]

In 2006, IMDb introduced its "Résumé subscription service", where actors and crew can post their own résumé and upload photos of themselves[22] for a yearly fee.[23] The base annual charge for including a photo with an account was $39.95 until 2010, when it was increased to $54.95. IMDb résumé pages are kept on a sub-page of the regular entry about that person, with a regular entry automatically created for each résumé subscriber who does not already have one.[24]

As of 2012, Resume Services is now included as part of an IMDbPro subscription, and is no longer offered as a separate subscription service.

Copyright, vandalism, and error issues[]

All volunteers who contribute content to the database technically retain copyright on their contributions but the compilation of the content becomes the exclusive property of IMDb with the full right to copy, modify, and sublicense it and they are verified before posting.[25] Credit is not given on specific title or filmography pages to the contributor(s) who have provided information. Conversely, a credited text entry, such as a plot summary, may be "corrected" for content, grammar, sentence structure, perceived omission or error, by other contributors without having to add their names as co-authors. Due to the process of having the submitted data or text reviewed by a section manager, IMDb is different from database projects like Wikipedia, Discogs, or OpenStreetMap in that contributors cannot add, delete, or modify the data or text on impulse, and the manipulation of data is controlled by IMDb technology and salaried staff.[26]

The Java Movie Database (JMDB)[27] is reportedly creating an IMDb_Error.log file that lists all the errors found while processing the IMDb plain text files. A Wiki alternative to IMDb is omdb (Open Media Database) whose content is also contributed by users but licensed under CC-by and the GFDL. Since 2007, IMDb has been experimenting with wiki-programmed sections for complete film synopses, parental guides, and FAQs about titles as determined by (and answered by) individual contributors.

Data format and access[]

IMDb does not provide an API for automated queries. However most of the data can be downloaded as compressed plain text files and the information can be extracted using the command-line interface tools provided.[28] Beside that there is the Java based GUI application available that is able to process the compressed plain text files and allow to search and display the information.[27] This GUI application supports different languages but the movie related data is of course English as made available by IMDb. A Python package called IMDbPY can also be used to process the compressed plain text files into a number of different SQL databases, enabling easier access to the entire dataset for searching or data mining.[29]

Film titles[]

Template:External links The IMDb has sites in English as well as versions translated completely or in part into other languages (Portuguese, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian and Spanish). The non-English language sites display film titles in the specified language. While originally the IMDb's English-language sites displayed titles according to their original country-of-origin language, in 2010 the IMDb began allowing individual users in the UK and USA to choose primary title display by either the original-language titles, or the US or UK release title (normally, in English).

Censorship[]

Template:Unsourced section IMDb.com is currently (May, 2012) blocked in China. People who try to access IMDb in China directly will get a message similar to "This webpage is not available – The connection to imdb.com was interrupted." But IMDb in other languages (such as imdb.fr, imdb.de, imdb.it, etc.) are still accessible.

See also[]

  • Internet Broadway Database (IBDb)
  • Internet Off-Broadway Database (IOBDb)

References[]

  1. ↑Top Ten Internet Companies | CelebJunkyz.com | Celebrity News Celebrity Gossip Celebrity Blog. CelebJunkyz.com (2009-08-19). Retrieved on 2011-08-20.
  2. ↑Stats. IMDb. Retrieved on 14 August 2012.
  3. ↑What software/hardware are you using to run the site?
  4. ↑China blocks number-one movie site IMDb. 2012 Future US, Inc. Retrieved on 11-02-12.
  5. ↑Ehlrich, Brenna. IMDb Turns 20, Launches Original Video to Celebrate. mashable.com. Retrieved on 30 September 2010.
  6. ↑http://wck2.companieshouse.gov.uk/fbb02aaad6a16ea524794af928f74d90/compdetails
  7. ↑News Release. PR Newswire Europe Ltd.. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  8. ↑Needham, Col (2011-01-01). IMDb announcement: Top 250 Contributors for 2010. IMDb Contributors Top Contributors. Retrieved on 2011-08-25.
  9. ↑"Acting unions criticise IMDb in age row", BBC, 29 October 2011. Retrieved on 29 October 2011. 
  10. ↑Actress Sued Amazon For Revealing Age 40 Identified As Huong Junie Hoang. News.sky.com. Retrieved on 2012-04-21.
  11. ↑"Character Help Overview", IMDb. Retrieved on 2007-10-02. 
  12. ↑Hoffman, Harrison. "IMDb now serves full-length videos", cnet, 15 September 2008. Retrieved on 2008-09-17. 
  13. ↑Modine, Austin (16 September 2008). IMDb adds full-length streaming movies (Show your US ID card at the door). The Register. Retrieved on 2008-09-17.
  14. ↑IMDb Charts: IMDb Bottom 100
  15. ↑Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience (2009) – User ratings
  16. ↑"Top 250 movies as voted by our users", IMDb. Retrieved on 2007-03-01. 
  17. ↑"Types of titles excluded from the Top 250", IMDb. Retrieved on 2007-04-25. 
  18. ↑The user votes average on film X is 9.4, so it should appear in your top 250 films listing, yet it doesn't. Why?
  19. ↑Template:Cite journal
  20. ↑"Bottom 100", IMDb. Retrieved on 2007-03-01. 
  21. ↑Each TV episode uses the same message board for the whole series
  22. ↑Lycos Europe and IMDb sign sales agreement for 9 European markets. Lycos Europe press release, July 10, 2006
  23. ↑IMDb Resume FAQ: Can I subscribe only for one month or one year?. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  24. ↑IMDb Resume FAQ: Is there any difference between a regular IMDb name page and an IMDb name page created via IMDb Resume?. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
  25. ↑IMDb Copyright and Conditions of Use
  26. ↑The Plain Text Data Files IMDb – Alternate Interfaces
  27. 27.027.1Java Movie Database (JMDB). Jmdb.de. Retrieved on 2010-10-27.
  28. ↑Alternate Interfaces. IMDb. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  29. ↑IMDbPY. IMDbPY. Retrieved on 2011-02-14.

