Urban slang dictionary

Urban slang dictionary DEFAULT

Here’s What All of Those Popular Slang Words Really Mean

This term actually isn't new—according to Mirriam Webster, the first known use of "vibe" was 1967. Dictionary.com says that the association between "vibrations" and a source of positive energy goes back to 1983. In the '60s, the term "good vibes" was popular (as evidenced by the 1966 Beach Boys song "Good Vibrations").

The word "vibe," as opposed to "vibes" or "vibrations," is used commonly today. If we want to get technical, "vibe" can be used as both a noun and a verb. When it's a noun, "vibe" describes the distinct emotional impression of a place, gathering, or even a person. It's the feeling you get after you leave, and you're reflecting (i.e. "that place had a spectacular vibe" or "this room has a weird vibe"). When a verb, "vibe" means to kick back and hang out, or to get along (i.e. "she and I were vibing on our date").

Or, you can say, "It's a vibe," referring to the specific emotional atmosphere or sensation you find yourself in.

Sours: https://www.oprahdaily.com/entertainment/g23603568/slang-words-meaning/

How Linguists Are Using Urban Dictionary

Urban Dictionary, as you may know, is a crowdsourced website where anyone can suggest a new word—or a new definition of a word—years before establishment lexicographers catch on. It was founded in 1999 by computer science student Aaron Peckham to make fun of the comparatively staid Dictionary.com. Yet Urban Dictionary has become much more than a parody site, drawing approximately 65 million visitors every month.

Of course, Urban Dictionary is also a repository of adolescent grossout humor, often humor about sexual practices that are the stuff of urban legends (uh, penis McFlurry?). This isn’t just a matter of trifling but ultimately harmless terms. Bigoted words and definitions have thrived on the site, but Peckham believes that offensive words should be left intact. It’s clear from a quick browse through the trending terms that the users are particularly titillated by (or nervous about) women’s bodies (e.g., twatopotamus) and sex between men (e.g., vaginal intolerant).

With its crowdsourced definitions and high speed of coinage, Urban Dictionary is very much a product of the internet age. But it also continues a long history of recording low-brow language: dictionaries of English slang have been around in some form for centuries. The slang dictionaries of the seventeenth century were considered useful for clueing readers into the language of thieves and cheats, which itself was part of an older tradition of exoticizing the language of the poor and criminal. By 1785, Francis Grose’s Classic Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue extended the slang lexicon beyond the middle-class conception, adding terms such as bum fodder (for toilet paper).

Urban Dictionary carries this legacy forward, and the site is likely to persist in some form. The Library of Congress now archives it. Its pages were saved to the Internet Archive more than 12,500 times between May 25, 2002, and October 4, 2019, with a steady increase over time. And according to internet linguist Gretchen McCulloch’s much-touted new book Because Internet: Understanding the New Rules of Language: “IBM experimented with adding Urban Dictionary data to its artificial intelligence system Watson, only to scrub it all out again when the computer started swearing at them.”

The stakes are increasing as well. Urban Dictionary is being used to determine the acceptability of vanity plate names in some U.S. states. More serious is the continued tradition of dictionary use in legal cases, where the interpretation of a single word can have grave consequences. Urban Dictionary’s definition ofto nut, for instance, has been brought up in a sexual harassment claim, and the meanings of jack were debated in a financial restitution case. While Urban Dictionary’s speed may be useful in a legal setting, some lexicologists believe that depending on a crowdsourced dictionary is risky.

Linguists Open the Urban Dictionary

Whatever we might think of its vulgarity, Urban Dictionary is useful. It allows researchers to track terms that are too recent or too niche to appear in establishment dictionaries, and to determine how people are using English online.

For example, one 2006 paper by communication expert Jean E. Fox Tree uses Urban Dictionary, along with other examples of “public dictionary websites” (like Wikipedia and Answers.com), to excavate the uses of like in storytelling. And Urban Dictionary is regularly cited as a source in linguistics research, such as a 2015 paper by Natasha Shrikant on Indian American students.

