3 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all those who partake of it; that they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son, and witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and always remember him, and keep his commandments which he hath given them, that they may always have his Spirit to be with them. Amen.(Moroni )
2 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee, in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this wine to the souls of all those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the blood of thy Son, which was shed for them; that they may witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they do always remember him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them. Amen.
Notice what these prayers teach us about our relationship with each of the three members of the Godhead:
- We pray to the Father and ask Him to sanctify the bread and water, so that the ordinance can fulfill its purpose.
- We pray in the name of the Son.
- We perform the ordinance in remembrance of the Sons sacrifice.
- By participating in the ordinance, we attest to the Father that we will fulfill the associated covenant.
- But every provision of that covenant relates to the Son: We promise to take upon ourselves His name, to always remember Him, and to keep His commandments.
- As we keep the covenant, we are promised that His Spirit will be with us.
So we pray to the Father, addressing both our plea and our promises directly to Him. We pray in the name of the Son and in remembrance of His sacrifice for us. Our promises relate entirely to our relationship with the Son: we will represent Him well, keep Him in our thoughts, and obey Him. As we keep those promises, we receive the companionship of the Holy Ghost to guide us and to strengthen us.
As I partake of the sacrament this Sunday, I will think about the three members of the Godhead and how they work together in unity to lead us toward eternal life.
More thoughts about the sacrament
Printable Sacrament Prayers
Im sure your ward has the sacrament prayers printed behind the sacrament table. Right? Well, heres another copy in case you need one. This version has both the bread and water on one page.
Click here for a PDF printable of the sacrament prayers.
But wait, theres more! I read the other day about this really cool new app called Spritz (with some Salt Lake City roots, by the way) that will soon help you speed read your way through books and online content. Its remarkable technology based on lining up each word to its ORP (optimal recognition point). Then it flashes the words quickly on your screen and voila! You can read words per minute. Nuts.
So, I loosely took this idea (the ORP) and lined up the words to the sacrament prayers vertically, attempting to line up the the words at their ORP. I have no idea what the true ORP is of each word (its supposed to be slightly left of center) but I thought it might be helpful to someone having difficulty with the prayers to try out reading them in a vertical format. These are a full page each.
Click here for a PDF copy of the Blessing on the Bread Sacrament prayer, full page.
Click here for a PDF copy of the Blessing on the Water Sacrament prayer, full page.
Sacrament (LDS Church)
In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, most often simply referred to as the sacrament, is the ordinance in which participants eat bread and drink water in remembrance of the body and blood of Jesus Christ. Normally, the sacrament is provided every Sunday as part of the sacrament meeting in each LDS Church congregation.
In the LDS Church, the word "ordinance" is used approximately as the word sacrament is used in many other denominations of Christianity. In the LDS Church, the sacrament is a specific ordinance. Latter-day Saint adherents regard partaking of the sacrament to be a commandment of Jesus Christ; participating in it demonstrates a willingness to remember the atonement of Jesus Christ.
In each congregation of the LDS Church, the sacrament is offered on a weekly basis during sacrament meeting; the sacrament is not provided during general and stake conferences. As most males in the church age 16 years and older can perform the ordinance, church congregations may send men to the homes of sick or housebound members in order to provide them with the sacrament. Fathers of families occasionally perform the ordinance with their families during times of illness or travel, but this requires the approval of the local bishop or branch president and is not intended to replace the regular attendance of public sacrament meetings. In areas lacking an organized church presence or in times when meeting is impossible, a priesthood holder in the household generally administers the sacrament to his family and possibly to others nearby who do not have a priesthood holder in the home.
Method of administering the sacrament to the congregation
In LDS sacrament meetings, the sacrament is passed to members of the congregation after being blessed by a priest from the Aaronic priesthood or a member of the Melchizedek priesthood. The sacrament table is prepared before the meeting begins, usually by teachers, by placing whole slices of bread on trays and filling small individual water cups, which are also held in trays. Both bread and water trays are then covered with white cloth. After introductory prayers, administrative business, and announcements, the sacrament portion of the service begins. It is customary for the congregation to sing a hymn while the bread is uncovered and prepared. The congregation remains seated while the priesthood representatives stand and break bread into bite-sized pieces. The breaking of the bread represents the broken body of Christ. After breaking the bread and the conclusion of the hymn, the priesthood holder kneels and says a set prayer on the broken bread. The bread is passed to the congregation by priesthood holders, usually by deacons. The prayer on the bread is found in the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants:
- "O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all those who partake of it; that they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son, and witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and always remember him, and keep his commandments which he has given them, that they may always have his Spirit to be with them. Amen." (Book of Moroni , Doctrine and Covenants ).
