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The Citadel Punishes 14 Cadets Over White-Hooded Photos

One month after photos emerged showing cadets wearing white pillowcases on their heads, The Citadel says its investigation found that while 14 cadets may not have meant to be offensive, their behavior warranted punishments — and in some cases, dismissal.

The incident stems from a a string of nights in which freshman cadets were ordered to an upper class cadet's barracks room, the school says — and on one night, they used pillowcases as part of improvised "Ghosts of Christmas Past" costumes. Photos were later posted on social media, sparking both questions and anger about the event.

"The investigation found that the cadets did not intend to be offensive. However, I am disappointed some recognized how it could be construed as such but didn't stop it," said Lt. Gen. John Rosa, president of the military college in Charleston, S.C.

Eight cadets were suspended shortly after the photos became public. The Citadel says 14 cadets have been disciplined, with some of them dismissed — meaning they must spend at least two semesters away from the school.

The school says that within an hour of the incident, "several cadets reported to cadet leadership that they had seen a small group of freshmen dressed in costumes with white pillowcases on their heads."

As we reported in December:

"The images reportedly came to light after a woman rebuffed a man who was making advances via social media, according to Charleston's ABC 4 News. But the failed connection enabled her to see what was in his feed, and she was stunned by what she saw."

A report about the investigation found that the cadets sang Christmas songs, reading printed lyrics for "It's the Most Wonderful Time of the Year," "Have a Holly Jolly Christmas" and "Joy to the World."

"While the skit had no ill intent, it did show poor judgment. It demonstrates that we must integrate an even higher level of diversity education into cadets' daily activities, and into the already extensive leadership and ethics curriculum," Rosa says. "The bottom line is that the cadets involved now understand that the costumes could be considered offensive and hurtful to many."


The Guidon - The Citadel


2011 - 2012

The South Carolina

Corps of Cadets


table of contents

I. Welcome and Vision, Core Values,

and Mission ...............................................3

II. Organization ............................................17

III. History of TheCitadel and

Citadel Alumni ........................................21

IV. The Cadet System ...................................46

The Fourth Class System ....................47

Hazing ................................................68

Sexual Harassment .............................79

V. Customs and Traditions ...........................82

VI. Campus Buildings .................................109

VII. Academic Departments .........................134

VIII. Cadet Support Services .........................140

IX. Athletics ................................................151

X. Committees, Activities

& Organizations ....................................164

XI. Honors & Awards ..................................192

XII. Off-Campus Attractions ........................215

XIII. INDEX ..................................................223

MeMbers of the incoMing

fourth class:

We do not pretend to familiarize you completely

with TheCitadel in this short book. We present the facts

that you will learn through your training and always

remember with pride. We explain the regulations, the

schedules and programs; and we list the facts and dates of

important Citadel history. Yet to understand TheCitadel

and the “Whole Person” truly, you must completely

immerse yourself in the “Leadership Laboratory” and

wholeheartedly embrace the fourth class system.

Throughout this book you will find helpful

information that you will consult throughout your

cadet career, but especially during your freshmen year.

Although the journey ahead is long and difficult, if you

so choose, your first year at TheCitadel can be a year

of great personal growth. If you make it down the “road

less traveled,” you will find yourself in the company of

Citadel graduates who have excelled in the military and

industry at a level out of all proportion to the enrollment

of the school.

Your four years will be filled with military

discipline which will teach you honor, perseverance,

loyalty, and devotion to God and country. The lessons

you learn you will take with you throughout life.

Congratulations on accepting the challenge. May the

Guidon prove useful in your cadet career.

2 3

Cadet Captain Kyle Hardester

Regimental Activities Officer

Message froM the PresiDent

As members of the Class of 2015, you are entering

TheCitadel at a time when the need for principled

leaders is greater than it has ever been. You are to be

commended for accepting the academic, physical and

mental challenges that await you. Those challenges

will foster personal growth that develops you in mind,

body and spirit.

Your time as a cadet will be more demanding and

more rewarding than you ever thought possible. Soon

after you arrive, you will realize that your relationships

with classmates are central to your success, as they will

be the ones to support and encourage you.

A commitment to personal integrity is required of

each cadet, and as you practice self-respect and respect

for others, you will gain the confidence that comes with

a honorable lifestyle. You will learn the value of taking

responsibility for your actions, and you will experience

the rewards that follow honorable behavior. Once you

have completed your education, you will leave The

Citadel armed with the knowledge and values necessary

for effective principled leadership.

TheCitadel’s reputation for producing principled

leaders spans 168 years. I challenge you to join The

Citadel’s tradition of excellence in honor, leadership,

service, and academics. Together we will build upon The

Citadel’s solid foundation as we ensure the institution

remains a relevant force in the 21 st century.

4 5

John W. Rosa

Lieutenant General, USAF,( Retired)


Citadel Class of 1973

Message froM the ProVost anD

Dean of the college

On behalf of our faculty, I want

to welcome you to TheCitadel. You

have made a life changing decision.

TheCitadel experience is unique.

It affords you an exceptional

opportunity to develop your

potential academically, physically,

and as a principled leader. The

focus is on the whole person in a

learning environment that emphasizes responsibility,

honor, and integrity.

Relatively few choose this “road less traveled”

because it is a demanding one. But those who make this

choice find a new level of opportunity, self-confidence,

and fulfillment that far exceeds their expectations.

TheCitadel experience is a team effort. The faculty,

your advisor, and all of us in Academic Affairs are a

part of that team. We want you to succeed, and we stand

ready to assist you. The faculty-student relationship is a

special one. As faculty members, we endeavor to create

in our students a level of excitement about the academic

disciplines that rivals the love we have for our own

chosen field of study. Our faculty are dedicated to the

teaching-learning process, and our greatest reward is to

see highly-motivated students develop to their potential.

We view learning as a journey not a destination.

You and your family have already made a significant

commitment to that journey. Now we join you for these

next four years on that journey which we hope will

be very rewarding and will prepare you for a lifetime

of learning.

Our goal is not just to teach facts. Our goal on

this part of the journey is to assist you in enhancing

your abilities to think, to analyze, to communicate, to

value, and to be tolerant of diverse philosophies. You

play a major role in how well we succeed at this goal.

The more prepared you are on a daily basis, the more

rewarding will be the journey for all of us. I urge you

to remain focused and to make a significant investment

in your future during these next four years. Such an

investment has made the difference for thousands of

graduates from TheCitadel who “wear the ring.”

I look forward to being a part of your journey

while you are here. And, I look forward to celebrating

your success as a graduate of TheCitadel.

Samuel M. Hines, Jr.

Brigadier General, UMSC

Provost and Dean of the College

6 7

Message froM the


Congratulations on your

decision to attend TheCitadel as a

member of the Class of 2015. You

made the choice to become a proud

member of the South Carolina Corps

of Cadets and attend an institution

that has a long and illustrious history

of developing principled leaders

for our state and nation. The next

four years will be a challenge but if you are committed,

disciplined, and readily apply yourself to the best of your

ability, you will succeed. The experience of your knob year

will be the foundation of four years that will serve you not

only as a cadet but long after graduation.

The life of a cadet is not easy – nor is it intended

to be. You will be challenged academically, militarily,

emotionally, and physically. The staff, faculty, and cadet

leaders are committed to lead, teach, mentor and guide you

in your endeavors but it is ultimately your responsibility

to achieve excellence in the classroom, adhere to the

regulations that govern cadet conduct, and demonstrate the

attributes and qualities that personify a Citadel cadet. It is

expected and required of you. The key to success as a cadet

is twofold – achieve or exceed the standards and follow the

rules. I have every confidence that you have the ability to

achieve balanced excellence in the four pillars that define

TheCitadel experience – academic achievement, military

discipline, physical fitness, and a strong moral character.

TheCitadel experience is a sequential process that

develops principled leader through academic programs and

application among your peers. As a knob, the foundation

will be established through the Fourth Class System. As a

Third Class cadet, you will apply the positive leadership

qualities and traits you observed from your cadet leaders.

As a junior, you will have the opportunity to further

develop your leadership skills by leading your peers and

underclassmen. As a senior, the ultimate test awaits you –

to lead the Corps of Cadets.

In four short years, you will have earned the privilege

of wearing “the ring” – the visible symbol that you are

a Citadel alumnus imbued with the core values of our

institution. These values and strength of character will

identify you as a graduate of TheCitadel and personify

the traits of principled leadership in the service of your

community, state, and nation.

I commend you for making this choice – to take the

path that many consider but few undertake. You made the

right choice. I look forward to serving TheCitadel with

you and for you.

L. A. Mercado

Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired)

Commandant of Cadets

Citadel Class of 1979

8 9



Members of the Class of 2015:

Congratulations on your decision to attend an

institution that provides unique opportunities to develop

you as a person. Your journey as a cadet starts with

your “Knob” year. These nine months will be the most

challenging yet rewarding months of your life. You

will face obstacles that may appear overwhelming,

but through steadfast determination and reliance on

your classmates, you will rise over these obstacles and

achieve great things. You will form a bond with your

classmates like nothing you have ever experienced;

they will be your source of inspiration. TheCitadel

will prepare you to be a leader of principle. Words like

duty, honor, integrity, and humility will take on a new

meaning to you.

Throughout your time at TheCitadel, you will

learn to balance your academic requirements along with

your military duties. Learn from the choices you make

and from those others will make around you. Always

do the right thing, even when no one is looking. I, along

with the Corps, will hold you to the same standards set

before us. My officers and NCO’s will guide and mentor

you along the way. I have the upmost confidence in their

ability to prepare you to be a successful member of the

South Carolina Corps of Cadets.

I leave you with these finals words: Always

remember why you chose TheCitadel. Embrace each

challenge that comes before you, and NEVER give up.

Matthew C. Collier

Regimental Commander, S.C.C.C

Citadel Class of 2012

10 11


Achieving Excellence in the

Education of Principled Leaders


academics: We produce graduates who have insight

into the issues, ideas and values that are important to

society and possess the skills necessary to deal with

them successfully.

Duty: We emphasize the importance of individual

accountability and the moral obligation of responsibility

for the welfare of others.

honor: We adhere to a code which teaches that

uncompromising personal integrity is the primary guide

in all situations.

Morality: We believe that an individual’s character is of

utmost importance, and therefore, we provide training

which emphasizes ethical principles and core values.

Discipline: We operate a leadership laboratory which

emphasizes a structured environment, acceptance of

responsibility, self-confidence, and service to others.

Diversity: We promote diversity in all segments of our

campus community and in all aspects of college life.


TheCitadel’s mission is to educate and prepare graduates

to become principled leaders in all walks of life by

instilling the core values of TheCitadel in a challenging

intellectual environment.

TheCitadel strives to produce graduates who have insight

into issues, ideas, and values that are of importance to

society. It is equally important that Citadel graduates

are capable of both critical and creative thinking, have

effective communication skills, can apply abstract

concepts to concrete situations, and possess the

methodological skills needed to gather and analyze


Throughout its history, TheCitadel’s primary purpose

has been to educate undergraduates as members of the

South Carolina Corps of Cadets and to prepare them for

post-graduate positions of leadership through academic

programs of recognized excellence supported by the

best features of a structured military environment. The

cadet lifestyle provides a disciplined environment that

supports the growth and development of character,

physical fitness, and moral and ethical principles.

A complementary purpose of TheCitadel, realized

through the College of Graduate and Professional

Studies, is to provide the citizens of the Lowcountry and

the State of South Carolina opportunities for professional

development by offering a broad range of educational

programs of recognized excellence at both the graduate

12 13

and undergraduate levels. These programs are designed

to accommodate the needs of non-traditional students

seeking traditional and demanding academic challenges.


TheCitadel is a coeducational, comprehensive,

state-assisted, four-year institution whose primary

undergraduate student body consists of approximately

2,000 members of the Corps of Cadets, all of whom reside

on campus. The primary service area for these students

is regional, with approximately half of each freshman

class coming from South Carolina. TheCitadel, however,

does draw undergraduate students from all parts of the

United States and many foreign countries. The college

offers a wide range of baccalaureate degree programs

(Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor

of Science in Business Administration, Bachelor of

Science in Civil Engineering, and Bachelor of Science

in Electrical Engineering) in the humanities, social and

natural sciences, business administration, engineering,

and education. These academic programs prepare

graduates of the Corps of Cadets for a variety of careers.

Approximately half of these graduates enter business

professions, while a third or more enter into military

and government service. The remainder directly pursue

graduate and professional studies. Many graduates

choose to pursue professional or graduate degrees later

in their careers.

TheCitadel Graduate College serves a degree-seeking

population of approximately 2,000 of which the primary

service area is the South Carolina Lowcountry. The

College of Graduate and Professional Studies offers three

baccalaureate degree programs: Bachelor of Science in

Business Administration, Bachelor of Science in Civil

Engineering, and Bachelor of Science in Electrical

Engineering. Seven graduate degree programs are

offered as well: Master of Arts, Master of Science, Master

of Arts in Education, Master of Arts in Teaching, Master

of Education, Master of Business Administration, and

Specialist in Education.

Meeting the needs of the South Carolina Lowcountry

in terms of instruction, public service, and research,

including such initiatives as cooperative programs

with other educational institutions, is an important part

of TheCitadel’s mission. In its educational programs,

TheCitadel acknowledges and endorses the teacherscholar

ideal, recognizing that the excellence of all of

its academic programs is dependent upon the quality

of its faculty. This ideal is pursued through teaching,

lecturing, researching, writing, publishing, and public

service. The faculty also shares their scholarly pursuits

and endeavours with audiences beyond the college.

14 15

“i shall be telling this

with a sigh

somewhere ages

and ages hence:

two roads diverged

in a wood, and i—

i took the one

less traveled by,

and that has made

all the difference.”

robert frost

ii. organiZation


Colonel Douglas A. Snyder, ’82


Colonel Glenn D. Addison, USAFR (Retired), ’79

Vice Chair

Colonel Allison Dean Love, CGC ’93

Colonel W. Thomas McQueeney, ’74

Colonel Fred L. Price, Jr., ’75

Lieutenant Colonel Ben W. Legare, Jr., USA (Retired),’63

Colonel James M. McQuilla, ’88

Lieutenant General W. Michael Steele, USA (Retired), ’67

Colonel Dylan W. Goff, ’02

Lieutenant General John B. Sams, Jr., USAF (Retired), ’67

Colonel Tecumseh Hooper, Jr., ’69

Secretary to the Board of Visitors

Colonel Myron C. Harrington, Jr., USMC (Retired), ’60

ex officio Members

The Honorable Nikki R. Haley

Governor of South Carolina

Major General Robert E. Livingston, Jr.

Adjutant General of South Carolina

The Honorable Mick Zais

State Superintendent of Education

emeritus Member

Colonel Leonard C. Fulghum, Jr. ’51

16 17


Lt Gen John W. Rosa, USAF, Ret., ’73 .........President

BG Samuel M. Hines, Jr., UMSC .............Provost and

Dean of the College

BG Thomas Elzey , UMSC. . Executive Vice President

for Finance, Administration, and Operations

Col Leo A. Mercado, USMC, Ret., ’79 .......................

Commandant of Cadets

COL G. Dewey Yeatts, UMSC ....... Vice President for

Facilities and Engineering

COL L. Jeffery Perez, USK ............ Vice President for

External Affairs

Mr. Larry W. Leckonby ......Director of Intercollegiate


COL Mark A. Bebensee, UMSC.......... .........Associate


Dr. Steve A. Nida ........ Associate Dean of TheCitadel

Graduate College

COL Joseph W. Trez, USA, Ret., ’69 ...........................

Director of Staff

COL Cardon B. Crawford, USA, Ret., ’83...................

Director of Governmental and Community Affairs

MajGen R. Cliff Poole, USAR, Ret, ’57 ......................

Director of the Krause Center for Ethics

and Leadership

Mr. Mark C. Brandenburg, ’90 ..........General Counsel

Col Thomas G. Philipkosky, USAF, Ret., ’82..............

Executive Assistant to the President


LTC Pamela S. Barton, USAR, Ret. ............................

Assistant Commandant for Operations and Training

Mr. Stephen C. Tobias ’67 .......................Chairman of

TheCitadel Foundation

MAJ William A. Fletcher, Jr...........Director of Public

Safety and Provost Marshal

LTC Suzanne Bufano, UMSC .................... Director of

Counseling Center

Col Carey M. Capell, USAF, Ret., ’71 .........................