External links[]

Sours: https://goodtimes.fandom.com/wiki/Internet_Movie_Database
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Get access to maintain your own custom personal lists, track what you've seen and search and filter for what to watch next—regardless if it's in theatres, on TV or available on popular streaming services like Netflix, Disney Plus, and Amazon Prime Video.

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What Is IMDb?

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is the largest, most comprehensive movie database on the web. It offers an extensive database of movie, TV show, and cast information. The site was officially launched in 1990 and is now owned by Amazon.com.

IMDb is an extremely detailed and rich source of film data that features top movies, news, free movies, reviews, movie trailers, showtimes, DVD movie reviews, celebrity profiles, and more. If you’ve ever researched a movie or actor, you’ve probably landed on IMDb. 

The site is truly a mammoth depository of movie information, and while it’s great that most of it is completely free to access, it can seem cluttered and hard to sift through. Below are some tips on how to use IMDb as well as a look at some of its features, including what you get with IMDbPro.

What’s on IMDb?

IMDb is, in a word, extensive. It’s a huge hub of entertainment information. Nearly any search engine will point you there if you’re looking up the plot to a movie or if you’re trying to find out who played in a film you just watched or who’s going to be in an upcoming TV show.

There’s a staggering array of information related to the entertainment industry: scripts, trivia, director/producer information, publicity contacts, plot summaries, movie trailers, etc. In addition to background information, the Internet Movie Database also offers exclusive character resources like biographies and memorable quotes, plus includes the ability to instantly watch TV shows and movies for free.

Users are invited to participate in the site's ever-growing wealth of information by rating movies on a scale. IMDb’s “top” pages—such as the 250 films in the Top Rated Movies list—are based on these user votes of confidence (or disapproval), which steadily rotates a list of movies through the list of favorites depending on votes received.

Most pages associated with a movie or TV show on IMDb offer several features, including a plot synopsis, plot summary, storyline, cast information, review scores, tagged genres, images, videos, nominations, similar titles, box office details, runtime, trivia, frequently asked questions, user reviews, quotes, and more.

You can also build your own private or public watchlists. These can contain the movies and shows you're interested in. They serve as a great way to collect titles you're planning on watching, and you can even sort them by rating, runtime, popularity, and other useful criteria.

IMDb Advanced Search Options

Coming Soon and other IMDb Charts like Most Popular Movies and Top Box Office are some of the more popular ways to use IMDb, but there are actually several ways to search through the site. You might need to pick one method over another if you’re looking for a new movie to watch or if you have only one or two bits of information to start the search, such as an actor’s name or information on the plot.

  • IMDb Name Search: Find titles by an actor’s name, birthday or birthplace, star sign, death date or place, gender, filmography, name group (like Oscar-Winning or Best Actress-Winning), and more.
  • IMDb Title Search: Search for movies and shows by their title, runtime, title type (TV episode, TV short, short film, feature film, etc.), release date, user rating, number of votes, genre, title group (IMDb “Top 100” or Emmy Award-Winning), title data (locations, crazy credits, alternate versions, etc.), companies (like Sony or Paramount), instant watch options, US certificates (PG, NC-17, etc.), countries, keywords, language, filming location, cast/crew, runtime, sound mix, and more.
  • IMDb Collaborations Search: This search type lets you find movies and shows where two people of your choosing appear, or you can find people who played in the same film by searching for two titles.
  • IMDb Site Index: This one lists various interesting places you can browse on IMDb, such as Best of the year, Bottom 100, Birthdays, and Amazon Originals.
  • Film Genres: Browse IMDb by genre to find horror movies, comedies, animations, fantasy films, thrillers, crime shows, and lots more.

IMDb Free Movies

The Internet Movie Database doesn’t just have information on movies and shows, but also free films you can watch right now. That part of the site is called IMDb TV.

You can browse recently added movies and TV shows, popular movies/shows, movies of the week, IMDb originals, hidden gems, and films organized by genre. They’re all viewable from their website and the mobile app.

How to Watch IMDB TV Online

IMDbPro Features

You can pay for some features of IMDb if you want them. However, they’re aimed more toward people looking for contacts in the entertainment business.