McCulloch finds Urban Dictionary useful for mapping chronology, due to the datestamps attached to definitions, especially for the period in the early 2000s, before social media sites became behemoths.

Derek Denis, a linguistics researcher at the University of Toronto, agrees that the datestamp function is useful. The other key aspect, he points out, is the use of Urban Dictionary to unearth indexical meanings, or the social meanings of words. For him, the first example that comes to mind is the interjection eh. Urban Dictionary, unlike more formal dictionaries, mentions the Canadian association early and often.

In Denis’ research into Toronto’s multiethnic slang, he’s used Urban Dictionary to find the earliest documented use of terms like mans/manz, meaning “I.” The wide-ranging, youth-oriented website might seem especially well-suited for recording this kind of multiethnolect: a dialect that draws from multiple ethnic groups, typically spoken by young people, and often stigmatized or dismissed. An example is Multicultural London English, sometimes oversimplified as “Jafaican,” for “fake Jamaican.” But Denis believes that Urban Dictionary’s applicability is broader: “It’s generally useful for not just young people and multiethnic areas but general for any speech community,” he says.

Not Exactly the Wild West

A 2010 paper by the linguist Lauren Squires suggests that, despite Urban Dictionary’s anarchic reputation, it can reproduce the idea of a division between proper and improper language, with internet language being deemed socially unacceptable. Squires gives the examples of chatspeak, defined by one user as “[a] disgrace to the English language,” and netspeak, called “[a]n easy way to determine the IQ of the person you are talking to over the Internet.”

In other words, some Urban Dictionary contributors appear to be conservatively guarding a notion of a pure (print) version of English, even though language purists consider the site itself to be a key source of corruption. But maybe this isn’t as paradoxical as it seems. It may be that the site has become a linguistic sewer because certain users feel emboldened by the format, allowing them to use (or coin) terms they wouldn’t in a more formal setting.

Urban Dictionary’s bias toward obnoxiousness might make it less a repository of slang and more a collection of a specific kind of internet immaturity. As McCulloch writes in Because Internet: “There seems to be a correlation between how genuinely popular a word is and how much Urban Dictionary’s definition writers despise it and the people who use it.”

Are its contributors just pranking would-be scholars attempting to use the site for anything other than gleeful entertainment? Well, surely some are trying to. An alternative Urban Dictionary definition of manz, “part man and part zebra,” might stem only from the cackling imagination of a single user. Researchers may need to tread carefully, particularly given that young men are overrepresented on the site.

But linguists like Denis aren’t too concerned. The premise of Urban Dictionary is that a term, however jokey or quirky, doesn’t need to be popular to be worthy of recording. In Denis’ view, it just needs to be understood by at least two people. He says that “it’s probably not completely idiosyncratic. It’s probably not just limited to that one person, but rather, it might just be that person and like two or three friends. But the important thing there is that those few people—
maybe it’s two people—still form a speech community.”

In fact, the lack of restrictions, a style guide, or a core arbiter in Urban Dictionary means that “things can come out more explicitly” compared to conventional dictionaries, Denis believes. “I think the Urban Dictionary model is probably more representative because it doesn’t rely on that authority.”

It’s been argued that the now 20-year-old Urban Dictionary has become something of a fogey itself (if internet years are like dog years, the website is ancient). Newer websites and social media platforms may be even more responsive to language trends, possibly leaving Urban Dictionary in a middle ground: not as immediate as Twitter, not as specific as Know Your Meme, not as respected as Merriam-Webster, not as credible as Wikipedia, and not as popular as Reddit. But for now, linguists are digging through Urban Dictionary to track, date, and analyze language, no matter how niche or nasty, as it’s actually used.

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JSTOR is a digital library for scholars, researchers, and students. JSTOR Daily readers can access the original research behind our articles for free on JSTOR.