Surgeon, Director of Infirmary

Col Dennis D. Carpenter, USAF, Ret. .........................

Director of Human Resources

Mr. Charles R. Adams, Jr. .......... Director of Auxiliary


LTC Kevin C. Dopf, USA, Ret. .................... Assistant

Commandant for Personnel and Logistics

Ms. Susan B. Reynolds .............................. Director of

Financial Services

LTC Henry M. Fuller, Jr., UMSC (CGC) ’02 ..............

Director of Financial Aid

Col Christopher L. Moore, USAF, Ret.,’81 .................

Assistant Commandant for Discipline

LTC Joel C. Harris, USA, Ret ...................Chaplain to

the Corps

Mr. James R. Baldwin ...........President of TheCitadel

Brigadier Foundation

Col Ralph F. Tice, USMC, Ret. ’74 ..........President of

TheCitadel Alumni Association

18 19

LtCol Robert A. Sberna, USAF, Ret., ’76 ....................

Director of Cadet Activities

CDR J. Mike Alverson, USN (Ret) ..............................

Director of Music

CPT S. Jim Dillahey, UMSC, ’01 ................................

Pipe Band Director

COL Angie Le Clercq, UMSC ......Director of Library


Mr. Richard Nelson ................ Director of Information

Technology Services

Col James N. Openshaw, USAF, Ret., ’73 ...................

Budget Director

LtCol John W. Powell, Jr., USMCR, ’77 .......................

Director of Admissions

Mr. Michael F. Rogers, ’70 .............Director of Alumni

Affairs/Career Services

Ms. Jessica M. Tuckman ............Director of Executive


Mr. F. Ward Logan (CGC) ’02 ..................... Treasurer


Mr. Ward Scheindlinger......................Dining Services

Mr. Christopher P. Floyd...Laundry and Dry Cleaning

Mr. Rick Gutierrez.....................................Tailor Shop

Mr. Andy Beckwith .....................................Bookstore

Mr. Kenneth A. Woodruff..........................Cadet Store

Ms. Nancy Bright.......Communications and OneCard

iii. the historY of the citaDel



The name Citadel evokes images of military might

and strength. Before its use as the Citadel Academy

beginning in 1842, the site of the institution had been

used for military purposes by both the state and federal

governments dating back to colonial times.

As the economy of South Carolina diversified

to include the cultivation of crops other than rice, a

building was needed for the “inspection of tobacco.”

It was on this site in downtown Charleston, that such a

building was built in 1790. On February 22, 1797, the

two regiments of the city were reviewed by President

George Washington near the “Tobacco Inspection” on

what was later known as the Citadel Green, now known

as Marion Square.

In December, 1822, the legislature passed “An Act

to Establish a Competent Force as a Municipal Guard for

the Protection of the City of Charleston and Vicinity.”

Marion Square was selected for an arsenal and guard

house and in 1829, the building which was to be known as

TheCitadel was completed. The state and city authorities

requested that it be garrisoned by United States troops

from Fort Moultrie. The Nullification Crises of 1832

and the growing schism between the North and South

caused the state to request the withdrawal of United

States troops in 1832, and the facility was garrisoned

by South Carolina troops for the next ten years.

20 21


State troops occupied both TheCitadel and The

Arsenal at a cost of $24,000 per year. Governor John

P. Richardson believed that guard duties should be

combined with a system of education to be offered

to the poor but deserving boys of South Carolina. On

December 20, 1842, the South Carolina Legislature

passed an act establishing The South Carolina Military

Academy. TheCitadel and The Arsenal were converted

into educational institutions and students replaced the

state troops.

General James Jones, the first Chairman of the

Board of Visitors, was responsible for establishing

the regulations for military instruction and discipline.

He used the regulations of The United States Military

Academy at West Point. For the curriculum, General

Jones followed the course designed by Captain Alden

Partridge, the founder of Norwich University in Vermont.

The arts and sciences were combined with a military

education designed to provide the graduate with “A

complete and generous education which fits a man to

perform justly, skillfully, and magnanimously all the

offices of a citizen, both private and public, of peace

and war.”


On March 20, 1843, twenty cadets reported to The

Citadel Academy and fourteen to the Arsenal Academy.

The State paid the tuition for the “beneficiary” cadets

who were selected from the then twenty-nine counties

in South Carolina. The tuition for cadets who were able

to pay was $200 per year.

Initially, TheCitadel Academy and The Arsenal

Academy operated independently; however, in 1845

the role of The Arsenal Academy was changed to the

instruction of freshmen. As a result, cadets spent their

first year in Columbia and then transferred to The

Citadel for the remaining three years. This allowed

the administration to economize by eliminating the

duplication of course work.

The academic year began on New Year’s Day

22 23

and ended in late November. Military sessions were

held after exams in April and in December. Daily life

was regimented and there were no vacations. There

was an infantry or artillery drill held each weekday

from March 1 to December 1. Classes were not held on

Saturdays or Sundays, however there was a room and

corps inspection on Saturdays and church attendance was

required on Sundays. The cadet literary societies, The

Calliopean and The Polytechnique, provided a popular

form of entertainment. The cadets tested their oratorical

abilities in lively debates on a variety of subjects. The

first graduating class was in 1846. Charles Courtney

Tew was the first honor graduate.

There were yellow fever epidemics in Charleston

during the summers of 1843, 1849, 1852, 1854 and

1856. TheCitadel’s routine was disrupted and the corps

of cadets either disbanded or relocated to The Arsenal

in Columbia.

In 1846, South Carolina was preparing to furnish

its volunteers to fight in the Mexican War. The recruits

for the Palmetto Regiment were sent to TheCitadel to

receive military instruction and the cadets served as

their drillmasters. The Palmetto Regiment distinguished

itself in battle and their flag was the first in Mexico

City in 1847.

TheCitadel had gained the reputation for strict

military discipline and high academic standards.


When South Carolina seceded from the Union

in December 1860, Major Robert Anderson moved his

garrison of United States troops from Fort Moultrie

to Fort Sumter and requested reinforcements from the

federal government. In order to protect the entrance

to Charleston Harbor, the Governor of South Carolina

ordered a fortification to be constructed on Morris Island.

On January 9, 1861, Citadel cadets who were stationed

on Morris Island fired on the U.S. steamer, The Star of

the West, which failed to re-supply Fort Sumter.

The New York Evening Post reported, “The

military men on board The Star of the West] highly

complimented the South Carolinians on their shooting

in this first attempt. They say it was well done; that all

that was needed was a little better range, which they

probably could have obtained in a few minutes. Their

line was perfect; and the opinion is expressed that some

one had charge of the guns who knew his business.”

On January 28, 1861, the Corps of Cadets were

made part of the military organization of the state and

were known as The Battalion of State Cadets. The cadets

took part in eight engagements in defense of Charleston

and South Carolina. The firing on the Star of the West

24 25

and the engagement at Williamston were considered

the first and last shots of the war. In recognition of their

honorable and meritorious service, the Office of the

South Carolina Adjutant General authorized TheCitadel

to carry the following battle and campaign streamers:

Star of the West, January 9, 1861

Wappoo Cut, November 1861

James Island, June 1862

Charleston and Vicinity, July to October 1863

James Island, June 1864

Tulifinny, December 1864

James Island, December 1864 to February 1865

Williamston, May 1865

After experiencing the excitement of manning the

guns on James Island in the spring of 1862, thirty-six

cadets became tired of the college routine and deserted

TheCitadel on June 9, 1862, and were subsequently

dismissed by The Board of Visitors. These ex-cadets

joined the Sixth Regiment of the S.C. Cavalry under Col.

Hugh Aiken and were known as the Cadet Company or

Cadet Rangers. They fought in at least twelve battles

between 1863 and 1865 while earning laurels for bravery

and professionalism.

Of the 224 graduates living at the time of the Civil

War, 209 entered the Confederate service. Four graduates

achieved the rank of Brigadier General: Johnson

Hagood, Ellison Capers, Evander Law and Micah

Jenkins. In addition, there were nineteen colonels, eleven

lieutenant colonels, eighteen majors and numerous

junior officers and enlisted men. Citadel graduates were

involved in the major battles of the war including: Fort

Sumter, First Manassas, Shiloh, Vicksburg, Antietam,

Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Atlanta, and Petersburg.


In February 1865, The Arsenal Academy in

Columbia was burned by Gen. William T. Sherman’s

troops and never reopened. The Officers’ Quarters

at the Arsenal, however, were not burned and today

the building serves as the South Carolina Governor’s

Mansion. TheCitadel Academy ceased operation as

a college when the Union troops entered Charleston

and occupied the site.

In April 1877, a group of nine graduates met in

Charleston to discuss reorganizing the Association

of Graduates, which had been established in 1852.

They also considered plans for recovering TheCitadel

from the United States Government and reopening

the college. A publicity campaign was started to

enlist favorable support in South Carolina for the

reopening of the military academy. A claim was

made against the United States Government to return

TheCitadel buildings to the State.

In December 1877, Brigadier General Johnson

Hagood, an 1847 Citadel graduate, was appointed

Chair-man of the Board of Visitors. Gen. Hagood

was elected Governor of South Carolina and served

from 1880 to 1882. His position and influence paved

the way for the reopening of TheCitadel.

On January 10, 1882, the Judge Advocate

General of the United States Army rendered the

26 27

opinion that the State of South Carolina was entitled

to immediate possession of TheCitadel. On January

31, 1882, the South Carolina Legislature passed the

act to reopen the college.

The 1882 session began with an enrollment of

185 cadets. Colonel John P. Thomas, who had been

the superintendent of The Arsenal from 1861 to 1865

and an 1851 graduate, was named superintendent of

TheCitadel in 1882. Although there were no longer

munitions to guard, Colonel Thomas re-instituted the

same strict military system as well as the intensive

academic program.


In the war with Spain in 1898, more Citadel

graduates volunteered for service than were needed.

Seventeen Citadel graduates served with the volunteer

regiments. Five graduates served in the Regular Army.


In 1910, the college’s name was officially changed

from The South Carolina Military Academy to The

Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina. This

change was necessary to reflect the academic nature

of the institution. The word “Academy” had come

to indicate a high school instead of a college and it

presented an incorrect perception of TheCitadel, which

is an institution of higher education.


The National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, began

the formation of Reserve Officers Training Corps in

U.S. colleges. The standards established by the War

Department were met at TheCitadel. After conducting

the War Department’s three-day inspection in 1918, Col.

Charles Noyes indicated that “TheCitadel is maintaining

its position as a distinguished military college.”

The National Defense Act also offered the

opportunity for recent graduates to enter the Regular

Army. Of the class of 1917, all 33 entered military service.

Six entered the Regular Army and thirteen others were

commissioned in the United States Marine Corps. In The

Story of TheCitadel, Colonel Bond noted that so many

Citadel graduates had been commissioned in the Marine

Corps during this period that jealous congressmen from

other states had made it the subject of an investigation

by a Congressional committee. In World War I, Citadel

graduates were with the first American convoy which

sailed on June 13, 1917. Three hundred fifteen graduates

served in the war.


TheCitadel had outgrown its campus on Marion

Square. Despite numerous building additions, it could

only accommodate 325 students. In 1918, the City of

Charleston gave the State of South Carolina a magnificent

site on the banks of the Ashley River for a greater

Citadel. On October 21, 1922, the cadets returned to

28 29

a new campus, which consisted of a barracks (now

known as Padgett-Thomas Barracks), an infirmary,

two wings of Bond Hall, and other auxiliary

buildings. The eighty years on Marion Square had

come to an end.


From 1842 to 1903, the curriculum had been

inflexible. In 1903, however, the senior class was

permitted to choose an elective or major in civil

engineering, the sciences or literature. In 1916, the

elective system was extended to the junior class. The

Citadel’s academic reputation was enhanced in 1924

when it received accreditation from the Southern

Association of Colleges. On January 23, 1931, The

Citadel was admitted to membership in the Association

of American Colleges.


From 1941-1945, TheCitadel operated

effectively and successfully. In April 1943, cadet

underclassmen, as well as graduating seniors received

orders to report to active duty in the armed forces. The

corps of cadets was significantly reduced; however,

the federal government sponsored several training

programs which were administered at TheCitadel.

Under these programs, groups of students who were

not cadets attended the college. The federal funding

helped to keep the college operating to capacity. After

1945, the cadet corps increased and veteran students

enrolled under the G.I. Bill.

During World War II TheCitadel had the distinction

of having the highest percentage of its students enter

the military service of any college, with the exception

of the service academies. Some Citadel alumni served

in the armed forces of allied nations before the United

States entered the war. Of 2,976 living graduates in

1946, 1,927 had served their country.


TheCitadel celebrated the 100th anniversary of

its founding in the academic year 1942-1943. Parades,

pageants, radio programs, magazine articles, and

memorial services were held throughout the year.


The academic program was expanded in 1966 to

include a coeducational undergraduate evening program.

Although bachelor’s degrees were not granted through

this program, it was one of the first instances of women

learning in Citadel classrooms. Hours earned here were

usually credited towards undergraduate degrees in

other institutions. Two years later TheCitadel began

granting graduate degrees through an evening program.

The program grew until 1994, when TheCitadel Board

of Visitors approved the foundation of the College of

Graduate and Professional Studies (now known as The

Citadel Graduate College, or CGC). A coeducational

30 31

institution from its conception, the CGC is now a

mainstay of TheCitadel’s academic environment.

Graduate students from the CGC are employed in many

aspects of TheCitadel’s network of administration and

academic support services.

TheCitadel has established a niche as a small

public “teaching” college. This refers to TheCitadel’s

emphasis on in-classroom instruction. While many

Citadel faculty members have distinguished themselves

through upper-level scholarly research, their focus

remains on teaching and challenging their students.

Unlike many larger colleges and universities, professors,

not graduate assistants or doctoral candidates, conduct

classroom instruction. Also, TheCitadel’s policy of

mandatory class attendance means that cadets will get

more hours of classroom instruction than their civilian

college counterparts.


As an institution that prides itself on uniformity,

TheCitadel tends to be reluctant to change. In 1970,

the first African American cadet, the late Charles D.

Forester, graduated from TheCitadel. In the academic

year 1975-1976, Dr. Aline Mahan became the first

female faculty member. The assimilation of women

into the SCCC has been the most recent change to the

identity of TheCitadel.

In August of 1995, Ms. Shannon Faulkner, through

court orders, became the first woman to matriculate into

the Corps. Although she resigned a few days later, The

Citadel Board of Visitors voted on June 28, 1996 to

revoke the male-only admissions policy of the SCCC.

This followed a ruling by the United States Supreme

Court on a similar case involving the Virginia Military

Institute (VMI) in US v. Virginia.

In August of 1996, four females matriculated with

the class of 2000. Two of these resigned amid allegations

of hazing and harassment. The lawsuits and negative

publicity associated with this incident marked a difficult

time for the reputation and image of TheCitadel and

her alumni. Nancy Mace received her degree three

years later, becoming the first female graduate of The

Corps of Cadets. Now, there are over one hundred and

twenty female members of the SCCC, many occupying

key positions in the cadet chain of command, varsity

athletics, and campus organizations.


The Greater Issues Lecture Series begun in 1954

attracts nationally and internationally known speakers

in the business, political, and military fields to The

Citadel. The purpose of the series is to expose the cadets

to the ideas and experiences of individuals in significant

leadership positions.

32 33


Since the move in 1922, the campus has been

transformed by the construction of numerous buildings.

LeTellier Hall, Summerall Chapel, McAlister Field

House, Law Barracks, Stevens Barracks, and Capers

Hall were completed between 1936 and 1951. From

1953 to the present the following buildings have been

constructed which not only enhance the appearance of

this unique campus, but also fulfill the academic, military,

athletic, and social requirements of the college; The

McCormick Beach House, Mark Clark Hall, the Daniel

Library and Museum, the Thomas Howie Carillon, Byrd

Hall, Jenkins Hall, Duckett Hall, Deas Hall, Seignious

Hall, Vandiver Hall, Grimsley Hall, and Watts Barracks.

Coward Hall, Thompson Hall, Murray Barracks, Law

Barracks and Padgett-Thomas Barracks have been

rebuilt, and McAlister Field House has been renovated.