Subscribing to IMDbPro lets you:

  • Claim your own IMDb page
  • Track updates from people/title profiles to always have the latest information
  • Find industry contacts and talent representation
  • See titles not available on IMDb

There’s a free 30-day trial of IMDbPro before the $12.50 /month price kicks in. That price is for if you pay for one year upfront ($149.99), or you can opt for the slightly more expensive month-to-month subscription for $19.99.

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Movie database intenet

Top 10 Online Movie Databases

Table of Contents

Can’t find a movie or TV show?

There are a number of movie and TV databases across the internet, many with significant differences or specializing in different topics. Here are our picks for the top ten movie databases on the internet.

View the Best Movie Database APIs List

List of Online Movie Databases

IMDB

IMDb Homepage
The Internet Movie Database (IMDB) is perhaps one of the most famous websites ever. Full listings of cast and crew are available for millions of pieces of entertainment: films, television episodes, video games, and even more. Almost every conceivable thing you can think of is here. As an added bonus, each listing also features plot summaries, trivia, quotes, technical specifications, and a number of other features.

Connect to API
Related:

OMDB

omdb api
The Open Media Database is virtually a combination of IMDB and Wikipedia. It retains all of IMDB’s features of listings and added bonuses while adding in the feature of allowing anyone to edit the entries. This allows it to potentially be more up-to-date than IMDB and for new information about any release to be added swiftly.

Related:

  • OMDb also stands for the OMDb API, which is a crowdsourced web service to obtain information similar to that of IMDb’s website.

Connect to API

TVDB


Alright, not technically a movie database. Still worthy of inclusion! What IMDB is to film, the TVDB is to television. It has all of the information anyone could ever want on television shows, as well as images related to the shows and a discussion forum.

Browse Related APIs

Rotten Tomatoes

rotten tomatoes api
Rotten Tomatoes isn’t just about films (though it does give brief overviews and cast lists) but is also about critical reception. RT gives each film an aggregate score based on its critical and fan reception. For anyone who wants film recommendations or wants to know how people feel about a film, this is the place.

Related:

Learn More

CITWF


The Complete Index To World Film is the world’s largest film database, and even has a Guinness Record to confirm it! It exclusively categorizes all films released around the world since 1895 and has matching print versions.

Browse Related APIs

IMFDB


The Internet Movie Firearms Database lists all firearms used in films, television, anime, and video games. The website isn’t really about films so much as it is about the guns used in them but provides an interesting look at the world of film anyway.

Browse Related APIs

IMCDB


Likewise, the Internet Movie Car Database details all of the cars and other vehicles featured in films. The site is quite exhaustive, even categorizing cars that are on screen for less than a second. This is a nice counterpart to the websites focused on the film itself, as this provides some context into how they were made.

Browse Related APIs

BCDB


The Big Cartoon Database lists all animated features and other cartoons, with details on voice actors and other production notes. It also hosts a discussion forum and user reviews on each of its hundred thousand entries.

Browse Related APIs

Box Office Mojo


Box Office Mojo tracks how well films are doing financially (box office records) and lists their day by day gross. The website also compares the gross of films similar to each other to present the financial difference. It’s regularly updated with current gross percentages and news on the financial status of the film industry.

Browse Related APIs

Metacritic

metacritic
Metacritic aggregates reviews, similar to Rotten Tomatoes, but does it for a wider range of material: film, television series, music, and video games. Each title is given a score based on critical reviews. The website also features articles about the film industry, editor recommendations, and how new releases stack up against each other in the critical eye.

Connect to API


These ten websites are host to a good variety of information about films, how they’re made, reviews for them, and where to have discussions about them. All of them are worth your time to look at if you’re passionate about movies and film!

For a complete list of all online film databases, check out this Wikipedia page.

View the Best Movie Database APIs List

Related Resources:

Summary: Best Online Movie Databases


Filed Under: CommunityTagged With: IMDb, movie, movie database, movies, omdb, online movie database, tv, tvdb

Sours: https://rapidapi.com/blog/list-of-online-movie-databases/
Internet Movie Database

Top 100 Films: The highly-respected site The Internet Movie Database asked its registered users to rank and rate films for their Top 250 Films survey.

Below are the top 100 films from the results of their weighted, unscientific poll, tabulated in the early 2020's decade.

Facts and Commentary About the List:

  • The films are provided as a comparative measure with the Greatest Films Lists on this site.
  • This list of films reflects changing trends with a strong, heavily-weighted bias toward current hits, more recent releases, and personally popular films.
  • Every few months, the list contains more and more top grossing, box-office smashes, familiar and current films that have become the latest craze, and other hits that have had tremendous exposure through expensive ad campaigns.
  • Unfortunately, as newly-released blockbusters fill up the top slots, many of the most-acclaimed classics from Hollywood's Golden Age are pushed lower and lower in the list's ratings of popularity. There are some astounding omissions in this list, and some equally-astonishing entries.
Note: The films that are marked with a yellow star are the
films that "The Greatest Films" site has selected as the "100 Greatest Films"
Sours: https://www.filmsite.org/imdb.html

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