After the bread is passed to the congregation, the bread trays are placed on the table and covered with the white cloth. The water trays are then uncovered and a set prayer is given on the water, which is then passed to the congregation. The prayer on the water indicates that the water represents the shed blood of Christ:
- "O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee, in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this [water] to the souls of all those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the blood of thy Son, which was shed for them; that they may witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they do always remember him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them. Amen." (Book of Moroni , Doctrine and Covenants ).
After the water is passed to the congregation, the water trays are covered with the bread trays for the remainder of the service. Usually, those who have prepared the bread and water prior to the meeting have the responsibility of disposing of them after the meeting. The leftover bread and water are discarded. Latter-day Saints believe the bread and water to be symbols, not the actual body and blood of Christ; therefore, discarding blessed bread and water is not considered sacrilegious.
The sacramental prayers are different from most other prayers in the LDS Church in that they must be recited verbatim. If the person blessing the sacrament makes a mistake and does not correct himself, the bishop or branch president will signal that the prayer must be repeated until recited correctly.
Alterations and Substitutions
As introduced by the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, Joseph Smith, the sacrament included the use of fermented wine, though the church now uses water.
Following what adherents believe came in an revelation given to Smith not to purchase alcohol from enemies, the church focused on producing its own wine, eventually owning and operating vineyards and wineries in Utah Territory and California during the 19th century.
In , Smith said he received the revelation known as the Word of Wisdom, part of which prohibits the consumption of alcohol, with the exception of sacramental wine. Initially, the Word of Wisdom was treated as a recommendation, and the early Latter Day Saints would still drink alcohol. During the lateth century, church leaders began to interpret the Word of Wisdom as a requirement for membership. This increased respect for the Word of Wisdom, combined with other scriptures in Doctrine and Covenants, led congregations to begin substituting water for the sacramental wine. The practice was officially adopted church-wide in 
Occasionally, a lack of access to bread will result in the use of food other than bread in the sacrament. For instance, after the Second World War, members in Switzerland, under heavy food rationing, "were so anxious to partake of the sacrament that they purchased some potato peelings which cost fifty dollars and used these in place of bread."
Changes in sacrament administration
- Weekly administration of the sacrament in the LDS Church did not begin until the s. There is no revelation directly commanding the sacrament to be a weekly practice, but the custom developed and spread throughout the church over time.
- Until the late s or earlyth century, the entire congregation kneeled during the sacramental prayers, consistent with D&C  and Moroni  Current practice requires that only the individual giving the prayer kneel.
- Deacons and teachers did not originally take part in the preparing or passing of the sacrament, a practice which was first adopted in  and was widely implemented in the s or s. Previous reluctance to involve them was probably due to the following verse from the LDS Doctrine and Covenants:
″But neither teachers nor deacons have authority to baptize, administer the sacrament, or lay on hands″ (Doctrine and Covenants ).
- The term "administer" has since been interpreted as referring to recitation of the sacrament prayer, which deacons and teachers are not given the authority to do.
- Individual water cups, instead of drinking from a common cup, were introduced in 
- Passing the sacrament first to the presiding church authority was emphasized in 
Temporary adjustments due to COVID
On March 12, , due to the COVID pandemic, leaders of the church announced a temporary suspension of all large meetings for members of the church worldwide, including weekly sacrament meetings, which is effective until further notice. Among the instructions given during this period of time was the directive that the bishops of each congregation ensure that those over whom they have stewardship receive the sacrament at least once a month during this period of time.
Meaning of the sacrament
The sacrament is viewed by adherents as a renewal of a member's covenant made at baptism. According to the sacramental prayers, a person eats and drinks in remembrance of the body and blood of Jesus, promises to always remember Him, take His name upon them, and keep His commandments. In return, the prayer promises that the participant will always have the Spirit to be with them.
The sacrament is considered the most sacred and important element of normal Sabbath day observance and as such is approached by Latter-day Saints with reverence and in a spirit of penitence. Consequently, all who partake of the sacrament are encouraged to examine their own consciences and prayerfully gauge their own worthiness to do so. If they feel unworthy, they are encouraged to refrain from participating in the sacrament until they have properly repented of their sins. Partaking of the sacrament by non-members and unbaptized members is permissible (except in cases were the person has been excommunicated by the church), but the unbaptized are regarded as not having part of the covenant associated with the sacrament.
