Multiplication practice problems

Multiplication practice problems DEFAULT

This page includes Long Multiplication worksheets for students who have mastered the basic multiplication facts and are learning to multiply 2-, 3-, 4- and more digit numbers. Sometimes referred to as long multiplication or multi-digit multiplication, the questions on these worksheets require students to have mastered the multiplication facts from 0 to 9.

There are a variety of strategies for completing long multiplication including the classic paper and pencil methods, lattice multiplication (which we feature on this page), mental strategies, manipulative use, technology, and various other paper and pencil algorithms. Multi-Digit multiplication can be a frustrating experience for many students. Try to teach multi-digit multiplication using more than one strategy.

Most Popular Long Multiplication Worksheets this Week

Long Multiplication Worksheets

Long multiplication practice worksheets including a variety of number sizes and options for different number formats.

Two-Digit multiplication is a natural place to start after students have mastered their multiplication facts. The concept of multiplying two-digit numbers requires a knowledge of place and place value, especially if students are to fully understand what they are accomplishing with the various strategies they use. A question such as 24 × 5 can be thought of as (20 + 4) × 5. Mentally, this becomes much easier as students multiply 20 by 5 then 4 by 5 and add the two products. A good way to build understanding of place value is with base ten blocks. These manipulatives also translate very well into paper and pencil and mental math strategies.

An extra digit can throw off some students but add an extra challenge to others. Always ensure that students are ready for three-digit multiplication or both you and your student will be frustrated. Three-digit multiplication worksheets require a mastery of single-digit multiplication facts and a knowledge of a multi-digit multiplication strategy that will enable students to both understand the question and get the correct answer. Four-digit multiplication was invented in 350 B.C. as a way of punishing children who stole bread from the market. Just kidding! It's actually a great challenge for students who have experienced success with their multiplication facts and have a good handle on a long multiplication strategy. What do you give students who have mastered their multiplication facts and long multiplication and who love a challenge? Look no further than five- to eight-digit multiplication. Enjoy!

Lattice Multiplication

Lattice multiplication worksheets for learning and using this long multiplication strategy.

Various-digit lattice multiplication worksheets with lattices included

Lattice, or sieve, multiplication is a great strategy for students to use to calculate long multiplication problems on pencil and paper. We've made the first step of preparing a lattice easy as the worksheets below have them pre-drawn. With a little practice, students can use graph paper or draw their own lattices freehand. The first factor is separated by place value along the top of the lattice, giving each place value its own column. The second factor is separated in the same way, but along the right side with one place value per row. The single digit column and row numbers are multiplied together and their product is written in the corresponding box, separating the tens and ones places on either side of the diagonal. Finally, the diagonal "rows" are summed and regrouped starting with the diagonal in the lower right hand corner which will only have a singl-digit in it. The answer keys we've provided should give you a good idea of how to accomplish lattice multiplication like a pro. Once students have a little practice, you might find that this is their preferred method for calculating the products of large numbers. This method is highly scalable, which means it is a straight-forward task to multiply a 10-digit by a 10-digit number, etc.

2-Digit × 2-Digit Lattice Multiplication2-Digit × 3-Digit Lattice Multiplication3-Digit × 2-Digit Lattice Multiplication3-Digit × 3-Digit Lattice Multiplication4-Digit × 2-Digit Lattice Multiplication4-Digit × 3-Digit Lattice Multiplication4-Digit × 4-Digit Lattice Multiplication4-Digit × 5-Digit Lattice Multiplication5-Digit × 4-Digit Lattice Multiplication5-Digit × 5-Digit Lattice Multiplication

Distributive Property

Distributive property worksheets to help students learn to mentally multiply whole numbers without relying on paper/pencil methods.

Multiplication with Grid Support

Multiplying on graph paper helps students "line up" their numbers when completing long multiplication questions. These worksheets include custom grids that have the right amount of room for one question.

Multiplying in Other Number Systems

Multiplying numbers in number systems other than decimal numbers including binary, quaternary, octal, duodecimal and hexadecimal numbers.