TheCitadel celebrated its 150th anniversary in the

academic year 1992-1993. Highlights of the festivities

included the signing of a copy of the legislative act

establishing TheCitadel, the Sesquicentennial Ball, and

a military tattoo. Featured in the tattoo were the Color

Guard in period uniform, Regimental Staff, Band, Pipe

Band, Chorale, Original 13, Junior Sword Drill, and

Summerall Guards.


Citizen-soldier duty in the profession of arms,

which began over 150 years ago, has remained a

constant theme in the history of the college during the

Cold War era. Graduates again answered the call to

war-fighting duty and sacrifice during America’s longest

war, Vietnam, 1965-1975. They also displayed their

valor in the liberation of Grenada and the peacekeeping

operation in Beirut, Lebanon. More recently, in 1991

in the Persian Gulf War, Citadel graduates in both the

Active and Reserve components of the Armed Forces

fought alongside cadets whose Reserve and National

Guard units were mobilized. And in the post Cold War

era, graduates have served in America’s peacekeeping

forces in the Balkans and elsewhere and are currently

playing an active part in the war on terrorism.

As TheCitadel enters the 21st century, it remains

a bulwark of duty and honor and commitment to God

and Country. Of its graduates, quality leadership has

always been expected. Thus, its newest graduates carry

forward the college’s model of leadership in the finest

tradition in every walk of life.

Throughout the more than one hundred sixtysix

years of its existence, TheCitadel has made

contributions to the State of South Carolina and the nation

disproportionate to its size and number of graduates.

As TheCitadel enters the twenty-first century, it stands

as a bulwark of Duty, Honor, God, and Country and

is dedicated to serve the state and nation through the

citizen-soldiers which it produces.

34 35


Captain William F. Graham, USA, 1843-1844

Major Richard W. Colcock, USA, 1844-1852

Major Francis W. Capers, CSA, 1852-1859

Major Peter F. Stevens, CSA, 1859-1861

Major James B. White, CSA, 1861-1865

Colonel John P. Thomas, CSA, Class of 1851, 1882-1885

Brigadier General George D. Johnson, CSA, 1885-1890

Colonel Asbury Coward, CSA, Class of 1854, 1890-1908

Colonel Oliver J. Bond, SCM, Class of 1886, 1908-1931

General Charles P. Summerall, USA, Ret. 1931-1953

General Mark W. Clark, USA, Ret. 1954-1965

General Hugh P. Harris, USA, Ret. 1965-1970

Major General James W. Duckett, SCM, Class of ’32,


Lieutenant General George M. Seignious II, USA, Ret.,

Class of ’42, 1974-1979

Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale, USN, Ret. 1979-1980

Major General James A. Grimsley, Jr., USA, Ret.,

Class of ’42, 1980-1989

Lieutenant General Claudius E. Watts III, USAF, Ret.,

Class of ’58, 1989-1996

Major General John S. Grinalds, USMC, Ret., 1997-2005

Lieutenant General John W. Rosa, USAF, Ret.,

Class of ’73, 2006-present

serVice of citaDel aluMni


From the college’s earliest days, Citadel graduates

have embodied the concept of the Citizen-Soldier. The

first Honor Graduate, Charles Courtney Tew, would later

fall at the battle of Antietam in 1862 at the head of his

regiment, the 2nd North Carolina Infantry, on the eve of

receiving his promotion to brigadier general. Another

member of the first graduating class, William J. Magill,

served as a lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Dragoons under

General Zachary Taylor during the Mexican War. Magill

later served as Commandant of Cadets at the Georgia

Military Institute, and as colonel of the First Georgia

regiment during the Civil War.

Discipline and academic requirements were

strict during this era as the reputation of the college as

an elite institution was established. Of the 550 cadets

who attended TheCitadel and Arsenal during its first

decade, twenty-two percent failed academically and

twenty percent was dismissed for misconduct.


Major Ellison Capers, Class of 1857, was one

of the first emissaries from the new government of

South Carolina to Fort Sumter when the Union garrison

evacuated Fort Moultrie on December 26, 1860 and

occupied the unfinished Fort Sumter in Charleston

36 37

harbor. Cadets from TheCitadel then fired the first hostile

shots of the war when the steamship Star of the West

attempted to resupply Fort Sumter on January 9, 1861.

Citadel graduates also later took part in the bombardment

of Fort Sumter as the conflict erupted into civil war on

April 12, 1861. Brigadier General E. M. Law, Class

of 1856, distinguished himself at First Manassas and

Gettysburg. Brigadier General Micah Jenkins, formerly

a brigade commander in Pickett’s Division and a favorite

of General Longstreet, was killed at the Battle of the

Wilderness in 1864. Two other graduates, Johnson

Hagood and Ellison Capers, also served as brigadier

generals, along with nineteen colonels, eleven lieutenant

colonels, eighteen majors, and numerous junior officers

and enlisted men. Of the 224 graduates living during

the war, 209 served in the Confederate forces. Citadel

graduates were present in all major battles of the war,

including First Manassas, Shiloh, Vicksburg, Antietam,

Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain,

Atlanta and Petersburg. Forty-nine graduates died for

the South during the war.

During the war, Citadel cadets also took part in

eight engagements in defense of Charleston and South

Carolina, earning the eight gray battle streamers on

the Corps’ Regimental Colors. Additionally, Citadel

cadets were involved in the end of the war as well as the

beginning. Robert M. Sims, Class of 1856 carried the

flag of truce from General Longstreet to Major General

Custer at Appommatox Court House.


For seventeen years following the end of the Civil

War, TheCitadel was occupied by Union troops. Efforts

to reopen the institution began in April 1877 when the

recently reorganized Association of Graduates, nine

in all, met in Charleston. The alumni association, thus

reestablished, intensified its efforts to obtain the return

of TheCitadel property from the federal government and

to secure legislation in the U.S. Congress and the South

Carolina General Assembly to revive the institution.

The legislation to reopen the South Carolina Military

Academy was passed in January, 1882, and possession of

TheCitadel returned to the state on March 17, 1882. On

October 2, 1882, one hundred eighty-nine cadets reported

to the revived Citadel. Colonel John P. Thomas, Class

of 1851, who had headed the Arsenal Academy during

the war, was appointed Superintendent. In 1890, Colonel

Asbury Coward, Class of 1854, assumed the office of

Superintendent. The same year, the first Commandant

of Cadets, Lieutenant John A. Towers, 1st U.S. Artillery,

was appointed and assumed from the Superintendent,

the responsibility of disciplinary matters in the Corps

of Cadets.

During the Spanish-American War in 1898,

seventeen Citadel graduates served with volunteer

regiments. Five graduates served with the Regular Army.

During the post war period, Citadel graduates

were also involved in the westward expansion of the

United States. E.L. Heriot, Class of 1847, conducted the

first railroad survey west and south of the Rio Grande

River. T.J. Arnold, Class of 1852, designed the harbor

38 39

and wharves of San Francisco and Oakland, California.

During the First World War, Citadel graduates

again served with distinction. Montegue Nichols, serving

with the British Royal Horse Artillery in Flanders, was

the first Citadel alumnus to be killed in action. The

first officer from South Carolina to fall in battle was

Lieutenant John H. David, Class of 1914. In all, 315

Citadel graduates served in the Armed Forces during

this conflict.

The record of Citadel graduates is described

by Barnwell R. Legge, Class of 1911, who won the

Distinguished Service Cross in France and was also a

brigadier general and the Military Attaché to Switzerland

during World War II. In his remarks at an alumni banquet

in Columbia, SC in 1920, Captain Legge stated: “When

the first American convoy sailed on June 13, 1917, there

were a number of Citadel men with it. They were with the

artillery brigade that pulled its guns up through the mud

of Lorraine, and going into position near Bathlemont,

sent America’s first shot into the German lines... Three

hundred and fifteen in the service of their country; six

killed, seventeen wounded. The war is over. Citadel

men still serve, from the island of Mindanao to the

steppes of Siberia. The mills of the old in institution

grind slowly - the product changes not. It stands for

the same principles, the same ideals - solid citizenship,

unquestioned loyalty, unflinching service.”


During World War II, TheCitadel had the

distinction of having the highest percentage of its

students enter the military service of any college, with

the exception of the services academies. Some Citadel

alumni even served in the armed forces of allied nations

before the United States entered the war. Of 2,976

living graduates in 1946, 2,927 had served their country.

Before the end of the war, two hundred seventy-nine

Citadel men had given their lives.

Probably the most famous officer was Major

Thomas D. Howie, Class of 1929, and “The Major of

St. Lo.” Howie commanded the 3rd Battalion, 116th

Infantry, in the famed 29th Infantry Division. Major

Howie was killed one day before the strategic city of

St. Lo fell, while giving final orders to the company

commanders of his battalion. So gallant were his actions

that his division commander paid him the highest military

tribute by having his body brought into the city first and

parading the division before him.

As in past conflicts, Citadel graduates participated

in all the major campaigns of World War II, from Pearl

Harbor through the major engagements in the European,

North African, and Pacific Theaters, and at sea. A

number of Citadel graduates fought in the Philippines

and endured the Bataan Death March. Lieutenant H. E.

Crouch, Class of 1940, took part in the Doolittle Raid

on Tokyo in April 1942, America’s first offensive action

of the war. Captain Jack R. Millar, Class of 1939, flew

the plans for the North African invasion to President

Roosevelt. Millar had earlier participated in the first

40 41

B-17 raid over Europe with the Eighth Air Force. The

first commanding officer of the Marine Corps recruit

training camp for African-American Marines was

Colonel Samuel A. Woods, USMC, Class of 1914, a

veteran of China, Nicaragua, and World War I. Colonel

Woods was largely responsible for African-American

Marines being allowed to serve in combat units rather

than labor battalions. Perhaps the most decorated

alumnus was Captain Roland Wooten of the Army Air

Corps, Class of 1936.


During the Korean War, some 1500 alumni were

on active duty, and thirty-one graduates were killed in

action. General Edwin A. Pollock, USMC, Class of 1921,

commanded the First Marine Division in Korea and

served under General Mark Clark. During World War II,

General Pollock had won the Navy Cross as a battalion

commander on Guadalcanal while his classmate,

W. O. Brice, commanded Marine Aircraft Group 11

there. General Pollock, then the only Marine to have

commanded both the Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic and

Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, retired as a four star general

and later served as Chairman of the Board of Visitors.

Citadel men again fought and died during the

Vietnam War and subsequent conflicts. Captain Terry D.

Cordell, Class of 1957, an Army Special Forces officer,

was the first of sixty-five Citadel men who died in that

war. Several Citadel graduates had been prisoners of war

in North Vietnam, including Captain Quincy Collins,

USAF, Class of 1955, who later served as the president

of the Citadel Alumni Association. Major Samuel A.

Bird, Class of 1961, who had led the funeral detail

during the funeral of President John F. Kennedy in

November of 1963, died of wounds received in Vietnam.

Lieutenant General George M. Seignious II, Class of

1942, served as military advisor at the Paris Peace Talks

and later as Secretary of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The

most recent former Commandant of Cadets, Brigadier

General J. Emory Mace, USA (Ret), Class of 1963, is

one of TheCitadel’s most highly decorated graduates.

While serving in Vietnam, General Mace was awarded

the Distinguished Service Cross, our nation’s second

highest award for valor.

The first African-American cadet, the late Charles

D. Foster, Class of 1970, was admitted in 1966. Since

that time, African-American graduates have gone on to

distinguished careers in the military services, the public

and private sector, and have served on the Board of

Visitors of TheCitadel.


Numerous Citadel graduates have achieved

prominence in many fields during recent years. John

C. West, Class of 1942, served as Governor of South

Carolina and the United States Ambassador to Saudi

Arabia. Ernest F. Hollings, also Class of 1942, also

served as Governor of South Carolina and currently

serves as a United States Senator. Another member of

the distinguished class, Alvah H. Chapman headed the

42 43

Knight-Ridder newspaper chain, and is now President

Emeritus of that corporation. Other graduates have

held high office in the federal and state government,

including, several U.S. ambassadors, and as general and

flag officers in all branches of the Armed Forces. Dr. John

M. Palms, Class of 1958, just retired at the president

of the University of South Carolina. A span of the 14th

Street Bridge over the Potomac River in Washington,

D.C. is named for Arland D. Williams, Class of 1957,

who died in the Air Florida crash in 1982. Williams

gave his life to save the lives of five other passengers.

In the Reagan administration, Langhorne A. Motley,

Class of 1960, served as United States Ambassador

to Brazil and as Assistant Secretary of State for Latin

American Affairs. One of the nation’s most popular

contemporary authors, Pat Conroy, is a graduate from

the Class of 1967.

As always, Citadel alumni have continued to

sacrifice for the nation in time of conflict. In the Grenada

liberation, Captain Michael F. Ritz, USA, was killed in

action and Captain Charles J. Schnorf, USMC, Class of

1981, died in the terrorist bombing of the U.S. Marine

barracks in Beruit, Lebanon.

Twenty-two cadets served with reserve and

National Guard units in the Persian Gulf War. Captain

Mario Fajardo, Class of 1984, was killed in that war

while leading his engineer unit through an enemy mine

field. Many other graduates served during this war,

in both the regular and reserve components. Captain

Caesar Rodriquez, USAF, Class of 1981, shot down

two Iraqi MiG fighters in aerial combat. Captain Patrick

M. McKenna, USA, Class of 1989, was killed in 1994

when his helicopter was shot down over Kurdish areas

of Iraq. Another Gulf War veteran, Stephen Buyer,

Class of 1980, serve as members of the United States

Congress from Indiana.

In recent years, Citadel alumni and current cadets

assigned to activated reserve and National Guard units

have served in both Afghanistan and Iraq. At the time of

this printing, fifteen Citadel graduates have given their

lives for their country in the ongoing War on Terror.

Nancy Mace, became the first female graduate

in 1999. Petra Lovetinska, Class of 2000, a native of

Czechoslovakia, became the first female cadet to receive

a commission in the U.S. Armed Forces.

The ultimate test of any academic institution is

the quality and character of its alumni. The record of

Citadel graduates has more than validated Governor

Richardson’s hopes of 1842 that the institution would

produce useful citizens.

44 45

iV. the caDet sYsteM

The purpose of the cadet system at TheCitadel is

to develop and graduate the “whole person.”

TheCitadel System matures, refines, trains,

and schools the totality of one’s character. This finely

balanced process is called the “whole person” concept.

During four years as a cadet you will be developed

academically, physically, militarily, morally, and



Since 1842, TheCitadel has molded individuals

into leaders. As we enter a new millennium, TheCitadel

reaffirms its belief that the whole person is one who is

worthy of the trust of others. The following qualities

of leadership will be the guiding principles for The

Citadel as we develop a new generation of leaders to

serve their families, their communities, their professions,

and their country.

A Leader . . .

believes in an optimistic vision for the future.

motivates others to achieve.

demonstrates loyalty.

respects the rights of others.

sets a good example.

pursues excellence in all endeavors.

treats others with concern and civility.

demonstrates the courage to act responsibily.

possesses uncompromising integrity.

is devoted to duty and honor.

These principles will guide our behavior and

serve as our moral compass in all that we say and do.


The purpose of the Fourth Class System at The

Citadel is to provide a base upon which a fourth class

cadet may develop those qualities essential to a good

leader. It is dedicated to the principle that no one is

fit to lead who has not learned to follow. The system

requires mental preparedness, physical conditioning,

and self discipline and is conducted with impartiality.


TheGuidon is published every year as a source

of information for fourth class cadets. As a member

of the Class of 2014, you are highly encouraged to

familiarize yourself with all of the information enclosed

in TheGuidon. Since these weeks will be filled with

many activities, it is necessary to learn as much of

this information as possible before you report. Once

you arrive, you should read the Fourth Class System

Regulations. Listed on page 58 are some items that you

will be required to memorize in the first few weeks at

TheCitadel. The more of these that you have memorized

before you report, the easier your training will be. These

items compose what is known as “Knob Knowledge.”

46 47


As an incoming fourth class cadet, you are strongly

advised to be in the best physical condition possible.

Because of the nature of a fourth class cadet’s first

weeks at TheCitadel, it is important that you attain at

least the minimum standards set by the administration.


Push-ups sit-ups 2-Mile run

Male 42 53 15 min. 54 secs.

Female 19 53 18 min. 54 secs.


The Director of Admissions sends each fourth

class cadet a list of clothing, bedding, and other articles

which you must bring with you. TheCitadel laundry

will mark clothing for you after your arrival.

