Cigarette Holders in the Jazz Age
By Rebecca McNamara
Men in tailored suits and women in sequined dresses dancing the Charleston in black-and-white films. Glimmering skyscrapers. Brass bands playing in smoky Harlem nightclubs. Lawn parties with endless cocktails on Long Island. Radio City Music Hall. These are the images conjured up by the Jazz Age and its Art Deco design aesthetic. But the Deco was all in the details: sunbursts on iron gates; fringed dresses cut just so; gold-leaf ceilings; Bakelite radios; stylized, geometric designs affecting nearly everything from posters to furnishings; and a diminutive object held casually in the hand as smoke wafted in the air.
The cigarette holder protected fingers or gloves, as well as teeth, from staining, allowed the cigarette to be smoked down while keeping fingers cool, and kept smoke away from sensitive eyes, but it was really all about show. Anyone could smoke a cigarette, rich and poor alike, but to stand apart, to make a statement about personality and class, users enlivened the paper-wrapped tobacco with a variety of accessories: cigarette cases, ashtrays, lighters, match safes, and of course, most visibly, the holder.
In the narrative of Jazz Age smoking and its accoutrements, the cigarette (and its holder) played a surprisingly significant social role. It was not unheard of for elite women to smoke cigarettes in the first decades of the twentieth century—Vogue and other periodicals occasionally reported on women smoking in fancy hotels and even suggested smoking accessories as appropriate gifts for both men and women as early as 1908—but it was not widely accepted, especially in public. American society frowned upon female tobacco users, and colleges even attempted to ban women from smoking well into the 1920s. But as women increasingly worked outside the home, gained higher levels of education and, as of 1920, voted for their government representatives, the cigarette became a simple but conspicuous means to proclaim their equality with men.
Tobacco manufacturers were happy to take up the feminist cause and target female consumers, albeit with different motives. One of the boldest marketing moves aimed at encouraging women to smoke was led by American Tobacco’s Edward Bernays, Sigmund Freud’s nephew, who used psychology in his role as a public-relations pioneer.
Cubist geometries and Ballets Russes–inspired colors characterize this black and red cigarette holder with matching cigarette case, Auguste Bonaz, Paris, c. 1925–35
Chaumet holder in 18-karat gold with a diamond band and amber mouthpiece, Paris, 1930
An extra-long, brightly colored cigarette holder added flair to the flapper’s persona, probably Continental Europe, c. 1915–40
In 1929, Bernays paid socially savvy debutantes to smoke Lucky Strikes as they walked in the well-publicized New York City Easter Parade. The message was clear: if men could smoke, so could women, and there would be no stopping them. Each cigarette was dubbed a “torch of freedom,” a direct, visible, and public way to undermine cultural norms just like the flapper’s unconfined, revealing clothing, new dance styles, and urban nightlife.
Tobacco companies targeted women through print advertisements as well. Chesterfield’s “Blow some my way” campaign showed women longing for their beaus’ cigarette smoke while Marlboro ads, with the tagline “Mild as May,” featured women in cafes and on beaches—their good taste and fashionability identified by their cloche hats, loose-fitting clothing, and of course, not just a cigarette, but a holder between their fingers.
The holder had become such a staple of daily life that the Jewelers’ Circular, an industry trade magazine, credited the rise of female smokers not to women’s liberation but to the cigarette holder industry. Even if the claim was perhaps too generous, by the 20s, most jewelers—including Boucheron, Chaumet, Cartier, Tiffany, Dunhill, Van Cleef & Arpels, and other high-end establishments in the United States and Europe—carried smoking accessories. Placing a cigarette in an expensive holder was a symbol of wealth, elegance, and taste. Hollywood studio publicity stills of men and women alike enhanced the glamor of smoking as the famous cradled a cigarette holder between their fingers—a prop variously offering a sense of aloofness, modernity, an inquiring mind, sexuality, or simple fashionability, depending on one’s stance and expression.
By the early 1930s, the cigarette holder was considered an essential accessory for any fashionable woman. When a 1930 issue of Vogue instructed readers on what the “smart woman” should keep in her handbag, the black enamel cigarette holder in a small eggshell case by Dunhill (for day) and a Cartier gold and tortoiseshell cigarette holder (for evening) were recommended alongside a tortoiseshell comb, a bill clip, a vanity case, a cigarette case, and other “examples of charm and good taste.”