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Multiplication worksheets and tables

Our grade 3 multiplication worksheets start with the meaning of multiplication and follow up with lots of multiplication practice and the multiplication tables; exercises also include multiplying by whole tens and whole hundreds and some column form multiplication. Missing factor questions are also included.

Sample Grade 3 Multiplication Worksheet

Sample Grade 3 Multiplication Worksheet

More multiplication worksheets

Find all of our multiplication worksheets, from basic multiplication facts to multiplying multi-digit whole numbers in columns.

K5 Learning offers free worksheets, flashcards and inexpensive workbooks for kids in kindergarten to grade 5.  We help your children build good study habits and excel in school. 

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Welcome to the multiplication facts worksheets page at Math-Drills.com! On this page, you will find Multiplication worksheets for practicing multiplication facts at various levels and in a variety of formats. This is our most popular page due to the wide variety of worksheets for multiplication available. Or it could be that learning multiplication facts and multiplication strategies are essential to many topics in mathematics beyond third grade math.

Learning multiplication facts to the point of quick recall should be a goal for all students and will serve them well in their math studies. Multiplication facts are actually easier to learn than you might think. First of all, it is only essential to learn the facts from 1 to 9. Somewhere along the way students can learn that anything multiplied by zero is zero. Hopefully, that is an easy one. Students also need to learn to multiply by ten as a precursor to learning how to multiply other powers of ten. After those three skills are learned, everything else is long multiplication. Multiplying by 11 is actually two-digit multiplication. Now, learning fact tables of 11 and beyond will do no harm to those students who are keen and able to learn these things quickly, and it might help them figure out how many eggs are in a gross faster than anyone else, but keep it simple for those students who struggle a bit more.

Most Popular Multiplication Facts Worksheets this Week

Multiplication Tables

Five Minute Frenzy Charts

Multiplication Facts to 7 × 7 = 49

Multiplication Facts to 9 × 9 = 81

Multiplication Facts to 10 × 10 = 100

Multiplication Facts to 12 × 12 = 144

Multiplying (1 to 12) by Focus Numbers

With one, two or three target numbers at a time, students are able to practice just the multiplication facts they need.

Multiplying (1 to 12) By 0 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 1 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 2 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 3 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 4 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 5 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 6 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 7 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 8 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 9 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 10 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 11 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 12 (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (0 and 1) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (6 and 7) (100 Questions)Multiplying (1 to 12) By (7 and 8) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (8 and 9) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (9 and 10) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (10 and 11) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (11 and 12) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (6, 7 and 8) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (7, 8 and 9) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (8, 9 and 10) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (9, 10 and 11) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (10, 11 and 12) (100 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 0 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 1 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 2 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 3 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 4 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 5 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 6 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 7 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 8 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 9 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 10 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 11 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By 12 (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (6 and 7) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (7 and 8) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (8 and 9) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (9 and 10) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (10 and 11) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (11 and 12) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (6, 7 and 8) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (7, 8 and 9) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (8, 9 and 10) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (9, 10 and 11) (50 Questions) Multiplying (1 to 12) By (10, 11 and 12) (50 Questions)

Multiplication Facts Greater Than 144

Horizontal Multiplication Facts

Multiplication Strategies

Halving and Doubling Strategy

The halving and doubling strategy is accomplished very much in the same way as its name. Simply halve one number and double the other then multiply. In many cases, this makes the multiplication of two numbers easier to accomplish mentally. This strategy is not for every multiplication problem, but it certainly works well if certain numbers are involved. For example, doubling a 5 results in a 10 which most people would have an easier time multiplying. Of course, this would rely on the other factor being easily halved. 5 × 72, using the halving and doubling strategy (doubling the first number and halving the second in this case) results in 10 × 36 = 360. Practicing with the worksheets in this section will help students become more familiar with cases in which this strategy would be used.