DELEGITIMISING CREOLES AND MULTIETHNOLECTS: STEREOTYPES AND (MIS-)CONCEPTIONS OF LANGUAGE IN ONLINE DEBATES

By: Philipp Krämer

Caribbean Studies, Vol. 45, No. 1/2, SPECIAL ISSUE: LANGUAGE CONTACT, CREOLES, AND MULTILINGUALISM: STIGMA, CREATIVITY, AND RESILIENCE (January – December 2017), pp. 107-142

Institute of Caribbean Studies, UPR, Rio Piedras Campus

Sours: https://daily.jstor.org/how-linguists-are-using-urban-dictionary/
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On January 24, 2017, a user by the name of d0ughb0y uploaded a definition to Urban Dictionary, the popular online lexicon that relies on crowdsourced definitions. Under Donald Trump—who, four days prior, was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, prompting multiple Women's Marches a day later—he wrote: "The man who got more obese women out to walk on his first day in office than Michelle Obama did in eight years." Since being uploaded, it has received 25,716 upvotes and is considered the top definition for Donald Trump. It is followed by descriptions that include: "He doesn't like China because they actually have a great wall"; "A Cheeto… a legit Cheeto"; and "What all hispanics refer to as 'el diablo.'" In total, there are 582 definitions for Donald Trump—some hilarious, others so packed with bias you wonder if the president himself actually wrote them, yet none of them are entirely accurate.

Urban Dictionary, now in its 20th year, is a digital repository that contains more than 8 million definitions and famously houses all manner of slang and cultural expressions. Founded by Aaron Peckham in 1999—then a computer science major at Cal Poly—the site became notorious for allowing what sanctioned linguistic gatekeepers, such as the Oxford English Dictionary and Merriam-Webster, would not: a plurality of voice. In interviews, Peckham has said the site began as a joke, as a way to mock Dictionary.com, but it didn't take long before it ballooned into a thriving corpus.

Today, Urban Dictionary averages around 65 million visitors a month, according to data from SimilarWeb, with almost 100 percent of its traffic originating via organic search. You can find definitions for just about anything or anyone: from popular phrases like Hot Girl Summer ("a term used to define girls being unapologetically themselves, having fun, loving yourself, and doing YOU") and In my bag ("the act of being in your own world; focused; being in the zone; on your grind") to musicians like Pete Wentz ("an emo legend. his eyeliner could literally kill a man"); even my name, Jason, has an insane 337 definitions (my favorite one, which I can attest is 1,000 percent true: "the absolute greatest person alive").

In the beginning, Peckham's project was intended as a corrective. He wanted, in part, to help map the vastness of the human lexicon, in all its slippery, subjective glory (a message on the homepage of the site reads: "Urban Dictionary Is Written By You"). Back then, the most exciting, and sometimes most culture-defining, slang was being coined constantly, in real time. What was needed was an official archive for those evolving styles of communication. "A printed dictionary, which is updated rarely," Peckham said in 2014, "tells you what thoughts are OK to have, what words are OK to say." That sort of one-sided authority did not sit well with him. So he developed a version that ascribed to a less exclusionary tone: local and popular slang, or what linguist Gretchen McCulloch might refer to as "public, informal, unselfconscious language" now had a proper home.

Under Lady Gaga, one top entry describes her as "a very bad joke played on all of us by Tim Burton." For LeBron James, it reads: "To bail out on your team when times get tough."

In time, however, the site began to espouse the worst of the internet—Urban Dictionary became something much uglier than perhaps what Peckham set out to create. It transformed into a harbor for hate speech. By allowing anyone to post definitions (users can up or down vote their favorite ones) Peckham opened the door for the most insidious among us. Racism, homophobia, xenophobia, and sexism currently serve as the basis for some of the most popular definitions on the site. In fact, one of the site's definitions for sexism details it as "a way of life like welfare for black people. now stop bitching and get back to the kitchen." Under Lady Gaga, one top entry describes her as the embodiment of "a very bad joke played on all of us by Tim Burton." For LeBron James, it reads: "To bail out on your team when times get tough."