A bedspread and a blanket will be issued to you.

Cadets are not allowed to use fitted sheets. You will

be taught how to make “hospital corners” with your

straight sheets.

You are advised to break in your low quarter

shoes by wearing them for at least two weeks prior

to arrival. Breaking in your shoes will prevent painful

blisters during the cadre training period. Begin to shine

your shoes before you leave home. This will provide

a good base of wax for shining to Citadel standards

(“Spit-shine”). Corframs are not authorized.



The following is a practical guide for the general

conduct and well-being of incoming fourth class cadets.

You should read it thoroughly, for it contains the keys

of success for a new cadet. The Fourth Class System

requires constant effort to conform to Citadel traditions

and standards. To assure your success as a Citadel cadet,

keep the following advice in mind from the moment

you enter campus. This will be your way of life. Upon

taking the cadet oath you are a cadet recruit.

1. You are no longer a civilian. Certain answers

such as “yeah” and “ok” will no longer be part of your

vocabulary. The five “knob answers” are, “Yes, sir/

ma’am,” “No, sir/ma’am,” “No excuse, sir/ma’am,”

“Request better judgement, sir/ma’am,” and “Request

permission to make a statement, sir/ma’am.” In all

communication, you must refer to an upper-class cadet

as “Mister . . .” or “Ms . . .”

2. When you receive an order, carry it out to the

best of your ability. Arguments are never appropriate.

You are expected to obey any legal order by an upperclass


3. Maintain proper posture and take pride in your

appearance and bearing. If you should forget to stand

erect, you will soon be reminded. Remember, you not only

represent yourself, but also your company and the Corps.

48 49

4. The life of a cadet is far removed from your

former way of living. A “lone wolf” will find it difficult

to survive within the Corps. Your classmates are your

only companions, since fraternization with upper class

cadets is prohibited. Start off right by getting acquainted

with your classmates. However, never be afraid to ask

an upper-class cadet a question; request permission

first and you will find them ready and willing to assist

you. When you are allowed to leave campus, it is best

to go in a group so that no one will feel left out. These

classmates are your sole source of support and aid at

this time. They will be your friends for life.

5. You should always hold the highest esteem for

the cadet uniform. For many years it has commanded

recognition and respect. Never injure that respect by

acting in a manner that will reflect discredit upon you, the

uniform, or TheCitadel. Such actions would constitute

a serious infraction of regulations and would dishonor

the traditions of TheCitadel.

The Regulations of TheCitadel are contained in

three books located on the college web-site under “Office

of the Commandant.” The Blue Book, Red Book, and

White Book can be found under “Cadet Regulations.”

An introduction, overview, and certification test of each

book will be given to all Cadet Recruits during the

Fourth Class Training and Orientation Week. The Blue

Book covers the rules of cadet behavior. The Red Book

summarizes the fourth class system. The White Book

details Cadet Basic Skills, Cadet Operational Procedures,

and various Cadet Programs. All cadets are expected

to know how to access these references. It would be

beneficial for all incoming freshmen to review these

publications prior to their arrival.


Members of the fourth class report for duty at least

one week before the school term opens. Cadets from the

upper three classes compose a training cadre to give the

fourth class cadets their preliminary military training.

During this week, the new class takes the cadet oath,

becoming cadet recruits.

During cadre week, cadets are issued their

uniforms and learn the fundamentals of military life,

formations, marching, and rifle manual. Fourth class

cadets also attend various academic meetings and receive

instruction in the Honor System, Corps operations, and

cadet traditions.

After this week of training and after the entire

Corps returns, the fall term of classes begins. This may

seem to be the longest week of your lives, but do not

be discouraged. You will soon become accustomed to

cadet life, and all of your tasks will become second

nature. Being successful during your “knob” year will

give you a feeling of accomplishment unlike any other.


50 51

1. Definitions: A fourth class cadet is a freshman;

a third class cadet, a sophomore; a second class

cadet, a junior; a first class cadet is a senior.

2. obedience: Fourth class cadets will obey any

legal order by an upper-class cadet. Protest

may be made later if the order is believed to

be improper.

3. limits: The following places are off limits

to fourth class cadets:

a. All grassed areas, except when in athletic

uniform or in a formation.

b. The quadrangle, except during formations.

c. All streets on campus, except when crossing

or along the Avenue of Remembrance.

d. The sidewalk along the Avenue of


e. Red tile inside front center doors of Bond

Hall except when on official duty.

f. The front door of Jenkins Hall, except

when going to Army supply or Jenkins

Hall Auditorium.

g. The front door and west end of Capers


h. The pool room in Mark Clark Hall.

i. All elevators on campus except when

injuries prevent one from walking up stairs.

4. Posture: Fourth class cadets will stand at

attention in all formations and will not talk

except officially. On the quadrangles you

will move at attention and at double time. On

campus and on the galleries, you will walk

at 120 steps/minute. Beyond these limits and

in public view, you will maintain a military

posture at all times.

5. reporting to an upper-class cadet: When

52 53

reporting to an upper-class cadet’s room, knock

twice, and report in a military manner.

6. uniforms: You will not appear outside your

room except in a complete and proper uniform.

During study hours in barracks you are required

to wear a complete uniform such as the physical

training uniform.

7. formations: You will be present in ranks at

first call (five minutes prior to assembly) for

all company formations.

8. Details in the barracks: You will perform

distribution of laundry parcels, clean the gallery

and quadrangle each morning, empty trash

cans, etc.

9. Mess hall: You will observe the following

customs in the mess hall:

a. At the foot of the steps you will remove or

replace cap when entering or leaving the

mess hall.

b. You will walk rapidly to your assigned

seats and stand at attention behind your

chair until given the order “rest” or “take

seats” by the Regimental Adjutant. You

will restrict your eyes to the visibility of

your respective mess.

c. You will maintain the proper posture while

eating. When addressed, you will stop

eating and sit at attention.

d. You will observe proper etiquette.

10. hops: You may attend all hops (dances) held

at TheCitadel.

11. athletic games: All cadets attend the home

football games in the fall and are encouraged

to attend other varsity athletic contests. Fourth

class cadets provide a ready and willing

cheering section at all home football games.

12. general:

a. You will wear shined brass and shoes at all

times. all brass must retain the details,

and all lettering must be readable.

b. You will give clear and concise answers

to all questions.

c. You will not offer any excuse for

misconduct, unless asked to explain

your actions.

d. You may ask for permission to explain

your conduct when there are extenuating


e. You will read the company bulletin boards

twice each day but not during the five

minutes preceding a formation.

f. When on the stairs or gallery, you will

request permission to pass upper-class

cadets and will halt to permit upper-class

cadets to pass you.

g. You will only smoke or use dip in designated

areas. When in uniform, you will never

smoke or use dip out-of-doors.

h. You will need to know (once assigned)

your rifle serial number and butt number.


1. Honor ............................................................56

2. Alma Mater ..................................................60

3. Core Values ..................................................12

4. Cadet Creed ..................................................62

5. Language/Definitions ...................................63

6. Cadet Rank .................................................239

7. General Guard Orders ..................................78

8. Phonetic Alphabet ........................................95

9. Campus Buildings ......................................109

10. TheCitadel Fight Song ..............................163


54 55

1. Battle and Campaign Streamers ...................26

2. List of Presidents ..........................................36


The development of character and integrity in the

members of the Corps of Cadets is a basic objective

of TheCitadel. The Cadet Honor Code and System is

recognized as the means through which this objective

is attained. The Honor Manual explains the details of

the Honor System. Each cadet is obligated to abide by

The Honor Code. The concept of honor is simple: “A

cadet will not lie, cheat, steal, or tolerate those who do.”



Today, more than at any other time in history,

honor, integrity, and ethics are in high demand. Honor

is the most cherished principle at TheCitadel. The

Citadel strives to achieve excellence in the education

of principled leaders. The Honor Code encompasses all

aspects of cadet life, from academic integrity to personal

integrity. The development of a cadet into a principled

leader is a four-tiered process that includes knowing,

adhering, believing, and leading. Its culmination is seen

in the cadets who internalize the Code, and the alumni

who continually apply it throughout their lives.

TheCitadel has one of the strongest and most

stringent honor systems in the United States. Habits and

actions that would in any way compromise the honor of

TheCitadel and your personal honor must be remedied

prior to entering the gates of TheCitadel. Honor must

be accepted by all. The penalty for an honor violation

is harsh, but the reasoning behind the Honor Code is

sound. The concept of honor is meant to be carried away

with TheCitadel cadet after graduation. Situations arise

when truthful statements and honorable actions may be

depended on by those individuals whose very lives may

be at stake. Seek honor and make it your creed. Your

Alma Mater will give you many rewards if you measure

up to her stern standards—a fine education, a healthy

body, and lifelong friends. But her greatest reward is

reserved for those among you for whom TheCitadel

and honor shall be synonymous.

The Honor system is comprised of 4 parts:

The Honor Code

The Honor Committee

The Honor Court

The Honor Court Procedure


The Honor Code is a code of, by, and for the Corps

of Cadets. It states that “a cadet does not lie, cheat, or

steal, nor tolerate those who do.” The purpose of The

Honor System is to maintain honor and integrity within

the Corps. There are four violations of the Honor Code:

i. lYing: Making a false official statement. An

official statement is defined as a statement, written or oral,

made to a commissioned or noncommissioned officer of

the staff or the faculty of the college, a member of the

cadet guard on duty, or any cadet required in turn to use

the statement as a basis for an official report in any form.

ii. cheating: Receiving or giving aid on a test

or examination. Test or examination includes any work

performed for which a grade is received. Plagiarism is

a violation of the Honor Code. Plagiarism is the act of

using someone else’s words or ideas as your own without

giving proper credit to the source.

iii. stealing: Taking without authority

personal, government, or college property.

56 57

iV. toleration: Failure to report a case of

lying, cheating, or stealing as defined above to the proper

Honor Committee authorities.

For more detailed information on what constitutes an

honor violation, please refer to the Honor Manual.


The Honor Committee is comprised of first class

cadets and is elected by the Corps of Cadets in the

2 nd Semester of the 2 nd Class year — two individuals

from each company and one from every battalion. The

members of the Honor Committee are charged with

the duties of educating all four classes of the Corps of

Cadets in the Honor System, investigating any reported

violations of the Honor Code, and sitting as members of

the Honor Court for the trial of reported violations that

are authorized to come before it. The findings of such

cases are kept confidential by the Honor Committee.

The Chair of the Honor Committee is responsible

for training the rising Honor Committee. Training

will cover the Honor Code in depth, the duties of

Honor Representatives, the duties of an investigating

committee/trial counsel, the duties of a defense counsel,

and the duties of a member of an Honor Court. The Rising

Honor Committee will also attend trials, “shadow”

investigation teams, and learn all things which will

prepare them for their duties as members of the Honor

Committee. Members of the Rising Honor Committee

will be examined in their understanding of the instruction

and at the end of the training period, the Chair will

certify their qualification to serve. Once certified, the

rising Honor Committee will assume responsibility for

the Honor Code.


The Honor Court is comprised of ten members of

the Honor Committee consisting of: The Chairman, the

Vice-Chairman for Education, the Secretary, and seven

other Honor Representatives from the Honor Committee.

In addition, the Vice-Chairman for Investigations

participates in the investigation and makes the final

decision to send an investigation to trial or not. Cadets

accused of violating the Honor Code can opt to have one

classmate take the place of one Honor Representative

on the Court.

The Honor Court shall be the sole and final agency

for determining whether a cadet has violated the honor

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Chapter 6-Cadet AccountabilitySection 1-All-InsTHE WHITE BOOKCHAPTER 6Cadet AccountabilitySECTION 1:All-InsVersion: 4 JAN 2019Author: Lt Col SbernaPosition: Assistant Commandant for DisciplineI. Organization: The Office of The Commandant, Assistant Commandant for Discipline is responsible for All-Ins. TheOffice is found on the second floor of Jenkins Hall. All-Ins are part of the accountability system for the Corps ofCadets.II. Functions: All- Ins are conducted to ensure accountability and “eyes-on” safety check. Assigned cadets run thesystem, either Duty Team members (see Ch7, Section 2) or Division Inspectors. The Cadet AccountabilitySystem (CAS) is the avenue with which all-in reports are filed, performance reports written (as required) and aroster of cadets who are on an authorized absence. This section describes the following procedures:A. Conduct All-InsB. When to Conduct All-InsC. How to Conduct All-InsD. Vignettes Training for All-InsIII. Procedures:A. Conduct All-Ins: All-ins are conducted by either the Company Duty Teams or by the Division Inspectors.B. When to Conduct All-Ins: All-Ins are conducted at 2300hrs on Sunday through Thursday Night and at1950hrs on Sunday and Wednesday nights. On Friday and Saturday night two all-ins are conducted.One is at 0000hrs for freshman and the other is 0100hrs for upper-class, unless otherwise directed byThe Commandant.C. How to Conduct All-Ins:1. All Cadets will be in their room for All-Ins. For the 1950 and 2300 (0000 and 0100 onweekends) All-Ins, cadets who are properly signed out to another location are marked aspresent.2. Barracks Gates: The barracks gates are to be closed at 1950. Cadets are not authorized todepart the barracks until the ESP All-In inspection is completed. At 2300, the gates will beclosed again until 0530. No Cadet is authorized to depart the barracks once the gates arelocked without authorization of the Officer in Charge (OC).3. Inspectors: All-Ins inspector must visually see the cadet in his assigned room or receive theappropriate response (All In Indicating that all cadets assigned to that room are present. All1

Chapter 6-Cadet AccountabilitySection 1-All-InsRight Indicating that at least one cadet assigned to that room is present and the others areknown by the individual giving the reply to be in an authorized status. Not All Right Indicatingthat the status of one or more cadets assigned to the room is unknown to the cadet giving thereport and/or that unauthorized persons are present), or verify the cadet is in an authorizedstatus on the current sign-out report in order to consider the cadet present (See vignettes inparagraph D). If the cadet is not present in their room, first review the “All-In” report(paragraph 5 below) to determine whether the cadet is properly signed out and authorized toanother location, if not mark as AWOL [see vignettes in paragraph 4). The All-In inspector willinstruct Cadets who are present for the All-In inspection but who are still signed out to sign into the barracks. All others will be considered AWOL for formation at 1950 or over 4 hours forthe 2300 All-ins (0000 and 0100 on weekends).4. CAS: The all-in inspector will first print a copy of the unit accountability roster from CAS. Goto “Sign in/Sign out” in the menu on the left sign of screen. Then click on “All Ins Report.”Click on “Create All In.” Then select the unit, which all in you are doing, and sort alphabetically.2

Chapter 6-Cadet AccountabilitySection 1-All-InsThen proceed to conduct all-ins using the accountability roster. When all-ins are completed, theCDO will enter the report into CAS. The cadet then will click on the “AWOL” block next to thecadet’s name who is AWOL.Those cadets who are not present will be marked AWOL on the right side of the form.Then submit by hitting “Electronic Signature” at the bottom of the page.3

Chapter 6-Cadet AccountabilitySection 1-All-InsD. Vignette Training for All-ins1. Scenario Room #1The All-ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. One cadet is present. The othercadet is authorized absent by being signed out on special orders. The present cadet knowshis roommate is signed out on special orders.Response to Scenario #1The present cadet responds “all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes down the missing cadet’sname and verifies it against the “All In Report”. No further action.Explanation for Scenario #1The response “all right” indicates “that at least one cadet assigned to that room is presentand the others are known by the individual giving the reply to be in an authorized status.”2. Scenario Room #2The All-Ins inspector knocks, no one answers, the door is locked. Both cadets are signed outspecial leave.Response to Scenario #2The All-Ins inspector writes down both names and verifies them against the “All In Report.No further action.Explanation for Scenario #2The cadets are authorized based on being signed-out.3. Scenario Room #3The All-Ins inspector knocks, no one answers, the door is locked. Both cadets are in bedasleep and stay that way.Response to Scenario #3The All-Ins inspector writes down both names and checks them against the “All In Report”. Ifthe inspector finds neither is signed out the cadet will find the Officer in Charge (OC) andprocure the master key. The inspector then will open the door to see if they are here. Ifthey are, then no further action, if not submit them as AWOL in CAS.4