Halving and Doubling Strategy with Easier NumbersHalving and Doubling Strategy with Harder Numbers

Multiplication Games

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Multiplication WorksheetsMultiplication Worksheets



Dynamically Created Multiplication Worksheets

Here is a graphic preview for all of the multiplication worksheets. You can select different variables to customize these multiplication worksheets for your needs. The multiplication worksheets are randomly created and will never repeat so you have an endless supply of quality multiplication worksheets to use in the classroom or at home. Our multiplication worksheets are free to download, easy to use, and very flexible.

These multiplication worksheets are a great resource for children in Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Click here for a Detailed Description of all the Multiplication Worksheets.



Quick Link for All Multiplication Worksheets

Click the image to be taken to that Multiplication Worksheet.



Detailed Description for All Multiplication Worksheets

Multiplication Times Table Worksheets for Lesson Plans
These multiplication times table worksheets are colorful and a great resource for teaching kids their multiplication times tables. A complete set of free printable multiplication times tables for 1 to 12. These multiplication times table worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplication Times Tables Sized Chart
This multiplication times table charts is a great resource for teaching kids their multiplication times tables. The chart is sized based off the magnitude of the multiplied number. This multiplication chart is great for a visual representation of the multiplication times tables. This multiplication chart is appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplication Times Tables Practice Worksheets
These multiplication times table practice worksheets may be used with four different times table ranges starting at 1 through 9 and going up to 1 through 12. The numbers in the Multiplication Times Table Worksheets may be selected to be displayed in order or randomly shuffled. The multiplication worksheets times tables may be fully displayed to use as a teaching example or completely hidden for the students to use as practice. These multiplication worksheets are great to test your students understanding of the multiplication times tables. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplication Times Tables Timed Drills Worksheets
These multiplication times table worksheets are for testing the students knowledge of the times tables. A student should be able to work out the 20 problems correctly in 1 minute. You may select which multiplication times table to use. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Advanced Multiplication Times Tables Drills Worksheets
These worksheets will generate multiple times tables drills as selected by the user.
The user may select from 256 different multiplication problems from times tables ranging from 0 to 15.
The user may also select a 1 minute drill of 20, 3 minute drills of 60 problems, or 5 minute drill of 100 problems, or a custom drill with ranges from 20 to 100 problems and times of 1 to 5 minutes. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplication Times Tables Target Circles Worksheets
These worksheets will generate nine times tables target circles drills as selected by the user.
The user may select from times tables ranging from 1 to 15, and the range for the table to be between 0 and 12.
These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, and 3rd Grade.

Single Digit Multiplication Worksheets
Vertical Format

These single digit multiplication worksheets are configured for a vertical problem format. The numbers for each factor may be individually varied to generate different sets of multiplication worksheets. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplication Worksheets For Problems in the Range of 0 to 12
Vertical Format

These multiplication worksheets are configured to produce problems in the range of 0 thru 12 in a vertical format. The numbers for each factor may be individually varied to generate different sets of Multiplication problems. If you select the number 5 in the one group and all of the numbers 0 through 12 in the other group, then you will produce a multiplication worksheet that generates problems for the 5 times tables. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiple Digits Multiplication Worksheets
Vertical Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for 2, 3, or 4 digit multiplicands being multiplied by 1, 2, or 3 digit multipliers. You may select between 12 and 25 multiplication problems to be displayed on the multiplication worksheets. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Single or Multiple Digit Multiplication Worksheets
Horizontal Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for either single or multiple digit horizontal problems with 2 factors. You may select between 12 and 30 multiplication problems to be displayed on the multiplication worksheets. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

1, 3, or 5 Minute Drill Multiplication Worksheets
Number Range (0 - 12)

A timed drill is a multiplication worksheet with all of the single digit multiplication problems on one page. A student should be able to work all of the problems on the multiplication worksheets correctly in the allowed time. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade. and 5th Grade.