- ^See, e.g., Roberts, B. H. (). Comprehensive History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Deseret News Press. OCLC[pageneeded]
- ^Dallin H., Oaks (May ). "Taking upon Us the Name of Jesus Christ". Ensign. 15 (5): – Retrieved 4 March
- ^Christofferson, D. Todd (October ). "The Living Bread Which Came Down from Heaven". Ensign. 47 (11). Retrieved 4 March
- ^in the Book of Mormon, the verse reads "which he hath given them".
- ^The text of the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants contains the word "wine" rather than "water". Since the LDS Church uses water rather than wine in the sacrament, the word is changed to "water" in the prayer.
- ^D&C –4.
- ^Louis, David (9 January ). "'Near everyone drinks wine in Southern Utah': A brief history of Dixie Wine". St. George News. Retrieved 4 March
- ^Lancaster, Dennis R. (). Dixie Wine. Provo: Brigham Young University. Retrieved 4 March
- ^Lancaster, Dennis (Summer ). "Dixie Wine Mission"(PDF). Sunstone. 1 (3): 74– Retrieved 4 March
- ^"[I]t mattereth not what ye shall eat or what ye shall drink when ye partake of the sacrament, if it so be that ye do it with an eye single to my glory": Doctrine and Covenants
- ^ abBray, Justin R. (). "'All Progressive Wards Are Buying': The Individual Sacrament Cup". Brigham Young University, Religious Studies Center. Retrieved 4 March
- ^Babbel, Frederick W. (). On Wings of Faith: My Daily Walk with a Prophet. Cedar Fort Incorporated. p. ISBN.
- ^"Doctrine and Covenants ". churchofjesuschrist.org. February 21, Retrieved 4 March
- ^"Moroni ". churchofjesuschrist.org. February 21, Retrieved November 5,
- ^"Priesthood Ordinances and Blessings". churchofjesuschrist.org. February 21, Retrieved November 5,
- ^Lyman, Francis M. (). "The Administration of the Sacrament in the Sunday School". In Deseret Sunday School Union (ed.). Proceedings of the Sunday School Convention. p. Retrieved 4 March
- ^Additional scriptural support for this interpretation may be found in Moroni "1 The manner of their elders and priests administering the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church; and they administered it according to the commandments of Christ; wherefore we know the manner to be true; and the elder or priest did minister it"
- ^McKay, David O. (April ). "The Lord's Sacrament". Conference Report: Retrieved 4 March
- ^First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (12 March ). "Update: Gatherings of Church Members Temporarily Suspended Worldwide" (Press release). churchofjesuschrist.org. Newsroom. Retrieved 4 March
- ^"Directions for Essential Ordinances, Blessings, and Other Church Functions" (Press release). Newsroom, churchofjesuschrist.org. 16 April Retrieved 4 March
- ^"Chapter The Sacrament". Gospel Principles. Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 4 March
- ^Burton, Theodore M. (May ). "To Forgive Is Divine". Ensign. 13 (5): Retrieved 4 March
John Bytheway: A Line-by-Line Look at the Sacrament Prayers That Will Change How You Understand Them
For Moroni to engrave the sacrament prayers on the plates is a testimony that the sacrament was an essential, not an optional, part of their worship.
Moroni’s inspired inclusion of the sacrament prayers gives us the opportunity to examine each prayer more closely and to look for depth and meaning in each phrase. As we ponder what might be most important to the Lord, we might ponder the things He has asked us to repeat. Although we are baptized only once, our recommitment to our baptismal covenants is performed weekly through the sacrament. Although we receive our temple endowment only once, as we return to the temple to act as
Brother Gary Poll suggested that if Heavenly Father had a favorite scripture, He might arrange it so that His people would hear it often, so that the person uttering the scripture might be kneeling, and so that all listening would have their eyes closed. What is in these prayers Moroni recorded that is so important and so timeless?
“O God, the Eternal Father.”Would you like to hear something interesting? Guess how many times the phrase Eternal Father appears in the King James Bible? Zero. Not once. (The phrase Everlasting Father appears in Isaiah , but it is referring to Christ.) Interestingly, Eternal Father appears 13 times in the Book of Mormon. We believe that God really is our Father in Heaven, that He is eternally our Father, and, in the sacrament prayers, we address Him as such. Our first article of faith states, “We believe in God, the Eternal Father, and in His Son, Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Ghost.” In the sacrament prayers, we address the Eternal Father, the Father of the spirits of all men (see Hebrews ), and the Father of Jesus Christ.
“We ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ.” Jesus is our advocate with the Father. He told the Nephites, “Ye must always pray unto the Father in my name” (3 Nephi ). In keeping with the Savior’s instructions, we offer this prayer, and all other prayers, to our Heavenly Father, in the name of Jesus Christ.