When I first discovered Urban Dictionary around 2004, I considered it a public good. The internet still carried an air of innocence then; the lion's share of people who roamed chat forums and posted on LiveJournal had yet to adopt the mob instincts of cancel culture; Twitter was years away from warping our consumption habits and Facebook was only a fraction of the giant it is today. I was relatively new to what the internet could offer—its infinite landscapes dazzled my curious teenage mind—and found a strange solace in Urban Dictionary.

My understanding of it hewed to a simple logic. Here was a place where words and phrases that friends, cousins, neighbors, and people I knew used with regularity found resonance and meaning. Before Urban Dictionary, I'd never seen words like hella or jawn defined anywhere other than in conversation. That they were afforded a kind of linguistic reverence was what awed me, what drew me in. The site, it then seemed, was an oasis for all varieties of slang, text speak, and cultural idioms. (Later, as black culture became the principal vortex for which popular culture mined cool, intra-communal expressions like bae, on fleek, and turnt, were increasingly the property of the wider public.) It was a place where entry into the arena did not require language to adhere to the rules of proper grammar. As Mary B. Zeigler and Viktor Osinubi proposed in “Theorizing the Postcoloniality of African American English,”, it is the “cultural elite and their allies who help enforce acceptable codes of linguistic conduct,” which unfairly leverages social customs.

Urban Dictionary's abandonment of that edict afforded it a rebel spirit. Early on, the beauty of the site was its deep insistence on showing how slang is socialized based on a range of factors: community, school, work. How we casually convey meaning is a direct reflection of our geography, our networks, our worldviews. At its best, Urban Dictionary crystallized that proficiency. Slang is often understood as a less serious form of literacy, as deficient or lacking. Urban Dictionary said otherwise. It let the cultivators of the most forward-looking expressions of language speak for themselves. It believed in the splendor of slang that was deemed unceremonious and paltry.

In her new book, Because Internet: Understanding the New Rules of Language, McCulloch puts forward a question: "But what kind of net can you use to capture living language?" She tells the story of German dialectologist Georg Wenker, who mailed postal surveys to teachers and asked them to translate sentences. French linguist Jules Gilliéron later innovated on Wenker's method: He sent a trained worker into the field to oversee the surveys. This practice was known as dialect mapping. The hope was to identify the rich, varied characteristics of a given language: be it speech patterns, specific terminology, or the lifespan of shared vocabulary. For a time, field studies went on like this. Similar to Wikipedia and Genius, Urban Dictionary inverted that approach through crowdsourcing: the people came to it.

Luckily, like language, the internet is stubbornly resistant to stasis. It is constantly reconfiguring and building anew. Today, other digital portals—Twitter, Instagram, gossip blogs like Bossip and The Shade Room, even group texts on our smartphones—function as better incubators of language than Urban Dictionary.

"In the early years of Urban Dictionary we tried to keep certain words out," Peckham once said. "But it was impossible—authors would re-upload definitions, or upload definitions with alternate spellings. Today, I don't think it's the right thing to try to remove offensive words." (Peckham didn't respond to emails seeking comment for this story.) One regular defense he lobbed at critics was that the site, and its cornucopia of definitions, was not meant to be taken at face value. Its goodness and its nastiness, instead, were a snapshot of a collective outlook. If anything, Peckham said, Urban Dictionary tapped into the pulse of our thinking.

But if the radiant array of terminology uploaded to the site was initially meant to function as a possibility of human speech, it is now mostly a repository of vile language. In its current form, Urban Dictionary is a cauldron of explanatory excess and raw prejudice. "The problem for Peckham's bottom line is that derogatory content—not the organic evolution of language in the internet era—may be the site's primary appeal," Clio Chang wrote in The New Republic in 2017, as the site was taking on its present identity.