Smoking was not something some people did—it was something everybody did—or so it seemed. At the great New York nightclubs like the Stork Club, Delmonico’s, 21 Club, and the Rainbow Room, smoking was a given. Women dubbed “cigarette girls” sold packs of cigarettes and cigars from trays suspended from their necks. Ashtrays adorned tables and inexpensive, branded holders were given out to advertise the clubs. The holder was part of the theater of nightlife, exemplified by the telescopic model. Closed and held in a thumb-size case attached to a chain around a woman’s neck or on her hand-muff, worn on a wristlet, or tucked in her purse, a few flips of the wrist would release the holder, its full length revealed—a silver ziggurat in miniature. A cigarette would be tucked in, and a courteous man would reach over to provide a match and offer a light.
Promotional cigarette holders made of plasticized paper with plastic mouthpieces for New York’s Stork Club, c. 1930–65, and Delmonico’s, c. 1950–60
Though decidedly fashionable, cigarette holders were not just for affluent smokers. They could be purchased at the nearest dry goods store for ten cents each, at department stores such as Bonwit Teller or Saks Fifth Avenue where a gold jewel-studded and ivory option might be had for ten dollars, or at tobacconists’ shops, which offered an astonishing variety of styles and prices. In a 1921 Jewelers’ Circular, London- and New York–based Alfred Orlik, manufacturer and importer of smokers’ articles, advertised 750 styles of cigarette holders in Whitby jet, amber, tortoiseshell, ivory, 14-karat gold, platinum, and other materials.
Boucheron holder in 18-karat gold with diamond accents and a tortoiseshell mouthpiece, Paris, 1928
Cartier cigarette holder with platinum and diamond bands,
New York or Paris, 1920s
Sterling silver telescopic cigarette holder with ivory mouthpiece and silver and enamel case, imported by George Stockwell & Co. Ltd., London, 1922
Cigarette holders found a place among the costume jewelry trend that prized luxury in design over luxury in material and embraced trends over timeless design. Parisian jewelry firm Auguste Bonaz crafted an ultimate moderne smoking set: a bold red and black holder with matching cigarette case. Not content with a standard round opening, the tapered tip is a hexagon, creating greater geometric contrast with the cylindrical cigarette. Other manufacturers similarly squared off the holder’s end while the extra-long, brightly colored plastic holders, signifying extravagance and excess, lent a theatrical quality. Plastics made any form possible, and the subtlest change in this small object could create a striking effect.
Even in its most basic form, the cylindrical holder, streamlined in its very essence, easily harmonized with the prevailing geometric aesthetic of the period. The Zeus Corp.’s holders, popular beginning in the late 1930s, were basically sleek, simple devices with a filter that promised to remove nearly all of the nicotine (ironically at a time when tobacco manufacturers proclaimed nicotine posed no health concerns). A basic form could be purchased for one dollar, but Saks advertised Zeus holders for both men and women in various colors or with sparkling marcasite rings and mounts for up to 15 dollars, appealing to various tastes and budgets.
Cigarettes were perhaps the ultimate frivolity in an era that seemed to thrive on the frivolous, a notion highlighted by the accessories that accompanied them. Smoking was a habit that required nothing more than a flame. As we now know, the lasting effects of smoking are disastrous. But in interwar New York, cigarettes and smoking accessories were both a standard part of daily life and an important social tool. By elongating and adding individual pizzazz to the cigarette, the holder transformed the simple stick into a symbol of chicness and style.
About the Author:
Rebecca McNamara, an art, design, and material culture historian, currently holds a curatorial position at the Indianapolis Museum of Art. She is co-author, with Martin Barnes Lorber, of A Token of Elegance: Cigarette Holders in Vogue (Officina Libraria, 2015). An e-book, tentatively titled Widows Unveiled: Fashionable Mourning in Late Victorian New York, is forthcoming from the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum/Parsons DesignFile series.
All photos: John Bigelow Taylor and Dianne Dubler
Article originally published in the Art Deco New York journal, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Spring 2016. View a digital version of the full journal here.