“To bless and sanctify this bread.” We may recall that Jesus fed five thousand with loaves and fishes, and many in the multitude followed Him in hopes that He would feed them again. The next day, Jesus spoke to those who sought Him during the night. They asked Him if He was going to be like Moses, since Moses gave them manna. Jesus replied, “Moses didn’t give you the manna.” He continued (my paraphrase), “Your fathers ate manna and they are all dead. I could give you bread that, if you ate it, you would never die.” Their response was, not surprisingly, “Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst” (see John –35). In this context, it is interesting to remember that the word Bethlehem means “house of bread,” which of course is Jesus’ birthplace.
“To the souls of all those who partake of it.” When we bless our food or refreshments, we often use the wording “to nourish and strengthen our bodies.” But blessing the sacrament to our souls is different. Jesus said if we ate of the bread of life, we would never hunger again! Clearly, He was talking about bread for the soul, or for the spirit and body together. The scriptures teach that “the spirit and the body are the soul of man” (D&C ). Thus, the manna of the Old Testament was sent to nourish and strengthen bodies, but the bread of life of the New Testament is for the nourishment of body and spirit, or, in other words, for the soul. Jesus taught the Nephites, “He that eateth this bread eateth of my body to his soul; and he that drinketh of this wine drinketh of my blood to his soul; and his soul shall never hunger nor thirst, but shall be filled” (3 Nephi ).
“That they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son.” Each Sunday, when I hear the priest use the words “in remembrance of the body of thy Son,” my favorite thing to “remember” is the empty tomb. Because Jesus rose again, we will all rise again. My parents always taught me that I was supposed to think about Jesus during the sacrament. Sometimes I wasn’t sure what to think about. Today, my favorite thing to remember about Jesus’ body is that it was gone when the disciples came to the tomb. In the words of the angel, “He is not here: for he is risen, as he said” (Matthew ).
“And witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son.” What does “take upon them” mean? Well, when you were born, your parents gave you a name. When you’re born again, you take upon yourself the name of Christ. When you covenant to live the life of a disciple of Christ, it’s as if you’re saying, “Hey, everyone, do you want to see what Latter-day Saints are all about? Watch me. Do you want to see how we treat people, even those who can’t do us any good? Watch me. Do you want to see what kind of movies we see and how we talk and dress? Watch me.” At times, we might be tempted to say, “I’m trying, but don’t watch me too closely!” We are all imperfect, which is why we return to the sacrament table week after week.
Elder Dallin H. Oaks gave us a call to action when he taught that the name of Christ might also mean the work of Christ:
What does the name of Christ and that covenant mean? The most frequent single meaning of the scriptures that refer to the name of the Lord seem to mean the work of the Lord, His work, His atonement, His mission. . . . Everyone who covenants that they are willing to take upon them the name of Christ is saying, “I will handle my share of that great mission, and my share is what I am called to do.” (April Training Meeting on the Sabbath and the Sacrament)
Look at the front cover of your scriptures. Is your name embossed there? If so, we might say that your scriptures have “taken your name upon them.” What does that mean? It means those scriptures belong to you. In the same way, when we take upon us the name of Christ, we belong to Him. The Lord told Alma the Elder, “Blessed is this people who are willing to bear my name; for in my name shall they be called; and they are mine” (Mosiah ). It’s nice to know that when we put His name on us, we belong to Him.
Sister Jean A. Stevens taught:
Covenants with God help us to know who we really are. They connect us to Him in a personal way through which we come to feel our value in His sight and our place in His kingdom. In a way we can’t fully comprehend, we are known and loved individually by Him. (“Covenant Daughters of God,” Ensign, November , )
“And always remember him.” Remember is a very important word. President Spencer W. Kimball taught:
When you look in the dictionary for the most important word, do you know what it is? It could be “remember.” Because all of you have made covenants—you know what to do and you know how to do it—our greatest need is to remember. That is why everyone goes to sacrament meeting every Sabbath day—to take the sacrament and listen to the priests pray that they “may always remember him and keep his commandments which he has given them.” Nobody should ever forget to go to sacrament meeting. “Remember” is the word. “Remember is the program” (“Circles of Exaltation,” in Charge to Religious Educators, 2nd ed. , 12)
It’s interesting how often the Book of Mormon uses the word remember. It uses remember to describe the righteous: “Yea, they did remember how great things the Lord had done for them” (Alma ). And it uses remember to describe the wicked: “Ye are swift to do iniquity but slow to remember the Lord your God” (1 Nephi ). Next time you go through the Book of Mormon, watch for the word remember and its opposite, forget—you’ll be impressed!