Luckily, like language, the internet is stubbornly resistant to stasis. It is constantly reconfiguring and building anew. Today, other digital portals—Twitter, Instagram, gossip blogs like Bossip and The Shade Room, even group texts on our smartphones—function as better incubators of language than Urban Dictionary. Consider how Bossip's headline mastery functions as a direct extension of black style—which is to say the site embraces, head on, the syntax and niche vernacular of a small community of people. The endeavor is both an acknowledgement of and a lifeline to a facet of black identity.

That's not to say Urban Dictionary is vacant any good, but its utility, as a window into different communities and local subcultures, as a tool that extends sharp and luminous insight, has been obscured by darker intentions. What began as a joke is no longer funny. Even those who operate on the site understand it for what it's eroded into. The top definition for Urban Dictionary reads: "Supposed to [b]e a user-inputed dictionary for words. However, has become a mindless forum of jokes, view-points, sex, and basically anything but the real definition of a word." Where Oxford and Merriam-Webster erected walls around language, essentially controlling what words and expressions society deemed acceptable, Urban Dictionary, in its genesis, helped to democratize that process. Only the republic eventually ate itself.


More Great WIRED Stories

Sours: https://www.wired.com/story/urban-dictionary-20-years/

104 Urban Dictionary Words You Need to Understand the Internet

Urban Dictionary may have originally started as a joke, but the online authority of all things slang is now a legitimate source on what popular sayings mean — and a ton of the words published in their pages are commonly accepted vernacular.

Amal Clooney and George Clooney/Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP
Related story George Clooney Spent the Pandemic 'Teaching Pranks' to His Twin Children, Says Amal

As raunchy as it can be at times, Urban Dictionary has gone mainstream — I mean, it’s even used in some courtrooms to define culturally acceptable slang terms. Doesn’t get much more legit than that. Of course, being the crowdsourced slang resource that it is, none of the words were actually invented by Urban Dictionary. However, many (including some of the words below) have since been added to more traditional dictionaries — and others may have been in old-school dictionaries first, but the peeps at Urban Dictionary just defined them better.

In honor of our ever-changing English language, here are the big pop culture words we think everyone needs to know.

Warning: Some strong language ahead (NSFW)

1. A crapella — singing (badly) while listening to music through headphones

2. Ann Curry-ed — being fired unexpectedly and/or without cause

3. Askhole — an individual who asks ridiculous, obnoxious or irrelevant questions (this is often chronic behavior)

4. Awesome sauce — something that is more awesome than awesome (awesome topped with awesome sauce)

5. Baby bump — the protruding abdominal region of a woman when she starts to become noticeably pregnant (often creates speculation a woman is pregnant even when it’s the result of bloating or the way clothes fall)

6. Badassery — actions or behavior that are amazing or unbelievable; the act of being a badass

7. Beer me — please, get me a beer (can also be used figuratively to ask for anything to be passed or retrieved for the speaker)

8. Bitchy resting face — the state of a face while not emoting in which the individual looks hostile or judgmental

9. Bitcoin — electronic currency that can be transferred securely without the need of a third party (such as a bank or PayPal)

10. Blamestorming — usually in a business setting, the act of attempting to identify who was to blame for a failure or problem, rather than trying to brainstorm a solution

11. Boomerang child — a child who moves out to start his or her own life, then returns home to live (often as a result of the economy, but possibly due to irresponsibility of some kind)

More:Why Do People Ask for ‘Bump Pics’ on Facebook?