Chapter 6-Cadet Accountability4.5.6.7.Section 1-All-InsExplanation for Scenario #3Accountability and safety has been verified by visual means.Scenario Room #4The All-ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. Both cadets are present andrespond “all-in.”Response to Scenario #4The All-ins inspector moves to the next room.Explanation for Scenario #4The response “All-In” indicates, “that all cadets assigned to that room are present.”Scenario Room #5The All-ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. His roommate is AWOL and heknows it.Response to Scenario #5The cadet responds “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes down the missing cadet’sname and after verifying the cadet is not signed out, records him as AWOL in CAS. Thecompany commander is then notified who then executes the company policy for a missingcadet.Explanation for Scenario #5The response “not all-right” indicates “that the status of one or more cadets assigned to theroom is unknown to the cadet giving the report and/or that unauthorized persons arepresent.”Scenario Room #6The All-Ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. He thinks his roommate is in thecomputer lab.Response to Scenario #6The cadet responds “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes down the missing cadet’sname and after verifying he is not signed out, records him as AWOL in CAS. The inspectoralso notifies the company commander who then executes the company policy for a missingcadet. Even if the cadet is shortly found, the PR goes forward.Explanation for Scenario #6In order to respond “all right,” the cadet must know the other cadet is in an authorizedstatus. Only a Cadet’s room is an authorized location during All-Ins unless properly signedout in CAS. The response “not all-right” indicates “that the status of one or more cadetsassigned to the room is unknown to the cadet giving the report and/or that unauthorizedpersons are present.”Scenario Room #7The All-ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. The cadet’s roommate just left andtold him he was going to take a shower.Response to Scenario #7The cadet responds “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes down the missing cadet’sname and after verifying he is not signed out, records him as AWOL in CAS. He also notifiesthe company commander who then executes the company policy for a missing cadet. Only aCadet’s room is an authorized location during All-Ins unless properly signed out in CASExplanation for Scenario #7In order to respond “all right,” the cadet must know the other cadet is in an authorizedstatus. Only a Cadet’s room is an authorized location during All-Ins unless properly signedout in CAS. The response “not all-right” indicates “that the status ofone or more cadets assigned to the room is unknown to the cadet giving the report and/orthat unauthorized persons are present.”5

Chapter 6-Cadet AccountabilitySection 1-All-Ins8. Scenario Room #8The All-Ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. He and his roommate are presentas is another cadet who is studying with them.Response to Scenario #8All cadets respond “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes a PR on the visiting cadet forvisiting during unauthorized times (Code 385) and proceeds to the next room.Explanation for Scenario #8The response “not all-right” indicates “that the status of one or more cadets assigned to theroom is unknown to the cadet giving the report and/or that unauthorized persons arepresent.” A cadet may give a report only for the cadets assigned to his/her room. "All Right"is incorrect if unauthorized personnel are present.9. Scenario Room #9The All-Ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. His roommate was AWOL for ESPAll-Ins and is still AWOL.Response to Scenario #9The inspector will mark the cadet AWOL in CAS. The All-Ins inspector reports the situation tothe company commander who notifies the TAC who notifies the Commandant. If thecompany commander or TAC cannot be reached, the All-Ins inspector takes the necessaryaction to notify the COC who will then notify the Commandant.Explanation for Scenario #9The Commandant CCIR policy requires that the Commandant must be notified immediatelywhenever a cadet misses two consecutive accountability formations.10. Scenario Room #10The All-Ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. He and his roommate are present.So is one of the cadet’s mentee knobs.Response to Scenario #10All cadets respond “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes a PR on the mentor for “upperclass Cadet allowing a Fourth Class Cadet to enter room after Taps” (Code 413), orders theknob back to his room and proceeds to the next room.Explanation for Scenario #10The response “not all-right” indicates “that the status of one or more cadets assigned to theroom is unknown to the cadet giving the report and/or that unauthorized persons arepresent.” A cadet may give a report only for the cadets assigned to his/her room. "All Right"is incorrect if unauthorized personnel are present.6

The All-Ins inspector knocks and a cadet opens the door. He and his roommate are present. So is one of the cadet’s mentee knobs. Response to Scenario #10 All cadets respond “not all right.” The All-Ins inspector writes a PR on the mentor for “upper class Cadet allowing a Fourth Class


The Citadel

U.S. military college in Charleston, South Carolina

For other uses, see The Citadel (disambiguation).

The Citadel seal.svg
MottoHonor, Duty, Respect
TypePublicSenior Military College
Established1842; 179 years ago (1842)

Academic affiliations

Endowment$305.8 million (2020)[1]
PresidentGEN Glenn M. Walters, USMC (Ret.)
ProvostBG Sally C. Selden, SCM
CommandantCAPT Eugene F. Paluso, USN (Ret.)

Academic staff

Undergraduates2,323 cadets and 499 non-cadets



South Carolina


United States

32°47′50″N79°57′40″W / 32.79722°N 79.96111°W / 32.79722; -79.96111Coordinates: 32°47′50″N79°57′40″W / 32.79722°N 79.96111°W / 32.79722; -79.96111
CampusUrban, 300 acres (121 ha)
ColorsCitadel Blue, navy and white[3]

Sporting affiliations

NCAA Division I – SoCon
Live Mascots: General 2 & Boo X

The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, commonly known simply as The Citadel, is a publicsenior military college in Charleston, South Carolina. Established in 1842, it is one of six senior military colleges in the United States. It has 18 academic departments divided into five schools offering 23 majors and 38 minors. The military program is made up of cadets pursuing bachelor's degrees who live on campus. The non-military programs offer 12 undergraduate degrees, 26 graduate degrees, as well as evening and online programs with seven online graduate degrees, three online undergraduate degrees, and three certificate programs.[4][5][6]

The South Carolina Corps of Cadets numbers 2,300 and is one of the largest uniformed bodies in the U.S. Approximately 1,350 non-cadet students are enrolled in Citadel Graduate College pursuing undergraduate and graduate degrees.[3] Women comprise approximately 9% of the Corps and 22% of the overall enrollment while racial minorities comprise 15% of the Corps and 23% of the total enrollment. Approximately half of The Citadel's cadet enrollment is from the state of South Carolina; cadets come from 45 states and 23 foreign countries.[7][8] South Carolina residents receive a discount in tuition, as is common at state-sponsored schools. The Citadel receives 8% of its operating budget from the state.[9] In 2019, the school's ROTC program commissioned 186 officers.[10]

The Corps of Cadets combines academics, physical challenges, and military discipline. While only about one-third of graduates each year go into the armed services, all members of the Corps are required to participate in ROTC.[11] The academic program is divided into five schools – Business, Education, Engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Science and Mathematics. Bachelor's degrees are offered in 38 major programs of study with 55 minors. The Citadel Graduate College offers 26 master's degrees with 41 different concentrations, 25 graduate certificates and two educational specialist courses; a college transfer evening/online program also allows students with college credit to complete their bachelor's degree in 12 subjects. 94% of the faculty hold doctoral degrees and the majority are full-time professors; the ratio of cadets to faculty is 12:1 and the average class size is 20.[12]

While all programs make use of The Citadel's campus and professors, only cadets live on campus. (Cadets are required to live on campus while they are in the Corps. There are no on-campus housing options for the other student populations).[13][14] The veterans program, reinstated in the fall of 2007, allows veterans to attend classes with cadets and complete their degrees.[15] Enlisted members from the Marine Corps and Navy also attend cadet classes as part of a program to commission highly qualified NCOs.[16]

The Citadel Bulldogs compete at the NCAA Division I level in 16 sports within the Southern Conference.


Presidents of The Citadel
Captain William F. Graham, USA1843–1844
Major Richard W. Colcock, USA1844–1852
Major Francis W. Capers, CSA1852–1859
Major Peter F. Stevens, SCM1859–1861
Major James B. White, SCM1861–1865
Colonel John P. Thomas, CSA1882–1885
BrigGen George D. Johnston, CSA1885–1890
Colonel Asbury Coward, CSA1890–1908
Colonel Oliver J. Bond, SCM1908–1931
General Charles P. Summerall, USA1931–1953
Colonel Louis S. LeTellier, SCM1953–1954 (Interim)
General Mark W. Clark, USA1954–1965
General Hugh P. Harris, USA1965–1970
MajGen James A. Duckett, SCM '321970–1974
LtGen George M. Seignious, USA '421974–1979
MajGen Wallace Anderson, SCM1979 (Interim)
VADM James B. Stockdale, USN1979–1980
MajGen James Grimsley, Jr., USA '421980–1989
LtGen Cladius E. Watts, USAF '581989–1996
BrigGen Roger C. Poole, USAR '591996–1997 (Interim)
MajGen John S. Grinalds, USMC1997–2005
BrigGen Roger C. Poole, USAR '592005–2006 (Interim)
LtGen John W. Rosa, Jr., USAF '732006–2018
LtGen John B. Sams, USAF '672018 (Interim)
Gen Glenn M. Walters, USMC '792018–present

Main article: History of The Citadel

The Citadel traces its origins to an arsenal constructed by the state of South Carolina to defend white Charlestonians against possible uprisings of enslaved people following the thwarted Denmark Vesey rebellion of 1822.[17][18][19] The school was founded by an act of the state legislature in 1842 as the South Carolina Military Academy it originally consisted of the Citadel Academy in Charleston and the Arsenal Academy in Columbia. The Arsenal was burned by General Sherman's forces during the American Civil War and never reopened. The Citadel Academy was occupied by Union troops in 1865 and reopened as an educational institution in 1882. During the Civil War, the SCMA Corps of Cadets was organized into a military unit known as the Battalion of State Cadets which took part in nine engagements. In January 1861, Citadel Academy cadets manning a battery on Morris Island fired the first shots of the conflict when they shelled the Union steamship Star of the West which was attempting to resupply Fort Sumter. In December 1864, the cadet battalion made up more than a third of a Confederate force that defended a strategic rail line during the Battle of Tulifinny, The Citadel was awarded 9 battle streamers for service in the Civil War and is one of only 5 American colleges to receive a battle streamer for its students participation in wartime service.[20]

In 1922, the school moved from its original location on Marion Square in downtown Charleston to a new campus on the banks of the Ashley River on the northwest side of the city. The Citadel has grown steadily from an enrollment of 460 to its present 3,500. During World War II, The Citadel had the highest percentage of any American college student body serving in the military and all but 346 of its living graduates were members of the armed forces.[20] Alumni served as members of the Flying Tigers and Doolittle Raiders; 280 died in the service of their country. The first black cadet enrolled in 1966. The first woman admitted was Shannon Faulkner after a two-and-a-half-year court battle. She matriculated into The Citadel in 1995 with an otherwise all-male corps of cadets on August 15, 1995, but soon withdrew after she and her family received dozens of death threats and her parents' home was vandalized.[21][22][23][24] In 2018, The Citadel appointed the first female, Sarah Zorn, to lead the entire South Carolina Corps of Cadets as Regimental Commander.[25] A graduate program was started in 1968. A major capital improvement campaign started in 1989 saw the replacement or extensive renovation of a majority of the buildings on campus, academic offerings have been continuously expanded to offer in demand courses and degrees in fields such as Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science, Cybersecurity, Criminal Justice and Nursing.[26] Citadel cadets and alumni have served in every United States military action from the Mexican War to the current Global War on Terrorism.[27][28]



During the 2002–03 academic year, The Citadel reorganized its existing departments into five schools, each headed by a dean. The schools comprise Business; Education; Engineering; Humanities and Social Sciences; and Science and Mathematics.[29]


Main article: Baker School of Business

The Baker School of Business consists of three departments: Accounting and Finance; Management and Entrepreneurship; and Marketing, Supply Chain Management, and Economics. The school offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in Business Administration. Accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business since 1996, more cadets major in Business Administration than any other major. The MBA program is also the largest of The Citadel's graduate programs. On 22 February 2017, The Citadel announced that Tommy Baker, who attended as a veteran student after serving in the Marine Corps,[30] and his wife, Victoria, had made a gift to endow business programs, and that the school would be named in their honor.[31] In January 2021, the school relocated from Bond Hall to Bastin Hall, a newly constructed academic building named for Rick and Mary Lee Bastin.[32] Bastin Hall is the first new academic building added to the campus since 1974.[33]


Main article: Zucker Family School of Education

The Zucker Family School of Education houses undergraduate and graduate education programs in several specialties. On 11 November 2014, The Citadel named its School of Education for the Zucker Family, after Anita Zucker made a $4 million donation to the school for its education programs.[34] The school is currently located in Capers Hall, but will relocate to Bond Hall upon the completion of Bastin Hall.[35]


Main article: The Citadel School of Engineering

The School of Engineering consists of four departments: Civil and Environmental Engineering; Electrical and Computer Engineering; Engineering Leadership and Program Management; and Mechanical Engineering. The school, which claims to be the fifth oldest such program in the nation, has long offered undergraduate degrees in both Civil and Electrical Engineering. In 2014, the school added a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering program and, in 2015, added 13 additional degree and certificate programs, including master's degrees in Civil, Electrical, and Mechanical Engineering. In 2018, the school added a Bachelor of Science in Construction Engineering program.[36] The school is located in Letellier Hall (Civil and Mechanical Engineering) and Grimsley Hall (Electrical Engineering).[37][38] In 2016, U.S. News & World Report ranked The Citadel's School of Engineering 13th among all undergraduate engineering programs without doctoral degrees in the United States making it the sixth straight year that the school has been in the Top 25.[39][40]

Humanities and Social Sciences

Main article: The Citadel School of Humanities and Social Sciences

The School of Humanities and Social Sciences consists of seven departments: Criminal Justice; English; History; Intelligence and Security Studies; Modern Languages, Literatures, and Cultures; Political Science; and Psychology. The school offers seven majors (with multiple concentrations) and 19 minors, and awards more than 50% of the credit hours earned at The Citadel. For graduate work, the school offers five degree programs and three certificates, including cybersecurity and intelligence analysis. These programs resulted in the school being named a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense by the National Security Agency.[41] The school is located in Capers Hall, which will soon be rebuilt and modernized.[42]

Science and Mathematics

Main article: Swain Family School of Science and Mathematics

The Swain Family School of Science and Mathematics consists of seven departments: Biology; Chemistry; Cyber and Computer Sciences; Health and Human Performance; Mathematical Sciences; Physics; and the Swain Department of Nursing. The school, along with the Zucker Family School of Education and the School of Engineering, sponsor the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) Center of Excellence, which hosts a variety of events throughout the year, including the annual Storm The Citadel week featuring a trebuchet competition.[43] On 1 June 2018, The Citadel announced the naming of the school for the Swain Family, in recognition of major gifts provided by brothers David C. Swain, Jr., Class of 1980, and his wife, Mary, as well as Dr. Christopher C. Swain, Class of 1981, and his, wife Debora.[44][45][46]

Academic programs

In addition to the Corps of Cadets residential day military program, The Citadel offers several degree options to non-cadets, such as targeting active duty military, veterans, and civilians in both classroom and distance-learning online settings.[47]

Corps of Cadets

The South Carolina Corps of Cadets is a residential, full-time program in a military environment. Focusing on educating the "whole person," membership in the Corps of Cadets is for students who want a military environment while pursuing a full-time undergraduate degrees.[8]

Graduate College

The Citadel offers evening and online programs under the banner of The Citadel Graduate College (CGC),[note 1] serving the Lowcountry by offering regionally and professionally accredited bachelor's, master's and specialist degrees as well as certificate programs scheduled around the student's profession, family and lifestyle. The CGC offers over 25 graduate programs with over 15 concentration options, over 25 graduate certificate programs, and 12 college transfer programs.[48] Some programs are offered through the Lowcountry Graduate Center consortium in North Charleston, South Carolina.