Rather than mimicking the cylindrical cigarette, this colorful plastic holder has a cube-like shape, United States, 1920s
Metal cigarette holder with diamond girdles, Zeus Corp.,
US1997629A - Cigarette holder - Google Patents
April 16,1935. J. P. COLLVER 1,997,629
, CIGARETTE HOLDER v Filed Oct. 14, 1953 ATTORNEYS.
Patented Apr. 16, 1935 1 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE dclalms.
This invention relates to cigarette holders.
Many cigarette smokers prefer to use holders for their cigarettes inwhich is provided a. smoke filter which removes a large proportion of the 5 irritants present in raw smoke and in addition retains much of the nicotine and tar, thus giving a milder and less irritating smoke. Also, such holders give a cleaner smoke inasmuch as the tobacco cannot touch the lips, teeth or fingers and shreds of tobacco are kept 'out of the mouth. The stains incident to ordinary cigarette smoking are thus eliminated. Moreover, the use of a holder gives a cooler smoke since condensation of the moisture in the smoke by the filter lowers the temperature of the smoke. Cigarette holders now on the market are intended for repeated use and the filter must be frequently replaced in order to obtain maximum filtration of the undesirable constituents in the raw smoke.
An object of this invention is a neat and attractive cigarette holder inexpensive enough to be discarded after a single use and having all the advantages above referred to.
A cigarette holder embodying this invention consists oi a tube of thin inexpensive light-weight material and preierably is composed of thin cellulosic sheet material. The tube is of sufllciently large diameter to permit ready insertion of a cigarette and is reduced in diameter near the cigarette insertion end to provide a rib or the like to trictionally engage a cigarette to hold the same in the tube. The rib may merely be an annular roll in the tube or it may consist of a tuck in the material oi the tube forming a frusto-conical flange tapering in the direction of insertion of the cigarette. Such roll or tuck also reinforces the tube against out of-rounddistortion. The mouth end of the tube contains a liner oi paper or other suitable material which reinforces the tube and in which is arranged a filter of cotton or other suitable material for removing dust particles, tar and nicotine from the raw smoke before it enters the smoker's mouth. Preferably, moisture-proof cellulosic material is used for the tube, thereby preventing the tube from sticking to the users lips. Also cellulosic material of different colors may be used. Such a cigarette holder is of neat and attractive appearance and is inexpensive enough to discard after a. single use while giving to the smoker the advantages of a mild, clean and cool smoke.
Other objects, novel features and advantages this invention will be apparent from the iollowing specification and accompanying drawing. wherein:
Fig. 1 discloses one embodiment of the invention, and v I Fig. 2 discloses a second embodiment of the 5 invention.
The cigarette holder comprises a tube I 0 of thin inexpensive light-weight material and thin sheet cellulosic material, has been found extremely satisfactory for the purpose. This tube is'of slightly larger diameter than the standard type of commercial cigarette, thus permitting ready insertion of a cigarette into the tube. Near the insertion end 01 the tube there is provided an inwardly directed roll or rib I I which reduces the effective diameter of the tube and provides means to frictlonally engage a cigarette and hold the same in the tube. A reinforcing liner I! of paper or other suitable material is inserted in the mouth end of the tube It and within the liner there is contained a filter Id of cotton or other suitable filtering material. Preferably, the cellulosic materialis moisture-proof so that the holder will not stick to the lips of the user.
In the modification disclosed in Fig. 2, the roll it is replaced by a tucl; Ha consisting of a portion of the material of the tube forced inwardly oi the tube and then creased and the teen brought into contact with the trusto-conical flange thus formed tapering in the direction of the insertion of a cigarette. The flange thus formed grips a cigarette introduced into it and holds the cigarette in the tube. The liner it has its inner edge arranged between the flange Ma and the tube.