12. Bromance — 1) as a noun or adjective, two heterosexual males with such a close relationship they appear to be romantically involved; 2) as a verb, the act of attempting to become closer to a fellow heterosexual male (usually through acts similar to romancing a woman, such as flattery, gifts and spending alone time)

13. Bropocalypse — a large gathering of adult males with the sole mission of getting drunk (such as at a fraternity party)

14. Bye Felicia — exclamation used when a person announces they are exiting, but other people in the area don’t care; adapted from 2005 film Friday starring Chris Tucker and Ice Cube

15. C-note — a $100 bill (where C stands for centum, the Latin word for 100)

16. Cock block — 1) referring to a slang term for male genitalia, the act of preventing a man from getting somewhere (getting to know, getting a date or having sexual relations) with a man or woman he is interested in; action may be committed by a male or female; 2) in traffic, to cut someone off

17. Cougar — an older woman who prefers the romantic company of much-younger men

18. Crackberry — a slang term for a mobile phone brand (BlackBerry) that implies its user is addicted to the device

19. Crunk — 1) a replacement for foul curse words (popularized by a joke on Conan O’Brien); 2) a combination of crazy and drunk, meaning crazy drunk (may also refer to people who are high); 3) a style of rap music popular in the South; 4) something at a high level (e.g., volume) or something awesome; 5) to have a good time

20. Cyberslacking — using one’s employer’s Internet and email for personal activities during work

Next Up:Words from Urban Dictionary – Designated drunk

A version of this article was originally published in January 2014.

Sours: https://www.sheknows.com/living/articles/1026523/100-words-from-urban-dictionary-that-changed-the-world/

Dictionary urban slang

Urban Dictionary

Community-powered dictionary of slang terms

UD logo-01.svg

Screenshot

Urban Dictionary (screenshot of homepage).png

Screenshot of Urban Dictionary front page as of 2018

Available inEnglish
OwnerAaron Peckham
Created byAaron Peckham
URLwww.urbandictionary.com
Launched1999; 22 years ago (1999)
Current statusActive

Urban Dictionary is a crowdsourcedonline dictionary for slang words and phrases, operating under the motto "Define Your World."[1] The website was founded in 1999 by Aaron Peckham. Originally, Urban Dictionary was intended as a dictionary of slang or cultural words and phrases, not typically found in standard dictionaries, but it is now used to define any word, event, or phrase (including sexually explicit content). Words or phrases on Urban Dictionary may have multiple definitions, usage examples, and tags. As of 2014, the dictionary had over seven million definitions, while around 2,000 new entries were being added daily.

History

The site was founded in 1999 by Aaron Peckham while he was a freshman computer science major at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. He launched the site to compare urban slang used by university students in different parts of California. He had previously created a spoof version of the Ask Jeevesweb search engine while studying at Cal Poly but closed the website after he received an infringement letter.[2] He created Urban Dictionary initially as a parody of actual dictionaries, which he thought tended to be "stuffy" and "take themselves too seriously".

For the first five years, the site generated revenue but did not make a profit. In 2003, the website gained wider attention after a news article revealed that a judge of the High Court of Justice in the United Kingdom had used Urban Dictionary to assist interpreting slang lyrics in a case involving two rappers.[3][4]

By the year 2009, the site had listed around 4 million entries and received about 2,000 new submissions per day.[5] In April 2009, the site registered 15 million unique visitors, while 80 percent of its monthly users were younger than 25. In July 2009, Peckham explained to The New York Times that Urban Dictionary is not Wikipedia,[6] because it doesn't attempt neutrality: "Every single word on here [Urban Dictionary] is written by someone with a point of view, with a personal experience of the word in the entry."[7]

The website was later referenced in a 2011 District Court complaint by Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) agents to document the meaning of the vulgarism "murk", as used in a criminal threat.[8]

Over a 30-day period in March and April 2011, 67,000 people wrote 76,000 new definitions for Urban Dictionary, while 3,500 volunteer editors were registered. In an April 2011 article in The Guardian titled "In praise of urban dictionaries", Peckham revealed an overview of 10 rules that he had devised for the site's content: "Publish celebrity names, but reject 'real life' names. Reject nonsense, inside jokes or anything submitted in capital letters. Racial and sexual slurs are allowed, racist and sexist entries are not."[9]