College Transfer Programs

The Citadel Graduate College offers 12 majors within nine degree programs to anyone, regardless of military status within its College Transfer program. There are two different paths within the College Transfer Program structure: 2+2 transfer programs and degree completion programs. The 2+2 programs allow students to complete their first two years of study at an accredited college or university, then transfer those credits to The Citadel for the final two years to complete their degree through The Citadel's evening on-campus program. Six majors are offered in the 2+2 program: civil engineering (BSCE), computer engineering (BSCompE), construction engineering (BSConE), electrical engineering (BSEE), mechanical engineering (BSME), and nursing (BSN). The Degree Completion programs allow students to begin once they have earned a minimum of 24 academic credit hours in general education courses. A combination of evening on-campus and online formats are available and six majors are offered in the Degree Completion program: business administration (BSBA), criminal justice (BA), intelligence and security studies (BA), political science (BA), social studies education (BS), and tactical strength and conditioning (BS).[49]

Enlisted Commissioning Programs

The Citadel is home to Enlisted Commissioning Programs for the Navy and Marine Corps.[50] The first Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP) in the nation was established at The Citadel in 1973. Navy enlisted members attend as part of the Seaman to Admiral (STA-21) Program. Participants in these programs attend day classes with cadets in their service uniform, including ROTC, but are not required to live on campus.[51]

Leadership training


All cadets are required to undergo at least two years of ROTC training in one of the four branches of the armed services that offer ROTC programs (the Coast Guard does not have such a program), but they are not required to enter military service after graduation unless on ROTC scholarship or contract. Approximately 35% of Citadel Cadets are commissioned upon graduation.[12]

U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary University Program

In addition to their required ROTC course, cadets interested in pursuing a career with the United States Coast Guard can join The Citadel's Coast Guard Auxiliary Unit Program (AUP). Originally established as The Citadel Coast Guard Society in 2007 and officially designated as Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla 12-8a Citadel Detachment in 2008, The Citadel's Auxiliary Unit Program is one of the first Coast Guard Auxiliary University Programs in the nation. The purpose of the unit is to orient and educate cadets on service options within the United States Coast Guard, to include Direct Commissions, Officer Candidate School (OCS), active duty and reserve enlistments, and continued service with the auxiliary.[52][53]

Krause Center for Leadership and Ethics

Established with a gift from L. William Krause '64, the Krause Center for Leadership and Ethics offers symposiums, classes and training seminars to help instill the principles of leadership, ethics, morals and service. A minor in leadership studies is also sponsored through this program. Training is conducted each year for freshmen and sophomores on honor and ethics. Leadership classes are also given to cadets in the senior chain of command. The institute also sponsors programs that offer cadets an opportunity to perform community service and instill a sense of commitment to one's fellow man.[54]

Cadet Officer Leadership School

Selected members of Air Force JROTC units from the Southeastern United States cadets are eligible to spend a week at The Citadel for officer training for their home JROTC units. A routine day attending Cadet Officer Leadership School (COLS) begins with waking up to Reveille for morning PT, the remainder of the day is uniform wear and inspection, two classes and constant regulation drill. On the day of graduation from the school, cadets participate in a "pass in review" ceremony where awards and decorations are given to certain cadets who have gone above the normal standards.[55][56][57]


  • In 2019, for the ninth consecutive year, U.S. News & World Report ranked The Citadel highest among master's degree offering public institutions in the "Regional Universities – South" category and second out of all 136 universities (public and private) in the same category; the school was also ranked first in Best College for Veterans, third in Best Value, sixth in Best Undergraduate Teaching, and eighth in Most Innovative Schools (all within the “Regional Universities – South” category).[61][62] defined as those institutions offering "a full range of undergrad programs and some master's programs". U.S. News & World Report also ranked the undergraduate engineering program tied for 21st nationally among schools not offering doctorates.
  • Money magazine's 2019–20 college ratings rank The Citadel ranked 92nd out of 744 U.S. colleges for affordability, scholarship availability, average student debt, graduation rate, and average graduate earnings.[63]
  • In 2016 The Economist magazine ranked The Citadel 94th out of nearly 1,300 U.S. colleges for average earnings of graduates.[64]
  • The Citadel in 2012 ranked 25th out of all U.S. public colleges in four-year graduation rate.[65] As of 2015, the four-year graduation rate is 63% compared to a national average of 30%;[66] the six-year rate is 72%.[67]

Cadet life

Main article: South Carolina Corps of Cadets

Undergraduate students desiring to join the South Carolina Corps of Cadets must meet physical fitness and SAT/ACT testing standards for acceptance. On occasion, waivers to height/weight standards can be granted upon successful completion of the physical training test. On most days, cadets have both morning and afternoon physical (fitness) training, called "PT", military instruction on leadership, weapons, drill, and discipline, in addition to their regular college classes. Most weekdays start with a formal muster and inspection of all personnel and their rooms. Cadets then march to structured military meals. After a day spent in classes, sports and other activities, the day usually ends with an evening muster formation and mandatory evening study period during which there is enforced quiet time and all cadets are required to be in the barracks, library or academic buildings. Cadets may not be married and must live on campus in the barracks with their assigned company for all four years. Cadets are restricted to campus during the week, but are allowed general leave on weekends and have limited but gradually escalating privileges for weekend and overnight passes.

The Corps of Cadets employs a Fourth Class System in which first-year students have few rights on campus, must recite quotations attributed to Robert E. Lee and others on command, and must obey any legal order from an upper-class cadet.[68] The Citadel emphasizes a strict disciplinary and physical fitness indoctrination for fourth-class cadets, who are sometimes called "knobs" because of the shaved heads of the males,[69]: 93  which they previously had to maintain until the spring when they were then recognized as fourth-class cadets. The haircut policy changed starting with the 2019–2020 academic year, where fourth-class male cadets only have to shave their heads during their initial week but can otherwise have hair as long as Department of Defense regulations allow it.[70]

First-year cadets arrive on campus before the start of the academic year for Challenge Week, a period of intense training and physical trials that is informally referred to as "Hell Week."[71][72] According to The Citadel, the Fourth Class System "creates the discipline and instills the core values of Honor, Duty, and Respect which is expected of principled leaders in all walks of life. It is deliberately and appropriately stressful while always remaining positive, professional, and purposeful."[73] Numerous first-year cadets have been abused and seriously injured under the Fourth Class System, and some faculty and alumni have called for the college to adopt a modern disciplinary system in line with the U.S. service academies.[74][75][76]

Cadets who accumulate too many demerits or breach regulations can be punished by serving confinements or tours. A tour is one hour spent marching in the barracks with a rifle at shoulder arms and is normally performed when a cadet would otherwise be permitted to leave campus. A confinement is one hour spent in a cadet's room when they would normally be permitted to leave campus.

First-class cadets, veteran students, and active duty military students receive their class rings at a special ring presentation ceremony which was previously held in the college's chapel, but which now takes place in the school's field house.[77] Non-cadet students may also purchase a ring which has a different design and does not say "Military College of South Carolina."[69]: 188–20 [78] The Citadel ring is 10 karat gold with no gem stone; the design does not change with each class with the exception of the class year.

One of the core values of The Citadel is an Honor Code that mandates that all students, both cadets and non-cadets, not lie, cheat, steal or tolerate those who do. A cadet-run Honor Court investigates all alleged violations and conducts trials for cadets. The penalty may result in expulsion, although recommendations for leniency may be forwarded to the President of the college for consideration.[79] For non-cadets, a council of faculty and students enforces the code. While the codes are identical for cadets and non-cadets, they are administered separately and the range of sanctions for non-cadets varies from restitution to expulsion.[80]

Included in The Citadel Graduate College are active duty Navy and Marine Corps enlisted personnel attending The Citadel under the Seaman To Admiral program (STA-21) and the Marine Enlisted Commissioning Education Program (MECEP), which originated at The Citadel in 1973.[81]

The Regimental Band and Pipes

Main article: The Regimental Band and Pipes

Established in 1909, the Regimental Band is one of the twenty-one companies that comprise the current Corps and is a prominent feature at every formal parade. Prospective members must pass an audition. None of the band's members are music majors, as The Citadel does not offer such a major, yet the band and pipes enjoy an international reputation. The Band and Pipes made their inaugural appearance at the Edinburgh Military Tattoo in 1991 and were the only group from the United States to perform that year. Selected again by the Director of the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo in Scotland to represent the United States at the 2010 Silver Jubilee Tattoo, The Citadel Regimental Band and Pipes performed their own seven-minute segment of the Jubilee program in August 2010 as well as performing as part of the massed pipes and massed bands. Selected for a third time to represent the United States at the 2015 Tattoo, the Regimental Band performed the opening fanfare for the Tattoo's theme "East meets West" as well as the massed bands finale. Combined with the Citadel pipe band, their own seven-minute segment of the show featured musical numbers reflecting a wide variety of uniquely American music.[82] The Band and Pipes will return to perform again at the Tattoo in 2020, broadcast on the BBC it is viewed by more than 100 Million people in 30 countries across Europe and Scandinavia.[83]

The Citadel Pipe Band, established by General Mark W. Clark in 1955, is one of the few college bagpipe bands in the country[84] and it performs at the weekly parade at The Citadel, as well as at numerous other public events. The Citadel Regimental Band participated in the Presidential Inaugural parade in 1953, and again combined with the pipe band in the inaugural parades of 1961, 1985 and 2017.

In the summer of 2013, the Band and Pipes performed as the United States representative at the week-long Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo in Halifax, Canada.[85][86]

Summerall Guards

Main article: The Summerall Guards

The Summerall Guards is a silent drill team consisting of 61 cadets chosen each spring from the junior class. Founded in 1932, the team performs a routine called The Citadel Series that has changed very little from its inception and has never been written down. The Guards have performed at numerous high-profile events around the United States, including four presidential inaugurations, the National Cherry Blossom Festival, Mardi Gras in New Orleans, and at several NFL games.[87]

Honors Program

An Honors Program is available for cadets with exceptional academic standing and includes a core curriculum of honors courses conducted by the most highly rated faculty members, small seminars, and classes conducted in a discussion-type forum that encourages intellectual advancement. The program accepts 25 cadets per year through a competitive process, and they are awarded scholarships.[88] The program also assists the most highly qualified cadets in applying for scholarships, grants, and merit-based internships; since 1992 The Citadel has produced 21 Fulbright Scholars and three Truman Scholars. A Fulbright Chair is set to be established in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences in the fall 2020 semester.[89][90]

The Honors Program also administers external study programs, including those abroad and in Washington, D.C. Each year, cadets participate in study abroad programs in numerous foreign countries, a semester-long internship program in Washington, D.C. allows cadets an opportunity to work at various government agencies and in the offices of congressmen and senators. Summer internship programs are available in many cities with major United States corporations.[91]


Main article: The Citadel Bulldogs

The Citadel competes in NCAA Division I and has been a member of the Southern Conference since 1936; the school mascot is the Bulldog. Both cadet and non-cadet students compete in Citadel athletics. Men's intercollegiate sports are football, basketball, baseball, wrestling, cross country, indoor and outdoor track, rifle, tennis, and golf; women's intercollegiate sports are volleyball, soccer, cross country, indoor and outdoor track, rifle, and golf. Numerous club sports include lacrosse, rugby, pistol, sailing, crew, ice hockey, and triathlon.

The Citadel Bulldogs baseball team has won 20 Southern Conference regular season and tournament championships, most recently in 2010; 43 players have been selected in the MLB draft[92] The 1990 team won the Atlantic Regional, earning the school its first trip to the College World Series (CWS) and finishing the season ranked sixth in the final Collegiate Baseball poll with a record of 46–14; they also became the first military school to play in the CWS. Numerous alumni have played in the major leagues in recent years, recently retired Head Coach Fred Jordan '79 is the school and conference's winningest with 831 victories.[93]

The football team has won four Southern Conference Championships and appeared in the Football Championship Subdivision playoffs five times; the 1960 team defeated Tennessee Tech 27–0 in the Tangerine Bowl.[94] The 1992 squad went 11–2 and finished the regular season ranked #1 in the I-AA poll.[95] The 2015 team recorded nine wins including a victory over South Carolina and four players were named to All-America teams. The 2016 squad had a 10-game win streak and won the outright Conference Championship. As of 2010 the football program had a graduation success rate of 90% compared to the Division I average of 65% [96] Several alumni have played in the professional ranks including wide receiver and return specialist Andre Roberts of the Buffalo Bills; cornerback Cortez Allen recently played five seasons with the Pittsburgh Steelers. Fullback Nehemiah Broughton played with the Washington Redskins, Arizona Cardinals and New York Giants; fullback Travis Jervey was an All-Pro and member of the 1996 Super Bowl Champion Green Bay Packers; kicker Greg Davis had a 12-year career with several teams including Arizona and the Atlanta Falcons. ESPN color commentator Paul Maguire was a tight end and punter for three AFL champions with the Buffalo Bills and former St. Louis/Phoenix Cardinals running back Lyvonia "Stump" Mitchell has been a head coach at two Division I colleges and served as an NFL assistant for Seattle, Washington, Arizona and the New York Jets.

The wrestling team has sent 68 members to the NCAA Tournament and produced four All-Americans.

Completed in 2005, the Inouye Marksmanship Center is utilized by cadets, law enforcement and the South Carolina National Guard. The Citadel Bulldogs rifle team has won four national championships (two team and two individual);[97] Cadet Stephen Bowden was the 2013 National Individual Pistol Champion[98]

For the 2018–19 school year seven of the 13 sports team had a perfect Academic Progress Rate (APR) of 1,000; five of the remaining six were well above the multi year threshold score of 930.[99]


Main article: Campus of The Citadel

The Citadel sits on a 300-acre (120 ha) tract of land on the Ashley River just to the northwest of downtown Charleston. There are 27 buildings, built in a Spanish Moorish style, grouped around a 10-acre (4.0 ha) grass parade ground. The buildings around the parade ground include ten classroom buildings, an administration building, five barracks, mess hall, a student activities building, chapel, library, a yacht club, a marksmanship center, a field house, faculty/staff housing area, and various support facilities including a laundry, cadet store, tailor shop, and power plant. The campus is bounded to the west by the Ashley River, to the north by the Wagener Terrace neighborhood, to the east by Hampton Park and the Hampton Park Terrace neighborhood, and to the South by the Westside Neighborhood.

Just off the main campus are Johnson Hagood Stadium, a baseball stadium, and an alumni center. Additionally, there is a large beach house facility located near the north end of the Isle of Palms.[100]

Padgett-Thomas Barracks

Main article: Padgett-Thomas Barracks

Padgett-Thomas Barracks, the first building constructed on campus and completely rebuilt in 2004, faces the center of the parade ground and dominates the campus with its 109 feet (33 m) tower, distinguishing it from all other barracks and buildings on campus. Home to one of the five battalions of the South Carolina Corps of Cadets, the Regimental Band and Pipes, and Regimental Staff, the barracks has space to house up to 560 cadets.[101][102]

Summerall Chapel

Main article: Summerall Chapel

Summerall Chapel faces the Parade Grounds.

The Summerall Chapel, designed by C.R. MacDonald, was started on 7 September 1936 and dedicated on Palm Sunday, 10 April 1938. The first services, however, were held in the chapel on 19 September 1937.[103] The chapel was named in honor of Citadel president General Charles Pelot Summerall.[104] Inside, there is a set of 30 stained glass windows designed by H.G. Wilbert depicting the life of Jesus Christ which were executed by the Pittsburgh Stained Glass Studios in the 13th century Gothic style.[105] A $1 million repair program was developed for the chapel in 1985.[106]

In June 2015, the school's Board of Visitors voted in favor of moving a Confederate naval jack from the chapel to what was called "an appropriate location on campus."[107] As of September 2017, the flag had not yet been removed, nor had an "appropriate location" been selected.[108]

The Daniel Library

Main article: Daniel Library

Originally named "The Memorial Library and Museum" and opened in 1960, it was renamed in 1972, "The Daniel Library" in honor of Charles E. Daniel, '18 and Robert Hugh Daniel, '29, both lifelong benefactors of the college. Major renovations were completed in the fall of 2010. It houses over 200,000 volumes of material as well as electronic access to thousands of journals. The third floor of the building houses the campus archives and museum.[109][110]

The Prioleau Room on the first floor houses special collections and is considered by many as one of the best places on campus to study with its dark wood paneling and fireplace. The Daniel Library website has information for locating items in the catalog,[111] the Lowcountry Digital Library,[112] and The Citadel's own Digital Collections.[113]

Campus landmarks

Howie Bell Tower and Carillon

Standing next to Summerall Chapel and built in 1954, this structure honors one of the school's most revered alumni, US Army Major Thomas D. Howie, Class of 1929, who served as Commander of 3rd Battalion, 116th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division in the Normandy Campaign during World War II and was immortalized as "The Major of St Lo". Killed in action during the liberation of St. Lo, France, he was so respected that his flag draped body was carried on the hood of a Jeep at the head of the column of troops so he could be accorded the honor of being the first American to enter the city. A photo of his body placed in the rubble of the St. Croix Cathedral came to symbolize the courage and sacrifice of US forces in the European Theater. Containing 59 bronze bells cast at the Royal Bergen Foundry in the Netherlands, the tower carillon is one of the largest in the Western Hemisphere.[114]

Seraph Monument

Located next to Mark Clark Hall at the northeast corner of Summerall Field, this uniquely shaped monument contains artifacts from the British submarine HMS Seraph which carried then Major General Mark Clark to a secret landing in Algeria prior to the Allied landings in the North African Campaign of World War II in order to negotiate a surrender of the Vichy French forces; the vessel was also involved in Operation Mincemeat, a clandestine operation which succeeded in convincing the Germans that the allies intended to invade Sardinia, not Sicily. The memorial honors Anglo-American friendship and cooperation during World War II and is the only shore location in the United States authorized by the UK Ministry of Defence to fly the Royal Navy Ensign.[115][116][117]

General Mark Clark Gravesite

Lying between Mark Clark Hall and Summerall Chapel is the burial plot of US Army General Mark Wayne Clark who served as Citadel President from 1954 to 1965 and President Emeritus until his death in 1984. The youngest Lieutenant General in the United States Army during World War II (age 46), Clark served as General Dwight Eisenhower's deputy during the "Operation Torch" landings in North Africa, then commanded the 5th Army in the Italian campaign liberating Rome in June 1944. He later served as Commanding General of the 15th Army Group and in 1952 was appointed by President Truman as Supreme Commander of UN forces in Korea.