Although celluloslc material has been disclosed as the preferred material, it is to.,,be understood that other suitable materials may be used to form the tube and that structural modifications may be made without in any way departing from the spirit of the invention as definedjin the appended claims.
l. A cigarette holder comprising atube of thin light-weight material having slightly spaced from 0 the cigarette receiving end thereof a tuck extending obliquely away from said end and forming within said tube a trusto-conical things to frictionally engage a cigarette inserted in the holder. 50
2. A cigarette holder comprising a tube of thin light-weight material having slightly spaced from th cigarette receiving end thereof a tuck extending obliquely away from said end and forming within said tube a frusto-conical flange to fric- 55 4. A cigarette holder comprising a tube of moisture-proof cellulosic material having slightly spaced from the cigarette receiving end thereof a tuck extending obliquely away from said end and forming within said tube a frusto-conical flange to frictionally engage a cigarette inserted in the holder, a reinforcing liner within the other 5:11 of said tube and a filter contained in said JULIUS P. COLLVER.
Fashion accessory held for smoking
|Material||Silver, jade, or plastic|
A cigarette holder is a fashion accessory, a slender tube in which a cigarette is held for smoking. Most frequently made of silver, jade or bakelite (popular in the past but now wholly replaced by modern plastics), cigarette holders were considered an essential part of ladies' fashion from the early 1910s through early to the mid 1970s.
The holder was a practical accessory and served several purposes:
- The primary use was to prevent ash falling onto a woman's clothes, especially since women didn't wear smoking jackets. This is also why longer holders were for more formal occasions, which usually had more elaborate dress codes.
- Kept side-stream smoke further from the smoker's eyes and out from under the lady's hat, which often had a wider brim than a man's hat.
- Helped prevent nicotine staining the fingers and gloves.
- Reduced staining of the teeth.
- Kept the thin cigarette paper from sticking to, and tearing on, the smoker's lips.
- Cooled and mellowed the smoke inhaled.
- Holders sometimes encased a filter for taste and, later, health reasons.
- Before the advent of filtered cigarettes in the 1960s, the holder also kept tobacco flakes out of the smoker's mouth.
In 1997, Philip Morris tested a new battery-powered cigarette holder that completely eliminated cigarette smoke.
Cigarette holders range from the simplest, single-material constructs to incredibly ornate objects with complex inlays of metal and gemstones. Rarer examples of these can be found in enamel, horn, tortoiseshell, or more precious materials such as amber and ivory.
A similar holder made of wood, meerschaum or bakelite and with an amber mouthpiece was used for cigars and was a popular accessory for men from the Edwardian period until the 1920s.
As with evening gloves, ladies' cigarette holders are measured by four traditional formal standard lengths:
Traditionally, men's cigarette holders were no more than 4 inches long.
Well-known women who used cigarette holders include Audrey Hepburn,Lucille Ball,Jayne Mansfield,Jacqueline Kennedy,Rita Hayworth,Princess Margaret,Wendy Richard,Madalena Barbosa, Natalie Wood, Louise Brooks, and Ayn Rand. Scarlett Johansson is a contemporary example.
Among the best-known men who used cigarette holders were Franklin D. Roosevelt,Ivor Novello,Enrico Caruso,Vladimir Horowitz,Ian Fleming,Noël Coward,Hunter S. Thompson (though he regarded his as only a filter),Tennessee Williams,Fulgencio Batista, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Josip Broz Tito, and Hans von Bülow.
Holders can be seen in period films like Titanic, and in films of the 1950s and 1960s. Holly Golightly, the naïve and eccentric café society girl portrayed by Audrey Hepburn in the 1961 classic Breakfast at Tiffany's, is famously seen carrying an oversized cigarette holder; the image of Hepburn wearing the famous Givenchylittle black dress and with the foot-long cigarette holder in her hand, is considered one of the most iconic images of 20th-century American cinema.Lucille Ball can be seen using one in certain episodes of I Love Lucy. In Troop Beverly Hills, Shelly Long's character is seen throughout the movie using one. Cruella de Vil is seen using one repeatedly in the 1961 animated Disney film One Hundred and One Dalmatians and in the 1996 remake, in which she is portrayed by Glenn Close. Margo Lane (portrayed by Penelope Ann Miller) used one in The Shadow, as did Jade in Jonny Quest. Comedian Phyllis Diller had a stage persona which included holding a long cigarette holder from which she pretended to smoke (though she was a non-smoker in real life).