At the start of 2014, 32-year-old Peckham resided in San Francisco, U.S, and, while he did not reveal exact figures, he informed the media that the site was "stable and growing", and generated enough profit for both him and the site's maintenance. Peckham continued as the site's sole employee and maintained that he was not interested in venture funding or an initial public offering (IPO) : "It is weird to be in Silicon Valley and want to be independent and not be on track to IPO or want an acquisition ... But I think something special would be sacrificed if that were to happen." The site's audience at this stage was predominantly male and aged between 15 and 24.[2]

As of January 5, 2014, 50% of the site's traffic was mobile and the iPhone app had been downloaded nearly three million times.[10] Although English entries were by far the most common prior to the multilingual transition, some words from languages that have been incorporated or assimilated into English-speaking societies were published, including those from Swahili, Arabic, and the Fula languages.[11]

Content

In the context of Urban Dictionary, "definitions" include not only literal definitions, but also descriptions. As such, "to define" a word or phrase on Urban Dictionary does not necessarily entail providing a strict definition; merely a description of some aspect of the word or phrase could suffice for inclusion in the dictionary.

Originally, Urban Dictionary was intended as a dictionary of slang, or cultural words or phrases, not typically found in standard dictionaries, but it is now used to define any word or phrase. Words or phrases on Urban Dictionary may have multiple definitions, usage examples, and tags. Some examples include, but are not limited to, "Angry Hitler"[12] and "Russian Candy Cane."[13]

Visitors to Urban Dictionary may submit definitions without registering, but they must provide a valid email address.

Quality control

By default, each definition is accepted or rejected based on the number of "Publish" or "Don't Publish" votes it receives from volunteer editors. The editors are not bound by any criteria for the approval or rejection of definitions. Editors previously needed a valid email address, but it is no longer required, as three options are provided for new words: "Add It!," "Keep Out!," and "I Can't Decide." However, a Facebook or Gmail account is required to post a new definition.[14] Editors are not allowed to edit entries for spelling, wording or punctuation.

Issues with content

Urban Dictionary has been criticized for hosting and failing to remove offensive submissions, including ones containing racist and sexist content.[15] For example, the abundance of racist definitions of "aboriginal" prompted a petition calling for their removal on Change.org which received over 7,000 signatures.[16]

Urban Dictionary's guidelines list "hate speech, bullying, or any other statements meant to discriminate or incite violence against others" as a reportable offense.[17]

Usage

At the start of 2014, the dictionary had over seven million definitions, while 2,000 new entries were being added daily.[2]

In November 2014, the Advertise page of the website stated that, on a monthly basis, Urban Dictionary averages 72 million impressions and 18 million unique readers. According to Peckham in January 2014, just under 40% of the site's traffic is international, while the site's audience was predominantly male and aged between 15 and 24.[2][10]

By July 2020, the dictionary had over 12 million definitions.[18]

Application

Legal cases

As of 2013, Urban Dictionary has been used in several court cases to define slang terms not found in standard dictionaries. For example, the slang term "jack" was used to define the name the defendant used for his team, "the jack boys."[19]Urban Dictionary was also used in a District Court complaint where a man posted a threat on a gun exchange Facebook page to "murk that cocksucker".[8][19] The crowd-sourced dictionary was also used in a sexual harassment court case in Tennessee to define the phrase "to nut" as "to ejaculate".[19]

Other

In the United States, some state Departments of Motor Vehicles refer to Urban Dictionary in determining if certain license plates are appropriate or not. For example, a man in Las Vegas was allowed to keep "HOE" as his license plate after managing to convince the state, with the use of Urban Dictionary, that it meant "TAHOE", as in the vehicle made by Chevrolet, since that was already taken.[9]

IBM had programmed Watson to use Urban Dictionary. After having all the words and definitions incorporated into Watson, it began responding to researchers' questions with profanity, leading the programmers to remove it from its memory and adding an additional filter to prevent it from swearing in the future.[20]

In August 2019, The Malacañang Palace reacted to a definition referring to Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, defining him as deceptive, sly, fake and other words. Presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo said the definitions of "duterte" are "exact opposites" of the traits of President Rodrigo Duterte, and said Duterte to them means "honest, incorruptible, politically-willed person, courageous, selfless, honest, transparent and all good things...and other synonymous terms."