The Citadel Ring Statue

Located at the southeast corner of the parade ground near Lesesne Gate, the main entrance to campus, is a giant replica of The Citadel ring, recognized as the most important and treasured symbol of a graduate. It was a gift to The Citadel Alumni Association from Palmetto Balfour, the current supplier of the official Citadel class rings.[118]

Monuments to the armed forces

On the parade ground are monuments dedicated to each of the military services and honoring the contributions of Citadel alumni to the military. They include a Marine landing craft (LVT-H-6); an Army Sherman Tank (M4A3) and an Army Missile (Corporal); an Air Force fighter jet (F-4C Phantom II); an AH-1 "Cobra" helicopter gunship and an anchor from the aircraft carrier USS Coral Sea. A United States Coast Guard Bell serves as a monument to Citadel graduates who have lost their lives upon the sea.[115]


Main article: List of alumni of The Citadel

The Citadel has produced distinguished alumni in a variety of career fields. Well known graduates include longtime U.S. Senator Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, best selling novelist Pat Conroy, football commentator Paul Maguire, NFL player and coach Stump Mitchell, Space Shuttle astronaut and International Space Station Commander Colonel Randy Bresnik, Buffalo Bills wide receiver Andre Roberts and the current Commander of U.S. Central Command General Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr.[119] Notable alumni include 6 governors, 3 U.S. senators, 12 congressmen, the presidents of 47 colleges and universities, the Director of the U.S. Olympic Committee and many professional athletes.[120]

Approximately 35% of cadet graduates are commissioned as officers into the military, another 10% go directly to graduate programs;[121] alumni currently serve in all five military services. Over the years, 296 Citadel alumni have reached the top ranks in the military by becoming flag officers (Generals, Admirals or Commodore), ten have served as a state Adjutant General.[122] Nine alumni have served as pilots with the two U.S. military flight demonstration units, the Thunderbirds and Blue Angels; graduates have served as commanders of both squadrons.[123][124] Alumni also serve in the military services of foreign countries including six 4 Star Generals from Thailand and the head of Jordan's Security Forces.[120]

Citadel alumni were killed in action during the Mexican–American War (6), Civil War (67), World War I (15), World War II (280), Korean War (32), Vietnam War (68), Lebanon (1), Grenada (1), the Gulf War (1), and Afghanistan the current conflict in Iraq (22, as of May 2020).[125]


In film

In literature

  • A thinly veiled depiction of The Citadel provides the background for Calder Willingham's novel End as a Man (1947) and the film adaptation, The Strange One (1957).[129]
  • Pat Conroy's 1980 novel The Lords of Discipline was based on Conroy's experience as a cadet at The Citadel during the 1960s and on his research of other military schools. The novel outraged many of his fellow graduates of The Citadel, who felt that the book was a thinly veiled portrayal of campus life that was highly unflattering. The rift was not healed until 2000, when Conroy was awarded an honorary degree and asked to deliver the commencement address the following year. That year Conroy spearheaded fundraising to renovate the banquet hall in The Citadel Alumni Association building. The Lords of Discipline was made into a movie of the same name starring David Keith and Robert Prosky in 1983. Conroy also wrote about his experiences at the Citadel in his memoir My Losing Season (2002).[130]

In music

In television


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  77. ^Robert Behre (6 October 2017). "Grabbing the ring: Citadel cadets continue a special tradition". Post and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  78. ^The RingArchived 6 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  79. ^South Carolina Corps of Cadets Honor Manual(PDF). The Citadel. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  80. ^2018–19 Academic Catalog(PDF). The Citadel Graduate College. p. 21. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  81. ^Klein, Kara. "The Citadel Marine Contingent". Charleston, SC: The Citadel. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  82. ^"East Meets West for 2015". Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  83. ^Ansley Wilson (5 November 2019). "The Citadel Will Represent U.S. at Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo". WEZL. Retrieved 14 May 2021.
  84. ^For a partial list of college pipe bands, see Fraser, Alistair B. "Pipe Bands Associated with Educational Institutions". Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  85. ^"Regimental Band and Pipes invited to another international tattoo". Charleston, SC: The Citadel. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  86. ^Holmes, Aniesa (3 January 2010). "Warming up the pipes". Jacksonville Daily News. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  87. ^Bruce, Allison L. (14 December 2004). "Summerall Guards selected to march at Bush's inauguration". Charleston Post and Courier. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  88. ^"Honors Program freshmen conquer the gauntlet; reflect on knob year". The Citadel. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  89. ^"The Citadel Honors Program". The Citadel. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  90. ^"A Fulbright future for The Citadel". The Citadel. 14 March 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  91. ^"International Study". The Citadel. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  92. ^"General". The Citadel Athletics. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014.
  93. ^"The Citadel Bulldogs – Coach Jordan Earns 800th Career Win". Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  94. ^Bassine, Bob (31 December 1960). "The Citadel Takes 27–0 Win In 15th Tangerine Bowl Game". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 11 March 2017 – via
  95. ^Clark, Brendan (15 March 2012). "Two former coaches coming back to The Citadel". WCBD-TV. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  96. ^"Citadel releases statement regarding arrest of former cadet". WCBD-TV. 5 March 2010. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  97. ^Hartsell, Jeff (8 February 2012). "Citadel rifle team targets perfection at $3.2m shooting range". Charleston Post and Courier. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  98. ^2013 Official Collegiate Results(PDF). NRA. p. 19. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  99. ^"Bulldogs Academic Progress Reports Posted". The Citadel Bulldogs. 20 May 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  100. ^"Virtual Tour". The Citadel. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  101. ^"Padgett-Thomas Barracks". The Citadel. September 2004. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
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  107. ^

Book citadel white


Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaTHE WHITE BOOKCHAPTER# 7Title: Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection # 5Title: Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaVersion (date): 5 April 2019Author: 1SG BrowerPosition: 2nd BN TAC NCOPlease update the areas in yellow and use the format below to build your chapter/section.Text / Body/ Outline Format:Font: Calibri 11 ptPAGE MARGINS:.5” margin on Left and Right.5” margin on top and bottom.5”header from the top with Chapter and Section.5”footer from the bottom with page number1

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationI.II.Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaPurpose: The Corps of Cadets is an organization where discipline is judged, in part, by the manner in which theindividual wears the uniform as prescribed. Therefore, a neat and well-groomed appearance by cadets isfundamental to The Corps of Cadets and contributes to building the pride and esprit essential to an effectiveorganization.A. Only uniforms, accessories, and insignia prescribed in this regulation or as approved by theCommandant will be worn by cadets. No item governed by this regulation will be altered in any way thatchanges the basic design or the intended concept of wear and appearance including plating, smoothing,or removing of detail features of metal items.B. It is the responsibility of Cadet Commanders to ensure that cadets under their command present a neatand orderly appearance at all times. Physical fitness and acceptable weight standards are also factors inpersonal appearance.C. All illustrations in this regulation should coincide with text. The written description will control anyinconsistencies between the text and the illustration.General Regulations:A. Required and Prohibited Wear of Cadet Uniforms1. Required: Cadets are required to wear appropriate cadet uniform when not on furlough orapproved leave, unless an exception has been granted by Commandant.2. Prohibited: The wearing of combinations of uniform items not prescribed in this regulation orother authorizing documents is prohibited.B. Civilian Clothes1. Cadets Are Authorized to Wear Civilian Clothes When:i.Departing and returning from furlough (except freshman).a. Fourth Class cadets depart and return in seasonal uniform, unless otherwisespecified by Commandant.ii.On special orders which specify civilian clothes (i.e. job interviews, etc).iii.On general, weekend, or overnight leave when:a. Beyond a 10 mile radius of the Citadel campus.i. After crossing the IOP connector into Isle of Palms, Ben Sawyer Bridge intoSullivan's Island, and the Folly Bridge into Folly Beach.c. Classified as a 1B in the spring semester within the 10 mile radius but must stilldepart and return to campus in the appropriate seasonal uniform. The requiredattire is:i. Males: Khaki slacks with collared shirt; appropriate jackets or sweatersand footwear; NO jeans, tee shirts, or sweatshirts.ii. Females: Khaki style slacks or skirt with collared shirt or dress; minimumknee length for skirt or dress (no more than 3 inches above the knee);appropriate footwear; NO jeans, tee shirts, or sweatshirts.2. Appropriate Beach Attire May Be Worn:i.After crossing the Ben Sawyer bridge enroute to Sullivan’s Island or the Isle of Palms.ii.After crossing the Folly River Bridge to Folly Beach.iii.Beach wear will not be worn beyond these points when returning to campus.3. Departing Citadel Campus By Boat From the Boating Center:i.Cadets may wear appropriate swimsuit.ii.If a shirt or outer garment is desired, only Citadel PTs are authorized.C. Undergarments1. Both male and female will wear white crewneck undershirt with all uniforms except forACU/OCP (Tan undershirt must be worn).2

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insignia2. Approved spirit shirt may be worn under the ACU uniform during sporting events as directed bythe Commandant and Regimental Commander.3. Cadets will not wear undergarments of a color or design that is visible through the outergarments.4. Males will wear underpants with all uniforms-either brief or boxer underpants are authorized.5. Females will wear brassieres and underpants with all uniforms.D. Approved/Non Approved Accessories1. Book Bags/Back Packsi.Book bags, backpacks, etc. will not be carried on the shoulder; they are to be carried inthe left hand. The only book bags authorized for cadet use include:a. The standard-issue Cadet Store book bag.b. A variant book bag supplied by an ROTC department.c. The SoCon book bag if issued to Corps Squad athletes.ii.Cadets on approved medical orders from the Citadel Infirmary that prevent them fromcarrying a book bag (crutches/knee carts) may wear a backpack.2. Camelbacksi.Cadets are authorized to wear camel-back type water devices with the PT uniform or asdirected by the commander.3. Sunglassesi.Sunglasses are authorized only with the blazer uniform unless specifically authorized ina memorandum by the commandant for wear at a sporting event. At no time will theybe worn or visible when traveling to and from sporting events.4. Pursesi.Optional for female cadets only when on leave or furlough.ii.Must be black, military style with or without a shoulder strap. Purse must be no largerthan 8.5 X 11 inches.5. Religious Items/Chains and Jewelryi.Wearing of a conservative wrist watch, a medical/allergy alert bracelet, and not morethan two rings is authorized.ii.Fad devices, earrings on males, vogue medallions, colored bracelets, personal talismans,chains, sea shell style beach necklaces or amulets are not authorized.iii.Religious/medical tags may be worn if they are covered by the undershirt and are notvisible.iv.Upper class women may wear small post‑ type earrings for specific occasions only, e.g.,receptions, hops, leave, etc. Earrings will not be worn in the Duty or ACU uniforms.a. The earrings will be unadorned, spherical, gold, silver, diamond, or pearl and notlarger than 1/4 inches (6 millimeters). Earrings will fit snugly against the earlobeand will be a matched set with only one earring per ear.v.Other than authorized female earrings, cadets will not attach, affix, or display objects,articles, jewelry or ornamentation to or through the skin/tongue while in jewelry or other ornamentation shall be worn with the Citadel Physical Fitness orDuty Uniform (This does not include The Citadel Ring).E. Haircut/Grooming Guidance1. General Guidance:i.Cadets will ensure their hair is kept in a neat, clean manner. Extreme or fad stylehaircuts or hair styles are not authorized. If dyes, tints, or bleaches are used, color usedmust appear natural or similar to human hair and not present an extreme appearance.Use of hair products that produce an oily or greasy appearance will not be used.ii.No cadet is authorized to cut the hair of him/herself or another cadet. Possession ofbarber equipment by cadets is prohibited. Lines or designs will not be cut into the hairor scalp.3

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and Administrationiii.Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaFingernails will be kept clean and neatly trimmed so as not to interfere with theperformance of duty, detract from the military image, or present a safety hazard. Onlyclear nail polish is authorized. Females will not exceed a nail length of ¼ inch, as measuredfrom the tip of the finger. Males will keep nails trimmed so as not to extend beyond thefingertip.iv.The face will be clean-shaven. If appropriate medical authority prescribes beard growth,the length required for medical treatment will also be specified. For example, “a neatlytrimmed beard is authorized. The length will not exceed ¼ inch.”2. Male Haircut Guidance:i.Fourth Class Males: After the initial freshman haircut, Fourth Class cadets will adhereto the upper class standard as described in paragraph (ii) below. Heads will not beshaved bare of hair.ii.Upper-class Males: The hair on top of the head will be neatly groomed. The length andbulk of the hair will not exceed two inches, present a ragged, unkempt, or extremeappearance. Hair will present a tapered appearance and when combed will not fall overthe ears or eyebrows or touch the collar of the dress blouse. The hair at the back of thehead will be tapered and not blocked. In all cases the bulk or length of the hair will notinterfere with the proper wearing of headgear.iii. Sideburns will be neatly trimmed. The base will not be flared and will be a clean-shavenhorizontal line. Sideburns will not extend below the middle of the ear canal.iv. Hair will not bush out below the band of properly worn military headgear. Faddish haircuts(such as “Mohawks”, Horseshoes” and “Teardrop”) are not authorized. Males are notauthorized to wear braids, cornrows, or dreadlocks.3. Female Haircut Guidance:i.All females will ensure that their hair is neatly groomed, that the length and bulk of thehair are not excessive, and that the hair does not present a ragged, unkempt, orextreme appearance.ii.Trendy styles that result in shaved portions of the scalp (other than the neckline) ordesigns cut into the hair are prohibited. Only straight parts are authorized.iii.Females may wear braids, as long as the braided style is conservative, the braids liesnugly on the head, and any hair holding devices comply with the standards inparagraph xi below.iv.Braids, cornrows, twists, and locks will be of uniform dimension and have a diameter nogreater than ½ inch. Each must be spaced the same.v. Hair will not fall over the eyebrows or extend below the edge of the duty collar at any timeduring normal activity or when standing in formation. Graduated haircuts will not exceed1” in difference between the front and Long hair that falls naturally below the bottom edge of the collar, to include braids, will beneatly and inconspicuously fastened or pinned, so that no free hanging hair is visible andnot to exceed 2” in bulk and no more than 3” from the scalp. The hair at the top of thehead will also not exceed 2”height as measured from the scalp. This includes styles wornwith the physical fitness uniform.vii. Buns will be firmly adhered (no loose strands), and can be a max of four inches in diameterand a max of three inches away from the nape of the neck.viii. Styles that are lopsided or distinctly unbalanced are prohibited.ix. Ponytails, pigtails, or braids that are not secured to the head (allowing hair to hang freely),widely spaced individual hanging locks, and other extreme styles that protrude from thehead are prohibited with the following exceptions:a. Female cadets are authorized to wear their hair in a ponytail or single braid if:4