Fictional Peter Pan character Captain Hook possessed a unique double-holder, which allowed him to smoke two cigars (not cigarettes) at once.
Batman's nemesis The Penguin also commonly uses a cigarette holder in the comics, the 1960s television series, the live-action film Batman Returns, the 1990s television series, and Harley Quinn. Edna Mode from the Incredibles franchise is often seen with an unlit cigarette holder.
Johnny Depp uses a cigarette holder in his role as Raoul Duke (alter ego of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson) in the film Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. In cartoons, the Pink Panther, Colonel Sponsz from The Adventures of Tintin, and Jade from Jonny Quest use cigarette holders.
The lyrics to "Satin Doll", by Duke Ellington, and the cover art of the album Badfinger feature a cigarette holder. The video to "Into the Great Wide Open", by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, features Faye Dunaway using her cigarette holder as a magic wand.
Rachel Menken, a character on the AMC series Mad Men, smokes cigarettes with a short holder.
- ^"Cigarette-Holder-FAQs". www.theladysmokes.com. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
- ^"A Cigarette Holder Burns One Puff at a Time". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-09-12.
- ^"Cigarette Holders, Cases, and Accessories". TheLadySmokes. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- ^History of Men's Fashion, Nicholas Storey, 2008, p93.
- ^Audrey Hepburn: A Biography Warren G. Harris, 1994
- ^"Smoke Screen: Stars Who Make Smoking an Art". Smoke Magazine. Fall 1997. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- ^"Jayne Mansfield with cigarette holder". www.moviemaidens.com (Golden Age Hollywood image archive). Archived from the original on 2011-09-27.
- ^"Jackie After Jack: Portrait of the Lady" Christopher Anderson, 1999
- ^"Rita Hayworth". Doctormacro.com (database of 40s-era Hollywood star photography).
- ^H.R.H.The Princess Margaret: A Life Unfulfilled, Nigel Dempster, 1981
- ^"Wendy Richard interview". www.people.co.uk, 18 June 2006.
- ^"Johansson (Female Celebrity Smoking List)". Smokingsides.com. 2009-11-28. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- ^"FDR's cigarette holder". antique auctions site (expired auction still viewable).
- ^"Mary Evans Ivor Novello/Smoking 10088273". www.maryevans.com. Retrieved 2020-05-27.
- ^Enrico Caruso: my father and my family, Dalton Trumbo, Enrico Caruso Jr and Andrew Farkas, 1990, page 374
- ^Vanity Fair: photographs of an age, 1914-1936, 1982, p97
- ^"Ian Fleming's Style". A Suitable Wardrobe, 19 April 2007. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
- ^Noel Coward: A Biography, Philip Hoare, 1995, p227
- ^Adam Bulger (March 9, 2004). "The Hunter S. Thompson Interview". Freezerbox Magazine.
- ^Tynan, William (December 5, 1994). "Theater: One Small, Unhappy Family". Time. Archived from the original on March 6, 2008.
- ^"Yugoslavian PM, Marshal Tito, wearing his trademark military-styled..."Getty Images. Archived from the original on July 5, 2018. Retrieved Oct 4, 2019.
- ^Spoto, Donald. Enchantment: The Life of Audrey Hepburn. New York: Harmony Books, 2006. Page 203. ISBN 0-307-23758-3
Yes, and I was glad that the boys now looked at me as a whore and all the time wanted to fuck me. In the morning I woke up from the fact that somewhere around me there was a very tasty smell of coffee. I stretched like a cat, wanted to open my eyes and ask for a cup of coffee, but before I could open my mouth, the head of Igor's penis gently crawled into it, at that moment, I could already, without mistakenly, with my eyes closed, determine whose penis is now in my mouth, by the way they move, I could determine who is now enjoying my pussy.
And now I was doing a blowjob to Igor, and Sasha, changing with Serezha, had my pussy in turn, but what they did.
Stick cigarette holder
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You dont need to be ashamed of the doctor, you are not the first, you are not the last, please do not argue. Please take off your dress, lie on the couch on your left side, lower your panties slightly. Aunt Lena took off her dress, hung it on a hanger.
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Women you know will buy. The thing is that all your women gave you, because they have such a price - you. These same chicks will never give someone below you in status.