“And keep his commandments which he hath given them.” Jesus taught, “If ye love me, keep my commandments” (John ). Keeping all the commandments is a pretty tall order. For mortal and fallen man, it’s impossible. But that is exactly why we take the sacrament so often. Brother Stephen E. Robinson taught:
In many denominations, it would be thought odd that the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper is offered every week. Yet Latter-day Saints know that imperfect beings must regularly reaffirm their personal goal of perfection, being justified in the meantime by the atonement of Christ. Accordingly, each week we come before the Lord as we prepare for the sacrament and say essentially, “Heavenly Father, I wasn’t perfect again this week, but I repent of my sins and reaffirm my commitment to keep all the commandments. I promise to go back and try again with all my heart, might, mind, and strength. I still want and need the cleansing that comes through faith, repentance, and baptism. Please extend my contract, my covenant of baptism, and grant me the continued blessings of the Atonement and the companionship of the Holy Ghost.”(Believing Christ: The Parable of the Bicycle and Other Good News [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, ], 52).
“That they may always have his Spirit to be with them. Amen.” Near the conclusion of Jesus’ visit with the righteous Nephites and Lamanites, the multitude of looked upon Jesus as if asking Him to tarry with them, but Jesus told them He couldn’t stay: “Behold, my time is at hand,” He said, and “now I go unto the Father” (3 Nephi , 4).
We don’t know what kind of time constraints pressed upon the Savior of the world, but Jesus assured the multitude that although He couldn’t stay personally, they could always have His Spirit to be with them through partaking of the sacrament (see 3 Nephi ,11). Elder Bruce C. Hafen observed that the promise was first made not in the words of a prayer uttered by a priest, but in the Savior’s own voice:
In introducing the sacrament to the Nephites, Christ said, “And if ye do always remember me ye shall have my spirit to be with you” (3 Nephi ). So Christ first spoke the sacrament prayer as He personally taught what the sacrament is. And the promised “with you” is more than a formal prayer; it is His voice, speaking His promise of constant companionship to each of us. (Spiritually Anchored in Unsettled Times , 34)
For each of us in our time, and for Moroni individually in his, our feelings of being alone are answered with His promise of always being with us. Perhaps Moroni, like Elder Neal A. Maxwell on Okinawa, administered the sacrament to himself and felt the promised companionship of the Lord. Interestingly, while a teenage Neal A. Maxwell crouched alone in a foxhole far from home, another boy on the same island also struggled to survive, but the Lord was “with them,” and His eyes were upon them both. Elder Maxwell later reported:
Unknown to me then was how the ravages of the battle on Okinawa were affecting an eight-year-old Okinawan boy, Kensei Nagamine. His father and brother were killed in the Battle of Shuri, and his pregnant mother was able to take her five children, including this youthful son, to the north end of the island and comparative safety, even as they were repeatedly machine gunned by fighter planes many times. Though unaware, an eighteen- and an eight-year-old were then only miles apart. Many years later we met; by then he was the president of the Okinawa Stake. It was my privilege later on (after his tour as stake president) to call him as patriarch to the Okinawa Stake. He is now President Nagamine of the Tokyo temple! Surely the Lord had His eyes upon him long ago! (One More Strain of Praise , )
What a comfort to think of the sacrament as a divine answer to loneliness and a reminder that His eyes are upon all of His children.
Lead image from Shutterstock
The prophet Moroni, who spent at least the last 20 years of his life alone and wandering to avoid being captured and killed, has in the latter days become one of the symbols of our religion. His statue watches over nearly every temple and has been depicted on the cover of millions of copies of the Book of Mormon in dozens of languages.
In this book, best-selling author John Bytheway suggests that Moroni's last words were both intensely personal and universally applicable. In the closing chapters of the Book of Mormon we discover a wonderful formula for surviving today's turbulent times.
Lead image from lds.org
Sacrament prayers lds
Carefully moving forward, literally by a millimeter, I left it in order. To re-enter a little deeper. This went on for about twenty minutes.Blessed Sacrament Prayer
Whining in pain and pleasure at the same time, Sarah felt a huge probe begin to move inside her. It was an unforgettable experience. For about fifteen minutes, the tentacle did whatever it wanted inside her. Elongating to an incredible size, it penetrated the entire length of her intestines and exited through her throat, touching the head with a member hanging in front of Sarah.
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My spine and sticky fear bound my body in a split second. Don't be afraid, the whisper behind my back was painfully familiar. For a second it became a little less scary. "Open the door" continued the stranger. Confused in thoughts and actions, I decided that it would be smarter and more practical to follow the advice and, not knowing what my.