Advanced Multiplication Drills Worksheets
Vertical Format

This worksheet will generate advanced multiplication drills as selected by the user.
The user may select from 256 different multiplication problems from multiplication tables ranging from 0 to 15.
The user may also select a 1 minute drill of 20, a 3 minute drill of 60 problems, or a 5 minute drill of 100 problems, or a custom drill with ranges from 20 to 100 problems and times of 1 to 5 minutes.

Missing Factor Multiplication Worksheets
Horizontal Format

These multiplication worksheets are a good introduction for algebra concepts. You may select various types of characters to replace the missing factor for the multiplication worksheets. The formats of the problems are horizontal and the answers range from 0 to 99. You may vary the numbers of multiplication problems on the multiplication worksheets from 12 to 30. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Missing Factor Different Formats Multiplication Worksheets
Horizontal Format

These multiplication worksheets are great for building missing factor problems. You may select different formats for the multiplication problems and the range of numbers to use. The formats of the problems are horizontal and you may select 12, 16, 20, 24 or 30 multiplication problems per worksheet.

Decimal Number Multiplication Worksheets
Vertical Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for 1 or 2 Digits on the right of the decimal and up to 2 digits on the left of the decimal. You may vary the numbers of multiplication problems on the multiplication worksheets from 12 to 25. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Negative Number Multiplication Worksheets
Horizontal Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for either single or multiple digit horizontal problems. The factors may be selected to be positive, negative or mixed numbers for these multiplication worksheets. You may vary the numbers of multiplication problems on the multiplication worksheets from 12 to 30. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiples of Ten Multiplication Worksheets
Vertical Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for 2, 3, or 4 digit multiplicands being multiplied by multiples of ten. You may vary the numbers of multiplication problems on the multiplication worksheets from 12 to 20. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplying with Powers of Ten Multiplication Worksheets
Horizontal Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for 2, 3, or 4 digit multiplicands being multiplied by multiples of ten that you choose from a table. You may vary the numbers of problems on the worksheet from 15 to 27. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Multiplying Money Worksheets
Vertical Format

These multiplication worksheets may be configured for up to 3 digits on the left of the decimal. The currency symbol may be selected from Dollar, Pound, Euro, and Yen. You may vary the numbers of problems for each worksheet from 12, 16 or 20. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Learning Multiplication with Arrays Worksheets
These multiplication worksheets use arrays to help teach multiplication and how to write out multiplication equations. The student will be given an array and asked to write out the numbers of rows and columns in the array, as well as a multiplication equation to describe the array. You may select the range of rows and columns used for the arrays. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Commutative Property of Multiplication with Arrays Worksheets
These multiplication worksheets use arrays to help teach the commutative property of multiplication and how to write out multiplication equations. The student will be given an array and asked to write out a multiplication equation and then using the commutative property of multiplication, find an equivalent multiplication equation. You may select the range of rows and columns used for the arrays. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Advanced Multiplication Facts with Arrays Worksheets
These multiplication worksheets use arrays to help teach how to write out multiplication and division equations. The student will be given an array and asked to write out multiplication and division equations to describe the array using the rows and columns as guidance. You may select the range of rows and columns used for the arrays. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Drawing and Determining Arrays Worksheets
These multiplication worksheets help teach multiplication by learning how to draw and determine the size of arrays. The student will be given a description of an array and then asked to both draw the array and determine the number of units in the array. You may select the range of rows and columns used for the arrays, as well as the description given to draw the array. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Array Word Problems Worksheets
These multiplication worksheets help teach multiplication by learning how to draw and determine the size of arrays based off a given word problem. The student will be given a word problem in which they must draw an array and write a multiplication equation to describe and solve the word problem. You may select the range of rows and columns used for the arrays. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.

Zero to 99 - 2 Factor Multiplication Worksheets
These Multiplication worksheets will produce 2 factor problems in a vertical format where you may select numbers from zero to 99 to be used in the problems. The numbers for each factor may be individually varied to generate different sets of Multiplication problems. You may select up to 30 Multiplication problems per worksheet. These multiplication worksheets are appropriate for 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade.










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Multiplication Math Speed Test (25 Problems) - Human Calculator Mental Maths Multiply Drill

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