Linguists continue to use Urban Dictionary for charting the development of slang terms, particularly those from the early 2000s before the advent of many social media platforms.[21]

See also

References

  1. ^"Define your world". Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  2. ^ abcdJenna Wortham (3 January 2014). "A Lexicon of Instant Argot". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  3. ^Schofield, Jack (12 November 2007). "From abandonware to Zelda". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  4. ^"Rap lyrics confound judge". BBC News Online. 6 June 2003. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  5. ^"Alumni in the News: Summer & Fall 2009". Cal Poly Magazine. California Polytechnic State University. June 2009. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  6. ^Noonan, Erica (5 July 2009). "Virtual smackdowns Cross-border rivalries spill onto the Internet, where even residents have fun tweaking hometowns". Boston Globe. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  7. ^Virginia Heffernan (1 July 2009). "Street Smart: Urban Dictionary". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  8. ^ ab"Feds Consulted Urban Dictionary In Threat Case". The Smoking Gun. 31 August 2011.
  9. ^ abJohnny Davis (21 April 2011). "In praise of urban dictionaries". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  10. ^ abJenna Wortham (5 January 2014). "Urban Dictionary's Next Phase: Global and Mobile". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  11. ^Pueyo, Isabel (2009). Teaching Academic and Professional English Online. p. 169.
  12. ^"angry hitler". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
  13. ^"russian candy cane". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
  14. ^"Approve new words - 1. Should this be in Urban Dictionary?". Urban Dictionary. Urban Dictionary. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  15. ^Chang, Clio (15 July 2017). "Why Urban Dictionary Is Horrifically Racist". The New Republic.
  16. ^Lieu, Johnny (2 February 2018). "Urban Dictionary deletes racist and offensive entries for 'aboriginal' following outrage". Mashable.
  17. ^"Urban Dictionary Content Guidelines". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  18. ^"Rethinking the Dictionary". urbandictionary.blog. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  19. ^ abcKaufman, Leslie (21 May 2013). "For the Word on the Street, Courts Call Up an Online Witness". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  20. ^Matthew Humphries (10 January 2013). "Teaching Watson the Urban Dictionary turned out to be a huge mistake"Archived 2015-02-12 at the Wayback Machine. geek.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  21. ^Ro, Christine (2019-11-13). "How Linguists Are Using Urban Dictionary". JSTOR Daily. Retrieved 2020-01-04.

Further reading

External links

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_Dictionary
15 English Slang Words You NEED TO KNOW in 2020 (Speak Like a Native)

phrase used in Ireland to describe a slippery customer, a rogue, a charlatan, someone who seems upstanding or innocent and mild but who never misses an opportunity to screw you over, scam you, rip you off or hide their farcical f**k ups, blame everyone else for the s**t they cause and generally lure you into their Machiavellian trap... unsurprisingly generally applied to cowboy politicians, corrupt rich tax evaders and their ilk

1. Peader: Ah sure Seamus I'd be doing ye a favour if I bought them there sorry lookin' cows of ye for tuppence.
Seamus: Ah would you go and shite ya cute hoor, I'm not a feckin eejit! They're worth their weight in spuds!
2. Bertie

by Yvonne March 24, 2005

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Restrain myself. I put her on the bed, took off my shirt, Oksana saw my protruding member under my pants and reached for him. She unbuttoned my pants, took out my penis and took it in her mouth. It was something.



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