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and Administrationx.xi.xii.xiii.xiv.Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insigniai. Wearing the cadet physical fitness uniform and engaged in authorizedphysical fitness activities.ii. While wearing a distinctive Cadet Athlete or Club Squad athletic uniformor when wearing the blazer uniform.Extensions, weaves, wigs, and hairpieces are authorized; however, these additions musthave the same general appearance as the individual’s natural hair and comply with all thegrooming policies of these paragraphs.Females will ensure that hairstyles do not interfere with proper wear of the militaryheadgear. When headgear is worn, the hair will not extend below the bottom edge of thefront of the headgear, nor will it extend below the bottom edge of the duty collar.Hair Holding Devices:a. Hair-holding devices are authorized only for the purpose of securing the hair.Cadets will not place hair-holding devices in the hair for decorative purposes.b. All hair-holding devices must be plain and either clear or of a color as close to thecadet’s hair as possible.c. A maximum of four may be used.d. Devices that are conspicuous, excessive, or decorative are prohibited. Someexamples of prohibited devices include, but are not limited to; large, lacyscrunchies; beads, bows or claw clips; clips, pins, or barrettes with butterflies,flowers, sparkles, gems, or scalloped edges; and bows made from hairpieces.e. Cadets may not wear hairnets unless prescribed by the Citadel Surgeon.Cosmetics:a. Upper-class females are authorized to wear cosmetics applied conservatively andin good taste. Lipstick, eye make-up and rouge may be worn with all uniforms aslong as the color is conservative and complements the uniform. Exaggerated orfaddish cosmetic styles are inappropriate with the uniform and will not be worn.Extreme shades of color such as purple, gold, blue, and white will not be worn.b. Make up/eye liner will not extend past the eye to include feline and winged look.Pictures:5

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaBraids, cornrows, twists, and locks will be of uniform dimension and havea diameter no greater than ½ inch. Each must be spaced the same.6

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationIII.Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaSeasonal Uniform MatrixSeasonal TermLeave UniformDress Uniform1 July – Parents WeekendSummer LeaveDress WhitesParents Weekend – January ReturnDress Salt & PepperDress Salt & PepperJanuary Return- Corps Day WeekendDress GrayFull Dress GrayCorps Day Weekend – July 1Summer LeaveDress Whites IV.Notes: Exceptions to dress uniform requires written request delineating rationaleStandard Cadet Uniforms:A. Appearance:1. All cadets will maintain a high standard of dress and appearance. Uniforms will be properlyfitted (trousers, pants, or skirts should not fit tightly), clean, serviceable, and pressed asnecessary. Cadets must project a military image that leaves no doubt that they live by acommon military standard and are responsible to military order and discipline. Cadets areexpected to maintain a good daily hygiene and wear their uniforms so as not to detract from theoverall military appearance.2. Uniforms will be kept buttoned, zipped, and snapped; metallic devices such as metal insignia,belt buckles, and belt tips will be kept in proper luster and will be free of scratches andcorrosion; medals and ribbons will be clean and not frayed; shoes and boots will be cleaned andshined. Insignia will be replaced when it becomes unserviceable or no longer conforms tostandard.3. Cadets will ensure that when articles are carried in pockets; i.e., wallets, phones, and keys,these articles do not protrude from the pocket or present a bulky appearance. Items such as7

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insigniakeys and keychains will not be attached to belt loops or belts unless required for duties beingperformed; i.e., guard.4. While in uniform cadets will not place their hands in their pockets except to momentarily placeor retrieve objects.5. White gloves will be clean and free of holes. Cutting holes in gloves to expose the class ring isexpressly prohibited.6. Heel and sole edge dressing will not be used on any headgear, belts, pompoms, or epaulets-only on shoes and boots.B. Care and Cleaning1. Uniforms must be kept neat, clean and properly tailored so as to provide a good fit at all times.Uniforms should be properly hung or stored to reduce wrinkling and possibility of getting dirty.Regular laundering or dry cleaning will help preserve the life of the fabric and reduce unsightlystains, odors, etc. Unserviceable (Spotted, torn, badly worn) uniforms must be replaced.2. The Citadel Cadet Store and tailor Shop will conduct all fittings and alterations of uniforms.C. Headgear:1. General Guidance:i.Black and white service caps should be stored in such a manner as to preserve theirshapes, either using a "blocking" device sold in the gift shop, or using a rubber band tohold the sides in shape. Modification of the visor by bending or crimping in any way isstrictly prohibited.ii.Spots should be removed promptly with mild soap and water. More difficult spotsshould be referred to the cleaners.iii.Heel and sole edge dressing is not authorized for use on headgear. Do not use wirebrushes regularly, since they tend to wear the nap from the fabric.iv.Never place the cap on its cover when setting it down on a surface.v.Headgear will be carried when not being worn. The garrison cap may be placed underthe belt on the right front of the duty uniform when indoors. The opening of the cap willface to the wearer’s left when tucked into the belt with the rank visible on the bottomof the cap.Garrison Cap Belt Placement8

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insigniavi.Headgear will not be stuffed or hang from a pocket with the exception of the patrol capwhich may be folded neatly and placed in the ACU/OCP trouser cargo pocket.vii.Headgear is not required while in or operating a privately owned or commercial vehicleor public conveyance (subway, train, bus, plane).viii.Headgear will not be worn indoors unless under arms in an official capacity or directedby the Commandant (i.e., indoor ceremonial activities).2. Garrison Cap:i.Proper wear: The garrison cap is worn with the front vertical crease of the cap centeredon the forehead in a straight line with the nose, with the front lower portion of the capapproximately 1 inch above the eyebrows (approximately the width of the first twofingers). The cap is placed on the head in such a manner that the front and rear verticalcreases and the top edge of the crown form unbroken lines in silhouette, and so theridge of the cap is parallel to the ground while standing at attention. Personnel will notcrush or shape the crown of the cap to form peaks at the top front or top rear of thecap.a. The garrison cap should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and lint.ii.Insignia: All cadet officers and NCOs will wear the rank insignia on the left curtain of thegarrison cap, centered from top to bottom, parallel to, and one inch back from theforward edge of the cap.iii.Upper class cadets (1st, 2nd and 3rd class) caps are identified by white piping. 4th classcadets will be plain black in color.Garrison Cap, Lower ClassGarrison Cap, Upper Class3. Black Service Capi.Proper Wear: The service cap is worn straight on the head so that the braid hatband onthe service cap creates a straight line around the head, parallel to the ground. Suchpositioning automatically positions the visor correctly, so that it does not interfere withvision or ride up on the forehead. Personnel will not alter the shape of the service cap inany manner to include the visor.a. The black service cap should be brushed regularly to remove dirt and lint.b. Rain cap cover will be worn during inclement weather.ii.Insignia: Authorized Citadel shield will be worn on black dress cap. Cap insignia will notbe blitzed to remove any part of the insignia.9

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationBlack Service Cap WithRain CoverSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaBlack Service Cap4. White Service Capi.Proper Wear: The service cap is worn straight on the head so that the braid hatband onthe service cap creates a straight line around the head, parallel to the ground. Suchpositioning automatically positions the visor correctly, so that it does not interfere withvision or ride up on the forehead. Personnel will not alter the shape of the service cap inany manner to include the visor.a. The white service cap should be stored and handled carefully to avoid soilingthe white cover.ii.Insignia: Authorized Citadel shield will be worn on white service cap. Cap insignia willnot be blitzed to remove any part of the insignia.White Service CapWhite Service Cap5. Shakoi.Proper Wear: The shako is worn straight on the head with the bottom resting just abovethe ears. The chin strap is placed between the chin and lower lip. If a cadet is givingcommands, the chin strap will be placed between the nose and upper lip.ii.Insignia: Authorized Citadel shield will be worn on shako. Cap insignia will not be blitzedto remove any part of the insignia.iii.Pom Pom:a. Will be worn, as received from supply, at a 15 degree angle on the shako.b. Will not be shaved, trimmed, or coated with heel and sole.c. If dirty, will be gently brushed until clean.10

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and Administrationiv.Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaPlume: Will be worn at a 15 degree angle on the shako. Feathers will be brushed andmaintain a full appearance.Shako with Pom PomShako with Plume6. ACU/OCP Patrol Capi.Proper Wear: Cadets wear the patrol cap straight on the head so that the cap bandcreates a straight line around the head, parallel to the ground. The patrol cap will fitsnugly and comfortably around the largest part of the head without bulging or distortionfrom the intended shape of the headgear and without excessive gaps. No rolling of,blocking, or alterations to the cap are authorized. The cap is worn so that no hair isvisible on the forehead beneath the cap. The nametape will be worn centered on thehook-and-loop pads on the back of the patrol cap.a. The ACU/OCP Patrol Cap may be folded flat and then placed in the cargo pocketof the ACU/OCP trouser.ii.Insignia:a. Cadet rank is not worn on the patrol cap.ACU Patrol CapACU Patrol CapD. Duty1. Authorization for Wear: The cadet duty uniform is authorized for year-round wear by allmembers of the Corps of Cadets. The duty uniform, with authorized variations, will be worn onduty, for class and other functions as directed. It is not for off campus wear unless authorized.2. Fit:i.Duty Trousers are to be fitted and worn with the lower edge of the waistband at the tipof the hipbone, plus or minus ½ inch. They are worn with the black web belt. The front11

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insigniacrease of the trousers breach the top of the instep and will be cut on a diagonal line toreach the point approximately midway between the top of the heel and the top of thestandard shoe in the back. The trousers may have a slight break in the front.ii.Shirt stays should be utilized to present a neat appearance. The belt is wrapped aroundthe wearer’s waist to the left creating the “gig line” in front with the right side of thebuckle aligned with the seam of the uniform shirt and trouser fly seam. The brass tip ofthe belt should be flush with the end of the buckle where it meets the end of the belt.3. Composition:i.Gray short sleeve shirt.ii.White crew neck undershirt.iii.Duty trousers- blue-gray with black braid.a. Gray wool trousers will be worn when weather or policy dictates.iv.Black web belt, with brass tips; belt buckle, solid brass.v.Black Oxford shoes, with black—black garrison cap.a. Black or white service cap may be worn in lieu of garrison cap if prescribed.4. Insignia and Accouterments:i.Maximum number of badges authorized is three to include contract badges. Badges areplaced vertically with 1/8 inch between badges.ii.Class numeral will be worn on the right collar of the gray duty shirt and company lettersor staff numerals on the left collar, centered top to bottom, parallel to and one inchback from front edge of collar.Company or staff numerals wornon left collar, centered top to bottomparallel to and one inch back from frontedge of collarRank or class numerals wornon right collar, centered top to bottomparallel to and one inch back from frontedge of collarCollar Insignia, Duty Uniformiii.Collar rank insignia will be worn on the right collar in lieu of class numerals. Regimentalstaff wears rank on both collars.12

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaCollar Rank Insignia-Regimental StaffDuty Uniformiv.Authorized insignia and accouterments:a. Rank insignia, non-subdued.b. Unit insignia, non-subdued (company / class).c. Headgear insignia, non-subdued.d. Name plate.e. R.O.T.C contract/scholarship badge.f. R.O.T.C. Distinguished Cadet badge.g. U.S. Military branch insignia (for seniors who have been assigned branchdesignations).h. Foreign Military contract or scholarship badge.i. Police Corps scholarship badge.j. RECONDO badge.k. Special skill identifier badges (basic parachutist, rigger, air assault, etc).13

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaBlack slide on shoulder boards(Cadet Officers)Branch insignia (1st class cadets-finalSemester) centered 1/8 in above rightPocket (or DMS)Badges centered and stackedvertically 1/8 in above pocket. Max isthree with 1/8 in between badgesDMS, DNS, DAFS, DM badges centeredand 1/8 in above right pocketName plate centered w/topof plate flush with rightpocketInsignia and accouterments, Duty14

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaDuty UniformE. Summer Leave1. Authorization for Wear: The summer leave uniform is authorized for seasonal wear by allmembers of the Corps of Cadets. The cadet summer leave uniform, with authorized variations,will be worn during parades at the beginning of the year, authorized periods of leave and otherfunctions as directed by The Commandant or Regimental Commander.2. Fit:i.Shirt stays should be utilized to present a neat appearance. The belt is wrapped aroundthe wearer’s waist to the left creating the “gig line” in front with the right side of thebuckle aligned with the seam of the uniform shirt and trouser fly seam. The brass tip ofthe belt should be flush with the end of the buckle where it meets the end of the belt.3. Composition:i.White short sleeved shirt.15

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insigniaii.iii.White crew neck undershirt.Duty trousers, blue-gray with black braid.a. Gray skirt may be worn by females for leave, chapel, or dances. Skirts will notbe worn at parades.i. Skirt length will not be more than one inch above or two inches belowthe crease in the back of the knee.iv.Black Oxford shoes, with black socks.a. Female cadets may wear plain black military pumps (without straps or buckles)with 1 ½ inch heel, with neutral or off-black panty hose when wearing the grayuniform skirt.v.Headgear—white service sash—red or blue.a. Red sash is the badge of cadet rank for cadet officers and those NCOsauthorized to carry the sword.b. Blue sash is the badge for Presidential Aides and Chapel Ushers.vii.Purse—black military style, 8 ½ x 11 inch, with or without strap (Optional-females only).4. Insignia and Accouterments:i.Ribbons are centered 1/8 inch above left pocket. Dean’s list or Marksmanship badgeworn alone will be centered above bottom with the top of the badge touching the seam.If both are worn, the badges are positioned along the pocket seam with a 1 inchdistance between badges.ii.Authorized insignia and accouterments:a. Shoulder Boards—blue with appropriate class stripe, affixed.i. Class insignia of approved pattern will be worn to designate a cadet'sclass:ii. Three stripes for First Class; two stripes for Second Class; one stripe forThird Class, and no stripes for Fourth Class. (See picture, this Chapter.)b. Rank insignia, non-subdued.i. Cadets holding rank will wear the appropriate insignia on each shoulderboard, with the bottom of the rank two inches from the outside edge ofeach shoulder board.c. Name plate: Worn centered with top of the plate flush with the right pocket.d. Gold academic stars.i. If authorized, one ¾ inch, five pointed gold star will be centered andabove the name tag of the uniform shirt.e. Dean’s List badge: Centered on left breast pocket with top of badge touchingseam.f. R.O.T.C contract/ scholarship badge.g. R.O.T.C. distinguished cadet badge.h. U.S. Military branch insignia (for seniors who have been assigned branchdesignations).i. Foreign Military contract or scholarship badge.j. RECONDO badge.k. Special skill identifier badges (basic parachutist, rigger, air assault, etc).l. Citadel award or participation ribbons.m. U.S. Military award ribbons (not to be worn mixed with Citadel ribbons.)16

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaRibbons centered and 1/8 inchabove left pocketGold Star 1/8 inch aboveright pocket and centeredDeans List badge centered w/ topof wreath flush with seam ofLeft pocketName plate centered w/topof plate flush with rightpocketInsignia/AccoutermentsSummer LeaveRank centered with bottom two inchesfrom end of boardShoulder Board Class Stripe/RankInsignia, Summer Leave17

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaSummer Leave, Gray Skirt with SashSummer Leave18

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and AdministrationSection 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and InsigniaF. Dress Gray1. Authorization for Wear: The Dress Gray uniform is authorized for seasonal wear by all membersof the Corps of Cadets. The dress gray uniform is intended for wear during periods of dutyrequiring a more formal uniform (parades, inspections, and ceremonies), during periods ofapproved leave and other functions as directed by The Commandant. The appropriate uniformcombination will be worn based on weather conditions, duties, and formality of occasion.2. Fit:i.High Rise Wool Trousers are to be fitted and worn with the lower edge of the waistbandat the bottom edge of the rib cage, plus or minus ½ inch. They are worn withsuspenders and when properly worn the suspenders do not show.ii.Knee-length Skirts— skirt length will not be more than one inch above or two inchesbelow the crease in the back of the knee.iii.The length of the coat will be even with the bottom of the wearer’s butt

Chapter 7- Cadet Personnel and Administration Section 5- Wear and Appearance of Cadet Uniforms and Insignia 2 I. Purpose: The Corps of Cadets is an organization where discipline is judged, in part, by the manner

Mono-White Book Devotion ⚪ Pioneer MTG Gameplay \u0026 Deck Tech

Karina, my girl, was waiting at home. Before I had time to. Take off my shoes, I heard Karinin's voice from the living room: Go take a shower, she commanded more thoroughly. I didnt deceive.

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With my tongue I caressed his hole, licked everything around. I was an obedient hole for my man, I remembered who I was to him. A hole and a waffle, and I did whatever he liked.

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